Research // – 1

“In fine art, the term “automatism” most often
refers to a technique of subconscious drawing
in which the artist allows his unconscious mind to take control.”


Detaching oneself from the process of creating art, allowing marks to be made
based solely on one’s thoughts – that would be automatism’s true meaning.
Artists like Rene Magritte used this as a method to create works, tapping into the
dreams and imaginations to create works based solely on one’s subconscious. (based on Freudian Theory)

For 2D, the act of implementing automatism into creation of marks and finding emotions through the mark-making is quite crucial. The mindlessness of creating marks, to me, is how we can infuse our emotions into our works.

Of course, this process does not come easy. How can one detach oneself from one’s mind?

It sounds like a mixture for insanity…. Or great art creation?


Jackson Pollock

Pollock is famous for his action paintings.
His opts for an all over approach towards his canvas on the floor, dripping paint or even
flinging them directly from the tin of commercial paint. This is a form of automatism as he creates
his marks without conscious thought. Upon looking at end products such as those below, instead of being the usual
representative paintings, Pollock seems to have depicted his emotions via such approaches. Emotions such
as anxiety and frustration can be felt through the marks he made. Under Abstract Expressionism, Pollock was
one of the notable artists who created a depiction of their emotions via formal qualities.



Autumn Rhythm 



Number 11/ Blue Poles 

Inspired by this ability to convey emotions, I have attempted to create something similar in my experimentation.

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Instead of flinging paint and having a big canvas, I decided to take the reductive method to scrape paint off the linoleum board before making a print with a roller.

The effect came out too erratic and aggressive than intended, forming possible line compositions that seemed too violent almost. Also it seems quite literal unlike Pollock’s works which makes the viewer guess about his state of mind while doing creating his work.


Yves Klein

I remember him as the artist who directs his art creation like that of a conductor. Giving instructions, he instructs nude models (who are painted in his renowned International Klein Blue) to either drag one another across the canvas or imprint their bodies onto it. It gives rise to interesting abstract yet slightly representative marks.


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It creates abstract marks that seem to give the idea of confusion somehow, or even a certain bizarre feeling because it is so absent yet present at the same time.

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Imprint of my left hand pressed ten times on separate pieces of paper (Eugene Kuangjun Shanelle Nathalie)


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Imprints of a piece of cloth using spray bottle

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