Week 4: Plastic Fusing

What is Plastic Fusing:

Plastic fusing can be done through using heat to melt them together (e.g. Iron, hot gun). The plastics will also warp and get distorted once strong heat is applied to it.

Materials needed: Iron, hot gun, baking paper, various types of plastics (bags, fruit netting, bubble wrap, tape etc.), scissors

How it’s done:

Step 1: Cut or tear plastics into smaller pieces and arrange them onto a flat surface.

Step 2: Place baking paper on top of your plastics and iron. Do keep in mind to adjust the heat of the iron accordingly, plastics will melt quickly when very hot heat is applied.

Hot gun:


Had to use the iron to melt certain parts of the plastics, because I wanted a specific colour scheme, and some plastics had colours I didn’t want behind


Personal Reflections: I loved how we could create art out of plastic bags that we dispose off everyday. I think that this is a great way of recycling and saving the earth, instead of purchasing new items, why not make your own. This technique is so simple and fun to do, I hope I can teach my non-art school friends how to do it!

Week 4: Fabric of Thread

Fabric of Thread

Materials needed: A good variety of threads, pins, water soluble paper, sewing machine, container for water, container with a good shape (for shaping fabric)

How it’s done:

Step 1: Fold water soluble paper into half, open it up and start adding thread/ fabric/ other small material pieces onto the inner section. Once done, cover this with the excess paper.

an example

Step 2: Pin the sandwiched paper together, make sure you leave some gaps for sewing.

Step 3: Sew the paper and materials together using a sewing machine. Make as many patterns with the thread as you want, you can also make use of the sewing machine patterns.

Step 4: Once done, drown the fabric in water and make sure the “gluey” particles are fully dissolved.

Step 5: Take out the fabric and place it onto the container for shaping, and wait for it to harden/ dry. 

Finish products:

Personal Reflections: This is one of my favourite techniques thus far. I enjoyed playing around with/ exploring the boundless possibilities of mixing and matching colours and materials. I took a bunch of my old childhood arts and craft materials and cut them up. It was pretty much like making pizza. I’ve never had prior experience in using the sewing machine much, and was quite unconfident initially as this technique looked challenging. However, it was simpler and more enjoyable than I thought, knowing that the end product can look so quirky and cute.


Week 2: Transfer Printing

What is Transfer Printing: Transfer printing is the process of transferring an image/ drawing onto a fabric or other smooth surfaces, through a substrate (e.g. fabric crayons, various types of heat transfer papers). Once heat is applied, the image will transfer. It is also known as sublimation printing. Transfer printing comes in three forms, wet and dry transfer as well as digital.


Materials needed: Paper, Crayola Fabric Crayons, Kraftcolor Transprint Ink, Shiny polyester satin, Baking paper, Iron, creativity!

How it’s done:

Step 1: Draw and paint your designs onto the paper using fabric crayons/ transprint inks.

Step 2: Face paper with design down onto the polyester satin. Place the baking paper on top of it.

Step 3: Iron and apply heat. Keep track of timing as this will affect the colours that appear on the fabric.

Original drawings

Original paintings

After ironing – Yellow becomes dull orange on paper, bright on fabric

After ironing, colours are very vibrant

Personal reflections:

My theme: Abstract art – I referenced several images online and came up with my own abstract patterns. I made sure each and every design was unique and creative, individually. I tried out many different types of strokes using the paint brush (e.g dabbing, fast strokes, small strokes, dotting etc.) trying to make it as “abstract” as possible. After transferring the prints onto the fabrics, I noticed that the crayon designs came out much brighter than the original drawn-on patterns. The inks however, came out much duller. The red inks turned burnt orange in colour. The yellows were okay, and in fact were quite bright. Perhaps my red and blue inks were slightly contaminated.

This technique was alot of fun to do, as it is the simplest and most straightforward. I guess instead of having fabric designs always printed digitally, this technique can help make it more personal. Coming up with interesting designs was a slight challenge and some prints didn’t turn out as nice as others, but I loved how they turned out in the end!


Materials needed: CPM6.2 (For transferring on wood, mugs, metal, ceramics), TTC 3.1 (For transferring mainly on T-shirts)

How it’s done:

Step 1: Print an image onto special papers (6.2 or 3.1)

Step 2: Face paper with design down onto the T-shirt or wood.

Step 3: Use a heat presser to hold the paper down. Release the heat presser once it’s done.

Week 3: Field Trip to the National Museum



This particular purse stood out the most for me because the it looks like it was embroidered with some sort of metal, accompanied by beads to accentuate the design. I was blown away by the high level weaving and at a close up, the patterns were formed threading each individual metal “circle” forming a round shape that is repeated vertically, with a line of beads separating them, row by row. This is craftsmanship at it’s finest! Colours are not necessary here as the textures are stunning on it’s own.





This exhibit displays shoes of the types of shoes worn by women of different social categories in early 20th century Singapore. Bound feet was popular back in the days as it symbolised beauty and status in the Singaporean Chinese culture. The shoes are intricately crafted and embroidered with a range of materials such as beads, sequins, and fabrics like cotton, leather, plastic, velvet, silk satin and suede. I truly appreciate the details and work that goes into each individual shoe as most of  our modern foot wear are largely made in bulk productions for commercial purposes. From the level of perplex detailing, I can tell that a lot of thought (form, style, material choice, pattern design, colours) goes into creating these beautiful shoes to suit the Chinese women of that era. Maybe they were even personalised to the characters of each individual.

2D ZINE (Final) – Part II

Continued from the previous post…

Here’s my final work, printed and bound 🙂




I would like to thank Joy, for being such a caring, encouraging and wonderful tutor for Foundation 2D, it was such a JOY being in your class. 🙂 You encouraged and pushed each and everyone of us to create works that were out of our comfort zone, yet you recognise our strong qualities and bring out the best in us. Thank you for all the food you’ve given us, knowing that we’ll get hungry during long crit sessions/ classes :’) Most importantly, thank you for all the great and useful advise/ learning lessons that we can carry along with us through the next few years of ADM and in the future. We are very blessed to have a tutor like you. Stay amazing!

2D ZINE (Final) – Part I

Hi everyone! Congrats on completing 2D! Despite this being the last project for this module, I’m definitely still looking forward to the works produced by this class for the next 3 years.

When we first got this brief, I was excited to start on it because I’ve always wanted to create a book with a collection of my designs and illustrations. Adding on, I love exploring new creative techniques of paper crafts and binding methods. I feel that it’s essential as a graphic design student to know the basics of printing, choosing the right paper, and ways you can further enhance your digital work.

Initial Ideas/ Experiments

I had quite a lot of inspiration for this project because we could make use our previous work (#yay) and I already had ideas to develop some of my projects further. I chose to do a continuation of previous project (Point of View) because it was my favourite out of all my 2D works. I had a lot of fun and it didn’t seem like a chore despite spending countless hours vectoring little houses/ sheep/ plants etc 😛

Initially, I had some ideas such as creating a set of accordion post-cards, with perforation, so that people can tear them out for fun. With this idea in mind, I thought it’ll be great if I could “connect” all the “locations” together, in a continuous format emphasizing it’s “quirkiness”. Some edits I made were changing the background to a nice blue and purple gradient sky that “flows through” the set of post cards. I also made subtle changes like adding several birds to the sky, sand from “Miami beach” to “New York” and the plane trail from “Miami beach” to “New Zealand” etc, again connecting the cards.ZINE 11ZINE 12 ZINE 13

Adding on, I sourced for some textured papers so that I could test print my designs on, enhancing the vintage look. I also “broke down” and separated the different layers of the design and printed them on different papers (transparency, tracing paper). For example, for the NYC design, I printed the car and the sun onto a tracing paper, and on another piece, I cut out the shape of the buildings so that it can become an interactive book, however I felt that it might be a little too much. (Sadly, I didn’t take photos of this but they’re in my visual journal, Joy) 🙂

Another idea I had was to create a travel guide book for one of the cities. Some pages can contain information like the city’s history, dos and don’ts as a tourist, places to go, places to eat, places to shop and travel tips. I wanted it to be part of a travel company’s branding, and it could be a way to advertise a certain city!

Final Concept

So my final concept is a travel guide book to London. Why London? I chose London because firstly, I’ll be going on holiday there for the first time and it would be a fantastic way to “explore” the city and do early research! Also, it’s one of the cities that I’ve adored since young and hopefully, will be able to work at in the future (S&S hehe).

Formatting/ Art Direction

Since it’ll be quite illustration heavy, I decided not to go with a complicated binding technique as it will be quite distracting. Furthermore, staple bind/ saddle stitch, is more applicable for commercial productions. I had to carefully plan out my book and draw sketches to identify where everything is going to be, and I thought that adding a pocket behind for a small map and postcards would be quite a good idea – because people do need maps to explore.

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113f0c0e250f6f55151eb44d1ae3afffI used adobe illustrator to illustrate and layout everything. Here’s a SS of my workspace and an unprofessional “template grid” HAHA 🙂 I thought that it’ll be easier if it was a 2 column grid, making it straightforward and easy to read. I am definitely more comfortable with illustrator and I’m AFRAID of indesign, but I think it’s something I can’t run away from being in Vis comm. 🙁 Will learn it properly over the holidays.

Screen Shot 2016-04-16 at 3.12.41 pmScreen Shot 2016-04-16 at 3.12.31 pm

I spent most of the time working on the illustrations, especially the cover – that took me 2 days. I felt the need to keep the inside pages to 2 colours and 2 fonts – to not complicate things and so that the emphasis would be on the cover page. The content and most images were taken from http://www.visitlondon.com/ 🙂

Final Zine (Digital Spreads)

  1. Cover – As you can see, I extended the vectors out (“bleed”) so that there will be alot of additional space, incase cutting goes wrong OR for alignment purposes when printing on double-sides of a page.




2. Introduction to London/ Travel tips, Top 10 Places to Visit (1)

ZINE 2-01

3. Top 10 Places to Visit (2) and (3)

ZINE 3-01

4. Best Restaurants in London (1), (2) and (3)Screen Shot 2016-04-16 at 3.44.40 pm

ZINE 4-01

Added the star ratings and QR codes to make it more “legit”

5. Shopping in London (1) and (2)

ZINE 5-01

6. Travelling Tips, Notes

ZINE 6-01

Had to take out the “NOTES” border in the end, for alignment purposes

7. Map

ZINE 7 (MAP)-01

Bleed ^

To be continued…

2D Typography (Research) – Part II

Hi everyone! I finally managed to compile some really inspiring retro typography projects I found in a couple of books. Accumulated a massive library fine in the process of it but it’s alright 🙁 Hope the publication pages will give you some inspiration for the final zine project as well. The book titles are 1) Elegantissisma by Louise Fili, 2) I wonder by Marian Bartjes 3) World Tour by Francisca Matteroli. I lost the title for the final book but I’ll update it ASAP. Enjoy!!!!! 🙂 🙂 🙂

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Typo scans-20 Typo scans-22 Typo scans-21 Typo scans-24 Typo scans-23 Typo scans-26 Typo scans-19 Typo scans-17Typo scans-18 Typo scans-16 Typo scans-14 Typo scans-15 Typo scans-11 Typo scans-13 Typo scans-05 Typo scans-07 Typo scans-06 Typo scans-09 Typo scans-08 Typo scans-10 Typo scans-12 Typo scans-03 Typo scans-04 Typo scans-02 Typo scans-01



2D Foundation II – Point of View (Final)

Hey everyone!

When I came out with the different POVs, Joy pointed out that they were rather quirky and a few of them were geographical themed. So for this project I decided to go with a geographical theme! 🙂

Joy suggested during consult that doing travel brochures or postcards would be quite apt. I personally really love retro vintage posters of the 1970s. What I love about them are the use of muted yet vibrant colours and how they compliment one another minimally, even if it’s just 2 or 3 colours.

Retro graphics are usually irregular shapes or kept simplistic. To create the graphics, I referenced original photographs of the locations, and I made sure the style was kept constant throughout. To emphasize the retro look, I used vintage textures in the background. I also wanted to bring the message across in a subtle way, hence, it wouldn’t be the first thing you notice about most of the compositions. I also like playing with scale to emphasize distance/ of certain areas in the illustrations.

Since I went with a quirky theme, I wanted the “dots” to be subtle and not  “in your face” so that viewers can find it themselves.

1So here they are…

  1. A dot from the POV of New York City is the moon

R&D-01R&D-02R&D-03POV 1-012. A dot from the POV of a plane is a cluster of sheep

R&D-04R&D-05POV 2-01

3. A dot from the POV of a Hot air balloon is another hot air balloon


POV 3-014. A dot from the POV of the Amazon forest is a new species


POV 4-015. A dot from the POV of Japan is the circle of sun

R&D-08 POV5-016. A dot from the POV of Miami beach is a drowning man

R&D-09POV 6-01