Process: Mark-Making

MATERIAL STUDIES: stamping with acrylic paint
Applying different strengths and strokes, using different sides of the same pebble
emotion – surprise / fear / love

Skinny strokes could express surprise. Depending on how chaotic it gets, it could turn into fear. Thicker splotches could express love.

kitchen towel
Splotching with towel folded flat
emotion – fear
Cluster of dots resemble goose bumps. Sporadic ink splotches and negative space mimic a horror / murder scene. Dotted texture evokes a sense of uneasiness.
Scrunching up towel and swiping across canvas
emotion – sadness
Brushy strokes varied in strong and soft textures express a sense of helplessness, giving up and letting go. Splotches of ink represent welling up with tears on the inside.
Dabbing in diagonal motion
Ripped patches while drying

No particular emotion for this variation, just exploring marks, textures and patterns. Ripped patches stuck on canvas seems to be a creative way to do mark making.

scotch tape
Dipping sticky side of scotch tape in ink and dabbing it across canvas

Not sure how to incorporate this into any emotional categories yet but can use this method if need to create stiff lines and shapes.

sushi bento box
Stamping bottom of bento box and occasionally dragging it across canvas
“Mushrooms from space”
emotion – joy / love

Cluster of inks resemble bubbles and can express affection or excitement. Textured lines resemble a gush of wind to intensify the feeling of joy or love.

toilet roll
Rolling across
“The end of the world”
emotion – fear / anger
  • The concentric circles are like cities and the cluster of inks are annihilating them.
  • The organic circles clash with the harsh tide of inks to create chaos.
rubber bands
Flicking rubber band
emotion – fear
  • The short, thin, concentrated strokes express a chaotic lashing of stress.
  • The cluster of inks in contrast to the negative space express a rollercoaster of emotions and instability.
Stamping the inner layer of a plaster

emotion – sadness
  • To communicate sadness, I thought about expressing the feeling of hurt.
  • The rough and uneven textures are made to resemble bruising.
  • The dots created by the protective area of the plaster are made to resemble pricking and evoke a sense of incompleteness in the heart.
  • The different shades of texture express instability of internal feelings and intensity of feelings. The darker it is, the more intense it is.
  • The gradient of lightness to darkness express the feeling of falling from a great height and hitting rock bottom.
  • The distribution of negative space in the gradient further emphasise the surge of emotions, the progress of tears welling up in the eyes to crying one’s heart out.
  • However, using plaster as a tool may be too literal for expression.
plastic fork
Scratching and dragging plastic fork across canvas
emotion: joy / surprise
  • Lines travel in a diagonal upwards direction to express peak of happiness.
  • Lines are thin streaks, some wavy, some straight, to represent sparks of excitement.
  • The negative space is composed this way to evoke a sense of freedom and breathing space, the feeling of relief and emotional burdens lifted that comes with joy.
  • The randomness of lines could add an element of surprise.
method studies: stamping with linoleum pad
Dipping plastic packaging onto inked linoleum pad
Crumple plastic packaging and stamp onto canvas
“Trampled roses”
emotion – fear
  • The disorderly lines and textures evoke a sense of chaos
  • Thin, short strokes are intended to convey uneasiness and anxiety
  • The cluster of harsh inks in contrast with the faded prints further emphasise this point.
Flattening out plastic packaging and stamping again on fresh sheet of newsprint paper
Final texture outcome from stamping
“Back view of a lonely figure”

Using the leftover ink on the linoleum pad, paper was pressed over it while adding circular nail scratches.

emotion: anger
  • The spiral of lines are intended to resemble a tornado.
  • Horizontal lines in the background are made to resemble harsh wind.
  • These illustrative metaphors are meant to convey a whirlwind of frustrated emotions.
  • Harsh tones and rough textures express frustration and intensity of anger.
  • The symmetric form of the circular and horizontal patterns express an attempt to control anger.
Rolling green tea bottle across inked linoleum pad
Rolling green tea bottle across paper

Straight lines with occasional waves are formed. Not sure what emotion to associate this with.

method studies: Linoleum monoprint + HAND PRESS
DIY mark making tools dug out from my room: totebag strap / yarn / rubber bands / paper clip / plastic fork / hair pin
“Road through oddly shaped buildings”
Hand press over inked linoleum and mark making materials

No matter how much strength or force I used, it’s hard to make marks with items that have more depth especially rubber bands, yarn, and paper clip. When used too much force, paper was close to ripping.

Arranging rubber bands and leaves on inked linoleum
“Micro-organisms and cell membranes”
Second round printing on the same linoleum pad
Third round printing on the same linoleum pad
 emotion – love
  • The figures in the print intertwine with one another to convey a sense of connection.
  • The negative and positive space in the cluster of similar round figures are intended to create the illusion of depth. They are made to resemble floating bubbles to convey the feeling of infatuation.
  • The smudging in the cluster of figures express a sense of warmth and gentleness.
  • The rough texture in the background express a subtle feeling of insecurity, because being human, no one ever remains constant and there is always a chance the person one derives love from may change.
method studies: Linoleum monoprint + MACHINE PRESS
Rolling linoleum through machine

Step 1: Make sure blanket is fully protected with paper

Step 2: Place paper + linoleum below blanket

Step 3: Adjust clamp just tight enough to make marks

Step 4: Roll

Rolled through: Rubber bands, yarn, totebag strap

Yarn grooves don’t show when hand-pressed but show when rolled through machine. Background has nice gradients and uneven shadings, made from objects of different depths. Voids in rubber bands also show more when machine-pressed than hand-pressed.

“The galaxy with oddly shaped asteroids and milkyways”
Second round printing by hand + using plastic fork to create line patterns

Instead of making predictive straight diagonal lines, making squiggly noodle lines give room for more exploration and experimentation.

Reprinting the same linoleum by hand press and adding fork marks
emotion – surprise
  • The use of several different objects composed in random positions are intended to express unpredictability.
  • The distorted shapes and asymmetrical lines are used to bring in an element of surprise.
Leaves and rubber bands rolled through machine

Clean background is created through machine press, forms greater contrast between positive and negative space. The shapes printed are more clearly accentuated as well.

Reprinting a second round by hand press
Hand press and adding nail scratch marks for texture
 emotion – love
  • The cluster of circular shapes represent family and community.
  • The negative space is contrasted by the harsh scratches of ink around it. It conveys how as a family / community, their bonds will protect them from hurt in society.
  • The leave prints are intended to resemble footprints of people that have walked into our lives and mean quite a lot to us.
  • The marks inside the circular shapes fill in a portion of their voids to express this feeling of stable love where it is not too intense and not completely empty, but are marked right in their centers to show stability and balance.
final experiments: printing on larger canvas areas

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