- Message behind artworks are often satirical, mocking materialistic and nationalistic ideas
- Artworks often question society, the role of the artist and purpose of art
- Elements consist of everyday objects with little manipulation by the artist
- Influenced by cubism, futurism, constructivism and expressionism
- Artistic style uses a lot of image collaging
dada artist: TRISTAN TZARA
- Considered the founder of Dadaism
- “Cut-up” style, collaging text and images
- From 1916, Tzara organised violent, disruptive, and unexpected performances at Café Voltaire to shock and upset his audience
- Inspired by African art and poetry to introduce non-Western aesthetic
- Later on, he went to explore surrealism and produced work that expressed dream-like states, ulterior realities, and the workings of the unconscious.
- The world created in the artworks are often in between reality and fantasy
- Often portray unreal situations in seemingly real settings
- “Tapping onto the unconscious mind to unleash the power of imagination”
- Often uses bizarre imagery and unsettling juxtapositions
- Influenced by Karl Marx
- Artistic style often gravitates to some form of paradox or irony
surrealism artist: salvador dali
- The most famous surrealist with a cute moustache
- Freudian theory is evident in his works, often created out of unconscious ideas, such as his dreams and hallucinations.
- Most prominent themes in his work include eroticism, death, and decay.
- Imagery used are symbols that people of his time can relate to, such as the use of animals and religious symbols.
other surrealism references
- Composition with a focus on functional design
- Main focus is not on aesthetics or meaning of artwork itself but highlighting the usefulness of the product / object designed