3D project 4 間: Ma’s City Of Voids / Individual and Group Moodbox

Individual moodbox

I decided to base my moodbox off the second sound that my group mates and I created.The sound is below.

To this sound there are 3 parts:Wooden beat 4 counts,a constant scratchy sound and one count of a ringing wind chime like sound.I decided to create a tall rectangular box to create and environment that produced echoey sounds similar to the sound that we made.I lined the inside of the box(Dominant) with sandpaper to mimic that scratchy constant sound and filled the inside of the box with rice.The rice is the SD portion of the box. It also is at the base of the box as it is a lower pitched background sound.

Next to represent the 4 wooden beats in the soundtrack,I used toothpicks and pierced them on each of the four sides of my woodbox ,each tooth pick progressing higher and higher on each side towards the metal ball.In order to see each toothpick,you would have to rotate the box which also agitates the rice producing that extra “shh” swaying  sound. I chose to use wire to create a ball (SO) represent the metal chime like quality the sound had. It is high pitched ,thus it is hovering over the box.Also it is one count,so I kept the metal ball to one as well.

Side view of toothpicks progressing higher up the sides of the box

Top view


Green strips of paper-Subdominant,Mesh wire-Sub ordinate

Metal coil-Dominant



2D project 3: Ego (Final)

 Colours and what they mean

Image result for red art

RED. Physical
Positive: love, passion, desire, sexuality,Physical courage, strength, warmth, energy, basic survival, ‘fight or flight’, stimulation, masculinity, excitement.
Negative: Defiance, aggression, visual impact, strain.

Red is a powerful colour. It has the property of appearing to be nearer than it is and therefore it grabs our attention first. Its effect is physical; it stimulates us and raises the pulse. It is stimulating and lively, very friendly. At the same time, Too much red causes loss of temper, agitation, anger, and overbearing, demanding, and oppressive behaviors. To get out of control emotions under control add green, the opposite of red. To get rid of exhaustion, add more red.

Related imageImage result for blue sad art

BLUE. Intellectual.
Positive: Intelligence, communication, trust, efficiency, serenity, duty, logic, coolness, reflection, calm.
Negative: Coldness, aloofness, lack of emotion, unfriendliness.

Blue is soothing; You see blue on a lot of websites because,it is the colour of trust. Blue is the colour of calm and serenity, and as such inspires security and a feeling of safety. However not all blues are serene and sedate. Electric or brilliant blues become dynamic and dramatic,it affects us mentally, rather than the physical reaction we have to red. Blue represents both the sky and the sea, and is associated with open spaces, freedom,imagination, expansiveness, inspiration, and sensitivity. Darker blues tend to be more sombre, heightening the security aspects, which makes them an excellent choice for professionalism and lighter, soft blues will calm the mind and aid concentration.Too much blue can create feelings of melancholy, negativity, sadness, self-righteousness, and self-centeredness. It can be perceived as cold, unemotional and unfriendly.

Image result for yellow art

YELLOW. Emotional
Positive: Optimism, confidence, self-esteem, extraversion, emotional strength, friendliness, creativity.
Negative: Irrationality, fear, emotional fragility, depression, anxiety, suicide.

The yellow wavelength is relatively long and essentially stimulating. In this case the stimulus is emotional, therefore yellow is the strongest colour, psychologically. The right yellow will lift our spirits and our self-esteem; it is the colour of confidence and optimism. Too much of it, or the wrong tone in relation to the other tones in a colour scheme, can cause self-esteem to plummet, giving rise to fear and anxiety.. A dull or dingy yellow may represent caution, sickness, and jealousy.

Image result for green art

GREEN. Balance
Positive: Harmony, balance, growth,refreshment, universal love, rest, restoration, reassurance, environmental awareness, equilibrium, peace.
Negative: Boredom, stagnation, blandness, enervation.

The color green has healing power and is understood to be the most restful and relaxing color for the human eye to view. Being in the centre of the spectrum, it is the colour of balance – a more important concept than many people realise. When the world about us contains plenty of green, this indicates the presence of water, and little danger of famine, so we are reassured by green, on a primitive level. Green is soothing, relaxing, and youthful. Green is a color that helps alleviate anxiety, depression, and nervousness. dark green represents greed, ambition, and wealth, while yellow-green stands for sickness, jealousy, and cowardice, and olive green represents the traditional color of peace. Negatively, it can indicate stagnation and, incorrectly used, will be perceived as being too bland.

Image result for purple fantasy art

VIOLET. Spiritual
Positive: Spiritual awareness, containment, vision, luxury, authenticity, truth, quality, royalty, nobility, creativity .                                                       Negative: Introversion, decadence, suppression, inferiority.

It takes awareness to a higher level of thought, even into the realms of spiritual values. It is highly introvertive and encourages deep contemplation, or meditation. It has associations with royalty and usually communicates the finest possible quality. Light purple or lavender is a feminine, graceful, elegant color that has long been associated with refined, wealthy women.  Dark purple hues evoke feelings of gloom, sadness, and frustration. Bright purple hues suggest riches and royalty. Excessive use of purple can bring about too much introspection and the wrong tone of it communicates something cheap and nasty, faster than any other colour.

orange sun | Art Design | digital design | ecommerce specialist

Positive: Physical comfort, food, warmth, security,playful,energetic passion,sensual, abundance, fun.
Negative: Deprivation, frustration, frivolity, immaturity.

Since it is a combination of red and yellow, orange is stimulating and reaction to it s a mixture of the energy associated with red and the happiness associated with yellow.Dark orange may represent deceit and distrust, while red-orange relates to passion, pleasure, desire, aggression, domination, and action, and a golden orange often stands for prestige, wisdom, illumination, wealth, and quality. A light orange or peach color tend to be more friendly and soothing.Studies show that the orange color can create physical effects such as increased hunger and heightened sense of activity. It is a ‘fun’ colour. Negatively, it might focus on the exact opposite – deprivation. This is particularly likely when warm orange is used with black. Equally, too much orange suggests frivolity and a lack of serious intellectual values.

Related image

Positive: Physical tranquillity, nurture, warmth, femininity, love, sexuality, survival of the species.
Negative: Inhibition, emotional claustrophobia, emasculation, physical weakness.

Being a tint of red, pink also affects us physically, but it soothes, rather than stimulates.Pink, a delicate color that means sweet, nice, playful, cute, romantic, charming, feminine, and tenderness, is associated with bubble gum, flowers, babies, little girls, cotton candy, and sweetness.The color pink is the color of universal love of oneself and of others. Pink represents friendship, affection, harmony, inner peace, and approachability. However,too much pink is physically draining and can be somewhat emasculating.

With this Information I proceeded to conceptualise and choose the colours for my compositions.Keeping in mind to use different colour harmonies to bring out the emotions I am trying to convey.My approach was to use humans for the “me” column , Body parts to represent the settings and animals to symbolise the outcome. The colour harmonies I chose to employ for this project would be :Triadic, Analogous ,Monochrome and split complementary.I also chose to keep each composition monochromatic as well , In order to be able to include more details and increase my speed as I was using watercolours.

For each of the compositions, I found a reference picture and added my own spin to them. For example for my hand composition, I was inspired by this picture..so on and so forth.



Ms joy stated i should have been more clear with my final row,which is the split complementary row.I should lean my colours more towards blue green instead of the blue that i used in order for it to be more split complementary in nature.With that said, She also commented that my eagle was more clear and she could see the effort put into building the layers of the water colour.

3D project 3:Mnemosyne’s Scent

In class we were introduced to planes .Using three strips of paper with varying widths we were tasked to come up with a 3D sketch model incorporating the different types of planes: Bent planes,grouped planes,curved planes ,straight ,twisted and broken planes.We had to also keep in mind the voids and try to create contrast between the size of the voids. Also we had to ensure that there was a dominant,sub-dominant and sub ordinate strip.


I was playing around with the different types of planes and wanted to incorporate a straight plane(SO) a curved plane(D) and a 3D bent plane(SD).Piercing,wedging and Tapering the edges of the strips of paper gave the final sketch model a more polished and exciting look.The curved dominant strip travels diagonally across the base and the SD and SO strips are rather angular compared to the D strip giving the 3D model more interest.

Front view

Side view - Contrasting voids

Mnemonic devices are techniques a person can use to help them improve their ability to remember something. It can be a song, rhyme, acronym, image, or  in this case a scent. When you first smell a new scent, you link it to an event, a person, a thing or even a moment.These scents are linked with how we remember things and can trigger the brain to recall memories/experiences .Your brain forges a link between the smell and a memory – associating the smell of chlorine with drowning multiple times in a pool in my case, and coriander with receiving a warm home cooked meal . When you encounter the smell again, the link is already there, ready evoke a particular memory or a mood.

We were tasked to choose two scents and create a sculpture based off them. The scent that I liked was coriander and the scent that I disliked was chlorine/bleach. I began to brainstorm and think of words that will help me visualise a form/shape to the scent.

For the coriander component, I chose to represent the “surrounding ” nature of its scent.The SD wraps around the sculpture,then i proceeded to slice a little portion off the SD to act as the SO . Also making sure the plastic was clear as compared to chlorine as i wanted to represent the clean fresh smell of coriander.I created a curved plane from the top of the water bottle and manipulated it in a way such that it would curl more tightly in the centre to represent the persistence of the smell. The curve is moving in from the outside and staying in the middle. Using clear thread and wedging ,I secured the curved plane applying the rule of thirds.

After drowning many times,  I observed that  the scent of chlorine lingers at the back of my nose/throat for a long period of time.To represent that in the sculpture I made sure that the strip was wide,substantial in size,and sandpapered down to create a rough texture to mimic the burning sensation  at the back of my nose.I soldered holes throughout the strip to bring out how the smell is piercing .

I soldered the chlorine component to the coriander component to attach them together which resulted in my final sculpture.


4D Project 3:Impossibilities of being

For this project we were tasked to create a 1min video and soundscape to depict a location that we have never been to before. After brainstorming a list of places, I finally chose for my location to be the suitcase.


My plan initially for this storyboard was for the subject to explore the suitcase as if it were a spy movie using a mix of photography and illustration. In class ,we brainstormed the different types of sounds we could hear in the named location. Some examples are,

  • keys
  • wheels rolling
  • airport PA system
  • clothes rustling
  • zippers
  • liquids
  • Ziploc bags
  • conveyor belts

In order to create the soundscape, Ms Lei recommended layering sounds and to keep in mind the background,mid-ground and foreground noises to create sense of space.For the storyboard, she recommended including a mix of close up shots and wide shots .After storyboarding I realised I could not produce the video effectively, So I decided to change the idea to me being kidnapped in the suitcase. I imagined the suitcase to be a dark,scary claustrophobic space and wanted to convey that in the final video.I collected a bunch of sounds found online and started by piecing my soundscape together on audacity and then basing my video off of it.

Scene 1:Locking up of suitcase

BG: Airport announcement system , People chattering and walking                                                               FG: Keys and lock                                                                                               Close-up shot

Scene 2: Suitcase Being taken into the departure hall

BG: Same as scene 1                                                                                                  FG: wheels of luggage rolling
Wide-shot- Provides more information that it is happening at an airport

Scene 3: Struggling within the suitcase

BG: Muffled wheels rolling
MG: music to induce fear
FG: Clothes rustling,Breathing,whimpering

Scene 4: Escaping the suitcase

BG:Muffled wheels rolling
FG:nails scratching against nylon
Close up shot

Glimmer of light to show suitcase is being opened

FG:Zippers being opened ,Gasping for air



To create the soundscape i pieced together a few sounds i downloaded and adjusted them to how loud or soft i wanted the, at different scenes using the effects found on audacity. Also keeping in mind how the distance of the sound would affect the loudness and how different the sounds would be if i were listening them from inside the suitcase (muffled).For example the background sounds will be much quieter as compared to the foreground sounds.


For the video i took burst photos of an action,like rolling a suitcase and chose a few in-between pictures and assembled them to match the scenes in the story board. I was inspired by stop motion animation videos,where multiple photos are taken and objects are moved between frames, creating the illusion of movement.

For the scenes inside the suitcase,i took photos of the suitcase with clothes inside to act as a background.Then i took burst photos of myself in a position where it seems as though I’m in a squeezey place and struggling.Then i proceeded to photoshop myself into the background picture.


Ms Lei Pointed out that the struggle scene was a bit too long and to include the subject coming out of the suitcase at the end of my video.My classmates gave more ideas for sounds like the conveyor belt and throwing of the suitcase.

2D Project 2 – Forrest Gump (Final)

This post marks the end of project 2. Project 2 has shown me a whole new way of looking at designs and taught me that there’s so much more to a composition than just exciting visuals.I had a lot of fun exploring into the different design principles and applying it in my work, creating my 4 compositions.


Composition 1

Quote: “what a man can do to another man”-Fury

 My original sketch  for this composition did not have clear focus. Also there was no direction in which I was placing certain images,symbols,etc. After the consultation,I researched on the different design principles like     proportion and pattern and came up with the composition on the left,I placed the skull in the middle which draws focus to it.  However the background was still a bit too dark and the deities could not be seen.

I reduced the threshold and lightened the pattern in the background to allow the gods to stand out more.Further increasing the scale of the skull so that it has more prominence in the design itself.Also aligned the background to form a triangle and ensure that the lines are posting towards the middle.With a few other minor changes, design 1 is complete!



Composition 2


This composition is based off the same quote as the previous one. Using the golden ration i placed some found images accordingly.however, My first sketch did not have enough details to bring across the idea of Amos Yee fleeing Singapore. Also the  lion and the hand were similar in size and were drawing equal amount of attention.There was also no clear direction at which the birds were headed.

                                                           To improve i photoshopped the lions ad onto a suit symbolising a member of the parliament and placed the birds such that they’re flying into the mouth on the right.I decided to use the american flag to give more information about the quote and i also enjoyed how it fit into the golden ratio template.Unfortunately,I had to convert my design into portrait..Resulting in composition 2.

Composition 3

Quote:”Chances of survival are dwindling!”-How to train a dragon

There were not many issues with my design besides having to convert it to landscape. And so, I just left it as it is.

Composition 4

Quote: ” Don’t worry! Your daddy is here! He’s got cash and credit cards”  – Spirited away

I forgot to take a picture of my initial sketch for this composition. Basically I had a woman face with a heart shaped orange slice over her eyes to represent Melania’s love for Donald trump. After consultation,Ms Joy suggested putting money in her hair to give more idea that I’m referring to her as a sugar baby.To add to this idea, I replaced her mouth with a pacifier.Then I replaced the faces on the american money with Donald’s as well as on the credit cards framing her face.I let the money framing her face be much larger in scale with a pyramid formation so as to not miss out donalds face on the dollar bills.

Feedback and challenges faced

Ms Joy pointed out the cropping issue in my first and second composition and also how I should include more visuals and details for my Melania trump composition.As the woman in the composition could’ve been anyone else.I think it could’ve been clearer if maybe I used her face and try to make the design less cluttered around her face in general. Despite being a tedious process,Silkscreening was a very fun.Seeing the design being printed on the tote bag gave me a sense of accomplishment. However,due to the intricacies of my design the print did not transfer over onto the tote bag as well as i would’ve liked. I tried multiple times,sacrificing the original tote bag ,but i didn’t want to scrape the silk too much in fear of ripping my silkscreen.

Thanks for reading my post, Goodbye!:)

3D:Gaia’s Ikebana(Final)

Final model

The season i drew was ‘winter’ and was tasked to theme my project in that manner.Since Ikebana is part of the Japanese culture, i decided to delve deeper into the types of foods consumed during winter in japan.I came across ‘Oden’, which is basically a one pot winter dish consisting of several ingredients like radish and fishcakes stewed in a light broth.I kept the colour scheme to white,black and silver to match the snow,trees and cold weather.Also during winter its pretty empty in a sense where the leaves have fallen off trees and white snow covers the environment,and went for a minimalistic approach.For the cone I wanted to incorporate the radish but because of the angle of the cone,it is unable to support its own weight.I used wire and shaped it to form a cone in order to to suspend tiny cubes of radish .I used a Fishball as my sphere and pierced a wooden skewer through it.Similar to how oden is served with skewers.Lastly,I painted the branch black to stick with the colour scheme.


Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arrangement,being practiced for more than 600 years.It is a disciplined art form in which living branches, leaves, grasses, and blossoms are arranged to bring nature and humanity together.What distinguishes ikebana from other approaches such as “flower arrangement” is its asymmetrical form and the use of empty space as an essential feature of the composition. A sense of harmony among the materials, the container, and the setting is also crucial.The color combinations, natural shapes, graceful lines work together creating a beautiful arrangement. Ikebana has a recorded history; it is backed up by articulate theories; and it is concerned with creativity. In Japan, flower arrangements are used as decorations on a level with paintings and other art objects.The Japanese love nature and try to incorporate it into their everyday lives e.g. taxi drivers hang a little vase with a flower or two at the edge of the windshield.Thus, creating a link between the indoors and the outdoors.The spiritual aspect of ikebana is very important. One becomes quiet when one practices ikebana. It helps you to live “in the moment” and to appreciate things in nature that previously had seemed insignificant.It also acts as inspiration which help individuals identify with beauty in all art forms.There are a few styles of ikebana arrangement,namely,rikka,shoku,nageire and moribana.


   1st model




2nd model

I decided to choose this sketch model for my final project as it display precarious balance which is more dynamic and exciting.






4D project 2-the subverted object

For this project we were tasked to subvert an object.I drew the word “lamp”,So I had to find a way to change the meaning of the object itself by either juxtaposing it with another item or bring the lamp into a new environment.Since the lamp was fixed in the garden area of my home I decided to show how the lamp loses its function depending on the timing of the day.

TASK 1: Physical attributes and function

In these two pictures you can compare how the lamp loses its function during the day.It is turned off as it is the environment is well lit compared to the picture taken at night.The shadows in the background help emphasise the function of the lamp which is to provide light.The pictures are also symmetrical which makes it more stable and aesthetically pleasing.The shape, form and material of the lamp can also be seen due to the close up shots

The lamp is used to light the flowers in  garden area when it gets dark.I wanted to show that by capturing the amount of light on the flower itself. The background is dark and slightly blur which draws the viewers attention to the flower.The lamp is still visible in the background but has little presence.

TASK 2: Connotation

I decided to pair my lamp with a wooden figurine. The lamp is a source of light and light symbolises “life”, and proceeded to work about this idea.It is as if the figure is trying to hang on to his “life” so the lamp acts as support for the wooden figure.The shadows add a dramatic effect and the canted angle makes the pictures slightly more dynamic.Also taking the last picture from a high range made the subject look small and helpless.

TASK 3: Text

I wanted to clarify the context,which is seeing the lamp as “life”.Thus,I chose “cherish the light of life” which acts as an anchorage.

Overall,there is room for improvement.I could consider reducing the size of the figurine as its quite large compared to the lamp.Also I could work on including more types of shots, extreme closeups and wide shots to give my work some variety.

3D pandora box-Final


One of my artist/architect inspirations was Kuma Kengo.I liked how he uses wood,metal,plants and other contrasting materials to give his work a fresh,unique look.I tried to incorporate this into my final project.From my last post,I mentioned that i was going to incorporate mirror into my final design.My final 3D model is below.

I wrapped the foam at the base which is the Subdominant(SD) feature with reflective paper(mirror),substituted the stem part of my model with a wooden skewer which is the Dominant(D)feature, and used styrofoam which I painted black for the subordinate(SO) box.All three boxes have different textures and materials.The SO box has a rough matte black surface,the D is made of wood and the SD “metal”.


I used the piercing method to allow the  SO box to slide up and down the wooden skewer so theres control over the size of void I can make.If the  base was more of a mirror material it would better reflect the size of the void.It would make it look as if it is double in size.I used a satay stick as it has little presence,which emphasises the size of the void between the SO box and the subdominant(SD) base.I

A small scale application for this model would be maybe a shower.Its minimalistic, clean and adjustable,supposing the SO box is the shower head.A large scale application would be a crane of some sort,where the SO acts as a cabin which can rotate and lower accordingly and the SD acts as the wheels or truck that usually carries these cranes.

2D Project 1- My line is emo (final)

From left to right: Surprise,Anger,Happiness

From left to right: Fear,Sadness,Love

For this post I will start with the challenges I faced using the linoleum method. Originally I planned to use solely this method for project 1, as it was very interesting to me. However the issue was the slight degree of uncertainty when it came to the results of the print itself. When I think of certain emotions an image already comes to my mind and it is quite clear what I’m looking for. Even arranging the items I placed on the linoleum a couple of times did not guarantee that it would produce the type of line with the right tone or pattern,etc.Therefore I opted for the more traditional mark making strategies like using brushes,brayers, cups and anything around the 2D studio that could make the desired shapes.

Each strip is my take on that particular emotions itself as I wanted to see what I was capable of coming up with so I did not stick to a particular theme. I also felt that it was a more raw form of self expression.I will discuss more of the process some later on in this post.

For “love” I straightaway thought of one love,which refers to the universal love and respect expressed by all people for all people, regardless of race, creed, or colour. The idea of positivity and diversity came into mind.So i decided to use circle`which a soft shape to me, due to the lack of sharp corners,and also because it is an infinite shape.I used different sizes of bottle caps,back of a Chinese paintbrush and cups to portray the idea of diversity.Then i thought of using different tones of Chinese ink and linoleum ink to further add to this idea.At first the circles were only the outlines then i considered adding some filled circles too.Intensifying the tones of strip at each end and leaving it lighter in the middle also gave a sense of the circles moving together.

Anger is a strong negative emotion.I think of violence, But I felt that the violence I want to portray would be even more emphasised when its compared with something calm. I used Chinese ink and diluted it to create a soft grey colour and used a big paintbrush to create two broad strokes.I chose two strokes because its even as opposed to a single stroke and broad uniform strokes to evoke the feeling of calmness/satisfaction.I did not go too broad as I liked how the white negative space brought out the intensity of the dark linoleum ink i laid over top.I used a large dry paintbrush and dipped it directly into the linoleum ink to gather enough paint and used quick,uncontrolled motions to create a harsh, short,thick lines to mimic the state of mind when one is angry.At first the lines i made over top the wash of colour at the back were too thick which masked the lighter tone under it and the ink was too diluted so it did not stand out as much compared to the lighter tone and negative space.

Sadness to me feels like emptiness which also quite an intense feeling,so i decided to make the final strip mostly black to evoke the feeling of “darkness”When i think empty, i think of echoes too.I wanted to reflect that in the strip by using a brayer and dipping it in a mixture of Chinese ink and linoleum ink, rolling it downwards on paper.It created this repeating pattern similar to an echo,and the intensity of the ink decreases as it rolls downwards just as the sound of the echo gets more faint further away.The gradient effect and the distorted wavy lines added to the texture and thus the sense of uneasiness.

Panic,disorientation,tension, uneasiness are some words I associate with fear. Since it is a negative emotion, i once again decided to use extremely black opaque ink.I left the background white as i felt that the negative spaces would contrast well and bring out the intensity of the black ink.Lines suggest rigidity and stiffness which shows tension.I used a combination of thick,thin,short and long lines going in every direction to express the disorientation.To achieve this i used a metal ruler and dipped it into the linoleum ink and slammed the ruler onto the paper several times in different directions.I also used the ruler as a pivot and slid the ruler,with a sudden motion to spread the partially dried ink.This created very fine trailing lines which give the look of movement,mimicking the fidgety gestures of a panicking person.

For surprise,the idea of birthday surprise comes into mind-a buildup and some form of impact/release.A pleasant experience of course.I opted for circles(soft/pleasant) and sized them from small to big to create a form of buildup.I also made sure the inner  circles were more uniform to  in contrast to the outer most circle(largest) which disperses out to show impact Also with the circles being so uniform i would expect the outer ring to be too.I also diluted the ink to create different tones to keep the inner circle light, trying to builds its colour up the rings progress outwards.I repeated the pattern to create multiple focal points which creates “distraction” to accentuate the slight degree of confusion when it comes to surprises.Similar to love, i made marks using cups,bottle caps and paintbrushes.

I had a bit of trouble trying to express joy,so I thought along the lines of what makes me happy/relaxed.Immediately I thought of classical music and I wanted to mirror that into the strip.I gathered twigs of similar sizes to illustrate the different notes and tied them together using string to make my own mark making tool.Next i dipped the twigs into diluted Chinese ink  and created long waves to represent the soft sweeping sounds of the music as opposed to straight lines which seem bit tense.The twigs picked up different amounts of ink so some lines were slightly more intense as compared to the others,however they flowed together nicely which feels harmonious to me.

The idea you suggested for surprise was to play with the shapes,Since you pointed out i tend to create patterns for my other strips.I tried thinking along these lines and felt what i came with was very flat in terms of tone.I dipped cups into ink and forcefully to create circlular marks and the bottom of the chinese ink bottle to create rectangular shapes.I realised that the ink i was using was too thick so it was not splattering that much,so i tested out inks at different dilution levels.From here i thought i could base the idea of surprise using different tones of ink. The rings splattered too messily which was too distracting, so i wanted to concentrate on keeping most of the rings very clean and uniform.I created a pattern with the circles to have a few focal points instead, as i wanted to show more of a person being “Startled” .Originally the circles were spaced randomly,hence,there was a lack of focus.I thought creating a few focal points would give the appropriate degree of the idea of distraction.

I used a brayer to make marks for sadness.The results for this were pretty unpredictable depending on how you use the brayer.Fortunately, it was pretty quick,so i could keep repeating the method until i got a strip that i liked.After a few attempts I realised i liked the result on the extreme left as i thought it encapsulated the idea of sadness.I started zooming in on the formal qualities and thinking why i saw it that way.I have already explained it earlier on in this post , but i decided to increase the intensity of the ink to portray the negativity a little more.

Same goes for Joy.I repeated the print over and over with the mark making tool i made at different wavelengths,or how much they overlapped which determines how the linesintertwined.The slightly more intertwined lines looked more harmonious to me as they flow very nicely together and fills up the negative space a little more making the contrast between the background and the ink itself not too stark. The idea of  different sized,soft,wavy lines it is i wanted it to look soothing so i avoided sudden harsh peaks.I also wanted a mixture of dark and light tones as the entire idea of different types of lines and tones blending together very smoothly made me happy.