Foundation 2D Project 3 – Ego (Research) – Part 1

Foundation 2D Project 3 – Research

Activity # 1 Your Interests & Traits.


Activity # 2  : Yourself in Year 2020.


Many thanks to my classmates for the contributions!
Had fun adding points to the drawings of other classmates as well. (:

How does colour have impact on a painting?

Colours breathe life into artworks. Besides enchanting an artwork, it controls how the intended message is being convey. For example (Fig.1) below, shows how colours can affect the mood of an artwork. The use of bright colours in a painting is able to “evoke a certain mood” that creates positive feelings such as happiness while the use of ‘Colours of one Value’ may create negative feelings such as being lifeless.  Research have shown how the choice of colours may affect the artwork. Bright colours such as ‘Yellow’ produce more cheerful feel whereas ‘Red’ reminds us of annoyance. Hence, colours can influence the way we interpret an artwork.



Warm & Cool

Colours can be classified into 2 segments; Warm and Cool colours.

Warm colours such as ‘Red’, ‘Orange’ and ‘Yellow’ are colours of FIRE.
It range from happiness to violence which may represent – Passion, Energy and Impulsiveness.
In other words, Warm colours are eye-catching, makes people excited.


Cool colours, on the other hand, consist of colours such as ‘Green’, ‘Blue’ and ‘Violet’. Those are the colours of WATER. It is usually associated with calmness, trust and sadness. Hence, Cool colours are used to bring soothing harmonious properties.

“Artists are always looking for ways to create meaning in their work.” – Lori McNee

Check this out! > Colours Explanation

Colour Categorisation

According to Moses Harris theory on the colour wheel, ‘Red’, ‘Blue’ and ‘Yellow’ are Primary colours that cannot be created by mixing any other colours together.

Primary Colours: RED, BLUE, YELLOW


The colour wheel was further extended to include the Secondary and Tertiary colours.

Secondary Colours: ORANGE (Red + Yellow), GREEN (Yellow + Blue), PURPLE (RED + BLUE).


Tertiary Colours: (Yellow-Orange), (Red-Orange), (Red-Purple), (Blue-Purple), (Blue-Green) & (Yellow-Green).


Colour Harmony

Definition: something that is pleasing to the eye. It engages the viewer and it creates an inner sense of order, a balance in the visual experience. When something is not harmonious, it’s either boring or chaotic.

Monochromatic Colour Harmony:


What is that? Colours that are shade, tones or tint variations of the same hue. The hue is affected by the amount of ‘Black’ and ‘White’ present in the mixture.

Why & When do I use it? Recommended in producing a soothing effect through visual perception. Good for creating a balanced and visually appealing artwork.

How does it works? Creates from one of the twelve Hues from the Basic Colour Wheel and repeating it in various Tints, Shades and tones. The monochromatic colour scheme use variation in lightness and saturation of a single colour. 

Analogous Harmony (Dominance):

What is that? Colours that are close proximity to each other on the colour wheel, usually in group of 3, that shares similar hue and saturation. One of the Primary or Secondary will act as the dominant colour.

Why & When do I use it? To create a blending, comfortable design that is pleasing to the eye.

How does it works? Features colours that lie adjacent to each other on the colour wheel. Each of the three colours has one colour in common hence resulting in almost no contrast and less vibrant.

Analogous Harmony: Warm & Cool:



Warm colours are colours of FIRE. Colours such as ‘Red’, ‘Orange’ and ‘Yellow’ associate with WARMTH.



Cool colours are colours of WATER. Colours such as ‘Green’, ‘Blue’ and ‘Violet’ associate with CALMNESS.

When using Analogous Harmony, avoid combining warm and cool colours concurrently.

Complementary Hues (Opposite):

What is that? They are made from colours of the opposite side in the colour wheel.

Why & When do I use it? Use to bring strong contrast in an artwork when colours are at full saturation.

How does it works? Apply a warm colour against a cool colour to create high contrast.

Check this out! >  Complementary Colours in Landscape

Split Complementary (Compound)

What is that? It uses a colour and 2 colours adjacent to its complementary.

Why & When do I use it? To provide high contrast without strong tension of the complementary scheme.

How does it works? *Insert Picture* By combining 1 base colour with 2 colours of the adjacent opposite, not with the complementary colour itself.

Check this out! > Spilt Complementary in Textile

Other Colour Schemes

Triadic Complementary (Triangle)

As the name suggest, it is the selection of colours found in a triangular shape on the colour wheel.






Tetradic Complementary (Rectangle)

The use of 4 colours found in a complementary pair in a rectangular format on the colour wheel.






Square Complementary

Positioned in a square format, the colours used are found on any four corners on the colour wheel.







Read More:


Foundation 2D Project 3 – Ego (Research) – Part 2

Foundation 2D Project 3 – Ego (Research) – Part 2

Andy Warhol

007 Andy Warhol

Left to Right

Mao, Marilyn Monroe, Orangutan

Besides what was covered in Project 1, Andy Warhol is also famous for his Pop art and Silkscreen printing methods. Painting of famous people such as Mao Ze Dong and Marilyn Monroe were painted in harmony.

For example, the painting of ‘Marilyn Monroe’ (above) shows the method of ‘Triadic complementary’ or the 3 Primary Colours (Yellow, Red, Blue), and ‘Monochromatic’ in harmony.

Whereas for the painting of ‘Mao Ze Dong’ (above), Andy Warhol made use of Analogous Harmony (Yellow-Orange, Yellow, Yellow-Green).

Personal Opinion:

I find his use of colours interesting and the painting of the noticeable figures adds up to the overall composition which engage his audience as promised. Although his artwork can exist in many different colours, his choice of colour combinations follows the rule of colour harmony which was present in the colour wheel.

Click here to > Create your photo with ‘Andy Warhol Effect’

Piet Mondrian

030 piet mondrian

Left to Right

Broadway Boogie Woogie, Die ideale Wirklichkei

Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.” – Leonardo da Vinci

In the painting above, Piet Mondrain radically simplified the elements by using primary colours (Red, Blue & Yellow) to bring out the expressionism in his geometric abstracts.

His use of geometric shapes and lines creates a sense of asymmetrical balance in the overall composition. In addition, the use of Negative space, such as the use of Black lines and white planes, sets the contrast and focus in the painting.

Personal Opinion:

I was amazed by how Piet Mondrain use of primary colours to express the harmonious order through art. Also, I like how the grid-like format drawing that brings out a clean, organised yet unfinished feel through the use of negative space. (So which is the focus? – White or the Colours?) In my opinion, I feel the white should serve as the focus due being the dominant in his painting.

Click Here For > Steps to make a Piet Mondrian’s inspired painting.

Other Interesting Finds,

Bauhaus art movement

Herbert Bayer – Chromatic Intersection

Gunta Stölzl – Rot Grün

In Product Design.