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About Product Design

What is product design?

It solves problems in life and helps people live a much more convenient and easier life.

What do product designers do?

Product design ultimately aim to bring value and benefits people. Through research and evaluation of user experience, careful manipulation of products with user and usage in mind to solve problems, improving people’s lives and give positive end result are created. Of which, the form and functions work with aesthetics to appeal to the emotions of users. Certainly, cost is the crucial factor for products to be manufacture.

What kind of designer would you want to be? And why?

I would say packaging designer for now .  I feel that packaging is like receiving a present. The graphics and texture of the package can evoke happiness, excitement and many different emotions.  I hope my product can give people emotions and different experiences.I like the process of working from 2D to 3D too.


2DII :Discovering Bishan

Hi! I have been given Bishan for my zine location! Yayy!! Thanks so much! I have been wanting to explore Bishan since i saw the glorious sunset as i pass by on MRT.


As its my first time visiting there, i did some research beforehand and some exploration too.


Guang Ming Shan Temple




Dog run@ Bishan-Ang Mo Kio park








Terracotta buildings




New building  with zero occupant


Interesting finds

Holiday Movie Analysis

Silence of the lamb

When Ruyi first showed us this clip, I was deeply entranced by the great acting skill of Hannibal and the dynamic interaction between both characters

So, Yi Ling, Clara and me watched the whole movie together! Yeah!

This is my analysis on the film.


Themes of the Silence of the Lamb
You have to courteous to others in order to gain courtesy

Agent starling has treated Hannibal like a normal human with respect and courteous. Hence Hannibal has done so back to him, constantly helping her unlike what he did to the psychiatrist and the lady government person.


Gender prejudice
Agent starling works in a male dominated environment. When they found the body, her boss originally wanted to exclude her from the conversation thinking she can’t handle it. The police officers also were reluctant to accept her order to leave the room only when she asked nicely then they left.


Human rights
Just because we are seen “normal” compared to those who have mental illness, does it give us more rights than them? The doctor treat Hannibal as an experiment and not a person. He wired into their conversation and confiscated his treasured things.


This film is loaded with manipulative scenes like in the start from how Starling’s boss manipulated her to take on the mission. The doctor strike a deal with Hannibal and Hannibal manipulated the guy that shoot white liquid on Starling to kill himself.


Overarching theme: Dun judge a book by its cover.

Hannibal doesn’t seem like what he seem in the start. In the start, he was portrayed as a very terrifying person kept at the edge of the cell with special windows to keep him out of harm. However, at the end, he seem like a nice person as he help starling. Bill was also another one. Even his partner didn’t know the truth about him before he died. Starling’s boss may seem like a nice person but is he really like that? Him manipulating Starling and some clues hinted that he may not be what he seem to be.


Cinematic prop

Lamb is seen in Starling’s nightmare with association to people who commit crime.

Her dad died in the burglars’ hand. Afterward when she couldn’t save the lambs in her uncle’s farm from being slaughtered, she started dreaming of them. Subconsciously, i feel that the lamb represent her dad so she had strong determination to save them. But she wasn’t capable at that time. Thus if she solve the crimes, her nightmare will stop.

Butterfly = change. Its a symbol for bill desire to become a woman. As he got rejected to become transsexual, he seek other methods to become a woman. Butterfly go through metamorphosis to become a better self. Bill desire to become women so now he’s in a cocoon state but once he gather enough women skin and wear the “women suit”, he would become a beautiful butterfly.

Another example is the butterfly chime spins with two butterfly image originally then it became one after buffalo bill got killed. This is to show one “butterfly” is down.



Blade runner



Themes of Blade Runner



I feel that the term skinjob, used to refer to robot with human skin, sounds so racist. They are given emotions so to call them such superficial term i find it very degrading. It is a common quote name used by the police to classify these group of people.


Identity Crisis

Rachel is faced with the truth that her memory are fake and that she is a replicant.


Over-arching theme: who is the human and who is the replicants.
Human are coldhearted and has no empathy as compared to the replicants. When Derek killed the replicant on the street, the humans weren’t even shock. Robots repetitively demonstrated kindness and compassion in the film. Hence the line between human and robots are hard to distinguish apart from their body structure.


Cinematic prop

Boiling eggs represent the manufacturers of the replicant. It shows that they are in deep water. There are 3 eggs. One egg was dropped in Sebastian ‘s kitchen after the eyes maker died. The remaining two represent Sebastian and the boss.



Train to Busan

Although this wasn’t recommended by Ruyi, i happened to watch this film so i’m going talk about it.

This film talks about family ties and explore the humanity behavior when they are at their worst situation.
These are the 4 type of people that i observed.
1.selfless- help people out in trouble even though they are in precarious situation eg. The burly man.
2. Selfish- try their best to survive at all means even to the extend of sacrificing other people live eg. the antagonist
3. Leecher-follow the most powerful/informative person and survive through the help of people eg. the beggar man
4.blind followers- blindly follow the order of other people because they are in fear and in need of someone to lead them eg. passengers on the same train


Themes of Train to Busan 


Self-sacrifices for a greater good 

The beggar man and the burly man sacrifice themselves to save the women and child.


Value the importance of spending family quality time before you regret.

What’s the point of being so busy when you will regret spending so little time with your family. That’s why Gong Yoo cried as he regretted not being with his child, watching her grow up before he committed suicide.



Selfishness will get you to nowhere. Everyone would die if they didn’t help each other.


Over-arching theme: Moral values and kindness must be upheld at all times.


Cinematic prop


The train of morality (dissected in various cabinet)
The protagonist undergo change from a selfish person who only care for his and his daughter benefits into a selfless man. This is seen especially when he said sorry to the burly man when he had no other choice but to leave him to save the man’s wife and his child.

The friends’ cabinet. When they reach his baseball friends’ cabinet, the baseball dude faced a tough situation. It is to hit his friends and save his and his current comrades’ life or not and die. If the train didn’t enter the tunnel, I have a feeling that the baseball dude will choose to die judging from his later action when he choose to become infected like his girlfriend.

The selfish crews. Not only did they lock the survives out but they also chase them away when they came into the cabinet 15. Its funny how they decided to secure the doors to prevent the survivors from entering instead of  locking the opposite door and keep themselves safe from the zombies. That’s why they died.

The evil man takes the longest time to convert into zombie. Zombie has the meaning of losing one will and only has the instinct to eat regardless of what happen to u or the people around u. Thus i feel that he’s already half zombie. He only has the raw instinct to survive like zombie, no heart and soul for people around him.






Research on Colour Theory

I have mix-feelings when there’s colour in this project. Colours have always excite me. I would lose control of myself and tend to go overboard by using lots of colour. I recalled my portfolio submission on the 2D abstract called “PLAY”. It turned out looking so confusing as i add many different colours and there is no space for the eyes to rest on. Hence, my plan for this task is to limit my colour palette to 3 or 4.

Before that, let me refresh my memory on the COLOUR THEORY.


Hue is pretty much what we mean by “colour”. All of the primary and secondary colours are hues.

Shade is often thought by us as the light and dark version of a hue. However it is actually the colour you get when you add black to the hue. 

Tint is the opposite of shade. It is when you add white to a hue.

Tone(Saturation) is the intensity of the colour. It is achieve by adding black and white to a hue. Any colour that appear dull is referred to as desaturated.

Colour Connotations



Blue is the colour of sea and sky. It signify security, trust, stability, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth, heaven.

Light blue is associated with health, healing, tranquility, understanding, and softness.
Dark blue represents knowledge, power, integrity, and seriousness.

When used together with warm colors like yellow or red, blue can create high-impact, vibrant designs like superman outfit.

*Avoid using blue when promoting food and cooking, because blue suppresses appetite*

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Green is the colour of nature. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness, fertility and safety.

Dark green is associated with ambition, greed, and jealousy.
Yellow-green can indicate sickness, cowardice, discord, and jealousy.
Aqua is associated with emotional healing and protection.
Olive green is the traditional color of peace.

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Red is the colour of fire and blood. It is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination as well as passion, desire, and love.

Light red represents joy, sexuality, passion, sensitivity, and love.
Pink signifies romance, love, and friendship. It denotes feminine qualities and passiveness.
Dark red is associated with vigor, willpower, rage, anger, leadership, courage, longing, malice, and wrath.
Brown suggests stability and denotes masculine qualities.
Reddish-brown is associated with harvest and fall

*Red is a very emotionally intense colour. It make text and image stand out.*

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Yellow is the colour of sunshine. It’s associated with joy, happiness, intellect, spontaneous and energy.

Dull (dingy) yellow represents caution, decay, sickness, and jealousy.
Light yellow is associated with intellect, freshness, and joy.

Light yellow tends to disappear into white, so it usually needs a dark color to highlight it. Shades of yellow are visually unappealing because they loose cheerfulness and become dingy.

*Never use yellow for man product because they perceive it as a lighthearted, childish colour.*


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Purple combines the stability of blue and the energy of red. It symbolizes power, nobility, luxury, ambition, wealth and extravagance.

Light purple evokes romantic and nostalgic feelings.
Dark purple evokes gloom and sad feelings. It can cause frustration.


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Orange combines the energy of red and the happiness of yellow. It represents enthusiasm, fascination, happiness, creativity, determination, attraction, success, encouragement, and stimulation.

Dark orange can mean deceit and distrust.
Red-orange corresponds to desire, sexual passion, pleasure, domination, aggression, and thirst for action.
Gold evokes the feeling of prestige. The meaning of gold is illumination, wisdom, and wealth.


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Black is associated with power, elegance, formality, death, evil, and mystery.

*Black gives the feeling of perspective and depth, but a black background diminishes readability.*

White is associated with light, goodness, innocence, purity, and virginity. It is considered to be the color of perfection.


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Colour connotations varies in geological culture too.




Colour Harmonies

Complementary Colours

Complementary color scheme is made up of any two colors which are directly opposite each other.


These opposing colors create maximum contrast and maximum stability. The high contrast of complementary colours create a vibrant look  especially when used at full saturation. This colour scheme must be managed well so it is not jarring.

How to use it: For best results, place cool colors against warm ones. If you use a warm color as an accent, you can desaturate the opposite cool colors to put more emphasis on the warm colors. Avoid using desaturated warm colors like browns or dull yellows.

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Analogous Colours

Analogous color scheme use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel.


They are typically used to create a softer, less contrasting design for a serene comfortable feel.

How to use it: Choose one color to dominate while others as accent. Avoid combining warm and cool colors in this scheme.

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Monochromatic Colours

Monochromatic colour scheme use variations in lightness and saturation of a single color.


It is easy to manage, and always looks balanced and visually appealing. Although it lacks color contrast, it often ends up looking very clean and polished.  However, it can be difficult, when using this scheme, to highlight the most important elements.

How to use it: Use tints, shades, and tones of the key color to enhance the scheme

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Split Complementary Colours

Split complementary colour scheme include one dominant colour and two colors directly adjacent to the dominant colour’s complement.


This provides the high contrast without the strong tension of the complementary scheme. This created more nuanced color palette than complementary color scheme while retaining strong visual contrast.

How to use it: Use a single warm color against a range of cool colors to put an emphasis on the warm color. Avoid using desaturated warm colors because this may ruin the scheme.

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Triadic Colours

Triadic colour scheme use three colours equally spaced around the colour wheel.


It offers strong visual contrast while retaining balance, harmony and color richness. It is not as contrasting as the complementary scheme. It can also seem overpowering if all of your colors are chosen on the same point in a line around the color wheel.

How to use it: Choose one colour as background colour and a dark contrasting colour as the dominant color. Use the others as accents by choosing a softer tint.

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Tetradic Colours

Tetradic (double complementary) colour scheme uses four colors arranged into two complementary color pairs.


This scheme is the richest of all the schemes. It is hard to harmonize; if all four colors are used in equal amounts, the scheme may look unbalanced.

How to use it: If the scheme looks unbalanced, try to subdue one or more colors. Avoid using pure colors in equal amounts.

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Lesson 1: Semiotics


Today we learn about visual literacy.

Semiotics is the study of signs and symbols as elements of communicative behavior. Elements include signifier and signified.

Siginifier is the sign: colour, sign or image.

Signifier is the meaning associates with the sign refer to. Different culture have different interpretation to a sign. Knowing your audience is important to get the message across.

Different types of signs: Here is a simple representation of the icon, index and symbol. Here, the icon physically represents male and female, the index has a direct correlation to male and female, and the symbol has an arbitrarily represents male and female.:

Today lesson remind me of conceptual photography. It is photograph that illustrate idea using signs. Here’s an example (below).


Take a guess on what is this about 😉



Research into what is Mark Making?

  • What is Mark Making?

Mark making is a term used to to describe the different lines, patterns, and textures we create in an artwork.

It applies to any materials we use on any surfaces. A dot made with a pencil, a line created with a pen, a swirl painted with a brush, these are all types of mark making.


  • Approach of Mark Making


Mark making can be loose and gestural, or structured and controlled. Scribbles, splatters and throwing techniques, mobilize every thing u can find in your house like scrub brush, forks, coat it in paint and try it out!

  • Artists on Mark Making

Cy Twombly

His paintings of large-scale, freely-scribbled, calligraphic and graffiti-like works on solid fields of mostly gray, tan, or off-white colors.


Untitled (1970)

Oil-based house paint and crayon on canvas

For this work, Twombly’s composition has taken inspiration and form from ideas of handwriting or mark-making.

It is the largest of a group of grey-ground works he created evoking blackboards covered in chalk writing.His continuous loops and scrawls were inspired, in part, by handwriting drills, Twombly’s repetitive, rhythmic drawing does not create specific words.

The painted background creates a luminous glow suggesting a potentially enlightened state of mind and being, as the artist – and by extension humanity – frantically, and perhaps futilely, summons the “logos” or word, making marks to name things and trying to understand them

Kitty Sabatier


Her works of graphic drawings and paintings in ink and watercolours are beautiful and have a zenlike quality about them. Her confidence in using minimal lines and washes to protray a dyanmic and expressive work is something i want to try out.


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