Tag Archives: planar construction

3D_003B: The 3 Individual Models and Combined Final Model


So below is group B (Candy, Najiha, Natasya) members’ individual model for the simplified version of our Peacock Model.

Individual Models


Candy's Model
Candy’s Model
Najihah's Model
Najiha’s Model
Natasya's Model
Natasya’s Model

Final Model

For our final model, we decided to combine all three models. The Dominant is taken from Candy’s D, Sub-Dominant of Natasya’s SD and Subordinate of Najiha’s SO.

This is roughly how it will look like followed by the improvements we will do when we make the final model.

Group B Final Model First Sketch
Group B final model sketch

Dominant: A curved plane from Candy’s D.
Comment: It is not so dominating as the cluster of activity from SD and SO occupy almost half of the area and because D is vertically the shortest also.
Improvement: We will make the D a lot bigger (vertically) so that the cluster of activity will only occur at the right one-third area. Also, it will increase the void and make D more interesting. Also, maybe we can adjust the shape of the part that touch the base to the be more pointy so that it act like a tripod instead of being a wall.

Sub-Dominant: A broken plane from Natasya’s SD, some part pierced through D.
Comment: From above, the SD may look like from the same family as SO
Improvement: We will adjust the SD to have more presence than SO from top view. Also, to make SD more interesting, more part can be pierced through D.

Subordinate: A bent plane from Najiha’s SO, pierced through D at the middle and cut to at the top part to keep the signature from the Peacock Model.
Comment: It has an interesting shape that cut the D void. However piercing it at half making it looks common.
Improvement: We will adjust the positioning of SO to make one-third only being pierced instead of half.

Final Model Application #1: The Seats that Float

The Seats that Float

It is a 2 level night outdoor movie screening exhibition.

The Dominant is used as the main building as well as the screen for level 1. The people who watch in level one is watching in a picnic style (seating on a mat on grass field).

While the Sub-Dominant is for staircase to go to level 2 as well as screen for the VIP Screening at level 2.

Lastly, the Subordinate has two part. the bottom part is for the VIP seating which is open for everyone but has limited space. The other part is VIP Seat Availability Indicator. Basically the LED light will turn on when the seat in VIP Area is occupied. It is to indicate to people outside whether there is still space in VIP Area.

Seat Availability Indicator
Seat Availability Indicator

Proposed Materials

For real application, Dominant  is made of straws, inspired by an exhibition at National Museum in 2013.

The Exhibition building that inspires us

For the model, we are using wire as the skeleton, covered by a piece of burlap.


For the Sub-Dominant, the real application is  made of glass treads with a multiple colors LED lighting, preferably dark colour.

Glass treads staircase

While for the model, we are using colorful acetate papers.

Acetate papers

For the Subordinate, the real application is using fully tempered clear glass, like those used for skyscrapers’ skydeck.

The Ledge of Chicago, a skydeck.
The Ledge of Chicago, a skydeck.

And for the model we are using thick a PVC matte sheet.


PVC Matte Sheet
PVC Matte Sheets

Thank you! Really appreciate your comment and feedback 😀

3D_003A: Individual 3D Models and 2D Sketch Analysis


So for project 3 we learnt about planar construction. Basically we are using art card to create a model made of 3 strips of different sizes. Keeping the concept of Dominant (D), Sub-Dominant (SD) and Subordinate (SO) (posted here), we aim to obtain a dynamic flow of planar relationships in space. A plane is an element that has surface direction and slant without mass, tupes of plane:

2D Planes (characterized by their axes):
Straight axis plane: The axis moves in a straight line across the plane.
Bent axis plane: The axis moves across the surface of the plane in one direction and then shifts direction.
Curved axis plane: The edges are curved, causing the axis to curve.
Complex axis planes: The axis changes direction (infinitely) but the outer edges of the plane visually “add up” to the course of the movements of the plane.

3D Planes (characterized by their transitions in space):
Curved plane: A simple curved surface where the surface curves into more than one plane but does not twist through its transition .
Broken plane: A plane that bends in space at a hard edge through its transition.
Twisted plane: A plane that twists though its transition, shifting the axis on its surface.
Grouped planes: 3 or more planes create a group movement of gesture

So here is my three 3D Models for this planar construction (side view, top view, other view) :

The 3 Models (front view, top view, other view)
The 3 Models (front view, top view, other view)


MODEL 1: The Curvy Bridge

Model 1 Sketch
Sketch of Model 1
  • Relationship: D is a curved axis plane, SD is a bent axis plane, and SO is a broken plane
  • Method: SO is wedged to D
  • Comment: The model has a complementary contrast in types of planes. Even though it looks not-so-interesting and heavy (high positive space) if seen from top, the model has a quite remarkable negative space and void shape from front view.
  • Things to improve: From front view, the SD is too thick and vertically too long, making it too dominant from some angle. From top view, the direction of axis of SD and D are not distinct enough, creating some kind of high tension at the top one-third area.
    Also, the area of SO is a bit too much and too dominant.
  • Improvement: From front view, need to make SD thinner to reduce the activity on left side and increase the void to around two-third. Shorten the length of SD to two-third in order to change the axis direction of SD which make SD less dominant and the activity to be at the top one third only (from top view). Shorten the SO until it touches the SD only (front view) and shift it to make a smaller void (top view) with purpose of reducing the presence of SO.
Sketch of improved Model 1
Sketch of improved Model 1

MODEL 2: The Smoky Pipe

Sketch of Model 2
Sketch of Model 2
  • Relationship: D is curved plane, SD is a twisted plane, and SO is a 3D broken plane.
  • Method: SD is pierced through D while SO is pierced and wedged through D.
  • Comment: The D, SD, SO relationship can be clearly seen. The model has good contrast in term of plane shape and proportion.
  • Things to improve: The direction axis between D and SO are very similar. In term of height, the SO occupy two-third, which is too much.
    The same thing happen to SD as well, making it too vertically dominant if seen from front.
  • Improvement: Adjust the shape of SO to change its axis direction which also create an interesting negative space. Shorten bottom part of SO to make it occupy the top one-third only, creating less tension at the bottom part of the model. Cut off the top part of the SD, creating a just nice vertical height for it.
Sketch of improved Model 2
Sketch of improved Model 2

MODEL 3: The Insect

Sketch of Model 3
Sketch of Model 3
  • Relationship: D is a broken plane, SD is a twisted plane, and SO is a twisted plane.
  • Method: SD is pierced through D while SO is pierced and wedged through D.
  • Comment: With contrasting plane shape and proportion, the D, SD, SO relationship is obvious and constant throughout. It also has distinct axis direction, making it looks balanced. The front view really remind me of an insect, which make it the most interesting model for me. From top, I like the negative space the D
  • Things to improve: From front view, the bottom one-third looks quite low, maybe a more vertical negative space can make it more interesting and more alike to an insect feet. Also, the D is not so dominant as it vertically occupy one third only. From top view, the model looks a bit too much positive space and full as it occupy all the area, it lacks of negative space.
  • Improvement: Position the both end of SD closer to make the model higher and vertically has more negative space, this will make the model more interesting. Make the D piece thicker to create a more dominant D. Shift the direction of SO to occupy to leave the left corner area empty, creating a negative space for the model to breathe.
Sketch of improved Model 3
Sketch of improved Model 3

Hope you enjoy the post!