I’ve titled this project | | | O | | |

It’s a iconization of the visual of this project, the | being the lasers and the O being the face in the middle.

Firstly, the entire experience really turned out to be better than expected.

From getting the lasers, cardboard, learning to solder, hooking it all up to a power supply and it working was a great learning experience for me and is giving me the confidence to pursue this sort of project in the future. It really felt like quite the risk, but I was certain of the visual I had in mind.

At essence I wanted to recreate a Sunn O))) concert experience. Sunn O))) is a drone metal band. Their music consists of long droning distorted guitar riffs. Their concerts involve a lot of fog and the vocalist on tour with them (Attilla Csihar) has a costume that’s made of mirrors and his fingers have lasers shooting out from them.

Thus began my second journey into fog and lights.

I also thought there were similarities to concerts and religious experiences, and my final idea was an amalgamation of the two.

A room like the old days where only the top priests could enter or devout followers.

Image result for ark of the covenant room

Image result for ark of the covenant room

Hence my intended layout of the room below

The configuration I wanted for the lasers, was to be to be by the side, and there be a clearing in the middle as a path to the face with beams from its eyes

Top View

Top View

As for the laser configuration, I first intended for it to be 5 clean rows per side

But I had another idea for another configuration

by shifting two columns down I could get a potentially more interesting layout, and also use 2 less lasers.

I made these gifs in After Effects because I wanted a way to check how they’d look in 3D space outside of my imagination.

I settled on the 2nd formation.

I set out measuring and poking holes for exact distances and had my book of measurements from each dot to the next and line to line.

However, after everything was soldered and wired up, my lasers came up short of my planned spacing. So I started at the middle and poked new holes accordingly.

As long as the relative distances were the same it would all be alright (thankfully).

This would be first time ever seriously soldering, and with so many components, I’d want to make sure it was working at every stage.

I checked all the lasers if they were working one by one, then when did a test (video below) of the lasers connected by crocodile clips in a series. Lastly after I soldered the entire board together I checked one more time. Thankfully, even tho it was my first time, every stage and every test went fine. I was deathly afraid I’d short or blow a laser out.

You can hear my sigh of relief at the end.

I soon found out that facing all the lasers vertically down uniformly was highly unlikely with this setup, and i got quite worried about the outcome.

But I actually really liked how it turned out, the lasers pointing in every direction really gave it a nice touch. Also the projector video I made for this final version was not too bad, but after putting the video i made for the first iteration of this room, I and other people agree that it was actually a little nicer, alas, if only I had thought of changing it during the crit session. I’m also glad that I was able to make audio for this project, it was really quite a pleasant surprise to get the throat singing type of sound by recording temple chants and then slowing it down and adding some reverb. I still enjoy listening to it.

Overall I’m above and beyond satisfied with how this project came to be. I really do want to do more in this line of visual space and hopefully will have more opportunities to do so.

Many thanks to Zi Feng for helping me source online for cheap and plentiful lasers, 60 in total. Along with a 5V power supply and cardboard.

Thanks to Joan and Tiff for helping me hoist my large cardboard slabs up, to Jake and Zi Feng (and those who taught them) for teaching me the ways of the solder.


For the mid-sem analog version, I intended to have the lasers set-up for this version.

However, I couldn’t find anywhere in Singapore that sold lasers for cheap. Ended up paying $20 for 3 lasers that weren’t very bright or bright enough to show up in the fog.

Quite worrying, considering I still needed videos. So I tried to figure out means of which to replicate the effect.

Hence, at the last moment I booked out a projector, to try and replicate thin beams of light, which also didn’t work entirely as planned.

However while I shot the video for documentation, i managed to improve and somehow get a nice thin beam of red.

I also found large blocks of colour worked really well.

However, ultimately I was entirely worried that it did not constitute as analog enough.

But thankfully some encouragement and good feedback was helpful and reassuring to stop me from sweating loudly.

Personally speaking, the longer I spend on this project, the happier I am with it. I ended up spending a few hours purely on documentation alone and I really enjoyed my time in that room.

Walking into the triangular beams and being able to see the layers withing the projected shape really enriched the visuals for me and made me want to keep snapping photos and shooting videos.¬† Which in a way, was one of my goals with the space I’m making; to make a place that people really do want to spend time in and take a lot of photos.

Even while editing the video, I felt the urge to remake the room just to spend more time in it.

Video Link Below.



For this assignment I aimed to alter the way in which the user’s hands interact with the world.

It started off with the idea to remove the thumb.¬†Opposable thumbs are such a key part of how we interact with day to day objects that is often not thought about until it’s gone.

Picking up a coin, grabbing a door knob, using smart phones etc, Animals without thumbs that work like ours often have a much harder time and require the integration of another limb/jaw or object to enact leverage and torque.

Additionally reducing the number of fingers on the hand also reduces the dexterity, especially when the first two fingers and the last two fingers are bound. This is compounded by the fact that moving the middle finger also requires the ring finger to follow to a certain extent.

And with all this, I decided to create a pair of gloves to re-create this configuration; of having no thumb and only two fingers.

I used a pair of rubber gloves restricted the thumb and combined the fingers using superglue.

Additionally I also tried a variation wherein I extended the fingers by using chopsticks.

An Interesting point to note is the pivot point at which I attach these chopsticks.

If connected at the first knuckle they serve quite well as a means of extended reach with only a marginally less ability to enact force.

However the further back the choice of knuckle goes, the less dexterous it becomes for the user, also chopsticks being so thin and the gloves not being so stable a base for the chopsticks led me to scrapping this idea entirely.

Although I do think it looked much better.

Finally, I set a task for the user wearing the gloves to do, stacking cups/small bowls. which proved, as expected, to be much harder without the use of the thumb (and further compounded by the glove’s lack of grip.

I also found usage of smartphones to be relegated to the use of two hands instead of being able to do a singular palm grip with thumb for navigation, even taking the phone out of the pocket was a bit of a challenge.

I also found it to feel much better to directly bind the fingers using cable ties, but that led to the worry of reduced circulation. But it was also much more aesthetically pleasing.