4D Final Submission: Flicker


Immediately after receiving the project brief, our group (consisting of myself, Justinne, Sylvester and Viena) began researching on possible fairy tales/nursery rhymes that we could possibly base our film on. We came across the full version of the popular nursery rhyme Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, which is as follows:

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are.
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.
Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are!

When the blazing sun is gone,
When there’s nothing he shines upon,
Then you show your little light,
Twinkle, twinkle, through the night.
Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are!

In the dark blue sky so deep
Through my curtains often peep
For you never close your eyes
Til the morning sun does rise
Twinkle, twinkle, little star
How I wonder what you are

Twinkle, twinkle, little star
How I wonder what you are

Most of us are only familiar with the first stanza of the song, but looking at the rest of the lyrics, it’s actually really creepy and stalker-ish! When reading the lyrics alone was able to send shivers down our spines, our group knew that this was the nursery rhyme we would be working on.


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While the drawing of the storyboard was done by Justinne, all of us came together to think of the actual plot and elements of our story. Based on the lyrics of TTLS, we knew that the story would be based on the theme of obsession and stalking/voyeurism. Very quickly, we came up with the basic storyline of a girl stalking a guy who ends up kidnapping him. Seems simple but to us, the important thing was not about having a convoluted and complex story but rather in how we set the mood and visuals of our shots.

When doing the storyboard, it is also important to take note of things like location and props. After we came up with our storyboard, we began to come up with a list of props and equipment that we would need while shooting. Most of the equipment or props was either our own or rented from ADM, but some of it had to be borrowed from friends. Location wise, we had decided that our film would mostly be in a home/apartment setting hence I asked my aunt if we would be able to film at her place since I knew it would be vacant and she kindly agreed. Since she lived in an area where there were a lot of junction-like paths and hidden roads, we decided that we would also film the running scenes downstairs as it would create a maze-like effect when viewed in the film.


Animals-Maroon 5

This was one of the major inspirations for our film. From it, we gleaned the motifs of using a camera as a tool for stalking, as well as the idea of the stalker taking photos of his/her “prey” as they are sleeping.

American Beauty

From this trailer, we referenced 2 things. Firstly, the use of the camera as a symbol of stalking and voyeurism (similar to the first video). As you can see, the use of cameras is very prevalent in stalker/obsession movies hence why we decided to incorporate it into our own film.

The next thing we referenced from this trailer was its beginning. In the beginning of the trailer, the setting is painted as a very peaceful and tranquil day-to-day scene, like you would see in any other neighbourhood. We did something similar in our own film by showing the 2 characters going about a regular morning, and as the film progresses more and more seems to be amiss.

American Psycho

From this iconic movie trailer, we matched its pacing and momentum by having the start of the film seem quite slow paced and normal, however it very quickly and suddenly spirals into madness.

Shmutz – Let It Rot (Feat. M Rose)

Some of the key scenes that is in the video is referenced from this video we stumbled upon from this film. We particularly like the colour (which we developed in our film as the red room scene), and the toilet roll scene.

Snap out of it – Arctic Monkies

From this music video, we observed how the actress is able to show her obsession through her facial expressions. Also, we tried to emulate the lighting and placement of items in the kitchen scenes in the music video.


I think that for us, the biggest challenge we faced was time constraints. Our individual commitments and schedules meant that we were only able to film on the weekends, and we were unable to let our filming drag over several days as we had used my relatives’ houses as our filming locations and did not want to inconvenience them too much. Because we were filming with natural daylight, our filming time was limited and there were certain scenes which we would have liked to have gotten more takes of but were unable to. Nevertheless, we managed to make it work by compromising in some ways such as by filming certain scenes (e.g. carpark and lift scenes) in school, which was more convenient for all of us.

Equipment wise, one thing which was initially a setback but turned out to be a success was our use of red plastic bags over lights to create a red lighting effect. We knew that we wanted to have a “red room” scene in our film because it would really add to the haunting and unsettling effect and, knowing we wouldn’t be able to get that effect using colour correction, we tried to obtain red transparency paper but were unable to do so.


As we were setting up the scene of our filming, Viena had the idea to use a red plastic bag which we had found on the spot to cover the lighting in order to create the effect that we initially wanted.


It worked! In fact on hindsight we think that it turned out better than it would have if we used red transparency paper as the transparency paper would have let too much light through and wouldn’t give us the muted red colour that we were trying to achieve.

The last challenge we faced was with regards to our lighting. We had filmed in 2 different apartments, and while most of the filming was done at my aunt’s place, some scenes such as the balcony scenes and the male character’s breakfast scene were filmed at my grandma’s place. Initially we wanted it to look as if the 2 characters were living in the same house in the beginning of the film so we tried to get the lighting in the 2 scenes to be as similar as possible.


We tried whatever tactics we could to get the lighting to be the same, including using a reflector as shown above. However, it didn’t turn out the same as one of the houses was very well lit with a lot of windows and natural light while for the one shown above, it was more dark and we were relying mostly on artificial lights. I guess it goes to show that natural and artificial light just isn’t the same.

Process/setup photos

Here are some photos of our filming setups and journey (:

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Video link and final reflections

Here it is! I hope that whoever you are you will give it a watch and enjoy it (:

While creating this film was challenging and tiring, both mentally and at times even physically, the satisfaction of seeing our final product has definitely made all the effort pay off.

We were also lucky as our group dynamics were really good. We rarely had conflicts or disagreements, or if we did we were always able to quickly come to a compromise. This is probably owed to the fact that we had done all our research of reference videos together so we had a common view of what we wanted our end product to be, which goes to show the importance of research before embarking on any project.

Photo story!

Hi guys! Here is the video for my photo story titled “Self Discovery“.

For this video, I mainly wanted to explore the idea of fear of oneself (captured in the scene where I am looking up at the surgeons defiling my body who also happen to be me) and the idea of self discovery, not just in the emotional and mental sense but in a literal physical way (entering my own body through a wound and swimming through my organs). However, at the same time I wanted to make it funny and humorous to reflect my own personality as I am not a very deep or dark person in general.

In the front of my video, I am shown in a nightclub/party scenario with looks of disdain on my face, followed by myself falling off a building. I was actually trying to emulate the above video, which is the introductory credits to an adult cartoon called Bojack Horseman which is one of my favourite shows of all time. Instead of following it exactly I decided to add my own twist to it by having different facial expressions, as well as having myself in different parts of the shot rather than just a full frontal shot all the time.



One of the more prominent scenes is the surgery scene where I am looking up at the surgeons, both of which are myself. I was inspired by the album cover of the album Seven Second Surgery by Faber Drive, which was one of my favourite albums when I was young.


My personal favourite part of the video would be the sequence in which I am swimming through the bloodstream. My inspiration was actually the cartoon, The Magic School Bus, which I had watched many years ago as a small child. In this cartoon, the school bus is able to shrink to a microscopic size while the teachers and children are still inside, allowing them to enter the human body through the nose or mouth to explore it which they do on many occasions. This idea of physical self discovery has been prominent in my mind all this time and I have always found it fascinating and simply amazing that the human body is so complex and beautiful and yet it is all contained within ourselves.

Do watch the video and I hope you found it humorous and enjoyable!

Fire & Ice


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“Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice”

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“From what I’ve tasted of desire, I hold with those who favor fire.”

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“But if it had to perish twice, I think I know enough of hate”

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“To say that for destruction ice Is also great, And would suffice.”


We chose to go with a darker theme while editing our images to match the dark theme of the poem. For this set of photos, we chose to evoke the emotions when someone reads the poem, such as loneliness and desolation.

Done by: Viena & Bridgel

Props as Signifier

For this project, the object that I used was my iBanking token. I thought it would be an interesting item to photograph because who doesn’t love money and most importantly, spending it?

Object as icon


For this set, the first photo I took was of the token against a plain background, showing it as merely an inanimate object which on the surface is not very meaningful


Then, I chose to take a photo of the back part of the token. The interesting thing about this token is that at the back of it there is a sticker with my name on it. It was put there by my best friend when I passed it to her for safekeeping a while ago, and she labelled it so that it would not be mixed up with her own token which looks exactly the same as this.


A photo of the token performing its primary function, which is to display a random set of number allowing people to access their money on their devices.

Object as signifier


I wanted to show the token as a decorative item, in this case a keychain attached to the wallet. The token is representative of money, and using it as a decorative item represents how people tend to flaunt their money and show their wealth to their world, especially when they have a lot of it. The fact that it’s attached to a wallet also gives it a double meaning, as it contrasts the wallet which represents traditional money (cash, coins etc.) with “digitised” money which has only come about in recent years (iBanking, electronic banking etc.)


This photo was taken with help from a classmate and it shows me hiding in the stairwell behind the door, trying to use the iBanking token. I tried to convey a sense of secrecy by having it taken through the small glass panel on the door, kind of like a paparazzi taking a secret photo of somebody HAHA. The photo is to represent the secrecy that a lot of people have about their money, for instance one might try to hide it from others if they have a spending or gambling problem or are financially unstable, as some people feel there is a stigma against those who are financially disadvantaged.


This photo is a shot of the token lying among other electronic devices which I found in the 4D room. Like the remotes and DVD player, the token is also an electronic device and I thought it would be interesting to juxtapose them together since in a way, the token is also like the “remote control” of one’s money.

Curating Self

Task 1: Me

For this task, I wanted to show a more mysterious, brooding side of myself. While I wouldn’t consider myself to be a very “mysterious” person normally, I believe this is a side that everyone has but most keep to themselves. With this photoset, I had aimed to embrace this aspect of my personality. By choosing photos that were taken in the dark, I attempted to amp up the “mysteriousness” factor in the photos.


This photo was taken at the Botanic Gardens. I attempted to convey a sense of myself stepping into the unknown, from a dark area to a lit area and pulling apart the hanging tree stems. Because I have my back facing the camera and am in action, it gives the feeling that I am venturing somewhere or looking at something. To me, this photo represents myself venturing into new territories, especially since recently coming into uni as a freshman and starting a whole new chapter of life.


This photo, also taken at Botanic Gardens on the same night, depicts me in motion underneath a tree with messy, knotted and tangled branches. One thing I enjoyed about the Botanic Gardens is that there are lamps around the trees which light up at night, and they are not all the same colour which gives interesting effects as seen in this photo and the previous one. In this picture I attempted to show a more sprite-like and playful side of myself on top of the mysterious one, and also represents my love for exploring.


This is the final photo of this set which is of myself at a free exhibition at the Art Science Museum. Not only was the surroundings dark at the time, but the atmosphere was also gloomy and slightly macabre as the exhibition showed videos that were unsettling and slightly macabre (you can see it in the background of the photo) and my friend and I were the only ones there. As such, the room at the time felt like it was shrouded in mystery and uncertainty. By having myself in the bottom corner of the photo with my face partly hidden by the darkness, this photo to me is a direct representation of the “mystery” in my personality.

Task 2: Object and representation of self


My chosen object was a cigarette or rather a packet of cigarettes. Initially I hesitated to choose this as my object for the task as smoking is an activity which has certain stigma attached to it and as such some people may not feel comfortable with me talking about it. However, my story of why I picked up smoking is something that I am often asked and I guess smoking is something ingrained in my life because while I would not say I am an addict, at times it does seem like I am dependent on it for stress relief/boredom/social interaction purposes. Hence I decided to go ahead with this object as it would be interesting and somewhat “meaningful”.


While this was not a very well taken shot (camera was moved hence blurry shot, bad lighting), I feel like this is part of the charm of the photo and it kind of depicts the hidden aspect of smoking. As I stated earlier, there is a stigma attached to smoking hence some smokers would try to hide their habit from their friends and family to avoid being judged. The photograph, which is taken from my back view with me looking over my shoulder, makes it look like I have been “caught in the act” of smoking, especially with the plant in the foreground which conceals part of the picture.


This photo shows me lighting a cigarette using a friend’s cigarette and is meant to show the social aspect of smoking. For some people smoking is just a social activity, personally I have made quite a number of good friends through smoking as well. This photo depicts the close bond between my friend and I as you would normally only light your cigarette this way with someone who you are very close to.


For this set of photos, I was especially inspired by the photos taken by Nan Goldin that were showed to us in tutorial. Nan Goldin’s photos were often of the grittier, grimier side of life and she did not take photos that were visually aesthetic but instead showing the realities and ugly side of life. Many of her photos featured people partaking in activities such as drinking or smoking, or people that had been abused. Ms Lei mentioned that I could emulate Nan Goldin’s style more effectively by using flash in the photos as this was a technique Nan Goldin used so I will attempt it in the future.

Task 3: My World

For this task, the location I chose was East Coast Park. Living in the east, my home is a short distance away from ECP (30 mins if I skate) so I go there often to relieve stress or to chill with friends and it’s my “good vibes” place.

Photo of the sky at ECP. ECP is situated near Changi Airport so if you lie on the beach and stare into the sky, you will see and hear many planes such as this one. Because it is an airspace, certain activities are prohibited at the park such as kite flying.

These 2 pictures were taken at the newly completed underpass at ECP. While I am extremely familiar with ECP and have explored it many times over, this part was new to me as it had just completed construction so for me it was an interesting experience to explore it.

This photo was taken at ECP during one of my brother’s races as he is a competitive sailor. Because he is a sailor, sailing is important to my family and a lot of our weekend activities revolve around the beach and his training schedules. I attempted to do a long shot for this photo but Ms Lei commented that it may have been more appropriate to take a portrait-style shot as I have done with the top 3 photographs so that the photos will look more coherent as a set.