FYP – Topic Refining

Initial Topic of Interest: 

The changing landscapes of the more mundane residential neighbourhoods in Singapore.


To enable the younger generations of Singapore to learn more about the mundane neighbourhoods – as most of the spotlight tend to be shone on tourist attractions, cultural landmarks, heritage districts, and the bigger heartlands instead.

To develop awareness and appreciation towards mundane everyday details that are often overlooked in our daily lives – such as experiences, vernacular visuals, and as well as cultures in the areas that may have transitioned from the past to what it is today.

To preserve these memories and visuals in a more tangible form, before they too, fades along with time and the constantly changing landscapes of our nation.


Chosen Topic of Interest: 

Spatio-temporal Experiences and Place Attachments

1. Of, relating to, or existing in both space and time.
2. Of or relating to spacetime.

1. The act of attaching or the condition of being attached.
2. Something that attaches one thing to another.
3. An emotional bond, as of affection or loyalty; 
   fond regard.

Spatio-temporal experiences are experiences that occurred at a space during a certain span of time. Every activity generates a particular spatio-temporal structure which most individuals are often unaware of – as the ephemeral intimacies of direct experience and the true quality of a place are frequently taken for granted and are uncaptured as they were often too mundane.

These spaces/places eventually acquire value and meaning through the steady accretion of experience and sentiments over time, forming an emotional attachment between people and the places that are often subconscious. Place attachment is considered to be a fundamental human need, however, that the contemporary society is increasingly unable to satisfy due to its tendencies of rapid changes and gradual spatial uniformity, increased mobilities, and a spike in purely functionalistic relationships with places.

Routines and familiar places are rarely celebrated; as it would just be another day at the same place. Especially in a contemporary city like Singapore where change and progression are priorities and are reflected in culture and the changing landscapes. People tend to only realise the value of these mundane experiences and places only when routines and equilibriums are disrupted, or when these places are lost.

Why is it important? 

After undergoing decades of economic reforms and modernisation, many Singaporeans have became increasingly aware of the changes to Singapore’s physical and cultural landscape, which resulted in the loss of both tangible and intangible cultures. There have been an increase in voices on heritage preservation, as well as extensive media coverages and discussions on demolishment and redevelopments of places of cultural significances, and of significant mature estates and commercial places. Tours, articles, coverages and education on significant heritage locations, heartlands and trendy districts.

However, what of the more “insignificant” and mundane places that many of us refer to as home, or the places that people similarly would not realise of their emotional value until they are gone?

Life in routine is thoroughly familiar, and when things are familiar, they tend to be taken for granted. Security lies in routine – it is said to be a fundamental source of confidence. When routines are disrupted, or when initial pursuits and conformities no longer provide satisfaction or a sense of belonging, people loses their equilibrium and starts to question their sense of self.

According to studies, whenever a person – young or old, feels that the world is changing too rapidly or beyond their control, their characteristic response is to evoke the ideal and much stable past. People revisits the past for various reasons, but a commonality was the need to possess a sense of self and identity – however, the past often may no longer be visible, tangible, or accessible.

"The feeling we experience towards certain places 
 and to the communities that the places help to 
 define and that are themselves defined by 
 the places... and has a strong positive effect 
 in defining our identity, in filling our life
 with meaning, in enriching it with values, goals,
 and significance."

 Theory of Attachment and Place Attachment
 by Maria Vittoria Giulani

Author’s Motivations: 

Inspired by the personal experiences of having to move houses from one place to another, and how the author similarly have taken the warmth of many mundane experiences and places for granted, the author wanted to take this chance to create a personal retrospection to navigate her own experiences, and to explore about the sense of belonging.

Relocation and the sense of belonging are topics that are often explored or brought up by people who have migrated or are living in another country or state, where the distance between the locations are significant. What of those who have to relocate to another place within a small country like Singapore?


To create a personal retrospection through visual communication, about the author’s spatio-temporal experiences and attachments to the places that she have lived in, and to explore about the sense of belonging.

To encourage the younger generations of Singapore (milennials) to reflect about their past and not to take the subconscious spatio-temporal experiences for granted.

To develop awareness and appreciation towards mundane everyday life that are often overlooked in favour of the extraordinary.


Spatio-temporal Experiences
Place Attachment
Retrospective Reflection
Permanent Impermanence
Experiential Perspective
Subconscious Patterns
Sense of Identity
Concretion of Value
Concept of Place


Existing References: 

Kia kia | Penang Shophouses Walking Tour Kit by Eve Lyn Lau


Dear Future by Mun Yee Kwok


reuse eventually by ori studio


Discover Tanjong Pagar


Singapore Heritage Fest – Project Teahouse 2021



Books and Journals

Tuan, Y. (2018). Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Bonnes, M. (2017). Psychological Theories for Environmental Issues.

Ikalović, V., & Chiesi, L. (2019). A Dynamic Sense of Home: Spatio-temporal Aspects of Mobility of Young Tokyo Residents. Urbani Izziv, 1(30), 101-113.

Articles and Media Coverages







Invasive Species

// Concept

Loosely inspired by the Japanese Tsukumogami folklore, the objects that we have discarded or have been left forgotten would eventually acquire spirits, and gain the ability to metamorphosise into creatures which would threaten the balance of nature.

Invasive Species aims to comment about consumerism and the throwaway culture in today’s society, which not only takes a great toll on our environment and resources, but also threatens biodiversity and the ecological balance.


// Vertical Banner


Public Art Exhibition at ADM Lobby

// Media Art Nexus


North Spine Plaza, LED Wall beside Booklink

480px by 3840px




// Seamless Pattern Swatches


// Pattern Applications


Printed Dress


Flower Pot


Phone Case




Sleeve Folder






// Pattern Collection Portfolio


// Moodboard Post

Moodboard v2


Design Outcome 2 – Bus-stop Advertisement

Design Outcome 2

For my second design outcome, I wanted it to raise awareness about the food waste issue, and as well as to compel the viewers to visit the instagram page of the campaign at the same time. However, it would be rather difficult to place the deliverable at the places where food waste will take place as businesses would usually want to encourage patrons to purchase more food through promotions and bundles.

Hence, I decided to do bus-stop advertisements as public transportation would be the most widely used transportation by my target audience, aged 18 to 25 years old.


Bus Stop Advertisement 1

I wanted to raise awareness about the widely underestimated amount of food waste that we actually generate in Singapore. I felt that it would be more eye-catching to state the gargantuan amount in numbers, and would be interesting to place an advertisement which compares the weight of our food waste to the weight of the buses, at a bus-stop.


Bus Stop Advertisement 2

I wanted to show how food waste was not just about wasting what was on our plates, but rather, it starts way beforehand. I decided to use conveyor belts to represent the journey, icons to represent the different parts of the journey –

        • Barn, tractor and hills to represent production stage
        • Factory-like building and the apples being packaged after going through it represent the processing stage
        • Cargo ship represents distribution stage
        • Building with the word retail, and the supermarket trolley to represent retail stage
        • Hand with plate represents consumers

And that food, which was represented by the apples are being lost at every stage, and how there were actually more apples at the top and it slowly gets lesser at the bottom stages.

        • UFO claws catching apples and throwing them away at the production and processing stage
              • which looks deformed / small – wastage due to standards and other factors
        • Packaged apples falling off the conveyor belt to represent the food being “lost” during distribution
              • damaged due to transportation / storage issues
        • A slope that allows apples to bypass the consumers and go straight into the fire represent the food that was wasted by retailers due to cosmetic standards
        • Arm with the plate titled in a way where the apples will continue its journey towards the fire represent how consumers are not consuming the food and are throwing it away.