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2DII : Final

Hi, this version is a bit different from what i had submitted. I have made some amendments to the numbers, some minor details and changed the paper quality. I will explain more below.




Beside this, i fixed the minor errors that i found out later when i reprint it. I changed my paper material too. I really like how this paper have slight texture and make my images have the slight shiny appearance that i wanted. I deeply feel the sentence, ” paper make a different”.


Here’s the video to my edited and reprinted zine.





This was a really tedious project and i really gave my all. Certainly, some images can be better. Nevertheless, im really proud of myself. I think my eye power for details leveled up a lot. I find myself always working to achieve the impossible for 2D. Like how i challenged myself in taking up illustrator to achieve a complex astronaut typeface and now with photo manipulation of many faces. I had the most steep learning curve in 2D because of the high difficulties medium i chose to work with despite my low technical skills haha!   It maybe tiring but i’m proud of my achievement. School is the best time to push yourself the hardest. The deep eye bags are my battle scars!



2DII : Zine process

Whatsup! I have decided to change my zine concept. You will find out more soon.

For those curious to know what my idea was previously, can click here –> Iris Pokemon Go




Well, doesn’t it look like my zine need lots of help?

After consulting Mimi, she told me that I didn’t have to follow the iris image. Thus I make this decision to change my whole iris concept to reduce the complexity. The core spirit of my zine still remains! Hell yes to exploration!


2DII : Infographic presentation

As you scroll through my presentation slide, you will find quirky images that have been photo-manipulated. Beside it, there’s a location marker with specific location signs. My zine concept is similar to pokemon go where it encourages user to explore the place. So, this is kinda of like a puzzle that the users have to solve by going there to find out how it actually look likes. I would manipulate my photos into the appearance of an iris following my mood board. With each photo looking so obscure yet unique, it peaks the audience’s curiosity and encourage them to go see for themselves. Thus, the iris represent the “puzzle” that they have to solve by going there and SEE for themselves the landscapes hidden inside within.



2DII :Discovering Bishan

Hi! I have been given Bishan for my zine location! Yayy!! Thanks so much! I have been wanting to explore Bishan since i saw the glorious sunset as i pass by on MRT.


As its my first time visiting there, i did some research beforehand and some exploration too.


Guang Ming Shan Temple




Dog run@ Bishan-Ang Mo Kio park








Terracotta buildings




New building  with zero occupant


Interesting finds

Que Sara


Fashion Designer


I wanted to create my own typography for this job. However i wasn’t confident with creating my own font so i decided to adapt the font i found online and change a bit to fit the typeface i wanted. I choose a script font to go with my handmade design.


This is Sweet Sensations font. I feel its too short to be the body of fashion model. Hence i add more length to the straight line of “Y”. Afterwards, i lengthen my initials to make them longer.


I really like this result but this is a lot of work so i probably won’t do it again.

Japanese haute couture is my source of inspiration. I choose bright red because it’s the colour of Japan, the rising sun. I was quite obsessed with the silver for this job. I once dreamed of myself looking in awe at a gorgeous silver dress towering over me. At that time i was drawing dresses for fun and that dream really motivate me to be serious and work towards this goal of becoming a fashion designer. Little did i know my obsession would create a hell of work for me. Spraying these thin light pencil shavings make a big mess in my toilet. I lay them out after taking a long time sharping the pencil and making sure the shavings are clean without any residue from the lead. When i spray it, they fly around. I have to pick them all up and put them in a container and spray it. After that i have to quickly take them out before they stick to the container and let it dry before a second round of spraying to fully coat them.


Sticking them wasn’t easy too. I used a lot of my brain and eyes power to find the perfect piece to match well with my dress design and integrate well with the movement of the letter. I spend a lots of days contemplating which piece should go where so they won’t affect my name’s legibility before sticking them up.


Mimi’s comments: 

  • Red does not go well with silver.

She showed silver haute couture and their dress usually match up will a light pastel colour.

  • The font has to be thinner and longer like fashion magazine typeface.
  • There are too many pieces of pencil shavings and it distract away from text.




This is my final piece. An improvisation from Mimi’s suggestions. For this typography, I incorporated the thin side and serif top that can be found in fashion magazines like vogue and bazaar for a classic and chic. I follow the model body proportion make my lower part of the font long like the model’s legs. The other side of font is inspired by the movement of clothes so it is more f lowly and wavy. As I create clothes with my imagination, I make that font in script style and thought the best medium would be to use the remains of my pencil shaving to create my dress. As my inspiration is from haute couture, their clothes always look elaborate and intricate. I focus on creating texture on some parts of the text so it won’t steal the attention from the main focus which is my name.


Suggestions from presentation day:

  • Pencil rendering of the text would be better to match the pencil shavings to make it as one whole.
  • The head of the fashion models is redundant.
  • The idea of pencil shavings is good.
  • The blue colour is beautiful and suit well. It look “atas”.



3D Installation Artist


When i think of the exhibitions that i visited, there would be white display stand, glass casing and nylon strings to suspend the sculptures.  I researched more on exhibitions piece and this piece really catch my eyes. This artwork is done by Jeongmoon Choi.




It remind me of my first 3D assignment; string art project. When i think back of my first 3D assignment, i also thought of my first 2D ” the dot that went for a walk” assignment. Why not combine both together? Hence i came up with the idea of using nylon string and paint my name on the strings to create an illusion that my name is floating in the mid air.





I created an exhibition space for my name with a box and sewed on it. I used bold sans serif to show my confidence in 3D and took a photo in front view as a draft to show Mimi.


Mimi’s comment:

  • Play with lighting and take more photos to make the my name look more 3D.


That’s exactly what i did.


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Viewing from the top angle create depth because of the shadow contrast, making my name look 3D yet miniature. Hence i decided to go with this because i really like the shadow cast of the box emphasizing my letter “Y” and the nylon strings looked really obvious. The colour i painted is reddish orange to convey my energetic and playful mindset for 3D. However when i painted it on, it layered up and become thicker and turned into red. This isn’t what i wanted. I worried that people would think i got killed and hanged up.





My final piece. Tadass~~ The red changed into blue looked much better and pleasing on eyes. I used shades of blue to achieve hierarchy so my name will be read properly with the “Y” being emphasized in darker shade against light background.







For this job, I created the look of street photography with a layer of camera framing at the people who form my name with the movement of their body. I was lucky to find humans to form my name so clearly. I choose people doing parkour to represent me because they reflect my personality when taking photo; casual, playful and experimental. The landscape i took is Singapore famous Rocher Block that has been demolished. The vivid colours of the building attract my eyes and the negative space in the middle is perfect for my name to stand out.


Before Editing


Images taken from google






As my background is colourful, i changed the clothes’ colour into complimentary colour to make my name pop out from the buildings. My name together form an analogous warm (purple, red, reddish orange) to show my passion for photography; always burning red. The contrast of bright world through the POV of camera against the dull real world show my feelings for photography. Looking through the small rectangular frame make my life more entertaining.  I spend a lot of time dodge and burn to make my name blend into the image to make it look realistic as if i shoot them. I once contemplated should i add more things like aperture, iso to make it more obvious. However i feel that the bright overlay and the viewfinder should be enough to communicate the idea of photographer.

Suggestions from presentation day:

  • Make the viewfinder more obvious
  • Add aperture, iso and more clues to let people know its camera

After the feedbacks, i realised this is afterall visual communication. Its important to let people know in one glance that this is a photographer job.






As astronaut is my wildest dream as a child.  I want to portray it in the eyes of a kid that create his imaginary world of outer space with paper, except i will create this look digitally. Eika Ojala’s style of work is my source of inspiration for this. I was very inspired by the realistic paper cut style and want to challenge myself to achieve this.




I really like japanese style of kiddish cute illustration of using cute emoji faces and short figure with big head. I research on it a lot before recreate this world. Every single objects in my world is thought out carefully. It was actually pretty difficult. I struggled a lot in choosing the right colour to match and creating my own version of object to suit the style I wanted. For a few objects, I did several reiteration to get the look I wanted.






I noticed in Eika Ojala’s work, he used depth to create layers. I achieved it by adding shadow to every object, using different shades of clouds to create forth ground and background and the rocket protruding out from the paper. Texture is added to the object as well to create more paper-like touch to it.



I used both illustrator and Photoshop to create this. Its actually my first time using illustrator. I struggled a lot with the different interface between PS and illustrator. This whole process took me two weeks to finally achieve my image. Looking at this make myself becoming a zombie all worth it. I am so proud of myself that i almost cried. The typeface i created was sans serif and made it broad to resemble the space in the sky.


Suggestions from presentation day:

  • The space between the speed lines should be uniform.
  • It’s better to round the ends of the speed lines.





It does look much better. Thanks for the suggestions, Benjamin!



Research on Various Techniques for Typography


Unconventional Techniques

  • Cassette Tapes


Erika iri5 is an artist best known for her works created using cassette tapes.

The reflective element from the cassette tapes create a shiny, sleek and modern look to the art. Other reflective things i could use for my art can be cd and sweet wrappers.


  • Pencil Shavings


Meghan Maconochie created impressive artworks using pencil shavings.

I love the texture of the pencil shavings! It reminded me of chocolate shavings on a cake and make me feel like eating it. I would probably keep touching this art piece if i get a chance. It give a spiky wild look to the words. I think this material can be explore for my fashion designer job.


Another work by Meghan Maconochie.


  • Staples


Baptiste Debombourg is a French artist who uses a very common office supply item to create some of his works of art: staples.

I never expect staples to be used in such a creative manner. I normally associate staples as organized, orderly and rigid but this art prove that staple can be versatile too.


  • Food


Hong Yi is known for using unconventional materials to create wonderful art. Some of her most famous pieces include a portrait of Adele made from 1500 melted tea lights and a hanging structure of Jackie Chan using chopsticks. She is also known for her adorable food creations.

Food has its own striking colours. Using food to create a story through arrangement and colours is just like Japanese character bento! The visual aesthetics brighten up my mood and make me feel like eating more even if the ingredient is something i dislike.


  • Petals


A petal series done by Hong Yi. The smooth texture of the petals are suitable to create elegant, whimsical fonts.





These 3D illusion typography are done by Lex Wilson.  I love his “love hate” typography. As the flip side of love is hate. The love side is bold and smooth while hate has many flights of stairs very jagged and full of up and downs. Having a negative emotions is always emotionally exhausting to ourselves like the flights of stairs we have to go through, making our life very unstable.




Eiko ojala has a distinct style of creating a digital paper cut effect for all his works. Im going to try out this technique for my astronaut job to create a different world outlook and yet have a childlike touch to it. As astronaut is my first job that i ever dream to become.



Another typography suitable for my astronaut job. I like the black background giving it a mysterious vibe. There are many different fonts making everything look so chaotic. Something i want to avoid in my composition. One thing i notice is the big bubbly “PHD” is placed beside the pink balloon with the sans serif font. The juxtaposition of formal traditional font with the big confident cheerful font make it look amusing. However i dislike swirly font below. Till now i can’t figure out what it say. Imgial seje?


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The metal wires held the words so they can protrude from the wall giving it depth and space. They are important factor to consider for my 3D installation job. Wires are tools often seen in installation to suspend art.



I like the wooden typeface. It look very cute like giftbox containing different present in it.  Another way of emphasize my installation job is to include a corner of the room so audience will know the setting.





This font is so elegant and sophisticated. The petals of the flower resemble the frilly skirt. It is very suitable typeface for fashion designer as it look trendy, exotic and unique. This really blew my mind away. If this is a dress, i will definitely buy it. Well suited for my fashion designer typography.



By placing a bright rectangle in the middle, it “levitate” the middle section creating depth. Our attention is naturally drawn to the middle section because of the contrast.  This can be an idea for my photographer job.



Stéphane Massa-Bida alias Retrofuturs reveals with his series “space relationship” and “elements” his talent for mixing old photographs with typographical inlays which look great. The result is just beautiful and it plunges the viewer into a retro-futuristic world.

Another idea for the photographer job. Using double exposure for the typeface and having a photograph as the background further emphasize my job. As im quite an experimental photographer and like to combine my photos together to create a very unique perspective, this approach will express my experimental side. For the font i will choose one which express playful and quirky.



I am inspire to do this layering effect for my photographer job. The act of looking through the camera to take a photo is just like having a layer of filter between the landscape and me. I had the idea of getting two different colour photo  and each will only be visible under a colour filter just like the below image. However the result i imagined is different from the actual thing. If i were to do that to my photo, the landscape through the filter will look dark and ominous, not the world i envision through my camera.

Hence i decided to stick to simple layering of transparency like the above to get the cheerful, unique look i wanted.





Research on Jobs Typography

The 4 jobs that i feel close to my heart are astronaut, photographer, fashion designer and 3D installation artist.  These are my research for those jobs to better understand this task.




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As the space is vast with different objects, there is different approach to express the this job typeface. The first one is unique with letters looking angular and link up at some point. This remind me of how stars like up together to form a constellation. The second typography has a slightly wide kerning to show the gap in space. I realized the typography for astronaut is either broad or narrow and long. For the narrow and long typeface, it relate back to the shape of the slim long rocket. It usually accompanied with an straight line that extend out from the letter to give the impression of the speed line of the rocket as seen in the third image.




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Double exposure is quite common in photography typeface to integrate text and image together. Using bold Sans Serif and let the image fill up the space in the font. Another approach is to let the nature do the talking which is to take picture of the tree and construct it to fit my name. However i feel that this would be confusing as people would think that the subject matter in the image is your job like i would think its about botanist from the first image above. Combining different font type related to camera and forming the camera itself seem like a cool idea.


Fashion Designer


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I notice how fashion magazines have one side of the typography very thin and the other side bold. They are usually long too. It resemble the body shape of the model with their figure very thin and then they wore clothes so the other side of the font is wide. Most fashion magazine use serifs font. This give a respectable chic look. As i want to be fashion designer, i feel that my typography should be handwritten and express my creativity. Hence i look up on some script font and feel that the wavy portion of the typeface could resemble the movement of clothes in the wind.



3D Installation Artist



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With the additional of wall in the background, it add depth, shadow and space, making the typography more 3D. Its often in bold sans serif to capture people attention even from far.




Typography Research

The finishing touch to a good design is the art of typography. Beautiful magazine design capture people’s attention but what truly make them stay is an interesting content supported with brilliantly executed typography. That’s what i think, so im really interested in learning more about this.



There are some guidelines on creating effective typography.


  • Learn the Basics

The anatomy of a typeface involves very specific jargon, precise measurements and general standards that must be known and respected. As with many forms of design, you can only get away with breaking a rule if you know it well and are doing it intentionally to make a statement.



I am always confused about san-serifs and serifs. Now its the time to familiarize myself with them.





That’s pretty much sum up everything on them. Even though i like serif font more, sans serif give a neat tidy look and is easy to read on the internet. I think that’s the reason why our oss font use sans-serif too.

Serif Vs. Sans: the Final Battle


  • Watch Your Kerning




Tracking is the apply of universal spacing setting between each character.

Kerning allows you to manually adjust the space between two characters.

Inappropriate use of kerning can lead to dangerous misleading of the original intention.


#What’s broken??surprised




For more laughter, go


Leading is the space between the lines of texts.

Every document will require different treatment, but here are some useful generalizations:

  • Long lines of text may require extra leading.
  • Bold face or sans serif type requires more leading.
  • Type set at very small sizes, say 8 point or below, may require extra leading.

Leading affects the density of your page, so if your page seems a bit dark, try adding more leading.

Headlines may require negative leading, where type actually (or almost) overlaps.


  • Be Aware of Font Communication

There is an inherent psychology associated with certain types of fonts. Just like the mini class exercise we did in the first lesson when we had to create typography on our name. I felt like my personality have been exposed and scrutinized by my new classmate. It was quite a scary experience for an introvert me.




  • Alignment


Alignment is an extremely important concept in typography.



Left aligned type is the most common form (note how even this text is aligned to the left) and for a good reason. It’s the most easily legible and gives a nice, neat left edge to the text. When in doubt, left align.


Centered text definitely has a wide variety of uses. Posters, invitations, branding etc. Centered text makes it easy to balance out a bit of type and make for an aesthetically pleasing type arrangement. However, it’s not recommended for larger bodies of type as the lack of a neatly aligned edge makes it tricky for the eye to move from one line to the next.


Just be sure to constantly ask yourself how important readability is vs. the particular aesthetic you might be trying to achieve.No matter which alignment you choose, try to be consistent throughout your design.


  • Size Matters




Trick is to emphasize the keywords, so they will read the important parts as soon as they see the headline, almost as if by accident. When the headline piqued their interest, they are far more likely to take the time to see what this message is all about.


  • Use Typography as Art

Typefaces are meticulously designed and therefore possess an aesthetic that can be a valuable asset to your design arsenal. Never feel as if you’re confined by the structure of existing fonts. Expand on the font shapes to suit your needs. Try adding swirls, texture, blotches, spats, and anything else you can think of to spice up the look of the type.




For more information:


Me, My Blood in Colours


I had a lot of fun and sufferings in this project but if i looked at the photos, its all worth it! *with tears in my eyes*

I have finally created an Instagram because i’m quite happy with the photos i took. The first few posts will be on them! Follow me @ y.up.g.downv if u guys want to see it! Haha!


Without further ado, these are my previous posts of ego projects for better understanding on my project:

Concept and Artists Research

Disastrous Day and Video


So let’s get down to my longest post ever!


Everyone of us is unique. We certainly don’t fit into the characteristics of our blood group sometimes. This whole compositions show the contrast between my blood type like how i’m expected to behave according to the characteristics of B blood group and how i will actually react in that situation.


Colour Representation of me and my blood type


ME- Blue

I have always feel that i’m a passerby in my life. There is no where I truly belong. Rather than giving a form to me, I have chosen to represent myself in blue hue to show traces of me that i have been here. Blue is limitless like the sky, so carefree, relaxing and deep like the ocean, sad and lonely. Whenever u saw blue in the reality rows of compositions, you have spot me!

B- blood group- Yellow

People with b- blood type are generally creative, carefree, passionate and live in the moment. I feel that yellow represent them the best because it is the colour of sunshine. It show joy, happiness, spontaneous and energy.



With reference to the blood comic personality, People with B-type blood tend to ignore teacher’s instruction to stay behind the line. They would simply cross the line even though the teacher is looking. They are rebellious and don’t confine to rules. This is how the narration goes for this row: With b-type’s creativity, they will think of ways to have fun. Asking them to obey rules is impossible. Instead, rules become their playground. They will break rules for fun to get reactions. Therefore they are always rebellious.


Medium: Food dye, water, medicine droppers and transparency paper

Process: Food dye mixed with water and dripped using a medicine dropper. To have a bright yellow background, yellow transparency paper is put on top of a board. Water is added on the surface of the paper so that sculptures can be created when liquid is dripped on the puddle. It’s the same for the blue composition except it is done in a bowl.


B Type’s Creativity: The juxtaposition of the pillar, crater and tiny water droplet at the top of the crater is a rare image captured in that split second. Creativity is essentially a burst of ideas flowing out in that moment. There are different forms within that circle giving the impression that lots of ideas is going inside b type’s mind. Following the darker orange hue from the droplet to the crater, crater to pillar and finally going to the edge of the circle. It tell the whole process of brainstorming like how an idea branches out into much more ideas and ultimately having a solid concept and all that is left is to execute it. Orange is used to show the creativity and energy.


Obey Rule: If u ask them to obey rule, they will simply disregard it. The pillar signify rule. The vertical line of the pillar express authority and rigidness like how rules is inflexible and demand people to follow. The pillar is straight and tall yet very thin. It relates to how b type think about rule. Living in Singapore, the city of rules, the pillar become very tall, containing a list of things to comply. However, they don’t care about it. Hence, the pillar is fragile and broken at the top. Dark blue is used to show the seriousness of rule.


Rebellious: Being rebellious, they can’t be control and will break through anything that is holding them back. The water droplet having the motion line of it flying upwards expresses the freedom it felt from escaping out of the thick walls of rules that is trapping it.

For each composition, monochromatic is used to depict how B type people feel and react in a rule setting where everything is systematic and follow one order. Hence a single colour. However if you look at it in a big picture, the 3 compositions form a complementary colour scheme. It show their defiant to rule. If you want them to do this way, they will react differently from your expectation.

For those who is questioning where’s yellow since it supposed to be the representation colour for B-type. Isn’t orange a mix of red and yellow? 😉 A combination of courage and creativity by B.



In contrast to the expectation of how i’m supposed to fit into the stereotype mold of my blood type characteristics, the real me is a lot more tamer and serious.

Medium: Food dye, medicine droppers and water


My Shyness: I’m a very shy person.  I will always be hiding in my shell and putting up walls against people to protect myself. For this photo, i did not only frame the water sculpture but more of the background as well. This is to create my small existence in the vast space to further emphasize my shyness in any environment. I decided to choose purple to represent my shyness because it is a mix of blue and pink which equal to me blushing.


Obey Rule: I’m quite a health nut and set rules for myself to live a healthy life. I follow a strict diet of not eating after 9 and not eating any unhealthy snacks including cup noodles. The stable pillar and same visual weight of the water droplets show the consistency I strive in my daily life.


Hidden Courage: On the surface, I look like a calm and obedient person. Someone who follow the rules just like the serene gentle feel this image give off and how water droplet follow the nature’s rules and create ripples of waves on the surface. However, if u look at the core, u will discover the darker side of me. I will summon my courage and break the rules if needed to. Sometimes when i overslept and woke up after 9, i would still eat the dinner my parents bought for me because I don’t want to waste food. I also trespassed restricted area to guide my 4D teammates (Yi Ling and Clara) to a filming location that i had found.  I decided to use blue as that is what people associate it with water. I want to create the impression that everything look normal on the surface and create my alter ego with its shade.

Monochromatic is used just like the above compositions because it is in a rule setting. This time, if u look at the compositions together, it is analogous cool to show my calm and quiet personality. They tend to retreat into the space because they are easy on the eye just like me who like to hide in the background.


I shoot all these on the water surface using the dripping method because i want to show that rule is everywhere around us. For example, when we go on mrt we can see a bunch of rules like “no eating” sign or else fined. Hence i want to show the interaction of liquid in air to convey the idea.


Before i start off the next two rows of composition, here’s a question to refresh your mind.

What do u think is the most efficient way of study for b- type? Is it continuously study, speaking out loud to memorize thing or start from the most difficult subject?





It is starting from the toughest subject!

B type people get distracted easily so if they do the thing they hate the most, they can use the remaining time to rush out their favourite subject.



Medium: Food dye, acrylic paint, milk, liquid, medicine droppers and syringes.

B-Type in school: B type are fun loving and spontaneous. They will be all over the place in school looking at things they are curious. Hence I make the yellow liquid having a sense of freedom, flying and widely spread out so that our attention with be on it first. The other colours representing their friends are rooted to the ground. For this image, i dripped droplets of different colours into the fish tank at the same time. I mixed milk to yellow food dye so that it will be denser than the rest making it sink faster. It will also have more visual weight because it is more opaque than others. This image had been inverted.


Study: Study require a balance between social life, school work and family time. It is fundamental for everyone so i used primary colour and asked my parents to shoot out the liquids using syringes underwater in a triangle manner. This is so that they will all collide showing they are of equal importance with b-type’s personal interest gaining slightly more priority.


Distracted: The measuring cup is a metaphorical representation of the subject that b-type people dislike as it follow a systematic order similar to rules. Hence they escape out to be free in the sky like the air bubbles escaping out from the measuring cup and going to the water surface. The constant motion of the air bubbles reflect how b-type people are unable to keep still as they are always distracted. Blue is seen around the cup to show the reluctance to study that topic. A ring of red is used to show passion and desire to escape out . Ultimately it become joyful after it escaped. Hence yellow occupied the largest space.


Triadic colour is used for this rows to show that in school, we are expected to juggle many things; school work, co-curriculum activities and personal time. Hence we need to strike a balance in our life.

In fact, shooting triadic compositions is pretty hard. It require two people to pour the liquids in. A strong chemistry and teamwork is needed to sync and add the liquids in time with the same amount of pressure to get these results.





Medium: Food dyes, acrylic, water, medicine droppers, milk and heavy whipping cream.

Me in My Room: My room is quite a mess. It is always clustered with things because i’m an art student. *Ahhem* ( Excuses) I used colours to represent the mess i’m living in, the small negative space is where i’m working. I layered the colours as a metaphorical representation of the things in my room according to how often i used or touch them. As a refresh, blue hue represent me. Hence the objects closest to me has to be my bed and my homework.  Yellow is the banana smell in the room because I would always forgot to eat them until the aroma comes out. Lastly, red belong to the my roommate’s side in the room. I used the medicine dropper and draw circles in the fish tank according to blue, red and yellow. I used blue and yellow food dye mix with acryllic and red acrylic with milk. The viscosity of food dye spread the blue colour out quickly so everything has to be done fast or the blue will occupy the whole tank.

Study: Study is the most important thing to me. I would neglect my own health and didn’t spend much time with my friends and family. It is reflected in the big bubble, having the most visual weight, is on the top while smaller bubbles are at the bottom. The smaller bubbles representing my family and friends and my own health are significantly smaller because i think of them less than study. Blue signify my study, red shows my family and friends because of my feelings towards them and the dull yellow reflects my unhealthy body.

Sleep: Whenever i want to study, i would often feel very tired and end up sleeping and waking up to study then fall asleep again. My stamina is very low when it come to studying despite my desire to do well. For this photo i used heavy whipping cream mixed with different colours to create the density so that it would have a cloudy effect like i’m in my dream world. Pastel colours is used to enhance the dreamy effect. Bright lights at the top is a metaphor for my conscious entering the portal of dreamworld and sinking deep as i fall into a deep sleep. There are yellow and green hues at the back as my conscious enter the portal to show the peaceful and happy state i’m in because i get to sleep.


It is mostly triadic compositions for this row same as the above row except for the last one. Analogous is used to narrate sleep to create a peaceful and relaxing feeling whenever i get to sleep. It is also the time when i forget about my study so i want to use a different colour scheme to express that idea.


All these rows of compositions, i shoot it underwater because i feel that study is deep in the mind. Thus, i want to show the density and weight of knowledge occupying our mind.


My Goals



Over the weeks, my artworks have been all over the place like me. Being a very curious person, i like to explore lots of new things. Looking at my classmates’ works, i realized that consistency have been a missing element in my project. For this project, it became one of my prime focus which i feel that i did quite well.

Minimise the usuage of Photo Manipulation

I have to admit that i had failed for some image. As my concept is on self-esteem; seeking the uniqueness/beauty in an ordinary me, i hoped to achieve it without relying too much on photo manipulation. That would become artificial beauty. It’s like going for plastic surgery to  boost my self-esteem and not seeking the true beauty within me that make me special. Hence my goal was to only do the basic post production:

  • Cleaning up the background
  • Enhancing the contrast and saturation
  • Subtle color corrections (but no colour manipulation)
  • Cropping  and straightening the image correctly
  • Sharpening the image

However i had to go beyond the boundaries i had set for myself for some photos because of these reasons:

  •  Restriction on image size

Due to the given size, the liquids in some of my underwater images were out of frame. I had to move them and adjust them into the position i wanted within the frame.  After the process of moving it, the outcome of which liquid had been manipulated became very obvious as it can’t be sharpen and have a stark contrast with other liquids.

  • Unexpected good shot that fit into my narration

I had spend a long time planning on the colour harmony, tone and the juxtaposition of colours to emphasize the core colour. I did have some decent shots that fit into my colour scheme without have to manipulate the colour. However there will be the chance moment when i captured the perfect image that express the idea much stronger than the previous ones. Hence i had to manipulate the colour to fit my compositions.


Photos before Major Manipulations

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TIme- consuming

Depending on the complexity of my composition, it may take about 10-15 photos to get 1 or 2 photos that are suitable for my composition. It roughly took me about 1 hour to get one decent photo. Some photo take more than an hour. Time pass really fast when i’m doing liquid art photography. Its quite a mundane, repetitive and stressful process. Setting up the perfect environment for the shoot alone take up few hours already. Lots of lighting adjustment to do to get the studio effect and changing of water to clear away the polluted water. After each refill, the camera had to be refocus again. The fish tank is great to use for the shooting and but it takes up a lot of time fill it up and too heavy to carry by myself.


Colour Printing

As yellow represent the spontaneous in my blood type, the colour has to be bright and cheerful. I tested with different printers. The school printer gave a dull colour but sharper image. Although my home printer had a bright yellow, the resolution was bad. There were lines. In the end, the one that gave the best result was the printer out of school.


(Sorry for the bad resolution taken from my phone)

The one on the left is printed from home while the right is by ADM.


Tough to do it alone without proper equipment

I can never imagine completing the project without my friend’s help. If he didn’t guide me the along the technical aspects and bring all his equipment especially the remote trigger which is an important tool to let me take photo by myself, i would have scrap away the whole concept. It took a lot of mental multitasking and deep concentration to do this alone. Squeezing the medicine dropper with one hand while clicking the remote on another. Checking the photos is another hassle until i suggested wireless streaming of photo into his laptop as i recalled seeing it before. He brought out his cable and connected his camera to his laptop. Photo taken on the spot is uploaded to lightroom and i can view at ease from a distance. All hail to technology and Siong June! My knees are saved from having to go up and down the bed frame continuously. He also helped out with the shoots when i do not have enough hands as i had to pour the colours into the tank. Also with the macro lens, its definitely much sharper and produce beautiful clear images. However if the liquid is not aim properly at the focus point, it create a blur image. Hence the D.I.Y stand is very important to eliminate errors and save time from needing to take more shoots.


Despite all the hardships, i really like the imaginative visual created from liquid art photography. Looking at the photo, i feel that all my efforts are worth it. Siong June and i have agree to team up to work on this project over the holidays! Yayy!! Initially i wanted to add cymatics in to my compositions but i can’t find a suitable speaker for it. Maybe i will try that out too!




Disastrous Day and Video

Okay its time to do this!

After plenty of research and much planning on the colour choices and compositions that i want to create, what’s left is to experiment.

My goal for project is to reduce the usage of photo manipulation as much as possible afterall i want to show the uniqueness of liquid in its natural form. Hence i did much careful planning on the colour theory for each images i have in mind.

My friend who is very knowledgeable in photography had kindly agree to guide me through the technical aspects on setting up the right environment for the shoot and using the camera. Before that, i had tried using a Nikon camera borrowed from school and the result was horrible. I didn’t manage to capture a decent photo so i was very grateful for Siong June’s help.

Day 1 of the Shoot


These are the medium i used in my shoot.

Others are bowls, measuring cups and fish tanks.

To capture the liquid art sculptures. he brought all of his equipment.

  • Camera: Canon EOS 60D
  • Lens: Canon 24-70mm F/2.8 lens
  • Flashes: 1 flash gun and 1 studio strobe light
  • Tripods
  • Remote trigger

I was so surprised to see him carry such a huge long bag. He looked like he just came back from a long overseas army trip haha!

This whole experiment is split into liquid above the water surface (dripping scenes) and below the water surface (liquid flow scenes). I will be doing the dripping scene first.

I prepared different bowls to contain the liquid. In the end, i decided to use the white bowl so that no colour from the bowl will be reflected and muddled the coloured liquid later.

The setting up of the perfect environment for the studio effect shooting is so time-consuming. There was a cast shadow on the bowl that we tried different methods like changing the direction of the lighting and changing the shooting place from table to my roommate’s bed frame. Yes we did this in my hall and at my roommate’s bed frame haha! I have to say this till now i have no roommate. I’m not a inconsiderate person that ruined her place while she’s away hahaha! At the end, adding the studio strobe light solved the issue.


First, i added water in the bowl and placed a coin in the middle to act as a focus point for the camera and for me to know where to aim my drip later. I mixed food dyes or acrylic paint to liquids and used the medicine dropper to drip the liquid on the bowl. There is not much different in the outcome of using acrylic paints or food dyes in the dripping scene.

Getting the right timing is the whole essence in this project. For this dripping scene which show the water droplets colliding onto the water surface in the bowl to form interesting sculpture, the shutter speed is set at 1/200 to capture liquid speed. In order to get the composition i wanted, i repetitively dripped on the water and change the bowl when it became too polluted.  It is definitely not for the impatient one. I had to go down to check the photos then climbed back up the bed frame and down again. While i was on top, i was in a squeezed area because my surroundings are all paints, so i can’t sit in comfort. After continuously doing this for hours, my knees started to hurt but i had to endure.

After getting the drip compositions done, the next will be liquid flow scenes. Basically coloured liquid will be flowing in a fish tank filled with water. I thought the scenes can be easily done because liquid flow slower in water and the compositions i had in my mind are more spontaneous and less confined to the structure i sketched in my journal like the dripping scenes. I had never expected it to become a nightmare. Initially i used a fish tank i made during my polytechnic life but the side cracked after refilling it a couple of times. The table was flooded. I had to clear up the mess and called for help. My parents came with a fish tank borrowed from my aunt. It turned out to be a pretty large fish tank so a lot of time are spent refilling it to pass a certain level for the liquid to have enough room to flow.

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The medium i used to experiment for liquid flow are heavy whipping cream and milk mixed with food dye or acrylic. Cream has more density and a higher viscosity than milk, so the outcome was it appeared denser and had lots of creases. The green liquid in the photo is achieve with heavy whipping cream and blue is done with milk. For the yellowish green liquid, it is achieve with food dyes.


 Day 2 

Siong June borrowed a macro lens. Woohoo! Never expected it but thanks a lot!

With previous experience, i went to borrow a lighting set from school and bought other medium i want to experiment.

Add on to the equipment list

  • 100mm Macro lens
  • 1 Strobe light

I thought the shots using his normal camera lens was pretty good but the macro lens gave a way clearer and sharper image. It was stunning.

However before that, lots of calibrations like the lighting had to redo again. Few hours gone.

When everything is okay, here’s another issue. With the macro lens, the depth of field is smaller, so the water droplets have to dripped very precisely or the droplet will end up looking too blur to be used. I ended up taking a much longer time to get a suitable photo for my composition. The whole workflow speed had slow down. I had to find a way to fix the dropper so that it can dripped in the correct place. I taped the dropper to a piece of wood and secured it to my stool. With this d.i.y stand, the dropper is fixed in a spot and the droplets fall accurately into the middle of the bowl.

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I realized for the dripping scene to achieve the crown in the composition, the height where it dripped and density of the liquid are crucial factors to achieve the result i wanted. If a low density liquid is dripped at a high distance, the crown will be very tall and thin. The sculpture will not be form if the dense liquid is dripped from a low distance. The best is to have a high density liquid dripped from a high height to get a crown that is wide on the top with some spikes coming out.

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I explored a bit with oil and soap. I wanted the inks to float on top of the oil, but I never expected them to sink instead. As for the soap, when i pressed my soap bottle, it came out in a long strand. It looked like a torn spaghetti piece and did not give any interesting effect. I doubt it can be used in any shoot.

Lastly, a video of how i do the dripping scene by myself laughing