Wearable Tech Final

“The demons in your mind, they flower there”
A collaborative project with Tjoa Wei Lin


Click the links below to view our slides:

Week 3 – Ideation Presentation 

Week 4 – Development Presentation

Week 5 – Design Draft Presentation



Title of project:

The demons in your mind, they flower there

Concept write up:

We were inspired by the quote by Nathaniel Hobs Jenkins, “Beauty becomes ugly under the influence of the demons inside the mind.”

We are all beautiful people, perfect white flowers waiting to bloom. Yet, we still crave perfect beauty, endlessly pursuing it. In our attempts to reach that beauty, the demons in our minds tell us that the perfection we hope to achieve is still far away. We attempt to chase after the epitome of beauty but drown in the concept of what true perfection is. Now, when we look at ourselves, because we overthink, because we have no self-love or because we are too harsh on ourselves, we warp our beauty into what we think is inner demons- ugliness and pain that other people don’t see. The disgusting flesh hiding within the perfect exterior of a white flower bud. We think that these demons are the representation of our raw selves, our true flesh. We tell ourselves that the beauty people say we have is just a plain white mask, and that they don’t see the ugliness hiding beneath it.

Our ugliness is on the inside solely because it comes from within- it is the demons in our own minds that have manifested the ugly in ourselves. The beauty we each have in ourselves is lost upon us, becoming imperfect and ruined in our own eyes. It is never enough, and the voices in our heads whisper confirmations of our failures. 


We wanted a dress that looks simple, pure and pretty from the outside to represent the beauty that everyone has within them. We then wanted our transformation to be very visceral,  a full contrast of this pretty exterior- our flowers would open up to reveal a disgusting bloody flesh, instead of the expected beautiful flower. With this stark change in aesthetics, we wanted to show how people are afflicted by their own minds. How from the outside, others can see that we possess something so beautiful, but in our own heads, we just think the worst of ourselves. We’re not ugly/imperfect because we are, but because we think that that is what we truly are. Hence, this ugliness appears only on the inside and blooms like a flower from within our own minds. 
We hope that with our dress, people might feel comforted that they’re not alone in this, and that this is a problem many others face as well. Or that people who don’t really have this issue with themselves might now be aware that this is an issue that some people face. And in all, we wanted people to know that despite some of us maybe thinking we have “a fake beautiful facade that conceals the true horrific flesh other people don’t see”, that in itself can be beautiful as well- We hoped that even with our flowers open, our dress still looks as pretty, or even prettier than when the flowers were closed



IM Guest Lecture Reflections

During one of our lessons, we were fortunate enough to receive a guest lecture by Ong Kian Peng! His lecture was on Automated Utopia and he touched upon many interesting points surrounding the Utopia/Dystopia and Artificial Intelligence. I would like to briefly talk about some of the points he made and what I thought about them!

During his lecture, he posed us a question-

So how can AI present a different world than that of the cyberpunk genre and give us a technological Utopian society?

I immediately thought of the American science fiction television series, Westworld. (It’s a really interesting western series and I highly recommend it!)

In the show Westworld, people travel to a Wild-West-themed amusement park filled with humanoid robots called “hosts.” With the whole wild west theme, it is already a very different take on the common AIs in a cyberpunk universe (such as technologically advanced cities features in Ghost in the Shell or Blade Runner 2049). Instead of thinking forwards, and placing AIs in a fictional futuristic setting, Westworld places AIs in a futuristic setting that is seemingly old school and historically inspired, going back to the time of cowboys and steam powered railways.

Westworld': Everything to Know Before the Series Premiere ...HBO brings “Westworld" to life for lucky consumers - Event MarketerA Westworld Cameraman Showed Up In One Scene, But Was It Really ...Westworld' at SXSW: Photos Inside the Town HBO Built from Scratch ...Ghost In The Shell VFX Breakdown | Movies | EmpireArtStation - Ghost in the Shell - City at daylight, Jan UrschelMunich City Wallpaper - Blade Runner 2049 City, Hd Wallpapers ...


What value does it add ? And what do we lose as a result of automation?

In Westworld, the park is of great value to high-paying “guests”.  It allows them to indulge their wildest fantasies within the park without fear of retaliation from the hosts, who are prevented by their programming from harming humans. They are able to visit brothels, drink shots at the salon, take on bounty hunts on horseback, or have a high-noon showdown, et cetera. The whole world is theirs to explore and interact with. The AIs are there to aid them in to the whims and fancies of the guests. These hosts think and interact like real people, but since they aren’t living beings, guests often treat them with reckless abandon. I think that the whole allure of this automated theme park in Westworld made the humans in their world lose their humane-ness. In the theme park, people are shown to lose their humane restraints, to act without any moral or ethical judgement. Talking about the premise of Westworld, Georgia Tech’s Ridel said:  “Making things that are designed to be as close to looking and acting human and then saying ‘go ahead and abuse these things,’ to me it says something about humans.”

Just because the hosts were not human, guests say it fit to take advantage of them. This makes me wonder, in a world with humans and AIs, would it be possible to truly co-exist? To be inclusive and not just tolerance. Is a world where humans and AIs are equals possible? Or will it always be painted as a world whereby AIs are sub subservient for they are the creations of man, and eventually grow intelligent/conscious enough to rebel against us?

This thought was also spurred on by Bin’s sharing of Justin Emard, Mirai Moriyama and Alter’s artwork, Co (AI) xistence.


Can humans and AI coexist peacefully without any racial discrimination? This question reminds me of a Japanese animated movie called Time of Eve.

Set in a not-too-distant future, androids have become integrated into society’s daily lives. Like most other people, the protagonist, Rikuo treats robots and androids like appliances, despite them bearing an uncanny resemblance to a normal human. In the film,  androids are easily identified with a holographic status ring above their heads. Rikuo, who has taken robots for granted for his entire life, one day discovers that Sammy, his home android, has been acting independently and coming and going on her own. He finds a strange phrase recorded in her activity log, “Are you enjoying the Time of Eve?”. Along with a friend, they follow Sammy to an unusual cafe called “The Time of Eve”. There, they learn that the cafe’s main rule is to not discriminate between humans and androids. Within the cafe, androids do not display their status rings, as such, patrons will be unable to identify who is android and who is human in the cafe. In that intimate shared space, they have transcended the discriminatory boundaries and are all seen as equal beings. Additionally, when patrons depart, the door is automatically locked for two minutes to prevent another patron from following them to discover their true nature. The whole idea of hiding one’s true race to not let it affect interactions and relationships within the cafe is really interesting to me. The conversations among the patrons make frequent allusions to Isaac Asimov‘s Three Laws of Robotics, often highlighting surprising interpretations of those laws, through not only the point of view of humans, but also the robots themselves.

The overarching plot involves the beginnings of independence displayed by the androids, what they do with that independence within the bounds of the three laws, and what motivates them. Secondary plots involve the individual stories of each android the protagonists encounter in the cafe, and how they come to discover which patrons are androids and which are not. Through multiple visits to the cafe and unprejudiced interactions with the different patrons, Rikuo comes to realise that perhaps the true identity of each guest is not what matters the most. The neutrality of the cafe eventually enables him to let go of his former prejudice against androids. Additionally, though he was initially fearful of Sammy’s independence, he begins to learn that she is more human than he first thought.  Illah Nourbakhsh, professor of robotics at Carnegie Mellon University said: “It’s a dangerous moral ground are we walking into, making systems that are reminiscent of humanity and then treating them in a way that is inhumane”. It perplexed me to think why humans would aim to model robots or program artificial intelligence so closely after ourselves, only to treat them as lower beings. Should they not receive the same respect? If some people believe that men is born with innate sins because of Adam’s doing, then shouldn’t robots/AI be born with innate humanity since they are our creations?

I think that the tiny cafe  in Time of Eve was something close to a utopia for the shared interests of humans and androids alike!

Time of Eve: The Movie - Official Trailer - YouTubeI'm scared of you, let's have sex: Time of Eve | Bateszi Anime BlogEve no jikan (2010) - Photo Gallery - IMDbTime of Eve Review | The Foodie Geek


While researching more I found this article, and part of it said-

Although robots do not have emotions, people can get attached to them, Georgia Tech’s Riedl said. Some people name their Roombas and give them backstories, only to be emotionally upset when the devices break down, he said. People have even held funerals for robot dogs.

Say, if robots/AI were to gain the ability to form emotional connections back with humans, would they be genuine? Emotional connections formed out of feelings instead of logical and rational thought? This reminded me of the Australian sci-fi film “I am Mother“.  The film follows Daughter, a girl in a post-apocalyptic bunker, being raised by Mother, a robot aiding the re-population of Earth.  It was interesting to watch the change in their emotions towards each other, and their relationship dynamics. I don’t want to spoil the plot by revealing too much, but the movie left me with even more thoughts about the whole AI and humans in a dystopian/utopian world scenario.

AI should always follow the 3 Laws by Asimov, but what if the means and the ends conflict with each other and the 3 laws.  Should AI be allowed to harm humans for the greater good of humanity? Should we then put our trust in them that they are in the greater scheme of things, obeying the 3 Laws. In my opinion, artificial intelligence is able to think rationally and logically, unlike humans who are unable to separate our emotions from thinking no matter how hard we try. Despite our best efforts, we will never be objective while I think that AI is able to do so, so in times like this what if the AI’s actions seemed to be creating a dystopian world, but only temporarily, to pave way for the utopian world they are trying to achieve for humans?

I Am Mother' Ending Explained, From the Editor of the Netflix Movie
Original Content podcast: Director Grant Sputore explains how 'I ...

Other interesting thins to check out: 
Narciss: Artificial Intelligence Questions Human Self-AwarenessWaltz Binaire-Narciss-AI-installation-art-data-mirror-tech-visual atelier 8-2.jpgWaltz Binaire-Narciss-AI-installation-art-data-mirror-tech-visual atelier 8-7.jpg

– Tau (2018 film)Tau (film): A just OK Netflix original





IM Reading Assignment

“The Second Self. Computers and the Human Spirit” by Sherry Turkle
Download the PDF version of this reading

Part 1, Chapter 2: Video Games and Computer Holding Power. 

Write your impressions and reflections: min 250- 500+ words
Add links and media.

To be honest, I found it strange that quite a bit of the readings weren’t directly Interactive Media or art related (in my opinion), and when I was reading Turkle’s chapter about video games, I was trying to figure out how this was related to IM. And then I remembered that video games are actually art, and a great example of interactive media at that. So before I begin to discuss about some of the many points on video games raised in Turkle’s chapter, I would like to talk about my opinion on video games and its relation to art!

Video games have become so common in today’s society especially among the generations born into the digital age, that they have become their labels. People have lost sight of video games as a work of art. However, in my opinion, games are one of the most successful artforms; one of the most notable instances of coming close to a true Gesamtkunstwerk. There so many aspects of art and design in video games- Character design, environment/level design, soundscape, animation, narrative writing, etc. So many overlapping areas of art that I cannot even fully differentiate or name them all. You basically design every single detail in a whole new world! And if that does not include almost all, if not all, artforms then I don’t know what other artwork would be able to achieve so.

A normal video game would stimulate visual and audio sensory experiences, but with the advancement of technology, more senses are being incorporated into games. Gaming devices like the Occulus Rift, opens a whole new world of VR and allows us to have a deeper level of sensorial immersion, such as the addition of physical sensation, or a more immersive in game point of view. Maybe in the future, smell and taste might be possible in video games too! Who knows. Furthermore, there are video games suitable for all ages, making ir an extremely inclusive form of art. With so many genres to pick from, from first person shooting to puzzle games to horror, one is bound to find a game that would suite your personal tastes.  Additionally, each game usually offers an individualized yet universal experience to players. That is a quality that interactivity in many artworks try to achieve. For example in games such as Detroit: Becoming Human, players are given different options that will open up different pathways in the story tree, allowing them to craft their own story/experience in a way, but still having the same overarming ark, or being able to reply to try out different experiences.

Detroit: Become Human Demo Experience - jioplaygame.com
Multiple options to choose from in Detroit: Becoming HumanDetroit Become Human: Stormy Night Walkthrough 100%
At the end of chapter, the story tree shows how your choices led to an ending The Hostage - Detroit: Become Human | Shacknews


Now moving on to some points mentioned in Turkle’s writing! –

“There has been controversy about video games from the days of Space Invaders and Asteroids, from the time that the games’ holding power provoked people who saw it as a sign of addiction to become alarmed…

For Jarish knows that despite the complexity of the games, there is program behind, there are rules. There is the computer that Jarish mythologizes as the dream machine that can make anything possible and as the rule machine that makes everything that is crazy ultimately controllable…

Most people don’t become addicted to video games just as most people who diet don’t become anorexic. But when they use these powerful materials to measure themselves, they are at risk. And, of course, some people come to the material more vulnerable than others. The greater the anxiety about being out of control, the greater the seduction of a material that offers the promise of perfect response.”

Even till now, the social effects of video games are still being widely debated, and controversial.  Many still view video games as addictive, video games as violence instigators. Even recently, Trump suggest that video games are the cause of violent outbreaks such as mass shootings due to the glorification of violence in video games. Although I do agree that some video games do glorify violence, I find that this video game stereotype no longer holds true to many games now. Now, there are more and more games with different genres, and messages. Shooting and killing games aren’t the only genres in the game industry. There are numerous non-violent games that are immensely popular, such as the recently trending Animal Crossing: New Horizons, a wholesome video game where you create a home, interact with cute animal villagers, and just enjoy life whilst exploring.  There are even games that preach non-violence, such as Undertale.  In the battles in Undertale, you can choose to resort to violence, or to use words to talk  ourself out of the fight. Choosing not to resort through violence throughout the whole game will lead to a True Pacifist Ending, which is considered the “true ending” to Undertale, leading to a happy conclusion and the complete credits. If the player choose to resort to violence and slay enemies in some battles during the play through, they will complete the Neutral Route. Upon completing the Neutral Route, the protagonist receives a phone call after the credits that provides a hint to the next requirement for getting the True Pacifist Ending, prompting them replay and choose that pathway instead.

Undertale Act | Mythic Bios
Example of battle mechanics, you can choose to “Fight” or “Act” in different ways, and eventually spare “Mercy” instead of resorting to violenceGallop-a-Gus on Twitter: "Soulless True Pacifist! #KILLEDTHEMALL ...Ending for True Genocide Route, where you kill everyone (above) versus True Pacifist, where no lives are taken and the story truly ends (below)

Many people are drawn to games because of the power they hold in games. Unlike in real life, almost everything you do is solely controllable by the player in a game. Like what Turkle said, they get seduced by the control one wields in the game, compared to real life which is unpredictable, where many a times, things happen outside of our control. Is giving people power and control over something a good way to make them engage with your creation? Anyways, I think people who get addicted to games and are actually influenced to carry out violent acts already have pre-existing psychological issues, and the full blame (or any blame at all) cant be placed on video games.

“Marty is a twenty-nine-year-old economist who works for a large Manhattan bank. He is a nervous, wound-up man. “I’m a real worrier. A real ‘type A person.’ That’s me.” He says he plays the game because he needs “to have something to do which is so hard that I can’t think of anything else.” The games force him into another mental space where the thoughts and the cares of his day cannot intrude. For many years, Marty used transcendental meditation to relax. Now he uses video games.”

I feel like games are usually painted as a villain, often affiliated with connotations that people forget its positive impacts.  People go to museums to look at artworks, as a form of entertainment; or make their own art as a form of therapeutic release. Games are works of art, games can be the same too. Games are a great form of escapism from the real world. Like mentioned before, people are able to escape into a new reality which they have more control over, or one that is out so fictionally out of their wildest dreams, where they are able to choose their own story and  create a new identity. They can be transported into a world that allows them to relax, and provide entertainment.
Its interesting that some games are created with for relaxation in mind. Games like Journey or Abzu takes players into a beautiful tranquil landscape , and aims to create a really zen game play experience. There are even games you can play with friends to enjoy some time together and relax, such as Snipperclips or Animal Crossing.

Abzu review - It's a brand new journey that's, erm, not quite Journey Abzu A shader tribute to Journey - Making GamesJourneyAnimal Crossing: New Horizons – What to do with Friends- Attack of ...Animal Crossing

“Technological advances have enabled designers to create games that provide visually appealing situations and demand a diverse and challenging set of skills. But the ambition is to have the appeal of Disneyland, pinball, and a Tolkien novel all at once. Games like Joust do not offer the imaginative identification with a character and a situation that literature does.”

Its interesting that Turkle noted how people wanted more customization and literary in games. Perhaps thats what sets video games apart from other forms of art and makes it successful. The fact  that video games are such flexible amalgamations of both art and design. In more traditional artworks like paintings, the audience has no hand to play in creating or playing around with the work, and they could each have vastly different interpretations. Compare that to video games, where the audience has almost full interactivity and control of what they wish to do, with the power to personalize their experience; whilst they might all experience something different, the overall story line or overarching message they derive is still more or less the same. Video games are designed  so that everyone is still able to understand the basic narrative, although it still allows for some interpretations; while in art the fundamental artist message might still be lost to some; while in design, there is no room for interpretation for good designs.

The knights in Joust owe their appeal to associations the player makes with fantasies about medieval combat that have been sparked through other media. And even the graphically “advanced” Joust lacks the degree of individual characterization one has come to expect in animated cartoons. Designers are starting to break out of these limitations. New generations of computer graphics will allow game characters to have more realistic gestures and facial expressions. New programming techniques offer the hope of creating characters who have more specific and interesting personalities than the monsters in Pac-Man so that players’ interactions with them may feel more like a social encounter and less like controlling a pinball”

A good example for the above paragraph is the game Monster Hunter World. When you begin the game, you are free to customize your characters looks however you want. Whats so cool about MHW is that the graphics look pretty realistic and you can customize numerous details from the age of your character to the color of their hair, or if they have special markings on their faces, etc. During the game, there is even more ways you can create your own unique character, by mixing and matching whatever armor or weapon you prefer as you carry our your quests in the main story line. MHW also allows for co-op battles with your friends to slay the monsters. Being able to play games alongside your friends is something that many games are working towards today. By giving the option to play multiplayer, games can indeed feel more like a social encounter, and less like a solitary activity. Hmm, maybe its just my lack in knowledge of artworks, and the vastness of the artworld, but I struggle to think of works of art  that allows its audiences to partake in social interactions that help build or complement the artwork.

Monster Hunter World Character Creation / Character Customization ...Monster Hunter World character customization is irking some ...How To Forge And Upgrade Equipment in Monster Hunter: World ...
Different weapons to wield and different parts of different monster armours to choose fromMONSTER HUNTER: WORLD


“Woody Allen dreamt of the interactive novel. Video game designers plan to implement it, perhaps less voluptuously, by putting the player in control of a character who lives not in a maze but in a piece of literature.”

This got me thinking of Netflix’s latest Blackmirror movie, Bandersnatch.  The first time I played it, I found it to be an interesting experience, and thought that it was rather innovative, a movie that you could decide your own ending! But after finishing the whole film, I still thought it was cool that Bandersnatch was blurring the lines between movies and games now, but I was kind of disappointed at its level of interactivity with the literature. I realized that the choices you made did not really affect what happens in the story, or that they would kill the main character off, thus making it seem that there is a “Right Choice” in the film. Although Bandersnatch did disappoint a bit, I think that it set down the foundations for more interesting interactive novels, like what Woody Allen dreamt of, to come. Perhaps future examples would do well to learn from the diverse and deep interactivity found in video games. But by then, I wonder, would the film be seen as a video game then? What would set them apart? Simply the medium of presentation? One presumably using actors and cameras, while the other digital or hand drawn animations. But then again, more movies today are also starting to rely on 3D animations to create characters or scenes, and like what Turkle said, new generations of computer graphics are allowing games to appear way more realistic. Is it possible that if interactive films became more common in the future, they would slowly morph into games, while games morph into them? Would there be a clear line of distinction between the two, or will they be added to a long list of never ending debates such as “what is the difference between art and design?”.



Art in the age of “big data”




pinterest – interactive display / interactive exhibition




Wearable Tech #4 – Biomimicry

TASK: Research existing examples and projects of wearables recontextualizing biomimicry- the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems.

Biomimicry is an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature’s time-tested patterns and strategies. The goal is to create products, processes, and policies—new ways of living—that are well-adapted to life on earth over the long haul.


While researching, I found several examples of biomimicry in fashion and realised that they could also be categorised into the Science/Aesthetic approach I previously used on what wearable tech was to me.

I felt that technology and the innovation of new textiles that mimicked solutions/mechanics/science from nature were a more scientific take on biomimicry.  On the other hand, a more aesthetic take would be a more direct and visual representation of biomimicry- like designs that mimicked patterns found in nature. I felt like the definition of biomimicry in the project task was more aligned to the scientific-approach rather than the aesthetics. However, I will still be including some examples of both in the following paragraphs!




The following examples,  practices the use of the marvels of nature and its functioning for developing new innovative technology. Many innovative textile products have been engineered using biomimicry.  They serve a more functional purposes, being purposefully created with specific properties and intended uses



Image result for velcro structureImage result for velcro structure
Invented in 1948, Velcro has become a textbook example of biomimicry – an emerging science that emulates nature to solve human problems. After a walk in the fields, George de Mestral noticed burrs stuck to his trousers and his dog’s fur, which led to his creation of a new hook and loop fastening device that we know as velcro


Waterproof Textile

Image result for lotus leaf effectImage result for lotus leaf effect fabric
Image result for lotus leaf effect fabric

Water spilled on a lotus leaf does not wet its surface but beads up and rolls off, also cleaning its surface from accumulated dust and dirt. This effect is known as “superhydrophobicity”. Researchers have mimicked this process to create water-repellent and self-cleaning materials and fabrics.


Speedo Fastskin

Image result for speedo shark suitImage result for speedo shark suit

Inspired by sharks’ sandpaper-like skin that reduces drag in water,

Researchers studied the swiftness with movements of sharks under water, and found that a sharks’ sandpaper-like skin reduces drag in water. Inspired by this, they developed their own material that reduces friction caused by human skin, while swimming under water. Speedo’s Fastskin line of performance-enhancing swimwear was thus created and helps one swim faster and  more smoothly.

BIOMIMICRY LEVEL: Kind of both scientific and aesthetics? Borrowing the form/structure and texture of the sharks skin to apply it for a human-use context


Self-healing fabric

A group of researchers from PennState implemented a new way to produce fabric in order for it to be self-healing and act as a barrier between the bearer and the outside world. By dipping the fabrics in several liquids, they create layers of material that then form a polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer coating. This process was inspired by polymers present in Nature in the form of squid ring teeth proteins, where positively and negatively charged polymers compose the polyelectrolyte coating. For the coating to protect the human body, enzymes can be incorporated into it during the layering: when matched to the harmful chemical being targeted, the enzymes would make the coating tailored to protect the wearer from being contaminated

BIOMIMICRY LEVEL: Feels very scientific as the level of biomimicry is down to a microscopic level, trying to emulate the cellular process that nature has.


There are a lot more similar examples of biomimicry in textile, such as warm clothing, inspired from the thermal insulation properties of a polar bear.  Or dye-free coloured fabric inspired by Morpho butterflies’ wings which appear cobalt blue despite lacking any colour pigment.  Or a fabric that imitates how a squid changes colors, by expanding or contracting their pigment-filled cells.  By taking inspiration from these underwater colour shifters, scientists are taking the first steps towards developing self-camouflaging clothing that could be a boon to the military



The following examples, don’t really serve a functional purpose or solve complex human problems as they function as mainly works of art. However, they still make use of biomimicry in their designs. make fabrics self-healing using conventional textiles. So we came up with this coating technology. For the coating to protect the human body, enzymes can be incorporated into it during the layering


Biomimicry Shoe by Marieka Ratsma and Kostika Spaho

Biomimicry shoe by Marieka RatsmaBiomimicry shoe by Marieka Ratsma

Nature has been the main source of inspiration for the making and shaping of this shoe. Ratsma and Spaho used the shape of a bird’s cranium for the front of the shoe, with the tapered beak as the spike of the heel. The idea for this shoe highlights the aesthetics and the shape of the bird skull, along with the characteristics of the lightweight and highly differentiated bone structure within the cranium.

BIOMIMICRY LEVEL: Leaning  towards aesthetics, as the form of the shoe itself directly borrows the anatomy of the bird. Very appearance based mimicry. I feel like there is not much science-approach in this as its a very visual surface-level work, lacking a deeper conceptual meaning that is inspired from processes/behaviors we see in nature.


Iridescence by Behnaz Farahi

The male Anna’s hummingbird has feathers around his throat that appear completely green, but  can turn  into an iridescent pink when he moves.  This is how the Anna’s hummingbird attracts mates during his spectacular displays of aerial courtship. Iridescence is an interactive collar, inspired by the gorget of the Anna’s hummingbird. It is equipped with a facial tracking camera and an array of 200 rotating quills. The custom-made quills flip their colors and start to make patterns, in response to the movement of onlookers and their facial expressions.

BIOMIMICRY LEVEL: Both  science and aesthetics, but a less direct copying of a hummingbird. Aesthetically borrows the visual language of the humming bird feathers, and has a very similar appearance. However, Farahi created his own material that uses lenticular science to mimic the color changing feathers of the hummingbird. The logic/system behind the why the custom-made quills also mimic the mating process of the hummingbird, making use of a deeper level of biomimicry




While researching, I found some research papers online that are related to the topic. I especially liked the paper “Nature Inspired Clothing Design Based on Biomimicry (2016)” as it was elaborate/detailed; and Anzabi gave numerous good examples, that I did not mention above.  He even had the same method of classifying the different levels of biomimicry in clothing design as me.

  • Nature Inspired Clothing Design Based on Biomimicry (2016)
    • https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325953874_Nature_Inspired_Clothing_Design_Based_on_Biomimicry
    • PDF download  (in case the link doesn’t work)
  • Biologically Inspired Textiles (2008)
    • https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845692476500076



  • RESEARCH- https://www.triplepundit.com/story/2016/social-good-fashion-turns-biomimicry-and-tech/26646
  • EXAMPLES (couture): https://www.demilked.com/contrast-fashion-nature-liliya-hudyakova/
  • EXAMPLES (textile): https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/6975/biomimicry-in-textiles-shaping-the-future
  • EXAMPLES: https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/sustainable-fashion-blog/nature-fabrics-fashion-industry-biomimicry
  • SELF HEALING CLOTHES – https://futur404.com/self-healing-clothing/
  • BIRD HEEL- https://www.dezeen.com/2012/07/17/biomimicry-shoe-by-marieka-ratsma-and-kostika-spaho/

Interactive II #1: Inspiring example of interactive art

While researching for an inspiring example of interactive art, I discovered a few artists who make quite a lot of interactive art pieces. Thus, I will be sharing a few works by each artists because I find them too interesting not to share!!

Rafael Lozano-Hemmer was born 1967 in Mexico. His work can be considered a blend of interactive art and performance art, using both large and small scales, indoor and outdoor settings, and a wide variety of audiovisual technologies. Lozano-Hemmer is best known for creating and presenting theatrical interactive installations in public spaces across Europe, Asia and America. Using robotics, real-time computer graphics, film projections, positional sound, internet links, cell phone interfaces, video and ultrasonic sensors, LED screens and other devices, his installations seek to interrupt the increasingly homogenized urban condition by providing critical platforms for participation. His smaller-scaled sculptural and video installations explore themes of perception, deception and surveillance.


Under Scan is an interactive video art installation for public space. Passers-by are detected by a computerized tracking system, which activates video-portraits projected. The portraits projected were recordings of volunteers who were free to portray themselves in whatever way they desired. These portraits are projected at random positions.  When the viewer covers the projections with their shadow, the portraits are “revealed” and thus “wake-up” and establish eye contact with the viewer. As the viewer walks away, the portrait reacts by looking away, and eventually disappears if no one activates it.
Every 7 minutes the entire project stops and resets. The tracking system is revealed in a brief “interlude” lighting sequence, which projects all of the calibration grids used by the computerized surveillance system. Under Scan was inspired by

The piece was inspired by mise en abyme in visual works such as Jan Van Eyck’s paintings, where the portrayed (who is also the viewer) makes eye-contact with the viewer. Other inspirations for this work include the post-photographic device described in La invención de Morel, written by Adolfo Bioy Casares (1940). In the novel, a character called Morel tells the tourists he has been recording their actions of the past week with a machine he invented that is capable of reproducing reality. The recording capture their souls, and  enables them to relive that week forever through relooping the recording. As such, the recording is able to overlap with reality.

My thoughts: I found the concept of using peoples
shadows as an input to trigger an output really
interesting. I am also amazed at how their shadows
makes the projections clearer, instead of obscuring
them completely. Additionally,I think that the small
details like how when the viewer walks away, the
portrait looks away, and "sleeps" if there is no 
input anymore. I find the whole trigger and 
deactivating system well thought about. I can also 
see how the artwork relates to Morel's photographic
device- The portrait projections and viewers shadows
parallels (in the novel,)the recording overlapping 
with reality.

SANDBOX (2010)

Sandbox is a large-scale interactive installation.  On two small sandboxes tiny projections of people appear.  These projections are actually real time projections of people on the two larger sandboxes (a.k.a the beach). As participants reach out to touch the small projection of people , a camera detects their hands and relays them live to two of the world’s brightest projectors, which hang from a boom lift. Their hands are live-streamed and projected  over the beach.  In this way people share three scales: the tiny sandbox images, the real human scale and the gigantic scale of special effects. These images are amplified by digital cinema projectors which create an animated topology over the beach, make tangible the power asymmetry inherent in technologies of amplification.

I really love how simple, and yet complicated this 
project is. It is amazing to see how participants 
are able to interact with each other indirectly and
yet directly, through the clever manipulation of 
scale. The use of live-streaming and real time 
feedback is a very immersive way to get participants
to play with each other through the artwork. Perhaps
something we can think about! This work amplifies 
human connection, and I think it is a very successful
interactive media artwork as it is v engaging.
Lozano-Hammer's use of projections as a medium, 
although tricky, is also something I think we can
consider using. I find the technical execution of 
this work really impressive, as it looks rather 
seamless and considering this was made back in 2010!
RAFAEL LOZANO-HEMMER has a lot of really cool works,
you can check them out!! :
- Pulse (2019)
- Cloud Display (2019)
- Pareidolium (2018)
- http://www.lozano-hemmer.com/projects.php


Jeppe Hein  was born in 1974, and is an artist based in Berlin and Copenhagen. His interactive sculptures and installations combine elements of humour with the 1970s traditions of minimalism and conceptual art.


Path of Frequencies is a site-specific installation of steel tracks that responds to the architectural configuration of the museum, assembled to run through the entire exhibition space like a guided path. As each visitor enters the space, a sensor is activated and releases a ball on a string. The ball is then set in motion along a dynamic and meandering track, creating various tones as it collides with singing bowls dispersed throughout the space. Visitors are accompanied by a unique and continuous sound during their visit, experienced physically in the vibrations that the singing bowls produce. In addition, the emerging melody becomes a connecting element between visitors as they unconsciously make music together.

I personally like how this artwork is both an 
individual and a collective experience. Each 
visitor experiences the same path that the ball is
set on, yet depending on other fellow visitors,
the collective sound this work generates in the
end is different. I also enjoy how input is the
viewers presence, while output is the motion of the
ball; and that the motion of the ball creates an 
additional audio output for the viewers.


A large mirror hangs on the wall with a small bench positioned in front of it. Upon taking a seat on the bench, visitors begin to observe their own reflections. However, a small trigger activates a fog machine within the bench, releasing smoke from small holes that surround the seat. Thus while contemplating their reflections in the mirror, they see themselves engulfed in a cloud of smoke, gradually reappearing only as the fog dissipates.

I like the idea of how you can see yourself go through 
the process of the artwork, but not through a digital 
medium such as live-stream or recording. Instead a 
mirror is used for the viewer to see their own 
reflection and to witness what is happening to them as
they are engulfed. Being able to see yourself through
the mirror provides a sort of out of body experience
due to seeing your entire self through someone else's
pov (instead of first person); And I feel that this
enhances the ephemeral and other-wordly experience
that the fog also comes with. The visuals of the fog
coming out through small holes in the chair due to
the viewer's pressure (upon sitting) is definitely
eye catching, and pretty engaging.



At first sight, with their black leather and white-painted wood, Jeppe Hein’s benches seem to be a permanent fixture in the museum’s décor. Looking like any average bench in a museum institution, each bench is positioned parallel to the architectural form of the space.  However, this benches are also motorized. The moment visitors sit on them, the benches unexpectedly move.  The benches reposition the seated visitor by moving a calculated distance when activated by the weight of the body. By adding this surprising element Jeppe Hein creates food for discussion and puts a smile on people’s lips. At the same time, he draws attention to the bench and its function.

Although the execution of this work is rather straight
forward, it is not only fun, but also quite meaningful.
Thebench is a common item in a museum, but this time,
it has become the artwork itself. However, if no one
were to sit on the bench, then it does not function
as how it was intended to as an artwork. So then, if
there is no human input, the bench is still just a
bench right? But once there is human input (weight
via pressure sensors), the bench comes to live and
moves- becoming the statement piece of art it was
programmed to be. It is interesting that the work
only comes into its own right, when visitors use it.
It is also interesting that the artwork in focus is
now a bench, instead of the artwork that the bench was 
placed in front of. This is a simple interactive work 
of art yet worthy of discussions, which I think is
something our works should strive for too!
JEPPE HEIN has other interesting works, you can check:
- Appearing Rooms (2004) 
- Self Destructing Wall (2003)
- Let Me Show You The World (2000)
- Bear Your Consequences (2018)
- Today I Feel Like (2018)
- https://www.jeppehein.net/pages/works.php

Gelitin is a group of four artists from Vienna, Austria. The  group consists of Wolfgang Gantner, Florian Reither, Ali Janka and Tobias Urban. They were formerly known as Gelatin and changed their name in 2005. They are known for creating sensational art events in the tradition of Relational Aesthetics, often with a lively sense of humor, and the occasional nudity involved. 

ZAPF DE PIPI (2005) 



In the Moscow Lenin Museum, a hanging hut outside was mainly built to keep the cold temperatures outside the museum halls and to offer some privacy. However, Gelitin did a cheeky move and turned it into an outdoor loo where people could “support(ed) Gelatin by donating a watery solution of metabolic wastes (such as urea), dissolved salts and organic materials”.  This waste would then be poured down a chute in the hut. In the cold temperatures of russian winter, the hot piss was frozen really quickly and formed an ice sculpture.  In the end, this collective ice sculpture was made with the help of  “some 200 thousand kidneys” (aka. museum goers who volunteered to play a part in this artwork). The iceicle eventually ” turned into a handsome 7 meter tall and one meter fat pipi amber colored iceicle” after some weeks.

This interactive artwork is amazing because it is 
cheeky and really funny. It is kind of provocative?
Some people might call it a piss-poor work of art: 
how is frozen pee art?? Its hilarious. I think that
this is a really unique artwork that invites 
participants to come and do something really weird 
together. And evidently, the appeal of this project 
was really strong... so many volunteers, with such 
a tall and fat icicle as a final product... 
It works well as an engaging work of interactive art! 
Obviously, in a school setting, I doubt we can use 
such controversial materials, but this work can 
inspire us to start thinking out of the box when we 
are considering what mediums to use; or how/what 
every participant is able to contribute to the 
interactive artwork.


A wooden and metal structure was built for Parallel Vienna 2016. With the help of 30 strong men, participants were provided the experience of riding a human elevator. Participants were manually lifted several floors up by the men

Like Zapf de Pipi, I find that this work is a good 
example of interactive works that are non-digital.
There is no technological element at all in both 
these works, yet they are able to provide a very 
interactive experience for the participant. Human 
Elevator is a performance artwork that makes use of
volunteers in the process to create not only a
performative process, but also a personal experience
for other participants. It has definitely inspired me 
to think of how I can perhaps aim to create a work 
whereby, the whole process and end result is heavily 
dependent on the actions of those who participate/
volunteer, and to create a work that is more playful/fun
GELITIN has a lot of really weird and funny works, I 
implore you to check them out!! :
- Ritratto Analitico (2013)
- Klunk Garden (2009)
- Gedichte von einem Freund (2014)
- Normally, Proceeding and Unrestricted With 
  Without Title(2008)
- Die Tusovka Runde (2014)
- Gelatin at the Shore of Lake Pipi Kacka (2003)
- https://www.gelitin.net/projects

Wearable Tech Research #1.2

textile electronics

See through me (2009) by Meg Grant

  • watch –> https://vimeo.com/7276131
  • http://www.meggrant.com/see-thru-me.html
  • Inspired in part by the idea of cartoon bullet holes letting light shine through the body
  •  36 separate simple circuits, each with a light dependent resistor controlling the brightness of an led


Climate dress (2009) by Diffus

  • watch –> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L0HBulcqcQ0
  • https://diffus.dk/work/project-climate-dress/
  • soft conductive thread, do not rely on wiring -> soft textile circuit


Fibre Optics Weaving by XS Labs

  • http://www.xslabs.net/karma-chameleon/site/prototypes.php


Vega wang

  • https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/8qmz9p/meet-vega-zaishi-wang-beijings-high-tech-seamstress
  • electroluminescent technology


experimental fashion 

studio xo 

 Related image Image result for flying dress studio xo Image result for laser dress studio xo Image result for fiber optics dress studio xo
  • https://www.studio-xo.com/
  • Flying dress (2013) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjrhxNsxq60
  • Anemone (2013) – https://www.amanda-buckley.com/alt-anemone-lady-gaga
  • Laser dress (2015) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-GTCfOKCRoA
  • fiber optic dress (2014) – https://fashioningtech.com/2014/09/16/richard-nicolls-illuminated-garment-at-london-fashion-week/


Flesh dress  (2012) by local androids

  • watch –> https://vimeo.com/44993153
  • https://www.fastcompany.com/90181920/ew-a-pulsating-dress-made-of-realistic-fake-skin-nsfw
  • http://localandroids.com/
  •  interactive skindress that expresses excitement like between two people when they first meet
  •  pulse through its veins on the hips and inflates/deflates the shoulder balloons
  • approached it responds by increasing its pulse rate through the veins as if it’s excited, balloon inflates
  • Upon contact the suit will show it’s vulnerable side by deflating the shoulder balloons


Smoke dress (2013) by Anouk Wipprecht




Mi.Mu Smart  Gloves (2012) by Imogen Heap

  • watch –> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvyVQqCO8pY&feature=emb_logo & https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ci-yB6EgVW4
  • https://mimugloves.com/
  • https://www.engadget.com/2019/04/26/mi-mu-imogen-heap-musical-gloves-price-launch-date/
  • wearable musical instrument
  • composing music using gesture
  • switch between instruments or manipulate your voice


TshirtOS (2013) by Cute Circuit

Image result for t shirt is cute circuit Related image 
  • watch –> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BSNHZOG3BWE
  • https://cutecircuit.com/tshirtos/
  • programmable t-shirt
  • thousands of full colour pixels arranged in a soft wearable grid, it is controlled using an App on your mobile phone
  • Microphone (sound and noise reactive)
  • Movement sensor (jump and display new animations) + accelerometer
  • Headphone jack (play music wirelessly from your smartphone)
  • Micro-camera

(not really wearable tech, but cool materials?)
Grow on you (2007)
by Lucy Mcrae

  • body architect
  • https://www.lucymcrae.net/home
  • https://www.ted.com/talks/lucy_mcrae_how_can_technology_transform_the_human_body/details?language=en
  • https://www.yellowtrace.com.au/lucy-mcrae-body-architect-ngv-conceptual-design/


The Next Black – A film about the Future of Clothing (2015) : https://vimeo.com/93468365

sources: https://www.slideshare.net/Tech_Natives/tech-natives-event-3-mobile-wearable-smart-tech-melissa-coleman


Wearable Tech Research #1

What is wearble technology to me?

My attempt at classification-


Health medicinal purposes

more art than fashion. museum-worthy



Image result for polo tech shirt Image result for polo tech shirt
  • Silver fibres woven directly into the fabric
  • With five connectors and an 3d accelerometer that captures intensity of movement based on 3 g-force measurements
  • Tracks- heart rate, variability, breathing depth, recovery, intensity of movement, energy output, stress levels, steps taken, and calories burned
  • Black box collects the data and tailors individualised training in an adaptive workout app

LINKS:  https://www.digitaltrends.com/health-fitness/ralph-lauren-polotech-smart-shirt/



Wearable Alien Pet (2012)  
  •  Gives the wearer instant feedback about their emotional state
  • Six servomotors and an Arduino that move parts and tracks heartbeat-rate
  •  If Ref detects that you are stressed, it will raise its head and tail, otherwise, when you get relaxed  Ref will curl up its tail and lower its head

LINKS: https://www.i-programmer.info/news/91-hardware/4318-wearable-tech-to-help-control-stress.html




  • Comfort and relief for autistic children
  • speakers in the hood making it the perfect soothing wrap
  • customized aroma patches along with textured inner pockets can be integrated to the scarfLINKS: https://www.yankodesign.com/2009/03/19/a-hood-that-will-make-all-the-difference/



Wearable Tech Device ETrace Draws Ballet Dancers' Movements  
E-traces (2014)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/108109673
  • Artist x Lilypad Arduino technology
  •  capturing dance movements and transforming them into visual sensations through the use of new technologies
  • A small device attached to a ballerina’s pointe shoes tracks every move she makes, recording the pressure and movement of the dancer’s feet and send a signal to an electronic device
  • A special app allows the data to be shown graphically (in customisable ways)



_DSC6996.jpg _DSC6985.jpg 
WIM Haptic dress (2016)
jun_0107.jpg jun_0228.jpg AMPHIBIO 
Amphibio (2018)
  • Watch how it works –> https://vimeo.com/276257699
  • 3D printed wearable gill made from a special hydrophobic material
  • Inspired by the rising sea levels across the globe which will potentially affect up to 3 billion people
  • wearable gill structure that supports underwater breathing by replenishing oxygen from the water and dissipating carbon dioxide that builds up in the gillsJUN KAMEI : http://www.junkamei.com/
  • LINKS: https://www.3dprintingmedia.network/amphibio-3d-printed-hydrophobic-gills/



Lumen Couture at MakeFashion 2019 Show
  • Chelsea Klukas founded MakeFashion
  • World’s largest Fashion Technology community
  • Lumen Couture provides fashion technology dresses for everyday wear, special events, and performers
  • Garments incorporate embedded LED technology for fashionable glow that transitions day-to-night
LUMEN COUTURE: https://www.lumencouture.com/



 Related image 
The Printing Dress (2011) by Astra Roseway and Sheridan Martin
  • Laser-cut buttons that look like old typewriter keys are sewn into the dress. A laptop, four circuit boards, and a projector
  • designed to project what you’re putting out on the Internet
  • weets become fashion statements as words flit across the skirt
  • step toward social accountability for your online actions. It could conceivably help reduce the flame war phenomenon that comes from people hiding behind anonymity and pare down the number of controversial tweets offhandedly tossed out by celebrities. Online words become a lot more real when you have to display them to everyone within eyesight
  • but is just a prototype, not wearable

ARTICLES: https://www.cnet.com/news/microsoft-printing-dress-wear-what-you-tweet/



Flowing Water, Standing Time (2019)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/359978363
  • Robotic clothing that reacts to the chromatic spectrum
  • Made out of silicone, glass, PVDF, electronic devices
  • Inspired by neurologist Oliver Sacks’ novel., The Man who Mistook his Wife for a Hat
  • Like Oliver’s patient, the garments alternate between 2 states- what they are and what they can potentially become as they recognize the colours in their immediate surroundings and adapt to and mirror the rhythm of the ever-changing environment
  • Perpetual metamorphosis
Possible Tomorrows (2017)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/233830553
  • Nylon mesh, Super organza, Nylon thread, PVDF thread, thermoplastic, electronic devices
  • Two robotised garments are connected to a fingerprint recognition system. However, through bypassing the notion of security, they only become animated in the presence of strangers whose fingerprints aren’t recognised by the scanner
Neutralité: Can't and Won't (2016)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/169623995
  • Super organza, Cotton mesh, PVDF, Electronic devices
  • Robotised movements and shadow plays create a nuanced and delicate breathing effect in the dresses
  • The dresses react according to a facial expression recognition system and stop moving as soon as the on-looker begins to emote
  • This pushes the notion of a false neutrality a bit further by asking the on-looker, who is usually highly solicited, reactive and emotional, to maintain a stoic attitude and posture
Incertitudes (2013)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/73585344
  • PVDF, dressmaker pins, electronic devices
  • Garments are activated by the spectator’s voice, and the pins will move
  • Through the motion of the pins, the garments engage the spectator on a conversational level, which is filled with misunderstanding(s) and uncertainty
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/68293670
  • Super organza, photoluminescent thread, PVDF, electronic devices
  • Dresses imbedded with eye tracking technology, is activated by spectators’ gaze
YINGGAO: http://yinggao.ca/interactifs/projets-interactifs/
ARTICLES: http://khachilife.com/intelligent-fashion-high-tech-designs-ying-gao/


Iridescence (2019)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/325446043
  • 3D-printed, Emotive Collar
  • Inspired by the gorget of the Anna’s hummingbird
  • Equipped with a AI facial tracking camera and an array of 200 rotating quills. The custom-made quills flip their colors and start to make patterns, in response to the movement of onlookers and their facial expressions
  • Explores how wearables can become not only a vehicle for self-expression, but also an extension of our sensory experience of the world
Close-up of garment Close-up of image sensing camera The garment reacts to the gaze of a viewer An image sensing camera can detect age, gender, and orientation of the subject's gaze 
Caress of the gaze (2015)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/220083937 
  •  3D-printed wearable which can detect other people’s gaze and respond accordingly
  • Explore how clothing can behave as an artificial skin capable of changing its shape and operating as an interface with the world, reacting to external stimuli such as emotions, temperature, etc (like real skin)
  • A camera  (can detect age, gender, and orientation of the subject’s gaze) uses image sensing technology communicates with a microcontroller which is able to actuate and control various nodes in the garment.
Model profile Neurosky's EEG chip Close-up of headset 
Synapse (2015)
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/139237974 
  • 3D-printed wearable piece that moves and changes shape in response to the activities of the brain
  • Explore direct control of the movement with neural commands from the brain so that we can effectively control the environment around us through our thoughts
  • Helmet motion is controlled by the Eletroencephalography (EEG) of the brain. A Neurosky’s EEG chip and Mindflex headset have been modified and redesigned
BEHNAZ FARAHI: http://behnazfarahi.com/
ARTICLES: https://www.visualatelier8.com/fashion/behnaz-farahi-creates-design-technology-that-responds-to-human-interaction



  Image result for iris van herpen 3d printed dress Image result for iris van herpen 3d printed dress 
Laser cut and 3D printed dresses by Iris Van Herpen
  • Works lean more toward art than fashion. “Museum worthy”
  • Technology not seen as much in the end product (eg. yinggao), but in the process
  • Evolution of craftsmanship- blending technology with fashion
  • Tools of today – 3D printing, laser cutting
  • “Recently we have been experimenting with 4-D printers: they code movement into the material, so it transforms”
Infinity Dress from Iris van Herpen’s Hypnosis collection, Fall-Winter collection 2019 – 2020, shown in Paris, July 1st, 2019 (picture : courtesy of Iris van Herpen) 
Infinity dress by Iris Van Herpen x Anthony Howe
  • mechanism made from aluminium, stainless steel and bearings forms the skeleton of the dress
  • embroidered with fine layers of feathers in a cyclical configuration
  • revolve around their own centre, poetically coming to life in the delicate dance of its mechanical bearings

Time stamps - 1:50 Mechanics
              2:19 Details
              2:57 Details
              4:10 Model walking
IRIS VAN HERPEN: https://www.irisvanherpen.com/
ARTICLES: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/14/fashion/iris-van-herpen-style.html



3d Printed Wearables for outer space | Neri Oxman 3d Printed Wearables for outer space | Neri Oxman      
Wanderers (2014)
  • 3-D-printed bio-spacesuits that holds microbial life engineered to support humans in/interact with extreme environments to make them livable
  • For now, the 3D-printed shells are empty, but will soon begin new tests that pump engineered bacteria into the forms
  • Aims to incorporate synthetic biology  into wearable product design
  • “new class of functional, living materials.”
  • “The future of wearables lies in designing augmented extensions to our own bodies, that will blur the boundary between the environment and ourselves”
 Neri Oxman's photosynthetic wearable mushtari7_1.jpg 1066daef303756a5ea550ae89f54716d.jpg 
Living Mushtari (Jupiter's Wanderer) (2014)
  • Watch how it works –> https://deskriptiv.com/living-mushtari
  • 3D printed wearable with 58 meters of internal fluid channels
  • Designed as a single meandering strand inspired by the human gastrointestinal tract
  • Functions as a microbial factory that uses synthetic biology to convert sunlight into useful products for the wearer
  • Transparency was graded regionally within the design to create areas where photosynthetic microbes could receive light and produce sucrose
NERI OXMAN: https://neri.media.mit.edu/
DESKRIPTIV: https://deskriptiv.com/
ARTICLES: https://www.fastcompany.com/3039286/these-crazy-bacteria-filled-spacesuits-may-be-what-let-us-survive-on-other-planets#16
Neri Oxman’s Wearable Structures
https://www.arch2o.com/3d-printed-wearables-for-outer-space-neri-oxman/ https://www.dezeen.com/2015/06/01/neri-oxman-3d-printing-photosynthetic-wearable-host-living-organisms-mit-mediated-matter/amp/



Image result for lauren bowker air collectionRelated image Image result for lauren bowker air collection 
Air collection (2014)
  • “Interested in everything you can’t see”
  • Chemistry with couture
  • Special ink (PdCl2) with color change potential across the CMYK or RGB scales. Can be painted, sprayed or dyed on fabric
  • Ink has chemicals whose molecules change their shape depending on a stimulus, so that they refract light differently and make us see another colour
  • Stimuli: changes in temperature, UV light, friction, sound, moisture, levels of carbon monoxide absrobed
  • Pallidium Chloride is commonly used in catalytic converters, which reduce car emissions by reacting with exhaust gases. Reversible process where palladium chloride is broken down into palladium that can be reused, while turning the carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide. Hence the clothing changes from yellow to black in relation to the pollution it absorbs
Image result for swarovski lauren bowker Related image 
Swarovski x The Unseen (2014)
  • Created as a reflection of the inner workings of the human brain, stands true to Bowker’s mission of revealing the magic of the world unseen to the human eye
  • Headpiece made from chameolonic Swarovski stone
  • 4000 Swarovski gems are doused in temperature-sensitive ink. These stones then serve as insulators to the energy generated and lost from the head, hence changing colour
  • Throughout the day as your thoughts and emotions drift in and out a beautiful display of gems will shift and change along with you.
Image result for eighth sense lauren bowker
  • Watch how it works—> https://vimeo.com/117064052
  •  Jacket made of a flexible ceramic material
  • Wearer is also equipped with an EEG (electroencephalography) headpiece, which communicates wirelessly with an app
  • The app then wirelessly sends the data to the garment, which changes colour in response, from monochrome grays and blacks, to subtle pastels, to vibrant rainbow hues — each of which indicates a different emotion
  • “Red portrays anger, nerves and anxiety, whereas green reflects teaching, sociality and people. Blue reveals calming, truthfulness and peace, while white mirrors an inner state of sensitivity, intuitiveness and psychic ability,”
  • Could be brought forward in the future to help treat psychological disorders such as depression, or as a measure of emotional states.
THE UNSEEN: http://seetheunseen.co.uk/
TED X LAUREN BOWKER: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5VM-
ARTICLES: https://www.dezeen.com/tag/lauren-bowker/
https://www.designindaba.com/articles/creative-work/lauren-bowker-making-world-little-more-colourful https://www.cnet.com/news/color-changing-jacket-taps-your-brain-to-display-your-mood/ https://materialdistrict.com/article/seeing-unseen/#moved



  BioBomber jacket 
Bio garments by BioCouture (2014)
  • Grown from a bathtub mixture of yeast, bacteria and sweetened green tea, sheets of bacteria cellulose are produced
  • When wet, they can be molded/sewn into garments. Tinted with vegetable dye
  • Similar to vegetable leather
  • Biodegradable and compostable
BIOFABRICATE: https://www.biofabricate.co/
TED X SUZANNE: https://www.ted.com/talks/suzanne_lee_why_biofabrication_is_the_next_industrial_revolution/up-next?utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=tedspread
ARTICLES: https://www.dezeen.com/2014/02/12/movie-biocouture-microbes-clothing-wearable-futures/


Wearable tech for “mass consumption”
– not really very scientific-approach (like health or textile exploration)  or artsy (not haute couture or art pieces that would be placed in an art museum. but belong to high fashion)
– Usually more gimmicky in my opinion???
– Though there are exceptions-> ie anrealage?



Louis Vuitton Cruise 2020 Nicolas Ghesquière Runway Bags Screen OLED LCD Touchscreen Bag Graphic Display Monogram First Look Louis Vuitton Cruise 2020 Nicolas Ghesquière Runway Bags Screen OLED LCD Touchscreen Bag Graphic Display Monogram First Look 

"Canvas of the Future" from the Louis Vuitton Cruise 2020 Fashion Show
  • Louis Vuitton x Royole Corporation (leading innovator and manufacturer of advanced flexible displays and sensors)
  • Flexible OLED screen allows users to show custom images and videos on the touchscreen displays
  • (nothing to do with Louis Vuitton but) Watch Royole’s concept OLED dress –> https://www.instagram.com/p/B4kOMYahecU/?igshid=f2p57pem33gu
ARTICLES : http://www.royole.com/en/Dynamics?id=697



Nike Mags Image result for nike self lacing sneakers Image result for nike self lacing sneakers  
Nike Adapt
  • Self-lacing sneakers
  • Controlled through an app or buttons at the side of the shoe
  • The button closer to your heel loosens the shoe, while the other one tightens it. You hold the loosen button for two seconds to get your sneaker completely relaxed
  • Small motor in the shoes connects to the laces
ARTICLES: https://www.cnet.com/news/what-its-like-wearing-nikes-350-self-lacing-adapt-bb-sneakers/




NemeN:  https://www.nemen.it/
ARTICLES: https://hypebeast.com/2019/10/nemen-fall-winter-2019-collection-lookbook-sever-ar-airinum



Solar Charged Jacket Solar Charged Jacket | Buy at vollebak.com Solar Charged Jacket | Buy at vollebak.com Solar Charged Jacket | Buy at vollebak.com 
Solar Charged Jacket by Vollebak (2018)
  • Waterproof, stretchy, breathable, soft, lightweight
  • Engineered with a phosphorescent compound it rapidly stores any light it comes into contact with and re-emits it slowly over time.
  • Phosphorescence engineered into the membrane itself so the the tech sits at the very centre of the fabric, it can’t wash out or rub off
  • Can be instantly charged and made to glow in the dark by any light source

VOLLEBAK – https://www.vollebak.com/product/solar-charged-jacket/



Image result for Anrealage a light in light

A light un light



  • Anouk Wipprecht : http://www.anoukwipprecht.nl/
  • Hussein Chalayan: https://www.dezeen.com/tag/hussein-chalayan/
  •  Noa Raviv: https://www.yellowtrace.com.au/noa-raviv-3d-printed-couture-creations/
  • Jack Irving: (Sea urchin explosion): https://www.instagram.com/p/B4xyzFfFIX6/?igshid=12flcnc2lrcr1


Possible further textile research:

  • https://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2013-08/10-amazing-high-tech-materials-projects/?image=4
  • https://www.momtastic.com/webecoist/2012/11/12/eco-fabric-14-strange-and-amazing-textile-innovations/
  • https://crunchwear.com/five-materials-that-are-making-technology-wearable/
  • https://fashioningtech.com/2009/09/16/dress-that-monitors-breathe/
  • http://niannih.blogspot.com/2013/01/interactive-breathing-dress.html
  • https://www.dezeen.com/2014/04/14/movie-studio-xo-lady-gaga-flying-dress-volantis/:

History of Design – Essay

v) Propose an artwork that draws inspiration from Graphic, Product, and Interactive Design history. Explain how the works and/or art movements within each history shape your concept. Describe the significance of the  artwork—is it an homage, a reflection of the present, or a speculative future work. Provide sketches for your proposal. If necessary, provide historic visual references

Proposed artwork entitled “Catch”