Process: Digital composition / Silkscreen

3rd attempt at making silkscreen board // Final screen

How to expose screen in dark room
  1. Make sure silkscreen board is dry.
  2. Coat both sides of the screen with emulsion. Tilt the board 45 degrees down towards the scoop. Position the scoop at the bottom of the screen. Make sure the liquid is level and seeps a horizontal line through the board before sliding it up. Press down tight and slide it up at a steady speed, making sure there are no bubbles or uneven bumps along the way.
  3. Remove any extra emulsion residue on the wooden frame using a plastic scraper and tissue paper.
  4. Leave the screen in the dryer for 20 minutes until completely dried.
  5. Expose the screen for 18 seconds.
  6. Wash off with a powerful hose to reveal design.

I WAS REALLY FASCINATED BY THE EXPOSING MACHINE SO FUTURISTIC I THOUGHT WE WERE TELEPORTING

How to reclaim screen
  1. Apply a thin (but generous) layer of beta strip on both sides of the screen.
  2. Let it set for 15 – 20 minutes.
  3. Wash it off using your hands (no nails please!!) or the gentle side of a sponge.

Unfortunately, I didn’t take a picture of my first two attempts at exposing my screen. I was too upset about my failure and just rushing to re-expose it due to the lack of time.


digital composition 01

‘We didn’t run out of planes and television sets. We ran out of food.’ ― Interstellar, 2014


1st composition // Half-tone only

My first screen had parts of the design accidentally sprayed through, mainly where the knife meets the meat, probably because my whole design was done in half-tone. The thin lines and fine dots from the half-tones were hard to spray out without losing the details. I remember I spent around 30 minutes washing my screen.

Final composition // half-tone + threshold

Revising the digital composition for it to come out nicely on the screen, I modified it to include more threshold and less half-tone. I also changed the TV to one with thicker lines so that less details will be lost in the silkscreen process.

Exposing my screen for the second time, the outline of the plane and cutlery were a bit splotchy and I realised it was printed in reverse (mirror image). This attempt was quite rushed as I felt I was running out of time.

So I had to re-expose it again. This time, I was more cautious with each step of the process and the design manage to surface with only about 10 minutes of washing. The lines in the design were also more clearly defined than the previous two attempts.

elements of design
Images used (credited at end of post)
test printing
Test print on newsprint paper

The print came out nicely like this even after a few more attempts without washing the screen.

1st attempt on muji totebag
2nd attempt on messenger totebag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The lines became too thick when running the squeegee twice through the totebag.

final silkscreen on totebag
3rd attempt on muji totebag // Final submitted piece

For my third and final attempt, I ran the squeegee only once through the totebag. The lines were a lot cleaner but were very fine and disappeared halfway along the knife and fork. I dipped a toothpick into some silkscreen ink and tattooed over the missing lines and details.

brainstorm process
Initial sketches
Initial sketches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I wanted my composition to be simple with a clear focal point, and thought about arranging the plane and TV set to resemble fine dining on a plate.


digital composition 02

“Some infinities are simply bigger than other infinities.’ — The Fault In Our Stars, 2014


1st composition

The gum balls in the machine will look better if its half-filled. The spheres outside the gum ball machine don’t seem to gel naturally with the whole composition. The half-tone seems to blur the elements.

 

2nd composition // Final piece

Revising the digital composition, more elements were added to emphasise the idea of infinity better. More threshold and less half-tone was used, along with a mixture of real-life objects and clip art vectors so that the audience can make out what the elements are supposed to be more clearly.

elements of design
Images used (credited at end of post)
inspiration
Yayoi Kusuma's Infinity Mirrored Room
https://hirshhorn.si.edu/kusama/infinity-rooms/
Yayoi Kusuma's Obliteration Room
http://kusama.site.seattleartmuseum.org/

Yayoi Kusuma creates her own infinities by painting polka dots in the world. I thought about reversing that idea and finding existing infinities in our world.

Where's Wally by Martin Handford
http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/news/wheres-the-brains-behind-wally-6261459.html

In Martin Handford’s illustration series, people always appear in infinities and his readers are supposed to find Wally in each scene. For my composition, I thought it’d be fun to hide a rubber ducky amongst my infinity.

brainstorm process
Initial brain fart
Initial brain fart

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Initial brain fart
Initial brain fart
What is endless?
Types of infinities Macro scale Micro scale
Dots stars strawberries / ladybugs
 Lines ocean zebra / zebra crossing / where’s wally
 Cubes windows laundry detergent / cereal boxes / delivery boxes / milk boxes
 Spheres clouds / planets ball pit / bubbles / gachapon capsules / billiard balls / gumballs / ikura

digital composition 03

“Why, sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.’ ― Alice in Wonderland, 1951


3rd composition // Final piece
elements of design
Images used (credited at end of post)
2nd composition
1st composition

Without any background, the white space felt odd as usually when you’re DJ-ing in a club, the setting is dark and dim. Using a black background clashed with the other black elements in the design. I thought using a marble background would be appropriate as it gives off a trippy psychedelic vibe that suit the clubbing setting. I wasn’t sure about having the toaster float in mid-air, so I enlarged it to cover the bottom and give the illusion of it being levelled on the ground.

brainstorm process
Initial brain fart
Initial brain fart
Initial sketches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I thought about different bizarre scenarios that could happen to Alice before breakfast, and having the breakfast go on a rebellion against her.

Where What
Bedroom The breakfast club tries to kill Alice in her sleep.
 Toilet While Alice is brushing her teeth or pooping, the breakfast club steals her toilet paper or tries to lock her in.
Fridge Alice rummages her fridge in the middle of the night in search of supper, only to find the breakfast club already on standby with weapons to murder her.

 

http://rexavier.co.uk/home/2016/9/29/how-to-have-the-best-birthday-rexavier

I had an eureka moment that one of the breakfast club members should be a balloon dog made out of sausages!!

https://www.reddit.com/r/GifRecipes/comments/6hra37/sentient_sandwich/

Along the ideas of personified breakfasts, I thought about BMO’s special sentient sandwich from the cartoon series Adventure Time.

http://aminoapps.com/page/aminodesenhos/1927748/feliz-niver-lbds-10

As I thought about the kitchen where Alice could possibly prepare her breakfast, I was reminded of a scene from BTS “Fire” music video where the boys DJ-ed on a stove.


digital composition 04

“Imagination is the only weapon in the war against reality.’ ― Alice in Wonderland, 2010


3rd composition // Final piece
Images used (credited at end of post)
2nd composition
1st composition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For this composition, I thought about how to incorporate a surrealistic setting to a war zone. This led to thinking about war in video games or comic book scenarios where there is this diagonal line dividing two characters who ‘versus’ each other.

inspiration
Arcade game: Metal slug
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAvBmQbvShk
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aw1r7KhV9sE
Arcade game: Street Fighter
https://thirdpersonblog.wordpress.com/2016/01/24/ways-in-which-street-fighter-iv-succeeded/

I was inspired by the graphics and layout of these games for my composition. Both games have semi-realistic art styles and epic fight scenes that I thought were suitable for my digital print.


Image credits
Digital composition 01
  • http://all4desktop.com/4244685-fork.html
  • https://openclipart.org/detail/260003/aeroplane
  • https://www.pamono.com/halle-sche-form-porcelain-dining-service-by-marguerite-friedlaender-for-kpm-berlin-1934-1
  • Chicken vector created by Terdpongvector – Freepik.com (http://www.freepik.com/free-photos-vectors/chicken)
  • http://www.rentaleventsservices.com/shop/view-all-products/flatware/regency-dinner-knife/
  • https://martinlieberman.com/category/tv/
  • http://www.pinsdaddy.com/retro-tv-s_Zhg4MIISVDfdVlL5m1HmhYP1x3XeIXY14818GtiOKrc/
Digital composition 02
  • https://www.amazon.com/Northern-Popcorn-Company-Gumball-Machine/dp/B0055OWLFI
  • http://www.icollector.com/Cast-Iron-Gumball-Machine-One-cent_i9789960
  • https://www.playgroundcentre.com/products/sc373-1800/
  • https://www.straus.md/en/product/gunkan-ikura-6/
  • http://www.leahgoren.com/patterns/sjfkdpwckuskt2t2masxmulvfv36m0
  • http://www.cheapestrebatstore.top/baby-toddler-toys-c-1_14/
  • http://rickandmorty.wikia.com/wiki/File:S2e2_ball_pit.png
Digital composition 03
  • http://www.charlestonplates.com/
  • https://wifflegif.com/tags/13-transparent-gifs?page=79
  • https://hellogiggles.com/reviews-coverage/tv-shows/westworld-dolores-disney-princess/
  • http://clipart-library.com/meteor-cliparts.html
  • http://adamscookpearce.co.uk/catalog/small-appliances/bosch-2-slice-toaster-tat3a011gb/
  • https://shop.suonostore.com/p/pioneer-ddj-rx-controller-rekordbox.html
  • http://mzayat.com/clipart/disco-ball-clipart.html
  • https://www.chefsteps.com/activities/tips-tricks-edible-emoji-egg
  • Food vector created by Terdpongvector – Freepik.com (http://www.freepik.com/free-photos-vectors/food)
  • https://www.sogknives.com/pillar.html
  • http://www.sohu.com/a/151360452_209119
  • https://creativemarket.com/Dreamstale/1314132-Suminagashi-Paper-Textures
Digital composition 04
  • http://opening.download/view.php?pic=https://www.enriquedans.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/bubbles.jpg
  • https://www.amazon.com/Thomas-Friends-Water-Pistol-Capacity/dp/B0056Z3X94
  • https://www.quotemaster.org/water+guns#&gid=1&pid=5
  • http://mugenguild.com/forum/topics/screenpack-visuals-158855.140.html
  • https://www.wikihow.com/Have-a-Squirt-Gun-Water-Race
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAvBmQbvShk
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aw1r7KhV9sE
  • https://augh.deviantart.com/art/SSF4-AE-Retro-health-bars-296273820

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