Graphic Form #2: Locale


WHAT: Short for “fanzine” or “magazine,” a zine is a noncommercial, often homemade, mini magazine. Zines are published in small print runs. As zines are not typically made to turn a profit, they can often give expression to views and interests outside the cultural mainstream.

BRIEF HISTORY: Self-publishing has always been closely associated to art, with movements such as Dadaism, Surrealism and Fluxus, etc. Young artists used zines as a way to break out of the gallery exhibition system, to forge their own unique creative space, and independently reach out to audiences to convey whatever messages they wished. Zines became a distinct form, and grew steadily in importance from the 1930s to the 1960s with Science fiction fanzines. Punk zines emerged in the late 1970s as part of the punk movement and DIY ethos in that era.  With increased accessibility of photocopy technology, the zines developed a photocopied, cut-and-paste style that has now come to be associated with zines. In 1991 the Riot Grrrl scene encouraged an explosion of personal and political zines with explicitly feminist and activist themes. After the 1900s, with the rise of the internet and digital technology, zine culture was not killed. Instead, it evolved into another category of zines, E-zine, creating online and open source spaces for zine communities to network and exchange information.


Compzine: Collaborative zine, usually one editor only
Artzine: Feature photos, artworks; or even the zine as an artistic concept itself
Political zine: Zines that specifically deal with topics like politics, anarchy, social justice, history and current affairs


FC- Front cover
IFC- Inner front cover
Page 1- odd always on the right side
Page 2- even always on the left side
Page … …
IBC- Inner back cover
BC- Back cover

Note: FC, IFC, BC and IBC and all have a higher media value; advertising



Its actually quite hard to look for zines online??

Simple illustrations/images with lots of white space. First 3 are of more graphic style, narrative.  
Last 2 slightly more interesting as the text and images interact with each other, although I think 
there's too much negative space

^ Photobook layout should I choose to use photography. Large photographs, with equidistant white borders. Minimal/small text

Usual photo and text magazine layout. Very organized --> too static and boring?

SENGKANG RESEARCH (aka. content idea) 

I researched upon a design thinking framework useful for ethnographic research and deep user observation:  POEMS framework. I decided to use this framework to a smaller targetted area around my house (as Sengkang is very big so I narrowed it down).

PEOPLE– main groups of people there

  • Children (at playground)
  • Old folk (at the resident corner)
  • Helpers (accompanying)
  • Aunties (dancing one)
  • Families/Working adults
  • Petowners

OBJECTS– objects used by the people and populate the environment

  • Chairs and benches
  • Bicycles, scooters
  • Balls
  • Court yard open space 
  • Flower potsENVIRONMENT– describe the surroundings and main features 
  • Mainly HDBs
  • Carparks
  • Compassone Mall
  • Playgrounds and Exercise corner
  • Foodcourts
  • LRT Tracks
  • Community garden
  • Rather quiet in the day, more lively at night

MESSAGES– messages/conversations being communicated and how

  • Scams/Phishing (in lifts)
  • Repainting of HDBS (notice board)
  • Elderly conversing about gardening

SERVICES– services offered/available to people

  • Coffee shops
  • NTUC
  • Book borrowing cart
  • Transport- LRT and Bus

I would say that SengKang is a rather normal neighborhood, that is characterized by the sheer number of HDB blocks. However, I realised one thing that set it aside from other HDB populated neighbourhoods (like Yishun or AngMoKio, etc) was the LRT tracks that weaved in and out the buildings. Researching a bit more, I learnt that only 3 LRT systems exist in Singapore, and Sengkang was the 2nd one to have it.

Train System Map

I found out that Sengkangs LRT cars were different from Bukit Panjangs one,  making Sengkangs cars slightly more uniquely Sengkang.  Since I am now focusing on the LRTs in Sengkang, I wanted to feature a specific spot- A carpark rooftop garden. It is my favourite space in Sengkang. One of the special qualities about that specific rooftop garden is that you get to be on the same level as the LRTs (whilst most other carpark gardens around the area are either higher or lower than the track). You get a great view of the LRT tracks, and can even catch the sunset there. Furthermore, the greenery there provides a nice contrast between nature and manmade (HDBs, LRT track).

Possible elements/principles–> Form, Shape, Space, Contrast, Line?

sighs I think it was too boring:///

DESIGN RESEARCHImage result for elements of art

I decided to go with LINE.  But what about a line can I use?

  • horizontal
  • vertical
  • diagonal
  • straight
  • curved
  • thick
  • thin
  • opaque
  • translucent
  • IMPLIED LINES -> use of neg space
  • broken lines
  • line starts off as a dot
  • outline?


ZINE RESEARCH 2.0: –> strong presence of lines, and art style. –> simplicity, strong colour palette, use of texture –> all rather unusual colours? –> experimenting with different materials, the interleaf translucency

12 Posterzine™ Best Sellers


Wanted to focus on mrt and the garden. but shirley said too boring to see too many times?? I used a photobook kind of approach, but without the borders. I think the zine just lacked substance and content. Then i told her about me wanting to try drawing  instead? And she said that might be good cause then I can get more interesting angles, and to try something new!

Original photography idea of garden x lrt



I’ve never tried a flat simple vector style before. My drawings are usually quite 3d shaded style. So I decided to challenge myself to do just a vector style. I found some artists for reference:


Strong use of diagonals and dramatic lighting. Use of grainy texture + strong color palettes


Again, TEXTURE!! Humans and environments as patterns


Bold eye catching colors. Patterns, GESTALT (stripe beach one), fusion of objects with play of angles? 
entirely flat application of colour


TEXTURE. night scenes? hmmm. 
The use of gradient

Their use of texture makes the vector style a lot nicer. And the importance of colour selection.

So I tried doing something fast and small in their style. I added noise to the apple, but I think that my grain can afford to be bigger to show the texture better:



I really liked how the art style and text layout in two imagine dragon music videos- BAD LIAR and NATURAL  !!!

Text confined within shape of the image.                                Text warp with the shape.                             Text obscured by imagery. Kind of gestalt?                                       Interesting angles for visuals.      Play in the size of fonts.
Layering of text and visuals create depth.                                  Patterns and text!                                                 Image in text instead?               Diagonal layout.



Honestly, I feel really lost as to what to do. I think this is because despite actually never moving house, I don’t really relate to Sengkang (unlike other people who have like deep ties with their locale cause its their childhood). My impression of Sengkang is just imprinted as this place with a lot of HDBs, and thats about it. Even though Sengkang is my house, I live in Bishan (grandparents house) and Jurong (NTU hall now :/) for a larger part of my life than Sengkang itself. I feel slightly displaced at this point in time. I was thinking of using this as my story maybe? A narrative kind of zine, more storybookish. I also wanted to make use of the idea that a line is a moving dot.

“A line is a dot that went for a walk.” Using this as the main action for my zine, I thought of the following narrative: A dot feels out of place in his surroundings, so he decides to embark on a journey around Sengkang to try and come to terms with himself and his locale. Through the pages, he starts growing longer and becomes a line. Eventually when he comes back to the start, he is content. Sits happily in his environment now. Feels that he has grown.



draft compositions and possible text
First image was my first attempt at trying a vector style,
but it was still sort of 3D-ish. And the colours looked very 
dull, so I decided to reference an artist's artwork for
colour palatte and style - flat with dramatic hard edged shadows 
and highlights.
I had the idea of using white space to simulate walls and create 
an implied void deck(Gestalt). Additionally, the images that 
were between the walls would be a montage/collage of different
parts of the neighbourhood that were mundane yet interesting
in their own way. But I wasn't sure how to go about doing it.
I thought of just doing some closeups of void deck pillars,
and putting a bike in place to provide some depth and context,
but it was still very hard to get...
In the end, I decided to follow the exact structure of my void deck. 
I also decided to add in a few other tones (grey and red)
to help define the space a bit more, instead of solely 
using white space. The fifth pic felt like it lacked 
depth to me, it looked like a flat gallery wall. 
So I decided to try and the walk way even further back, 
and I think that the zig zag path way helped simulate 
more space.
Finding images to put into my collage. I felt that playing 
around with the sizing of objects in my montage helped bring 
about more depth too. I tried having a kind of realistic proportion
like the playground at the back is smaller, but at the same time
I wanted to make it more evident its a collage, so theres images 
that are out of proportion (like the pipes. they should be smaller)
Objects within my montage I illustrated  
I wanted to do a top down view of the HDBs similar to artist ref
(first image is an outdated pic of the color of the HDBs)
Making of my vector HDB blocks based on the color scheme
of my HDB in real life. Some awkward windows I did not know
how to draw. And then I decided to make the windows and balconies 
and lift lobbies into a separate pattern before warping them
to fit the buildings. The buildings themselves are a pattern/
tessellation as well.
Deciding on cropping of this composition
Illustrating the LRT uniquely weaving through the HDBs in SengKang
Trying to create a pattern based on iconic images from my 
previous pages for some additional texture. HDB windows, 
balcony railing, LRT track and void deck made into a "logo"
which is then tiled behind the map. (After test printing: Words
on the map are too huge!!)


Font Choice: Arial Rounded MT Bold.

Being a more storybook like zine, I wanted a fun and friendly font that was simple, so it could complement my more detailed illustrations. Arial Rounded is sans-serif making it less formal and serious than a serif font, more fun! The rounded-ness made the font organic and pleasing to the eyes. Coupled with the bold, this font is really simple and easy to read. Because it isn’t fanciful, it doesnt distract the users away from the visuals that are equally (or even slightly more) important.

Title: Align is a play on "A Line" as they sound similar. 
Decided to make the title big and ironic by misaligning the
word itself (l,i,g,n) in a slightly chaotic manner. I also 
tried to fit it within one column.
1) Trying to fit the paragraph was hard. 
2) I wanted to warp text to the LRT track but it looked weird,
 was hard to read and didn't flow, so I decided to do something
like Imagine Dragon's music video where the words kind of 
fit well with the image, but it didnt follow the "shape/line"
of the image 
3) Also tried out varying font size of certain words in my 
sentence. I thought it looked nice, and brought emphasis to
certain keywords. However, the visual hierarchy would break 
the flow of the sentence and viewers would'nt read the 
sentence from the start or in the correct order.
Tried warping text so it helped to create more depth. Initially
was contemplating doing the starwars style,but it was too hard
to read. The text also became very big, making my font size 
inconsistent throughout my zine,so I decided to compose my 
layout with the three columns in mind and fit it within 2 columns.
Then, I skewed the paragraph slightly to still give it some
perspective since my other text in this spread had perspectives;
Adding contact details to the last page. First image was kinda
cool, but felt too much like a magazine, didnt fit the style 
of my zine. Decided to go with the cloud idea as it fits my 
and actual utilizes my illustrations.
Attempting to follow the layout of three columns for some of
my text. So I get a variety of text layout styles? Ones that 
warp, flow with the illustrations and ones that are aligned 
with the columns.

COLOR PALETTE (and text size)

Complementary colors- Blue + Orange 
Analogous colors- Orange + Brown, Purple + Blue

Front cover: Vibrant blues contrast with the orange,
making the page very bright and happy. Happy colors
ironic compared to the dot's mood, though it sort of 
reveals the happy ending 

Back cover: The cheerful colors reflect the line's mood

Color palette compliments friendly storybook style of my zine


Monochromatic purples and greens. (Also analogous)
Color palette of HDB buildings accurate with real life

Cool colors create an added moodiness that is in line
with Tod's uneasiness/questions. 

Tod is called Tod because its dot backwards!!

Font size of TOD: 48 as I wanted to introduce my character
Rest of the fonts: 12. Though if compared to my text at 
the back, they look slightly bigger (I think it's because
of the warping process. I should've accounted for this and
adjusted my text smaller after warping?)

Text colors: Darkest shade on the left page, and white on 
the right for maximum contrast.

Diverse colour palette as this is a montage of diff scenes. 
But I think the colours in the montage is kind of faded/pastel 
though rather saturated, so they are still quite harmonious? 

Variety of colour helps show the mood change of Tod's feelings.
Reflect how he is introduced to all these normal things but 
sees them in a new light.

Tod realised font: 24. Bigger to incite visual hierarchy so 
viewers will know where to start reading the sentence.
Rest of font: 12. 

Text color: Red to match the void deck elements (pipe and 
floor tiles. Also to be more eyecatching and help act as 
leading lines

Monochromatic colours: Orange, Blue, Grey 
Analogous: Blues + Purples 
Complementary: Blues + Orange, Purple + Yellow

Left page sunset because I wanted to make it seem like a 
full day of walking has passed. And that its obvious that 
time/something has changed with Tod. Sunset --> understanding/
new found appreciation has set within Tod.

Right page map,wanted the LRT track to be more obvious so made
it bright blue with yellow below, while the rest of the map was
dark. The yellow from the this page is also the same as that 
on the left and on the covers. Consistency!! Purple and greys
used also found in other spreads. 

This is home font size: 24. Because I wanted to make it a 
point. But I didn't want to make the visual difference between 
font sizes too big as that would be too jarring, loosing its
Places name font size: 24. To make it obvious on map.
Rest of the fonts: 12, consistent with previous pages. 

Font colour: Darkest shade on the left page and brightest 
shade on the right. blue font against orange, and yellow font
against purple, complementary colors ensure that the contrast
will make my text readable.


After doing the inside spreads, I realised that the colours
inside were more similar compared to the ones I used on the 
cover spread, so I considered using the same cool purple blue
colours on the outside. However, I felt that changing complementary 
colour scheme to analogous made my cover duller and less
attractive. With the lack of warm colors, it lost that happy 
feel and meaning, though it did look slightly more harmonious...
But I felt that my orange cover was okay because in the sunset
page, I would reuse the same/similar warm colours again. And
theres still some in the middle spread, so them being on the 
cover would'nt be out of the blue (pun intended haha)




My placement of elements were too near the edge of the paper, and even with bleeds, it was very hard to get it printed right. T^T my contact information cloud got cut in order for all the pages to align nicely so I had to troubleshoot. I cut another cloud up from my other print and sticked it over haha….

I tried printing on two different papers, art card and high white. The colors on art card were super bright, slightly neon-ish. It was too striking, and the paper was slightly yellow, which made my void deck spread look a bit weird. So i decided to submit high white which had  bright white paper and slightly less vibrant colours so they looked more harmonious. Also I asked the store to help me bind my art card one, but it was slightly off at certain pages as they didn’t account for the misalignment during printing. Hence, I binded the high white one myself.

(sorry blurry image) but my @username got cut off at the bottom
Second image there's a white line (though i thought I left bleed??)
(ft. the cloud I cut up for my final submission)
Third image the page didn't line up in the center
After printing, I realised that the spreads on the right perhaps look better
when they are paired up like that as they have similar visual elements (HDB or Track)
and brightness. Hence I was contemplating switching the layout of pages, but I would need
to edit the story and texts, so I decided against it..



I was afraid that my work wasn’t very zine-y, because it didnt have a lot of overlapping font and mixed media. But I was heartened by peoples comments from the feedback session:”)) They were so nice:””)) I thought my zine would be boring but people actually liked it!! I think a zine can be anything, so my zine is ziney too!!!! I’m actually pretty proud of how my illustrations turned out. Because I wanted to follow a certain style, I really paid more attention to artist works and their colour palettes this time. I would draw in this style again next time heh^^ And at the beginning, I really struggled with my disconnect of Sengkang not really feeling like home or being super unique with cool, quirky places to visit. But now I think that that’s okay! Because SengKang really is just like any other neighbourhood. Its a humble, quiet, unassuming town, where the small things add a little character to it, and thats what I like about it. I’m happy to call it my locale. Sometimes we focus too much on interesting things that we dont realise boring can be interesting too?



i’m sorry this is so long ;______;

Personal Diary,
T H E  J O U R N E Y
  9th December 2031. 

The last thing I remembered was falling
Then a loud resounding thud through my head
Sickly red pooled around me.
Its warmth comforted me
as the darkness I wished for finally came.

The next time I opened my eyes, I found myself sprawled on red.
But this time, it wasn’t warm- it was cool and damp. What the fuck happened, where the hell am I? I wondered to myself as I lay motionless, waiting for pulsations in my head to stop. The ringing in my ears wouldn’t go away. 

I stared blankly towards the sky, willing for the chaos in my head to end. Stop stop stop stop STOP. And it did, as if I had pressed pause.  With a clearer mind, my memories and emotions came flooding back to me. I suddenly understood the gravity of my actions, and they weighed heavily on my chest. Regret squeezed my lungs, and had me gasping for air. I was now desperately praying for the ringing in my ears to come back, to numb me of everything, but it never did…

As I slowly sat up, I realized that I was surrounded by rolling hills of crimson. A dark sea of mis-colored grass, as if mocking me. Even the sky was a a deep shade of red. Red was my favourite color, but now I’m sick of it. Everything was red.

Having sat at the same spot for three hours straight, battling with the demons in my head, I couldn’t take it anymore- The deafening silence, the realization of eternal loneliness, the self torment of the mind. Tears welled up in my eyes till they overflowed. Why did I do that? Why was I so damn stupid? Why did I naively assume that things would be better? This is hell. The tears kept raining down my cheeks as if a tap had broken. I had broken. The sounds of my wailing echoed through the valleys of the hills. A desperate broken soul. I always was. Someone help me please.

Amidst my vision blurred by tears, I thought I saw a dark shape appear before me. It had a distinct silhouette- a tall and slender form, with curled horns on its head. I thought I saw lips curl into a malicious grin.  Hastily, I rubbed my eyes, but the figure disappeared. Was that just a figment of my imagination? Have I gone delirious? Howeverat the ground where the figure once stood, was a white card that read:

I hope you’ll find yourself at home here.
If you’re feeling hungry, walk around a bit and you”ll notice an abundance of food all over. My recommendation is that you take whats inside, at the core. I assure you, it is the most succulent. As for drinks, I’m sorry to say that there isn’t a wide spread. But beggars cant be choosers eh? Nonetheless, I’m sure you will find it refreshing. Hope you enjoy them!

A surge of relief coursed through me. The note sounded inviting and comforting. Maybe things were changing for the better.

Perhaps I should listen to the note and look around more. I trudged forward through the tall mahogany grass. Trees started appearing in the horizon. From afar, I could see long bulbous forms hanging on the branches, peeking out from among the dense canopy of the trees. What on earth, those fruits are huge!

However, as I walked nearer, the forms started to take on more clarity. No….. They cant be….. I stared in horror as bodies hung abundantly from the tree. The blue and purple bodies drained of air and blood were a striking contrast to the overwhelmingly red landscape. I stared agape at the convulsive scene of hanging bodies, swinging ever so slightly… left… right…. left…ri…

My stomach dropped, and I felt nauseous. I looked down at the fallen body, only to stare at my own face, with a snapped noose around it. I retched at the revolting scene. With much difficulty, I forced myself to look up at the hanging bodies again. They were all in different stages of rot, blood trickling down the fingers, onto the grass. I wondered if this was what gave the grass its mahogany color. Wait. What the fuck am I even thinking? 

Disgust washed over me once again, and I began sprinting. Get away from those trees! I ran as fast as my legs would take me. I trembled and shook uncontrollably as I ran, an image of the scene I just saw imprinted in my mind.

Soon, I succumbed to exhaustion and my legs buckled. I was hungry, thirsty and tired. As my head hit the ground, my vision darkened. I swore, just before I knocked out, I saw two slender legs infront of me and looked up to a wicked grin…

I awoke the next day. The next few days, I walked for days on end, trying to find something, anything. But all there was were trees with my hanging body, and fallen ones that littered the ground. What sick twisted world was I trapped in? With each passing day, I got weaker and weaker. Why dont I just die already. But how can I when I already am? 

I’m not sure how many days have passed. I couldn’t keep track anymore. I barely moved. I  grew desensitized, it felt like I had no emotions left- I lay calmly against a tree of hanging bodies, staring out blankly. Hunger ate at my stomach and thirst brought a drought to my mouth. Once again, I found myself wishing for darkness, and then I didnt. What if this same thing repeats itself? What if it only gets worse in the end? No no no, no more. I’m already at the bottom of a black hole, I dont want to go even deeper than that. Not again.

“Wow, such resolve. Good for you. If you’re so weak, why not have something to eat and drink? Its all there for your taking you know…” A faint voice whispered through the trees

Perhaps it was my overly fatigued mind, or my sudden desperation to live, or that damn inveigling voice, but something in me clicked. I knew what I had to do. Detached of any emotions, my limbs moved themselves, and I found myself crawling to the nearest fallen body. I stared at its face- no, my face– as I plunged my hand right  into my chest, and pulled out the core. Surprisingly, it felt warm and heavy in my hands. Blood dripping down my arms, I thought I could feel it beating again. But I didn’t care. I chewed and tore deeper into the juicy chunk, cranberry spraying everywhere. I drank all the red liquid it could give me. Slowly, the pain in my stomach faded and the dryness in my mouth was soothed. Relief flooded over me once again.

After consuming the heart, I moved on to the rest of my body.  I ravenously tore into the flesh. At the corner of my eyes, the figure appeared again. But I was too busy devouring my meal. It causally flicked another card towards me. I stopped to  pick the card up with my bloody hands. I turned to face the figure, mouth agape, prepared to talk but it disappeared.

The card read:

Personal Diary,
T H E  J O U R N E Y
 Day #1, 9th December 2031. 

The last thing I remember was falling
Then a loud resounding thud through my head
Sickly red pooled around me.
Its warmth comforted me
as the darkness I wished for finally came.

The next time I opened my eyes, I found myself sprawled on red.
But this time, it wasn’t warm- it was cool and damp.
As I slowly sat up, I realised that I was surrounded by rolling hills of crimson red.
A dark sea of mis-colored grass, as if mocking me.
Even the sky was a deep shade of red…

The sun was setting, but the unsettling thing was that there were two moons.
One of the moons, so small it was barely noticeable in the presence of the other–
why, do I understand how that feels like?

However, they both radiated the same cold blue.
A reflection of the isolation I was feeling in this foreign place–
where is this?

I stood up.
Legs as heavy as lead, I trudged through the tall grass,
my head pulsating.
It felt as if an invisible string was pulling me, because I kept moving forward aimlessly.

As it got darker, I realised that a path began to reveal itself- 
lue illumination that didnt sit well amongst the sea of red
led me down the mountain and towards a small town nestled in the valley

The night was deathly silent as the two moons hung at their highest and brightest now.
The trail of light finally led me to an effulgent house.

It was the only thing in the whole town that was illuminated.
It felt so out of place. It beckoned to me —
have I seen this building somewhere else before? 

I felt it now, even harder. An invisible tug.
The nearer I got to the house, the more I felt my head clearing up.
By the time I reached the front door, my head was no longer hurting. 

As I opened the door,
A) it gave out a loud creaking sound and I cautiously stepped into the dark house.
B) a flood of emotions/memories coursed through me, physically knocking me off my feet. 



Graphic Form #1: Image Making Through Type



  1. What name? –> Natalie Sim Tzyy Chyn, Nat, Natalieszqx, STCN, 沈子勤
  2. Sans serif or serif? What font? WHY
  3. 4 illogical jobs. Characteristics of the jobs/ imagery?
  4. Medium used –> Digital or Traditional? Mix? Attention to background detail


  1. Time keeper
  2. Planet Curator
  3. Upside downer
  4. Cotton Candy Topiarist
  5. Shadow Traveler 
  6. Dragon Tamer
  7. Cat’s Servant
  8. Witch
  9. Snake Skin peeler
  10. Skin Parachuter
  11. Rainbow roller-coaster architect
  12. Android counselor
  13. Fruit Puncher

Some Questions: Should I approach it on a more typographic style or illustrative (like subtle letterforms)
ANSWER: Typography assignment, so the typo should be obvious and the main focus. The typography should be fonts that adopt the characteristic/elements of another thing, instead of being a direct image of the warped thing.

Below:  rough scribble of what I learnt from first consult






backletter- first ever typeface, modelled after scribes. thick vertical lines, thin horizontal connectors. V dense and squished when printed

roman type- Straight lines, regular curves-> clear and legible

Old style- thick serifs, low contrast btwn thin and thick strokes

Transitional- thinner serifs, higher contrast btwn thin and thick strokes

Modern- very thin serifs, extreme contrasts btwn thick and thin strokes


Futura- geometric sans

Gill sans- gentler more natural curves, humanist sans

helvetica- has simple curves, available in many diff weights

computer now allows ppl to create their own unique typeface






After consult, I realised that my design ideas were not exactly what was expected. They were 
too illustrative, and not all elements of my job would be encompassed in the font itself. 
Or it was placing things ontop of my typeface/ placing it in things. 


Now that I better understood what I was supposed to do, I identified the elements related to the job and 
tried synthesizing them onto the font. Brainstorming composition of elements to present my final font design.



Tried using Photoshop 3D extrusion, but I think self drawn typeface was nicer in the end
choosing an appropriate background. Perspective of font on plates would fit 
the second bg better, but I decided to go with the first as the swimming pool 
tiles are more subtle than the pool itself. Suggestion from Shirley: make the 
tiles smaller, so its less distracting
Playing around with the composition of the objects in the jelly, and then 
editing it so they look like they are inside the jelly. Finally, adding highlights 
to the jelly to make it more shiny and smooth, important elements of jello.
Final design's (2nd image) background slightly darker to bring more emphasis to the words.


Trying out different ways to position the alphabets and make them interact with each other. 
Last image is me realizing that I didn't leave enough breathing room for my font, and it 
was just an awkward slight crop, so I decided to zoom out a bit
Trying out different backgrounds
Playing around with the composition of the side cages to 
find a more balanced composition to reach my final (2nd one)



Initial background idea- silhouettes of snakeskin products, mainly shoes and bags. Last image is trying out a darker bg instead of white
Printed the grey NS then drew scales over it (Letter S), and 
scanned. Then redraw digitally. Or could just do a masking 
(Letter N)
Okay, this isn't really artist ref, but I was kinda inspired
by peel to reveal stickers. So my presentation would be peel
to reveal more snake layers under.
Initially wanted to use a crumpled/folded and torn piece of tracing paper as snake shed, but scrapped the idea as there was too many layers
Bought like mounting tape, so that I could make the first layer 
popped out from the last layer, but in the end I didnt really like 
the effect it gave. So I stuck to just sticking the papers directly 
onto each other without any elevation
Physical cut out product and the individual digital layers (flesh and bone)
Thinking back now, I'm uncertain if Shirley will accept my element of peel
(action) as being part of the typeface. But I would personally think it is 
acceptable as if I didnt present it as such in the different layers, I would 
have just combined the peeling and layers into one plane/frame, and just like 
digitally draw the first image. So its the same thing? Like showing multiple 
photoshop layers versus merging them into one ahahahah


Finals (first image physical presentation). Second image is 
just to clearly show the different layers.



I liked how Z and N can be used interchangeably, so I was trying to incorporate that into my composition

 (some experiments when my original idea was driftwood mushroom shaker)


Initially wanted a more subtle show of the element mushroom
by using the gills of a mushroom,and trying to tie it to 
urban planning as the gills also looked like the lines on town
plans, but to be honest, due to time constrains I was unable to 
develop this route more, and I thought that it might be a bit 
too forceful and too abstract for people to guess my job.
Adopted Samjith Samz's matte painting style typography. 
He uses realistic texture on his typeface, and realistic imagery
on the face of the font, coupled with dramatic lighting to create
this fairy tale looking design.
ZQ and Nat
Trying out a background. I think the first image, my gif 
is not working, but its supposed to show how I made the wood
have a yellowy hue, so the last background matches with my 
colour palette more. But I thought it was a bit too 
distracting there, so I shifted the colored part to the top 
left (Final below).





What was the difficulties you have faced during the thinking and making of this project and what did you “take away“?

Thinking: It was really hard to grasp what was the “correct” approach to dealing with this project. The forcing an obj into the shape vs applying elements of the shapes were super similar to me at first, but the more Shirley explained, and the more I tried different designs and ideas,  I eventually got it in the end! And I’m glad I was understand this method in the end, because its a much more unique way to present your typeface, and it can also be applied to other forms/works of art too! A beneficial skill.

Another difficulty during thinking is deciding the elements of the job to put in. Should I be literal and use the thing itself, or should I be more vague and use objects associated with but not represent the thing. I think that although I tried to have a balance of both, my works were leaning more to the literal end as I was afraid it would be difficult to convey the message of an illogical job to the viewers.

Making: I think that the process of making my works was relatively more smooth sailing then the conceptualization process. But because my elements were quite literal,  the hardest part would be trying to make them look realistic or capture the essence of the object properly (my jelly, the showcase, mushrooms, flesh, etc..). But with more practice and experimenting around on my own, I was able to get the hang of photoshop 3d extrusion and like illustrator as well.

Takeaway: Honestly, I think looking back is also one of the most difficult things of any project. Like I think I like the works I’ve produced for this project, and I am a little proud of them. However, I’m always worried that I may have strayed from the project brief, and I notice all the “wrongs”, that I couldve worked better on. Looking back, I’m afraid that my designs might be considered a bit too complicated? especially for my backgrounds as well.. But overall, I learnt a lot about typography and image making to convey a message through this project and hope to do better on my next!! 🙂

Thanks for reading !

PDF of my writeups incase the images above are not clear enough:  TYPO

Drawing Proj 3: Fragmented Self Portrait

must be “fragments” or just an abstract portrait, cause one of the ones don showed is just incomplete + the palette testing thing ? like what if i just obscure part of my face with stuff. ANS: CAN


  1. Research (artist influence, how)
  2. Concept Write-up (100 word on concept)
  3. Concept Sketches and Thumbnails  (8-10sketches, idea, composition, value, design)


  • Isolated areas of colour draw more attention to those areas
  • Black and white smokey effect


  • Fluidity (curvy lines surrounding some of the faces)
  • Smooth transition/placement of the different faces
  • Using overlay method with faces from different perspectives- smooth fragmentation (compared to harsh geometric one)
  • Focus on facial features (especially eyes)
  • In the third picture, feels like there’s a narrative- taking a mask off or something


  • Breaking down the hand? (similar to aykutmaykut)


  • Fluidity! (organic motion lines similar to sarsar)
  • The body in motion (even face)
  • Playing with positive and negative space. Doesn’t show the entire body, but the mind pictures it on our own. Is the body disappearing or reappearing?


  • Fluidity!! (for the third time hehe)
  • Love the idea of the portrait turning into smoke
  • Or cutting up the face to reveal something else inside


  • masking effect
  • I like the idea of different forms being contained in one bigger shape (and some parts of the form breaking that boundary)
  • And its like some of the silhouettes look like a human body shape and the stuff inside has hands or face positioned at where it shld be, but in a wrong perspective. (like fourth pic the looks like 2 people hugging)
 Justin Bower
  • cool glitch effects
  • sort of like how you loose control of your own life / our over-reliance on technology
 Kittisak Thapkoa
  • Macabre-ness
  • Mass of writhing arms and heads
A section of prepwork I did on stairs in my prev coursework. MC Eschers famous stairs!! 
Illusionistic stairs could be part of my work...

CONCEPT WRITEUP:    what do the fragments represent?

  1. More akutmaykut x sarsar kind. Blurry smokey feels, because thats what I feel about myself and my personal identity.
    1. Maybe like the idea of peeling off my mask (like in sarsars one). Mask is a smiling face, then once peeled off is a emotionless face or scream or distorted face with multiple eyes? Im ugly/suffering inside
  2. More taylurk kind. Overall silhouette is a upside down head, then inside is the confusing fragments- How my mind is always so complicated to me, and I confuse myself. But maybe arms or some fragments trying to break out-> me trying to escape from my own mind, to find liberation or help.
  3. Exploded self portrait (like akutmaykut) then inside is a rotten apple core or twisted apple. im rotten to the core
  4. dance?

100 WORD WRITE-UP : I really dont know what to write aish. I draw first


vv messy (and ugly) rough ideas you probably wont be able to get hahaha

(idea chosen to build upon mentioned below)


100 WORD WRITE-UP Update: After consult#1 with Don

Decided to work upon the silhouette idea x fluid organic fragments. So the overall shape will be a head, and the fragments will be inside-> How everything is contained in my own head. But then there will be some parts where arms will slightly break out of the boundary of some white fragments –> me trying to escape from my own mind, to find liberation or help. The demarcation of fragments will be shown through white smokey lines that flow inside the head, and some will link out of the head and around (maybe then these can be black). Overall feel should be somewhat cloudy, like shrouded in mystery–> reflecting how i see myself in 2 ways: 1) I feel like my personal identity is very hazy to me, I cant directly say who I am/what kind of a person am I (I feel like I dont have a definite shape, thus the use of  smokey mysterious vibe) and  2) From 2D “My line is emo” mark making, I realised that I tend to make much more organic works and lines (instead of hard geometric lines, hence I wont be doing like mirror fragmentation), I am more for organic fluidity whoo. As for the different fragments, I was thinking of having an increase in the expression of the faces from top to bottom? Like The faces gradually look more pained/intense –> 1) Sleepy/Dreary closed eyes, 2) blank stare, 3) screaming –> Like waking up and realising you are trapped in a nightmare –> Labyrinth of my mind that drives me insane –> optional objects to put in the composition could be stairs, like MC Eschers. Conclusion: Me trapped in my mind aaaaaaa.

“How will we ever get out of this labyrinth of suffering?’

“You  spend your whole life stuck in the labyrinth, thinking about how you’ll escape one day, and how awesome it will be, and imagining that future keeps you going, but you never do it. You just use the future to escape the present.’
― John Green, Looking for Alaska


  1. Staged portraits, print + experiment
  2. Medium test
  3. Experimentation (compositions, tonal, medium studies / drawing techniques researched)

( cue the cringe oh god)
(I shall not post my picS HAHAHA)


    Charcoal + Graphite tests



   Trying to compose 5 fragments  [rejected ugly composition:  yikes]



Very stylistic organic lines, play with positive and negative space. Depth !!!

Use graphite -> smoother gradient and more delicate feels.
Maybe can use the unraveling parts to form another face so those parts are not wasted



Actually didnt properly plan the smoke, because I thought I would go with the flow. And make not only the final work a self portrait, but also the process- because I’m the kind of person that will make plans, but then not end up following through exactly, instead I prefer doing what I am currently feeling!! I also thought that overplanning the smoke might make it loose its organicness and fluidity?? Like it wont be natural mmz…

 Started with the face first, and because the space around was white, the shading of the face looked okay. But then I later on coloured 8B for the hair (which i didnt take a picture), and the hair was so flat it just looked like a hole + it was so dark it made the face look like I didnt shade it at all CRIES ;n; So I had to lighten the hair a lottt, and add highlights + shadows 

I think the bottom part was the hardest because I wasnt sure how to nicely tie everything together. In the end, when I had this hole left to fill, I had to use photoshop in planning out the smoke. It was like a jigsaw puzzle so hard:((



Medium: Graphite drawing
Size: A2

With the project being “FRAGMENTED self portrait”, I knew I didn’t want it to be geometric. As that would be the usual interpretation, and because I felt like geometric shapes were not a good representation of me.  From 2D “My line is emo” mark making, I realised that I tend to make much more organic works and lines (instead of hard geometric lines, hence I wont be doing like mirror fragmentation), I am more for organic fluidity!! And with “self portrait”, I feel like my personal identity is very hazy to me, I cant directly say who I am/what kind of a person am I, I feel like I dont have a definite shape or identity. Its kind of like a grey area to me.  Hence, I decided to use smoke as my fragments in this project. So the overall composition will be a big head, suggesting how everything is in my own head. And then there will be smoke around my head, with some parts of myself becoming the smoke itself, showing how I think of my self identity as smoke that you just cant quite grasp. As for the faces, I wanted the middle one to be staring directly at the viewer, because I felt like it would make the viewer more connected to my self portrait. I also wanted to make it unsettling, with how she stares at you wherever you go, much like how I closely scrutinize and judge myself harshly:”)




  1. I think i took too much time because I spent 3 days on this and the end result was quite underwhelming. Honestly, I liked my can drawing much much better. I think being the compulsive blender I am,  I put too much time into over-rendering and fussing about small details that are hard to see from afar. Even though I did consider and look at a bigger picture, I think I still could’ve made it even more impactful from afar and cut down on details
  2. I thought composing the smoke would be easy because I could come up with whatever I wanted, but that made things even harder. Because I had white + black smoke and the dark hair + light face, I had to carefully compose the smoke so that all these 4 parts would nicely balance out. If one part was too white, without blacks or vice versa, it would draw too much attention away. So tonal planning was actually really important for me. Also, I had to ensure that the smoke was organic enough, and flowed nicely. The style of the smoke also had to stay too consistent- there were times when I realised i made the bends/ends of the smoke too rounded, instead of slightly pointy, thus making it look different from what i drew before and weird. Variation of the different shapes and widths of smoke was hardddd. Never underestimate drawing smoke is what I learnt.
  3. I think some parts had slightly weird proportions. Like my forehead looked quite big and made me look bald even though I drew so much hair. So I decided to cover the forehead with bangs. Also I’m not sure why but initially, the distance between the eyes and nose of the staring portrait looked quite far apart (2nd proccess pic), so I extended the grey smoke in the middle of them, to obscure the distance a bit (final drawing pic), and I think it fixed the problem quite nicely!! HA the art of obscuring to cover up problems:”)
  4. Not enough contrast!!!!!!!! I used normal graphite and tended to blend quite a bit, so the tonal change was very subtle, especially for parts like the face. From afar, it really looked like I didnt even render it and was super disappointing!!:((((( I needed even blacker darks to create more contrast and dramatic lighting, to make my portrait take on a more dimensional form. The face shading needs to be reworked on and darkened. One face could even be darker than the other for even clearer distinction between the two 
  5. Other improvements included: Making more hair turn into smoke. Blending the smoke into the hair even more (though I already tried, I think some parts the value edges too sharp?). Making the smoke less white, so only some parts would be highlighted and so it looked even more 3-dimensional like it was going around the hair. Making most of the smoke darker would also push it back into my hair more, and make the whole painting less overwhelming? Because i think right now its a bit too much to take in all at once sighs… maybe I should’ve made the composition of the portrait smaller so there would be more breathing space for the viewer, if not i think it feels a bit too messy now:( ??

OK LA BUT I THINK ish not bad i guess:v I tried quite hard:”””)

FOUNDATION DRAWING SEM 1 PEACE OUT!!!!!!!! I will miss it, i think i did improve:”””)