Locale: Research

For this project, we were tasked to pick an area/estate in Singapore and uncover an unique characteristic or feature about it.

After much research and thought, I settled on Wessex Estate along Portsdown Road!Prior to choosing Wessex Estate, I also considered other locations such as Balestier and Whampoa as they had unique characteristics. However after much field research, I decided to go with Wessex Estate due to where its located, the people I met there and the serenity of the whole estate itself – unlike many other estates in Singapore. 


SECONDARY through online, websites, books

PRIMARY through field research, interviews


From both Secondary and Primary research I have gathered qualitative and quantitative data about Wessex Estate.


Since there are plenty of other colonial estates in Singapore, What makes Wessex estate so different from the rest?

Out of the many colonial estates, I picked out a few of the most known and popular ones amongst Singaporeans and did a comparison between them.

 | Wessex is the only colonial estate in Singapore that has an art community within a residential, and is not focused on profits for their work |

second visit

Decided to take some pictures with my film camera 🙂


Wessex Carnival –

art community in wessex

As mentioned, there are art studios in Wessex Estate that open their doors to public annually or twice a year for “Artwalk@Wessex“.

This gives the public an opportunity to see the artist’s beautiful work and understand a little more about the culture and life in Wessex. This also gives the artists a great opportunity to showcase their hard work. And this walk is completely FOC!! It truly is a place that promotes creativity and the arts in Singapore without much thought of profit in mind.

I managed to visit two art studios during my trips to the estate.


I’ve really learnt and opened my eyes so much just from walking around this estate, talking to people and taking pictures of little things that I find interesting. I really enjoy my trips down to the estate even though I can only take one bus “191” in and it has bus intervals of 15mins. Nonetheless, I’m grateful for the existence of an estate like this in Singapore because I know that if I ever need a breather from the hustle and bustle, I can take a little breather and chill at Wessex. This has made it a lot more easier for me to work on the two parts of this project.

For part 1 of this project, we were required to give a visual presentation that brings out the unique feature of this site and what makes it different from other estates in Singapore. We had to include Secondary and Primary research as well as sort our data into Qualitative and Quantitative data.

For my Visual Presentation, I wanted to create something more interactive but did not want to limit myself to the normal presentation slides. Thus, I decided to explore interactive PDF  done in indesign and so even if you are a Mac or Windows user, one can still view the animations or interactivity of the presentation without the PPT or Keynote application.

See my next post for my Visual Presentation! 
View my Zine!


Type as Image: Research

I started this project with a little difficulty as I had no idea what direction I should take. After looking through some of previous semester’s students’ work, I realised that this project was tricky as it was not solely typography, but rather creating type as an image.

I started the ball rolling by reading up and doing research 
on typography as well as searching for examples and 
inspiration online - from Instagram and Pinterest.

John Foster – Dirty Fingernails

“We can all choose the same font for a project, but we could never draw identical typography”

Keeping a Diary by Sagmeister Inc. 

  • Instalment series are called, ” Things I Have Learned In My Life So Far”
  • Sagmeister adapted what had been a still photography exercise into a short movie

Having Guts Always Works Out For Me by Sagmeister Inc.

  • “This time we built the typography in wildly different ways and locations”
  • Showed the before and after effect in photos
  • Explored various mediums and were experimental

Temporary Type by Oded Ezer

  • Used industrial conditional air fillers
  • Looks as if they were made out of ashes or dust
  • “I’m testing the intersection between typography and art” – they have the same meaning but not a medium for direct communication

Flight of the Conchords by Subpop Records

  • Pop Art 1970s style
  • Hand drawn illustrations
  • A surreal landscape of shapes and colours
Ina Saltz – Typography Essentials (design principles when working with typography)

– some points that I felt were interesting and have not never really thought about before –

1) Using Letter as Form

  • each letter is a shape unto itself
  • series as an illustration
  • can be expressive when used alone

2) Emphasis using weight

  • when you stay within the same type family and vary the weight of the family member
  • it can create contrast and more emphasis on certain alphabets
  • can signal shift in hierarchy

3) High Contrast in Reverse

  • reversing or “dropping out” may be a good effect but it must be done with care and at small sizes
  • those that have at least a moderate stroke weight, with little or medium contrast between thicks and thins – work best with reversed-out type

4) Deconstructed Type

  • can be used as an ornament, as navigation on devices and as pattern

I mostly draw my inspiration from Instagram accounts and Pinterest. Here are some accounts and artists that I’ve come across.

I’ve always been a fan of @artsyalexx. Although her typography works are simple, the colours that she use are very eye catching and easy to relate to. Her works are trendy and very attractive with the younger crowd. I really like the way her fonts always vary in terms of style as well as size in the alphabets. She digitally draws these artworks.

I’ve been following @stefankunz for a while. He turns encouraging words and phrases into typography art pieces. He doesn’t just draw these words on regular paper, but instead he draws them on shoes and even laptops. Any surface can be his canvas!

I chanced upon @goodtype while researching for inspiration. This Instagram account consists of so many great typography examples and has allowed me to look at the variety of letter forms and ways to play around with form and style.

Jing Zhang is an illustrator who has done an alphabet series. She takes a single alphabet and manipulates it. Its almost as if she creates a world out of one alphabet.

Raganath Krishnamani is an illustrator that also occasionally plays with alphabets. Similar to Jing Zhang, he also manipulates letters, adding elements to them so they look like they are a world/building of their own. His other illustrations are also usually quite dark with lots of shadows.


After doing research and looking at many different artworks, I was more certain of the art direction that I wanted to follow. I decided to go with illustrations as I thought that illustrations will be the best way to portray my ideas and thought process across.

See my next post for my process and final compositions!

‘My Line is Emo’ | Process & Research |

Thoughts, ideas, objects flooded my head as I read the brief.

This was going to be my first 2D assignment.

Initial thoughts: I thought that this brief was actually pretty interesting and allowed us to basically have fun. I immediately started looking into Pinterest for various mark making techniques hoping it would eventually spark an idea in me

I liked the simplicity of the various marks put together
These cute round cut-out patterns caught my eyes even with its simple elements – brush strokes, dots, blotches
Even daily objects we have at home can create unique expressions and art

Emotions are pretty subjective, they mean different things and feel different to each human. I felt that this topic was rather broad and actually had no clue where to began. After which, I decided that exploration and experimenting might narrow my train of thoughts and help me to eventually settle with something I am most comfortable with or am happy about.

“Your emotions are the slaves to your thoughts, and you are the slave to your emotions.” – Elizabeth Gilbert

early stage exploration
In the midst of my explored mark making papers

Played with objects I found at home.  I chose these objects as they connect with me on a deeper level.


  • Film Roll
  • Dried Baby’s Breath Flowers
  • Sequins
  • Sponge
  • Old Necklace

here are some of my favourite outcomes,

Left to Right: Sequins, Dried Flowers, Film Roll

|  I liked how the marks formed had some form of contrast to them. Especially from the sequins, I expected the white parts to be circular but it resulted in unexpected organic shapes kind of resembling mood swings, unpredictable and in batches.

||  The dried flowers formed sort of an outline leaving the inside of the stalk white in contrast to the background. They formed random long lines, sort of giving direction to the piece. Some blotches of white were created, giving a mystical yet mysterious effect.

|||  The film strip mark was made using the remaining ink after printing it a few times. Thus, the background was quite faint and a lot lighter compared to the other two. I liked how the outline of the film strip turned out to be darker than the rest, making the strip pop up a little more. Also, one strip turned out to be darker than the other showing some sort of progression in that piece.


I think that I feel a range of emotions in a span of a day. From being sad to feeling slightly happier to being grouchy and then feeling loved like my heart is warm and full. I am actually not too sure how healthy that is? but generally I am a person who just feels a lot.

“How could you possibly act decisively, or even act at all, if you’re of two minds—or rather, feelings—about something?” 

As such, I thought why not incorporate this fact into my project and make my daily emotions come to life. I feel that my emotions vary a lot depending on daily situations and  I am sure that it is the same for others as well, but I think on the whole, some of my emotions stay consistent on a day to day basis unless affected by a huge factor.

Since I feel so many emotions at once, my emotions are actually being felt concurrently. This to me, translates into layers in art form.


Using layers to convey concurrent emotions —

Searched ‘Art Layers’ on Pinterest
I like how the layers used bring out the colour and emotion of the art piece

Ed Moses

Ed Moses can be described as an abstract expressionist. He is known for experimenting with layers using basic shapes to create depth. His art works comprises of layers of different mediums.

Ed Moses, Untitled, 1975-77, Acrylic, ink, and tape on foamcore
Ed Moses, Cubist Drawing #11, 1977-78 Charcoal, acrylic, india ink and masking tape on board

His use of layers are intriguing, though pretty simple, it still manages to draw me in. I liked how he manages to create depth through his use of layers, making the art piece pop little more.


Bernd Ribbeck

Bernd Ribbeck is described as a spiritualist, using spiritual ideas to inspire his works. He is influenced by artists such as Hilma Af Klint and Emma Kunz. His work is process-orientated, making use of layers and scrapping surfaces to achieve the desired effect.

Bernd Rebbick, Untitled, 2014, acrylics, ballpointpen, pigmented marker on mdf
Bernd Ribbeck, Ohne Titel (Untitled), 2010, acrylic and pigment marker on MDF

Through the use of geometric shapes, Bernd Ribbeck manages to create artworks that look quite pleasing to the eye. With the different use of textures and layers, he manages to add life to his works, making me want to stare at it longer.

Julie Mehretu

Julie Mehretu is an abstract artist known for her use of layers throughout her works. She layers mediums, images, marks and even makes use of figurative layering. Her work from a far looks creates a whole picture but when seen unclose, it breaks down to smaller bits and suddenly there are many different narratives happening at the same time. Some mediums she use include, acrylic, pen, pencil and ink.

Julie Mehretu, Mogamma Part 1, 2012, Ink and Acrylic on canvas
Julie Mehretu, Invisible Line, 2010-2011, Ink and Acrylic on canvas

After doing some research on layers, I experimented layering marks one on top of another. Initially, I thought that layering would be a breeze, but I was proven wrong by my own actions. In the process of layering, instead of immediately seeing the final results of the mark made, I had to plan what looks better as the top layer or vice versa. In addition, I had to wait for the ink to dry before attempting the second layer. This took up extra time and effort but it was definitely worth it all!! 

I felt that layering helped in bringing out more contrast in the lines and more obviously showed empty space. The values of the lines were also more varied due to the different ink pressures from different layers.

Some pretty decent outcomes –

Left to Right: Watercolour (bottom) Charcoal mask (top), Lace (2 layers)

I was quite happy with the results produced through layering. By layering, it helped add depth to my emotions and gave some room for space and different textures. As seen in the left picture, the first layer is a lot softer than the lines made by the charcoal mask. The lines added made the emotion feel more confusing and highlighted the dark tone of the whole piece.

|| The right picture was an outcome after 2 layers of opposite lace was stacked one of top another. Although it seems like there is only one layer from far, when looked in detail, you can see some of the flower patterns overlapping each other adding a blur effect to the whole piece. The layering also made some parts darker than the other, bringing out some contrast.

6 different emotions

Since I feel a set of emotions daily, my lines are a representation of my day according to how I feel. After much thought and analysis, I have arranged the various emotions along a span of a day.

Sadness > Fear > Anger > Surprise > Joy > Love


As depressing as it sounds, I am generally sad when I wake up (with the exception of days where there is something exciting to look forward to). The second the alarm on my phone rings, I am awake. Sometimes, I really hate being a light sleeper just so that I can sleep just a teeny weeny bit longer…

In my layers, I hope to stick through the idea of putting together a use of a daily object and a movement to express the emotion.

Object: Pimple Cream (applied with cotton bud) Movement: Draggy, dreadful


Top: Watercolour
Bottom: Results of dragged out watercolour using a card

Final outcome with added use of dots and horizontal drips of charcoal mask

I will definitely never use the word, “brave” to describe myself as unpredictable and new situations tend to be pretty intimidating to me. I feel the emotion, fear, more in the beginning of the day because I don’t quite know what the day ahead will be like for me (good or bad). Thus, I tend to overthink and fear for things that have not happened.

Object: Rubber bands and empty skincare box Movement: Circles, repeated, never ending & haunting
Left two pics: Rubber bands on empty skincare Top right: Nail polish used to create circles and never ending effect
Bottom right: effect produced with DIY mark making tool


Final outcome

During the day, when things get little wonky and don’t go according to plans, I tend to get a little frustrated and irritated because interruptions to any kind of plans irritate me. Of course, mood swings can also be a reason for a more moody Dinis, once every time of the month.

Object: Eggshells sequins, pads Movement: Clear marks made with strength from negative energy
Left two pics: Pads used to represent grouchiness
Right: Eggshells and sequins as mark making tools
Final outcome. Pad effect on top layer.

Any sudden unplanned situation/event would be considered a surprise to me. Seeing a sudden familiar face, or eating something with an unexpected taste are some things that will definitely surprise me. Being surprised means I will never know when its going to happen, however, I feel that in the middle of my day, there are generally more opportunities for me to be surprised. E.g. running into a friend outside.

Object: Lemons, Chili Movement: Sprayed marks using dry shampoo (conveys impromptu and sudden movements)
Top two pics: Chili and lemon used as mark making tools
Bottom pic: Using dry shampoo to produced “sprayed” movement onto paper
Final outcome. Dry shampoo effect on top layer.

Happiness is the simple things in life. I am usually pretty simple-minded and even little things can excite me. I guess I feel generally blissful and content with what I have in life. Some things that make me happy include eating (especially with family or friends) and exploring new places. Joy comes at different times of the day but for me, I feel most happy and content at almost the end of a long day because it means finally some time to rest and also to be grateful for the day that has just past.

Object: Cabbage and film strips Movement: Simple, straightforward, easy
Left pic: Inked Film Strip
Bottom right: Inked Cabbage that represents my joy for food
Final outcome. Cabbage marks on bottom layer, film strip marks on top layer.

And finally the day ends with love! Love is kind, compassionate and it makes my heart warm & full. Cringy, but love is really the best reward at the end of a long day. Family and close friends make me feel loved and makes me want to share my love with those that are important to me. Things like flowers also remind me of the beauty in life which often relate back to my loved ones.

Object: Dried flowers Movement: Dog paw prints and thumbprints of my family members (using face paint)
Top right pic: Dried Baby’s Breath Flowers
Bottom pic: My dog laying next to print before putting in his paw print
Final outcome. Simple and light. Flowers print on bottom layer and paw print/thumbprints on top layer.