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MonthOctober 2016

Research on Colour Theory

I have mix-feelings when there’s colour in this project. Colours have always excite me. I would lose control of myself and tend to go overboard by using lots of colour. I recalled my portfolio submission on the 2D abstract called “PLAY”. It turned out looking so confusing as i add many different colours and there is no space for the eyes to rest on. Hence, my plan for this task is to limit my colour palette to 3 or 4.

Before that, let me refresh my memory on the COLOUR THEORY.


Hue is pretty much what we mean by “colour”. All of the primary and secondary colours are hues.

Shade is often thought by us as the light and dark version of a hue. However it is actually the colour you get when you add black to the hue. 

Tint is the opposite of shade. It is when you add white to a hue.

Tone(Saturation) is the intensity of the colour. It is achieve by adding black and white to a hue. Any colour that appear dull is referred to as desaturated.

Colour Connotations



Blue is the colour of sea and sky. It signify security, trust, stability, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth, heaven.

Light blue is associated with health, healing, tranquility, understanding, and softness.
Dark blue represents knowledge, power, integrity, and seriousness.

When used together with warm colors like yellow or red, blue can create high-impact, vibrant designs like superman outfit.

*Avoid using blue when promoting food and cooking, because blue suppresses appetite*

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Green is the colour of nature. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness, fertility and safety.

Dark green is associated with ambition, greed, and jealousy.
Yellow-green can indicate sickness, cowardice, discord, and jealousy.
Aqua is associated with emotional healing and protection.
Olive green is the traditional color of peace.

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Red is the colour of fire and blood. It is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination as well as passion, desire, and love.

Light red represents joy, sexuality, passion, sensitivity, and love.
Pink signifies romance, love, and friendship. It denotes feminine qualities and passiveness.
Dark red is associated with vigor, willpower, rage, anger, leadership, courage, longing, malice, and wrath.
Brown suggests stability and denotes masculine qualities.
Reddish-brown is associated with harvest and fall

*Red is a very emotionally intense colour. It make text and image stand out.*

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Yellow is the colour of sunshine. It’s associated with joy, happiness, intellect, spontaneous and energy.

Dull (dingy) yellow represents caution, decay, sickness, and jealousy.
Light yellow is associated with intellect, freshness, and joy.

Light yellow tends to disappear into white, so it usually needs a dark color to highlight it. Shades of yellow are visually unappealing because they loose cheerfulness and become dingy.

*Never use yellow for man product because they perceive it as a lighthearted, childish colour.*


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Purple combines the stability of blue and the energy of red. It symbolizes power, nobility, luxury, ambition, wealth and extravagance.

Light purple evokes romantic and nostalgic feelings.
Dark purple evokes gloom and sad feelings. It can cause frustration.


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Orange combines the energy of red and the happiness of yellow. It represents enthusiasm, fascination, happiness, creativity, determination, attraction, success, encouragement, and stimulation.

Dark orange can mean deceit and distrust.
Red-orange corresponds to desire, sexual passion, pleasure, domination, aggression, and thirst for action.
Gold evokes the feeling of prestige. The meaning of gold is illumination, wisdom, and wealth.


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Black is associated with power, elegance, formality, death, evil, and mystery.

*Black gives the feeling of perspective and depth, but a black background diminishes readability.*

White is associated with light, goodness, innocence, purity, and virginity. It is considered to be the color of perfection.


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Colour connotations varies in geological culture too.




Colour Harmonies

Complementary Colours

Complementary color scheme is made up of any two colors which are directly opposite each other.


These opposing colors create maximum contrast and maximum stability. The high contrast of complementary colours create a vibrant look  especially when used at full saturation. This colour scheme must be managed well so it is not jarring.

How to use it: For best results, place cool colors against warm ones. If you use a warm color as an accent, you can desaturate the opposite cool colors to put more emphasis on the warm colors. Avoid using desaturated warm colors like browns or dull yellows.

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Analogous Colours

Analogous color scheme use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel.


They are typically used to create a softer, less contrasting design for a serene comfortable feel.

How to use it: Choose one color to dominate while others as accent. Avoid combining warm and cool colors in this scheme.

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Monochromatic Colours

Monochromatic colour scheme use variations in lightness and saturation of a single color.


It is easy to manage, and always looks balanced and visually appealing. Although it lacks color contrast, it often ends up looking very clean and polished.  However, it can be difficult, when using this scheme, to highlight the most important elements.

How to use it: Use tints, shades, and tones of the key color to enhance the scheme

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Split Complementary Colours

Split complementary colour scheme include one dominant colour and two colors directly adjacent to the dominant colour’s complement.


This provides the high contrast without the strong tension of the complementary scheme. This created more nuanced color palette than complementary color scheme while retaining strong visual contrast.

How to use it: Use a single warm color against a range of cool colors to put an emphasis on the warm color. Avoid using desaturated warm colors because this may ruin the scheme.

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Triadic Colours

Triadic colour scheme use three colours equally spaced around the colour wheel.


It offers strong visual contrast while retaining balance, harmony and color richness. It is not as contrasting as the complementary scheme. It can also seem overpowering if all of your colors are chosen on the same point in a line around the color wheel.

How to use it: Choose one colour as background colour and a dark contrasting colour as the dominant color. Use the others as accents by choosing a softer tint.

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Tetradic Colours

Tetradic (double complementary) colour scheme uses four colors arranged into two complementary color pairs.


This scheme is the richest of all the schemes. It is hard to harmonize; if all four colors are used in equal amounts, the scheme may look unbalanced.

How to use it: If the scheme looks unbalanced, try to subdue one or more colors. Avoid using pure colors in equal amounts.

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Beauty in Nature

Morphogenesis is the biological process that cause an organism to develop its shape.

I was drawn by the beauty of radiolaria and chose Spumullarian, a species of it for this project.

Before i go into details, i have to show this video. I was blown away by the beauty and how each species of radiolaria is so unique and different from each other.

*This video does not consist all of radiolarians. There is about 3000 species.*

slide2 slide3 slide4 slide5 slide6 slide7 slide8 slide9 slide10



My initial idea was to create the unit using transparent egg shell or jelly cups. I sliced off the base of the egg shells and jelly cups, With the balloon as the base, i pasted the jelly cups onto it with scotch tape. However, it does not resemble my modular structure.

I consulted with Peter and he recommended using paper mache method to do it. I remembered when i was young, my whole family helped my brother to do his art project in which we used paper mache. We spent many hours doing it and i was half dozing while making it. We had a whole lot of mess in our hands. I was traumatized by the experience and try to avoid using paper mache.

I suggested using clay instead because it is much faster and easier to work with.  Clara introduced to me jumping clay because of its easy to mold and give a good result. The harden clay will have a slight spongy effect which fit my modular characteristic too.


As the SEM of Spumullarian has repetitive of circular pores, i outlined the clay around a 50 cents coin. After i realized that clay does not stick on balloon, i lined up the hollow circular molds in one row, placed it round the balloon and  pinched the ends together.


As i was half-way through covering the balloon with circular clay, i saw that my structure is oval not round at all. It turned out that i placed the middle row slated and the subsequent rows that were build upon it became lopsided. I immediately break apart the structure and wrapped it around a bigger balloon.


After i covered up the balloon, i pinched each holes to give them a more obvious conical appearance and patched up the gaps. Due to the transferring of the structure from one balloon to another sized one, the circular holes were squashed at some point. I tried to make up the lack of uniform pattern by making the holes as round as possible.


Constructing the inner capsule from the SEM of Spumullarian is much easier with previous experience. As the scale is much smaller, i used a table tennis ball for the base and a small battery as the size of the holes. After covering up the ball, i separated the clay in the middle to take out the ball and fixed them back together.  The tiny ball is then made suspended in the middle with nylon string.




Jumping clay is really fun to work with. It smell good, not messy and does not stick to hands. However, it harden really fast under aircon environment. I think radiolarian is a theme which i can further explore maybe for my third year final project hahaha!

Point Line Plane


Before arriving to my final model, i did several case study and sketches.



1.Do then think! I crafted out my sketch without any planning or direction.



Result: Well.. looks aside, i think i had an idea of how to do this project now. I had to plan out where the lines goes and how the paper will become from the tension of the strings. I also have to improve on my workmanship .


2. Study on forming an organic structure by making the lines converge the paper.  I tried to cover up the negative space on the back of the paper with interlacing of lines going in a spiral manner.

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Result: The negative space of the paper turned out to be very small and a bit flat, so there was not much room to work with. The lines knots on the back also ruined the whole aesthetics, so i decided to scrap this idea.


3. Study on simple geometric shape of circle interlace with a line.




Result: By working on evening the pitch, i obtained a clean look of the structure which i quite like it.


4. I was inspired by my previous case study and  explored more on simple geometric shape with line. This time round, i work with triangle and a wavy line. As the triangle is symmetry, i thought of doing the same for the wavy line.




Result: It did not turn out the way i wanted like how i sketched it. I had a difficult time varying the pitch. On the middle of the wavy line, the lines should be more dense before spreading out in a spiral manner like a paper fan. Hence, the lines from the triangle should transit smoothly interlacing the wavy line. However, that did not happen, the straight lines in the front and the diagonal lines at the back look awkward together. There was no flow in this construction, so i scraped it.


Final Case Study 

It involved the intersection of horizontal and vertical lines. I was interested in exploring the effect of the lines pulled by an opposite force in the middle, so there will be symmetry.



Result: It turn out looking like a ribbon! I was careful with tension of the string cast on the paper and make the pitch consistent for the horizontal lines. I realized that tension act the most on the top of the horizontal lines and progressively become lesser, making the negative space in the middle become progressively smaller.


Link between all Case Studies

The appropriate tension of the string is very important for the overall aesthetics and construction. If the knot I tie in the end is not close enough to the hole, the tension of the string loosen, making my whole composition look flimsy. The same goes for if the tension of one sting is too much, it would warp the paper and the whole plane will collapse. With this knowledge in mind, i meticulously craft my final model.


Final Model

After drawing several sketches, i decided to use back the sketch from my first study model. Back to the start with more bangs and booms!






Result: Looking from my first case study to my final model, i was very happy with the result.  That was until Peter mentioned that there is only one plane. Then i realized my mistake. I was too focus on the aesthetics of it that i forget the whole project is on lines and planes. I wanted to create a pattern on the diamond with wide negative space in the middle and progressively become smaller on the sides. From my case study, I figured it would be hard to achieve it if i created a plane of horizontal lines. Hence, i didn’t exert any tension on the paper at that time. I will remember to place higher emphasize on the goal of this project from now on.


Forret Gump *FINAL*


There are two stages to my approach.

First method is the break down the quotes into pieces. After separating it, i would seek out the possible metaphorical subjects to represent that section.

Second method is to find tone behind the quote.

With that in mind, i did several sketches to plan out the placement of the subjects. As i sketched, more ideas flowed through my mind and the subjects changed accordingly.

During the process of Photoshop, one of my composition also went through another round of “make-over” which i would talk about the difficulties in Photoshop later.


My Goal 

I want to challenge myself by using all the narrative techniques that i have researched upon. I am deeply inspired by surrealism, so my goal is to show that in my works. My curiosity may bring me to branch out to explore other styles too. However i will stay rooted and keep surrealism as my common art style among four compositions.



After my consultation with Joy, i saw a pattern among my sketches. My theme will be first world issues. I hope to raise awareness that although development is good, it also let us taken granted for many things in life.


First Quote: “Life moves pretty fast. If you don’t stop and look around once in a while , you could miss it.”

– Ferris Bueller’s Day Off 1986



There will always be people looking down on phone walking.  As a result, they fail to appreciate the things around them. I used hyperbole to depict the narrative. A slow moving snail man is so absorbed looking at his phone. Life move really fast like a meteor coming so close on him. If he look behind once, he can see the meteor coming to him and may have an exciting chapter in his life which is he live to see a meteor. I used scale and implied line for the meteor to make it look like it going to hit the man. For the background, I choose a grid-like building to represent the consistency and stable life of these type of people. Then it got destroy by the meteor flying in in a diagonal way to  dramatize and create tension. I was inspired by pop art and surrealism in this piece. In order to have a comic style look, i flatten the building by reducing the shadows and contrast of it. I have also chosen an illustrated meteor to further enhance the pop art style.


Second Quote: ” What we have got here is a failure to communicate.”

  • – Cool Hand Luke 1967
  • kam_yit_ling-cool_hand_luke_1


I instantly thought of “ji tong yao jiang“. A chinese proverb that mean 2 people talking at different wavelength and not understanding each other at all. I simulated the situation in online dating when the chicken man and the duck lady tried to communicate with each other over internet. The thing on their head is a tool to detect brainwave. As their brainwave is on different frequency, they failed to communicate with each other. With the network result revealing their love chemistry is zero, they give up and leave. In online dating context, that would be swiping to their next partner that easy. In online dating, people always have the mindset that the next one will be better so they didn’t put in as much effort as they would have in real life conversation. The chicken body is inspired by anthropomorphism pop art done by Lisa Bengtsson. She put all the detail, characteristic on the animal face and simplify the body into a silhouette. I like how it capture my attention with its simplicity. I applied the same by using a sweater and remove the shadow. However I found it to become like a big black hole so I add dingbats to add visual interest to it. I did the same to the computer screen so it would guide our attention to the text in the center.




Third Quote: “All you have to decide is what to do with the time that is given to you”

The Fellowship of Ring 2001


When I see this quote, I remember the times we go to canteen to eat during break time. There are many different stores in front of us but we still can’t decide what to eat. I also feel that time is limited from the tone of the quote. To express the dilemma from having to choose, i made humans to represent food and parody the proposal scene. The delicious food are all proposing to the brain to ask it to pick them. I used repetition to show the multiple food choices. Proposing means the other person have to decide at the spot, so there is actually time-sensitivity in this manner of proposal. Facing with all choices, pressing the brain to choose, it become very frustrated. The hands squeeze the brain trying to force an answer out.



The Art of Living by Rene Magritte



Being inspired by Rene Magritte’s The Art of Living, i placed strong emphasize on the visual weight of the brain and scales in the composition. Initially the brain was flat and 2D, so i warped it to make it look squeezed and protrude the center. This really give off the impression that the brain is overwhelmed with all these food in front of it.

For the food on the heads of the human, there are Chinese, western and Japanese food like how a typical Singapore canteen would have. I put sandwich in the front to represent the sandwich in ADM that every busy art student would go for. Even that vending machine have choices on the favour. The hamburger also appear frequently to show the brain can’t make up its mind and go back and forth.

The humans are initially placed in one straight row, making the composition look flat. They are also very tiny, so it was hard to identify what they are doing. Working upon Joy’s advise, i gave it a perspective view by making them big in the front to small at the back and arrange them leading to the brain. Our eyes is naturally drawn to the brain, the biggest subject, then to the dark small subject. The perspective view from the food humans guide the eyes to the negative space in the center. At which the implied lines from glazes of the food to the brain lead our eyes back to it again.


Fourth Quote: “The greatest trick the devil ever pulled was to convincing the world he didn’t exist.”

-The Usual Suspects 1995


1                                                                        2

illusioneye1 illusion

illusioneye2   illusioneye


Social media have a deep influence in how we perceive beauty as. There are many people resorting to plastic surgery to look perfect and beautiful to meet the expectation of beauty which social media had sculpted in our mind. In this composition, i thought of using illusion to express how it is able to hypnotize us that physical beauty matters a lot as well as to reflect the quote that it was able to fool the world that it didn’t exist. Barbie is used as a figure of perfect beauty that everyone wish to obtain.

In the first row of trials, i used television to represent social media. I had a dilemma in which should i make the barbie look obvious or let the illusion do its thing and let people guess what is it.

After Dawin’s group presentation, i develop a new concept for illusion. I wanted to create an illusion on the human face focusing into the eye where there is a barbie symbol with icon representing social media (wifi signal/ television)  This represent the illusion that the social media bring cause the human’s eyes to only able to see physical beauty.

After consulting with Joy, she recommended me to look up on the surrealism artist Rene Magritte’s The Son of Man. 


The phone containing Barbie icon was put on top of the girl face to show that she desire to become like that. The barbie sent out a wifi signal and the girl got hook by the possibility of becoming a beautiful girl like the social media portray. Hence, her antenna got connected to the wifi. Flowers represent the natural beauty of many other people that was also entice by social media tactics that they desire to go for plastic surgery. Hence, their antenna was connected too. I place the antenna in a triangle way, guiding the eyes to the phone then work around it.

Ms. Joy’s comment:

The three composition look complete. As for the last one, maybe its because lack of time, there are things to improve on. There could be a mirror reflection of the girl to the barbie showing her desire instead. The flower on the sides could be wearing closet to show they are also seeking perfect beauty.

I feel the same because i have consulted her last minute so the concept is not that fully developed yet. I think the closet also show the flowers have become vain that is why they want to go for plastic surgery.

Thank you Ms. Joy for the helpful feedback. smile



Resource: I had a lot of difficulties finding the suitable images. I had to simply my ideas a lot and use a much common subject so that the images can be obtain much easier. For the third quote, there are actually three completely different composition before reaching the final most simplified version.

Photoshop: It was very time-consuming because it was my first time doing it. I made a lot of mistake in there. One time, i forget what did i click that the image tab is gone. I was completely lost. Luckily my friend who is very pro in photoshop help me resolve it through watsapp easily. He didn’t even need to touch my laptop to solve the problem, talk about GODLIKE!



I quite like the project this time. I been wanting to explore photoshop so this is a great chance for me to do so. I feel so proud of myself in able to achieve this and learn a lot at the same time. I also managed to complete the personal goal i set for myself except for the caricature which i feel will look out of place from the compositions. Ohh well. I feel so inspired by this project that i want to continue doing quote interpretation in my own free time. My first project would be on my current favourite song Nandemonaiya by RADWIMPS. Their lyrics are so beautiful and dreamy~~



~Ending with me & 3 chicken~


Hehehe feel a bit narcissism but imma  proud owner of my design laughing






Silk Screening Day

Finally its Silk Screening Day! I been looking forward to this! I have no idea what to anticipate but it sound so impressive.

Okay, let the process do the talking.

Firstly, we had to wash and blow dry our screen frame to make sure its clean.

Then we were went to an enclosed red room where no outside light was allowed to be present because it would affect photosensitive emulsion that we were going to use. Heard it would be harder to wash out the residue if it got expose to light. (That process turn out to be the most painful thing to do…) We coated the netting of our frame back and front with the blue photosensitive emulsion before placing it in the dryer.

 After which, we were taught to place our transparency paper and frame into a huge machine that radiate a strong beam of light. It look like a tanning machine. Now that i think of it, it felt like we send our frame to become tanned and come back looking all fancy with tattoos haha! The light causes the emulsion to harden and bind to the fabric. Where the light strikes the screen, the emulsion will bind, making a solid layer. Where the light is blocked (where the black image is placed) the emulsion remains water-soluble.


After exposing the screen, we went to wash the residue using the jet spray. That was the toughest part. The residues turn out to be quite stubborn to remove. We spent a lot of time trying to scrap off it. That was when Yi Ling mention about the waste of water. It then dwell in me the whole time when i washing it…frown  I find that this system can be improve better by having a higher pressure jet spray to speed up the process. Another thing i realized was darker image make the residue remove much faster and easier.


After the cleaning up and drying the frame, we can finally print our design on the tote bag. This is done by applying a thick layer of ink over the top of our frame and pushed the ink across the designs with a wooden wiper tool.

Before that, i test printed on paper.

First round


Second round


Third round


I find that the second trial give a better finish. I was happy to see the lace on the duck’s clothes printed out quite well. However we are going to print it on tote bag. The material is much rougher and the holes are bigger than paper, so it hard to predict the result.

A problem with reusing the frame too much time is that the holes will be clogged ruining the image.





What happen if there is too much unwanted ink appearing on a spot?

Is your frame lopsided?

If yes, this instruction may be beneficial for you.



1. Spread out the tote bag and hold down the sides with weights.


2. Ask a friend to hold down the lopsided part of the frame.


3. The most crucial part. Always make sure your friend never leave his/her hands off the board even after you have spread the ink. This is to ensure there is no gap letting the ink to leak out to the bottom due to the lopsided frame.

4. Put down the wiper tool and hold the sides of the frame together with your friend.


Chant 1,2,3 please make it turn out beautiful~~

5. Lift up the frame together and the design would come up nicely.

Theory behind it: The excess ink leak out due to the lopsided frame. The trick is to instantly lift the frame so there will be no time to let the extra ink go through, ruining the design.

Special Thanks to Zoelyn! Could not did it without her help<3


My family tshirt!laughing

2 black for my parents (need to do some touch up)

1 vintage style for my brother

1 coral pink for me! smile


2D- Artists’ Research



Dada was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century. It emerged amid the brutality of World War I.


The beginnings of Dada were out of disgust for the ‘reason’ and ‘logic’ of bourgeois capitalist society had led people into war. They expressed their rejection of that ideology in artistic expression that appeared to reject logic and embrace chaos and irrationality.


Dada represented the opposite of everything which art stood for. Where art was concerned with traditional aesthetics, Dada ignored aesthetics. If art was to appeal to sensibilities, Dada was intended to offend.

Hannah Hoch

Hannah Hoch was a well-known member of the Berlin Dada movement and was one of the originators of photomontage.


Known for her incisively political collage and photomontage works, she appropriated and rearranged images and text from the mass media to critique the failings of the Weimar German Government.

In her pioneering artwork, she addressed the issue of gender and the figure of woman in modern society in the form of photomontage.


Höch drew inspiration from the collage work of Pablo Picasso and fellow Dada exponent Kurt Schwitters, and her own compositions share with those artists a similarly dynamic and layered style.




The Surrealist movement started in Europe in the 1920’s, after World War I. Its roots were found in Dada, but it was less violent and more artistically based. The Surrealist artists sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind by using irrational juxtaposition of images.

Image result for salvador dali paintings

André Brenton, known as the “Pope of Surrealism describe surrealism as a “fusion of elements of fantasy with elements of the modern world to form a kind of superior reality.”


Design Principles: From my own and my classmates’ presentation, i learn about various design elements and principles and would definitely apply them to create a more visually interesting composition.

Further define my style: Fantasy is always what i try to achieve in my work. I feel that Surrealism is the approach i would dive deeper.

Exploration on narrative techniques: Never forget about constantly improving myself, keep on learning and exploring new things is how i roll. Anthropomorphism, parody, metaphor and hyperbole. My goal is to include all in my compositions.


Feeling anxious yet excited about starting this project.

Photoshop is a new territory yet to be touch by me. I must make good use of this holiday and become decent in it hahaha!

The Life of A Charred Bread

The video is finally complied!

2D- Forrest Gump *Research*




A visual representation using objects that we are familiar to convey idea and beliefs.



Pictogram are pictorial symbols representing an object or concept by illustration. Pictography is a form of writing whereby ideas are transmitted through drawing. The earliest uses of pictograms in Mesopotamia and been  used by various ancient cultures all over the world since around 9000 BC. Pictograms are still in use as the main medium of written communication in some non-literate cultures in Africa, The Americas, and Oceania, and are often used as simple symbols by most contemporary cultures.


Image result for elegant dingbats

Dingbats are an ornament, character, or spacer used in typesetting, often employed for the creation of box frames. It serve for decorative purposes, to occupy a particular negative space, create visual interest, making the design look pleasing to the eyes.


The term continues to be used in the computer industry to describe fonts that have symbols and shapes in the positions designated for alphabetical or numeric characters.


Image result for icon

Icon is a graphic image that represents a file, program, web page, or command. Icons help to execute commands, open programs or documents quickly. I think that icon and sign are similar and what set them apart is where they are being used. Signs can be used in the public to warn pedestrian, guide traffic flow and many more. While icon appear only in digital context like phone or computer to categorize things and help find things much faster.



Engraving is to craft design into hard surface such as wood, metal and stone, turning it into a decorative piece.

3-howtotallphotoEngravings are also the printing of images using crafted out pieces, applying ink on them and stamping it onto a piece of paper. This process reminded me of monoprinting where i layer elements on a lino mat spread with ink and put it through the pressing machine.

Before the advent of photography, engraving was used to reproduce other forms of art, for example paintings. Engravings continued to be common in newspapers and many books into the early 20th century, as they were cheaper to use in printing than photographic images. Engraving has also always been used as a method of original artistic expression.


Hyberbole is an extreme exaggeration used to make a point. It is from a Greek word meaning “excess.” It add excitement and fun.

Image result for hyperbole examples

Image result for surrealism art

Running with the BIG dogs by Joel Rea

I find hyberbole quite evident in surrealism art where thing is overly exaggerated to the point of irrational to happen in real world.


Metaphor is a figure of speech containing an implied comparison, in which a word or phrase ordinarily and primarily used of one thing is applied to another.


Image result for visual metaphor examples

Global warming




Caricature is a picture, description, or imitation of a person in which certain striking characteristics are exaggerated in order to create a comic or grotesque effect.






Parody is a work created to imitate, make fun of, or comment on an original work—its subject, author, style, or some other target by means of satiric or ironic imitation.


Even though everything have change in the picture compare to original painting, that smile, look and pose is so recognizable that instantly thought back to that painting.



Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, and intentions to a god, animal and object.



Tilllsammans by Lisa Bengtsson

I like how the body is simplify into a black silhouette giving the illusion of a body. This draw our attention to face. Even though its the image of a same dog wearing the same expression, i’m amazed that the accessories add a different personality  and character to it. I would try out visual weight like how she did in my composition.






Been so suay this week…

My video got lost and im been trying to make a new one but lots of issues…


So ya, i will talk about the techniques and filming process before trying to post up again later.


I have always been keen to do a project on object and to explore their emotions. I used white bread as my subject because i like the soft and fluffiness of bread. A bit shortsighted on my part that’s why i faced a lot of difficulties to craft out the ending. However, i still did it!


Theme: Embrace yourself for who you are

Genre: Drama/Adventure


Story: Plain white bread lives together with his family in the bag. They are very excited when their owner grabbed them. This is what they have been waiting for all their life, to be eaten and satisfy one’s stomach. They flew into the pan one after another and be whipped up into delicious egg bread.

Just then a call came. Time flew fast as the owner chitchat over the phone for a long time. Without knowing, the bread soon turned black. She realized that she overcooked it and tossed it away. The hurt charred bread refused to be thrown away and escape.

Having lost its purpose in life, how would it find ways to regain its identity and meaning?





Rules of Thirds

In the beginning of the film, i focused strongly on using the rules of thirds to show the owner’s love for bread and all she could see is them.

13-putbread 4-triangle-bread

Breaking the Rules of Thirds

Another reason is to show the contrast once it got abandoned by its owner.

By familiarizing the audiences’ eyes with the bread being in the center and suddenly out of frame, the bread will look like it is placed in a odd position. That was how the charred bread felt; being left out from its family, abandoned by its owner and doesn’t have a place of its own.

23atbasin 25-breadescapeedit 30-muffinrejected

From Out of Frame back to Rules of Thirds

With the appearance of the birds appreciating the bread’s beauty, it was slowly brought back into the rules of thirds. The mission of the charred bread to be eaten is completed.

 37bird6 38bird1




The owner was framed at the opening of the door. The wall and the lines on the door draw the attention to the center where the owner was.


A shot that i like a lot and it was really difficult to shoot. The bread was being lead to the pan. On the reflection of the stove, the owner face is framed, smiling as she anticipate to eat them. Our eyes goes from the white bread to black pan and the owner in a triangle pattern.


When the bread was abandoned, the edge of the basin acted as the separation between it and the owner. It also guided our eyes from the plastic bag to the owner at the end of the edge.



Colour as visual metaphor adapted from American Beauty.

Red– Passionate to eat (Owner & Birds)

Passionate to be eaten (Breads)

Desire to be cooked (Bread)




Blue – sadness from being abandoned (Charred Bread)

30-muffinrejected 23atbasin

Special scenes

Overflowed with Red

One interesting thing i realized was the bird’s feet are red! Initially, i intended to use red pillars to express the desire to eat the charred bread. After i found out about their feet, i included this shot.


Sweet Ending: The charred bread became very popular among the birds, who are eager to eat every single bits of it, even CRUMBS. Say No to wasting food!

Combination of Red & Blue

Blue- Left alone (Single bread)




Cross was to represent the bad omen about to happen to the bread as it’s going to be break into pieces.


I tried to personify the charred bread by making it move in a slated manner to show it slouching and have no confidence.



Canted Angle 

It was used to exaggerated the disgust felt by the owner as she looked at the charred bread.

20-verydisgusted 21-disgust

Lines & Lighting

Diagonal lines and lines going in different directions created the tension as the bread get trapped among the humans. As the scenes intensify, chiaroscuro lighting revealing parts of the bread enhanced the bread’s desperation to escape.

32-breadslippershadow 33breadshadow1

After the bread was thrown away, i used a darker tone on the subsequent scenes to show the sad feeling of the bread. The world no longer look bright and cheerful to it but became a cold and isolated place as it tried to find its goal in living.


Inspired by La Jetee’s use of time frame to add mood to different situation, I varied the short and long speed for different situations.

Long speed scenes


Yearning to be cooked and join its family to be eaten


Call scenes to show the owner talk non-stop


It had no aim in life, so subsequents scenes were slow



Short speed scenes


Danger scenes are used to give a rushed feeling


Other elements i used: Depth and Contrast. 

Depth is used to create an implied line from the bread’s perspective to what it desire to make it look like it has its own thoughts.

When the bread was white, it was easy to see it because the pan i used is black. They have a strong contrast, making the white stand out. Same for when it turned black, it easily stand out from the lighter environment.


” It so far… i want jump into the pan!” (Bread’s thoughts)


Can u find where is the charred bread?


Conclusion: I like filming object and giving character and emotions to it. It make me feel like a magician who can give life to non-living things. Filming the birds was so unpredictable. They were so active that the bread move around anywhere and they chase after it, pecking it. It was so fun. I can just stay in one spot and the whole dynamics happen in front of me!  Things to improve on is to give more perspective shot on the bread. After looking at my classmates’ works, i felt that my film has no strong flow like how a stop-motion film provide so i was not able to build up the intensity leading to the crisis. I should add more action by action images at the time when the owner taking on the phone and back to the bread.


That’s all~~~

Will be trying to put up the movie again ~.~