Recent Posts

RA3 — Generative Art Theory by Philip Galanter

Praveen Ramesh

Saturday, Nov 14, 2020 - 06:49:32 am

@ prav

1. Generative ‘Art’?


Galanter in his overarching preface, states that there are some pre requisites for an Artwork to constitute ‘Generative’. On a superficial level, it involves Art created by ‘Non-Human’ Systems as opposed to Art created by Humans. It is important to note that ‘Non-Human Systems’ do not necessarily mean the use of technology but rather some basic underlying algorithm Read more →

Categories: Research

Project 2 - Magnet Chimes

Naomi Takatsuka Koh

Thursday, Nov 12, 2020 - 04:42:36 pm

@ naomi's portfolio

Magnet Chimes


revolution & gravity by Yukio Fujimoto inspired me to deal with natural materials and sound that are subtle and may be easily overlooked in our daily lives. Fujimoto placed some salt, sugar, pepper etc into a tube attached to a motor from a musical box. He takes advantage of the rotating mechanics of the music box as well as Read more →


Reading Assignment 3 - "Framework for Understanding Generative Art"

Alina Ling

Thursday, Oct 29, 2020 - 04:32:02 pm

@ Alina Ling

Dorin, Alan, Jonathan McCabe, Jon McCormack, Gordon Monro, and Mitchell Whitelaw. “A framework for understanding generative art.” Digital Creativity 23, no. 3-4 (2012): 239-259.

Aim of the Paper 

In the process of analysing and categorising generative artworks, the critical  structures of traditional art do not seem to be applicable to “process based works”. The authors of the paper devised a new framework to deconstruct Read more →

Categories: Research

Reading Assignment 3

Naomi Takatsuka Koh

Thursday, Oct 29, 2020 - 02:26:06 pm

@ naomi's portfolio

This paper suggests that having a framework for analysing generative art is necessary, due to the broad sense of the term generative art that encompasses a large variety of works in terms of medium, subject matter, processes etc. Having a set framework to discuss and compare generative works provides consistency in how we assess them.

Cons of other frameworks

The study begins Read more →

Categories: Research

Reading 3: Generative Art Theory

Su Yang

Thursday, Oct 29, 2020 - 09:35:05 am

@ suyang

What is generative art? Or rather, what is art? A question that begets the foundation of discussions for creation of art. “What is art?” varies for each individual; to some it is a product of a free reign of intellectualism. While for others, it might be the first step to a constructed discussion of aesthetics and the foundations. Maybe even Read more →

Categories: Research

“A Framework for Understanding Generative Art” - Reading Assignment

Samuel Ng

Wednesday, Oct 28, 2020 - 11:50:26 pm


A Framework for Understanding Generative Art

In this article, Dorin, McCabe, McCormack, Monro & Whitelaw posits that a framework for the description, analysis and comparison of generative artworks is needed. The authors argued that in order to theorise about generative art effectively, there is a need to have a framework that is uniquely suited to the description Read more →

Categories: Research

Week 10 Update

Naomi Takatsuka Koh

Thursday, Oct 22, 2020 - 04:14:57 pm

@ naomi's portfolio

Sonic quality of Wind Chimes

Most chimes employ pentatonic scales as the basis for the pitches of their individual chimes as opposed to the traditional western heptatonic scale.

Pentatonic scale – a musical scale with five notes per octave

This is largely due to the fact that these scales inherently contain fewer dissonant intervals, and therefore sound more pleasant to the average listener Read more →

Categories: Process | Research

Week 8 Project Update

Naomi Takatsuka Koh

Thursday, Oct 08, 2020 - 12:19:00 pm

@ naomi's portfolio

Magnet Chimes

Project Update

To improve this project, I would like to experiment with electromagnets to perhaps enable the viewer to have a better control in manipulating the magnet chimes.

Creating an electromagnet using:

Large iron nail (approximately 3 inches in length) Thin coated copper wire Dry cell batteries Electric tape Iron fillings, paper clips and other magnetic items Below is a sketch for how I would Read more →
Categories: Process | Research
In addition to my key suggestions in class, you should pay attention to the formal (visual/sculptural and kinesthetic) aspects of your project in addition to its sonic qualities.

For example, take a look at Alexander Calder's mobiles, and do some research into kinetic art. Some of the aesthetic principles, ideas and solutions you will find may be applicable to your work as well.

Reading Assignment 3 | System Stories and Model Worlds: A critical approach to generative art by Mitchell Whitelaw


Monday, Oct 05, 2020 - 04:15:21 am

@ jznki

Text Selected: System Stories and Model Worlds: A critical approach to generative art by Mitchell Whitelaw

A Critical Approach to Generative Art

Mitchell Whitelaw discusses the true attraction of Generative Art, and what it represents other than the technicality it is composed of. He suggests that there are two fundamental distinctions in software generative art; “Software formalism”, where it is Read more →

Categories: Research
A very good reading reflection. You have chosen the right paper: relevant to your approach and informative for your generative artwork. Narrativity unfolds around any interesting artwork, regardless of its type or medium, through direct experience, interpretation, reflection and broader impact of the work, although it is accentuated or pronounced differently in different kinds of artworks. In a way, narrativity is what the term "interesting" implies, from Latin inter esse = being (engaged) in or into. In your live presentation, please find a way to show and discuss all or as many as possible of the examples you posted. Please make sure to correct the links to John Holland’s ECHO and Golan Levin’s Axis.

Generative Study 1 Final

Naomi Takatsuka Koh

Thursday, Sep 24, 2020 - 04:26:31 pm

@ naomi's portfolio


Other than using magnets to create spontaneous movements, natural materials were chosen as inspired by Fujimoto Yukio’s work. These include seashells, wood, and corals.


While playing with the different materials and listening to their sound, I noticed some materials make higher pitched sounds and some lower. With this, I decided to make the chimes have 3 differently pitched tones, classifying them Read more →

Class notes recap In addition to sonic/acoustic qualities of your chimes, their visual and kinetic qualities are important parts of the overall experience, so take that into account in further planning and designing. You need to include some more sound sources. In order to create a complex generative dynamics, you need to pay a lot of attention and to invest some time in coordinating/calibrating all the mechanical aspects and factors of each individual chime suspension and of the whole system. Add some external device which will initiate and sustain the interesting generative sound experience. It can be a mechanical device like metronome, or an electromagnet for more variable options of generativity. You can start with a mechanical device, and once you construct a well functioning system around it, proceed with an electromagnet which can be controlled by analogue means (potentiometer) or digitally through a microcontroller and sensors.
You should also try to assemble your chimes so that all the acoustic objects are hanging (none are on the surface), except in the setups where you have a relatively heavy but acoustically very efficient object.