Skip to toolbar


2DII : Zine process

Whatsup! I have decided to change my zine concept. You will find out more soon.

For those curious to know what my idea was previously, can click here –> Iris Pokemon Go




Well, doesn’t it look like my zine need lots of help?

After consulting Mimi, she told me that I didn’t have to follow the iris image. Thus I make this decision to change my whole iris concept to reduce the complexity. The core spirit of my zine still remains! Hell yes to exploration!


2DII : Infographic presentation

As you scroll through my presentation slide, you will find quirky images that have been photo-manipulated. Beside it, there’s a location marker with specific location signs. My zine concept is similar to pokemon go where it encourages user to explore the place. So, this is kinda of like a puzzle that the users have to solve by going there to find out how it actually look likes. I would manipulate my photos into the appearance of an iris following my mood board. With each photo looking so obscure yet unique, it peaks the audience’s curiosity and encourage them to go see for themselves. Thus, the iris represent the “puzzle” that they have to solve by going there and SEE for themselves the landscapes hidden inside within.



2DII :Discovering Bishan

Hi! I have been given Bishan for my zine location! Yayy!! Thanks so much! I have been wanting to explore Bishan since i saw the glorious sunset as i pass by on MRT.


As its my first time visiting there, i did some research beforehand and some exploration too.


Guang Ming Shan Temple




Dog run@ Bishan-Ang Mo Kio park








Terracotta buildings




New building  with zero occupant


Interesting finds

Research on Various Techniques for Typography


Unconventional Techniques

  • Cassette Tapes


Erika iri5 is an artist best known for her works created using cassette tapes.

The reflective element from the cassette tapes create a shiny, sleek and modern look to the art. Other reflective things i could use for my art can be cd and sweet wrappers.


  • Pencil Shavings


Meghan Maconochie created impressive artworks using pencil shavings.

I love the texture of the pencil shavings! It reminded me of chocolate shavings on a cake and make me feel like eating it. I would probably keep touching this art piece if i get a chance. It give a spiky wild look to the words. I think this material can be explore for my fashion designer job.


Another work by Meghan Maconochie.


  • Staples


Baptiste Debombourg is a French artist who uses a very common office supply item to create some of his works of art: staples.

I never expect staples to be used in such a creative manner. I normally associate staples as organized, orderly and rigid but this art prove that staple can be versatile too.


  • Food


Hong Yi is known for using unconventional materials to create wonderful art. Some of her most famous pieces include a portrait of Adele made from 1500 melted tea lights and a hanging structure of Jackie Chan using chopsticks. She is also known for her adorable food creations.

Food has its own striking colours. Using food to create a story through arrangement and colours is just like Japanese character bento! The visual aesthetics brighten up my mood and make me feel like eating more even if the ingredient is something i dislike.


  • Petals


A petal series done by Hong Yi. The smooth texture of the petals are suitable to create elegant, whimsical fonts.





These 3D illusion typography are done by Lex Wilson.  I love his “love hate” typography. As the flip side of love is hate. The love side is bold and smooth while hate has many flights of stairs very jagged and full of up and downs. Having a negative emotions is always emotionally exhausting to ourselves like the flights of stairs we have to go through, making our life very unstable.




Eiko ojala has a distinct style of creating a digital paper cut effect for all his works. Im going to try out this technique for my astronaut job to create a different world outlook and yet have a childlike touch to it. As astronaut is my first job that i ever dream to become.



Another typography suitable for my astronaut job. I like the black background giving it a mysterious vibe. There are many different fonts making everything look so chaotic. Something i want to avoid in my composition. One thing i notice is the big bubbly “PHD” is placed beside the pink balloon with the sans serif font. The juxtaposition of formal traditional font with the big confident cheerful font make it look amusing. However i dislike swirly font below. Till now i can’t figure out what it say. Imgial seje?


cgi-logos-type-design-3D-typography-of-the-word-space-Nico Castr

The metal wires held the words so they can protrude from the wall giving it depth and space. They are important factor to consider for my 3D installation job. Wires are tools often seen in installation to suspend art.



I like the wooden typeface. It look very cute like giftbox containing different present in it.  Another way of emphasize my installation job is to include a corner of the room so audience will know the setting.





This font is so elegant and sophisticated. The petals of the flower resemble the frilly skirt. It is very suitable typeface for fashion designer as it look trendy, exotic and unique. This really blew my mind away. If this is a dress, i will definitely buy it. Well suited for my fashion designer typography.



By placing a bright rectangle in the middle, it “levitate” the middle section creating depth. Our attention is naturally drawn to the middle section because of the contrast.  This can be an idea for my photographer job.



Stéphane Massa-Bida alias Retrofuturs reveals with his series “space relationship” and “elements” his talent for mixing old photographs with typographical inlays which look great. The result is just beautiful and it plunges the viewer into a retro-futuristic world.

Another idea for the photographer job. Using double exposure for the typeface and having a photograph as the background further emphasize my job. As im quite an experimental photographer and like to combine my photos together to create a very unique perspective, this approach will express my experimental side. For the font i will choose one which express playful and quirky.



I am inspire to do this layering effect for my photographer job. The act of looking through the camera to take a photo is just like having a layer of filter between the landscape and me. I had the idea of getting two different colour photo  and each will only be visible under a colour filter just like the below image. However the result i imagined is different from the actual thing. If i were to do that to my photo, the landscape through the filter will look dark and ominous, not the world i envision through my camera.

Hence i decided to stick to simple layering of transparency like the above to get the cheerful, unique look i wanted.





Research on Jobs Typography

The 4 jobs that i feel close to my heart are astronaut, photographer, fashion designer and 3D installation artist.  These are my research for those jobs to better understand this task.




97eb67ad50075df43025b5c274017c33 b659f67f1c0501d2aef29504aae83394 d9beda7f0f488f0c4237ebdcd9fba393 nasalogo-570x450


As the space is vast with different objects, there is different approach to express the this job typeface. The first one is unique with letters looking angular and link up at some point. This remind me of how stars like up together to form a constellation. The second typography has a slightly wide kerning to show the gap in space. I realized the typography for astronaut is either broad or narrow and long. For the narrow and long typeface, it relate back to the shape of the slim long rocket. It usually accompanied with an straight line that extend out from the letter to give the impression of the speed line of the rocket as seen in the third image.




8d7a58664b7433563389636ce57b4408 typography-meets-retro-photography13images


Double exposure is quite common in photography typeface to integrate text and image together. Using bold Sans Serif and let the image fill up the space in the font. Another approach is to let the nature do the talking which is to take picture of the tree and construct it to fit my name. However i feel that this would be confusing as people would think that the subject matter in the image is your job like i would think its about botanist from the first image above. Combining different font type related to camera and forming the camera itself seem like a cool idea.


Fashion Designer


b083fe9562de17509df203 bazaar-covernr2154_smagazine_07 zrcvm3okqfsdpe


I notice how fashion magazines have one side of the typography very thin and the other side bold. They are usually long too. It resemble the body shape of the model with their figure very thin and then they wore clothes so the other side of the font is wide. Most fashion magazine use serifs font. This give a respectable chic look. As i want to be fashion designer, i feel that my typography should be handwritten and express my creativity. Hence i look up on some script font and feel that the wavy portion of the typeface could resemble the movement of clothes in the wind.



3D Installation Artist



c088e91b176a0aa36d8278348fbc686d d860b53afbbeae725ac79faaeec894d5 download-2 typography-rafael-merino-feature


With the additional of wall in the background, it add depth, shadow and space, making the typography more 3D. Its often in bold sans serif to capture people attention even from far.




Typography Research

The finishing touch to a good design is the art of typography. Beautiful magazine design capture people’s attention but what truly make them stay is an interesting content supported with brilliantly executed typography. That’s what i think, so im really interested in learning more about this.



There are some guidelines on creating effective typography.


  • Learn the Basics

The anatomy of a typeface involves very specific jargon, precise measurements and general standards that must be known and respected. As with many forms of design, you can only get away with breaking a rule if you know it well and are doing it intentionally to make a statement.



I am always confused about san-serifs and serifs. Now its the time to familiarize myself with them.





That’s pretty much sum up everything on them. Even though i like serif font more, sans serif give a neat tidy look and is easy to read on the internet. I think that’s the reason why our oss font use sans-serif too.

Serif Vs. Sans: the Final Battle


  • Watch Your Kerning




Tracking is the apply of universal spacing setting between each character.

Kerning allows you to manually adjust the space between two characters.

Inappropriate use of kerning can lead to dangerous misleading of the original intention.


#What’s broken??surprised




For more laughter, go


Leading is the space between the lines of texts.

Every document will require different treatment, but here are some useful generalizations:

  • Long lines of text may require extra leading.
  • Bold face or sans serif type requires more leading.
  • Type set at very small sizes, say 8 point or below, may require extra leading.

Leading affects the density of your page, so if your page seems a bit dark, try adding more leading.

Headlines may require negative leading, where type actually (or almost) overlaps.


  • Be Aware of Font Communication

There is an inherent psychology associated with certain types of fonts. Just like the mini class exercise we did in the first lesson when we had to create typography on our name. I felt like my personality have been exposed and scrutinized by my new classmate. It was quite a scary experience for an introvert me.




  • Alignment


Alignment is an extremely important concept in typography.



Left aligned type is the most common form (note how even this text is aligned to the left) and for a good reason. It’s the most easily legible and gives a nice, neat left edge to the text. When in doubt, left align.


Centered text definitely has a wide variety of uses. Posters, invitations, branding etc. Centered text makes it easy to balance out a bit of type and make for an aesthetically pleasing type arrangement. However, it’s not recommended for larger bodies of type as the lack of a neatly aligned edge makes it tricky for the eye to move from one line to the next.


Just be sure to constantly ask yourself how important readability is vs. the particular aesthetic you might be trying to achieve.No matter which alignment you choose, try to be consistent throughout your design.


  • Size Matters




Trick is to emphasize the keywords, so they will read the important parts as soon as they see the headline, almost as if by accident. When the headline piqued their interest, they are far more likely to take the time to see what this message is all about.


  • Use Typography as Art

Typefaces are meticulously designed and therefore possess an aesthetic that can be a valuable asset to your design arsenal. Never feel as if you’re confined by the structure of existing fonts. Expand on the font shapes to suit your needs. Try adding swirls, texture, blotches, spats, and anything else you can think of to spice up the look of the type.




For more information: