Skip to toolbar


4DII: Final Project Proposal


Group Proposal

Main Idea:

Our idea for this narrative site specific location is a set up in a post apocalyptic abandoned Singaporean bunker. The premise is that the room once belonged to a family of 3, and was abandoned after an unseen environmental calamity. The audience’s role will be to explore the space and slowly see what happened to the previous occupant, contemplate their place in the world, and possibly how to get out of the confined space.


The focus of the set will be on lights, sounds, and interaction.



    • Existentialism (Feeling like a small person in a big world)
      • We want the audience to question who they are in the world and make them feel ‘small’, by showing them how people can just get up and disappear, leaving behind everything they value, and thus making them question if anything they do really matters if they can be wiped off the earth so easily.
    • Memories
    • Change (Isolation, loss)
      • In our hectic world, we are only able to slow down and think only when everything we know is gone. No distractions and no one around. This is when we are truly ourselves.
      • Forces the audience to slow down and think about themselves once all people/distractions are not in their immediate surroundings


Planned location:

  • ADM print room on second floor
  • One of the crit rooms
  • A small room



  • Use of projection with video documentations of previous occupants, different portraits in black and white grain (Surveillance type)
  • Galaxy projection
    • Painting on transparency like in the project “Stellar”
    • To create another dimension within the same space. It also makes the room look futuristic which fits our post apocalyptic bunker set
    • It also gives the feel of floating away from your current reality into one of contemplation and reflection
  • Putting coloured transparency or cellophane paper against flashlights to create a coloured lightbox effect.



  • Futuristic sounds (Soft siren whine, radio noise, fan whirring)
  • An omnipresent narrator narrating in an ASMR style
    • ASMR as it can be comforting when tranquil, but as well as discomforting when you’re in a crisis
    • Undecided whether it will all be the same voice or different person to each object



  • Mirrors/reflective surfaces, seeing your reflected self everywhere
    • You are only with yourself.
    • Emphasizing the feel of isolation and the audiences’ place as a human being in a world larger than they thought before. In the room, there are no people, only the items they left behind and ghost images of the audience themselves.
  • Tangible items strewn around them that can be picked up
    • Triggers a unanimous, nostalgic emotional memory in audiences
    • E.g. A worn-out doll, old music box, plane ticket etc.
    • At the same time, the narrator will be narrating a memory associated with each of the items around the audience



  • Stan Brakhage “Stellar” – Inspired to steer our light logistics according to his methods as well as to obtain the galaxy feeling which is crucial for our theme, so as to evoke a sense of loneliness and isolation in a vast space.
  • Black Mirror (Mirror/ reflective surfaces), our theme is similar in exploring memories and loneliness



  • Audience is brought into a dark room and made to lie down on some mats (childcare type)
  • They open their eyes, facing the ceiling projection of the slowly shifting galaxies
    • Story is that since civilisation (people around you) is gone, it’s easier to pay attention to the environment around you with no rush.
  • Around them are objects belonging to others, but most likely will trigger some sense of nostalgia and own memories to come forth. It makes you think of your own life. Your existence.
  • The narrator will be giving some history behind each of the object under the guise of the previous owner, prompting the audience to consider what the object means to them
  • The whole experience in own space is subjective. It is for you to explore your own existentialism and existence.



Discussion on Nicolas Bourriaud’s Idea

Describe a future form of post production art that does not exist today but that you can imagine twenty years from now. 


I think that the content of post production will be the same just like in this video.

The borrowing of ideas from what we are exposed to and either expand on the idea or use the same idea and produce it out with new technology/ method. The future is unpredictable and full of rooms to explore. I once had the idea of a unconventional plastic surgery method. As plastic surgery is trying to obtain a desirable portrait on how we hope to look like, i hope it would be more within our control rather than on our people’s hand. To think of it in another way, it is like getting a photo from internet and print it out to get the physical form of the photo. Hence i thought of what happen if we could have a machine like sunscreen spray where instead of changing our skin colour, we could change our facial features. So basically we get the face we hope to achieve from internet then send it to the “printer” and we put our face in the machine and when its done, it will be like a layer on our face so we don’t need bandage all around our face like mummy and we could go out straight. It’s a weird idea that i thought of.

However as i type i once again confirm the idea of NICOLAS BOURRIAUD that “no idea is an original idea.” As everything we exposed to are a source of inspiration for us. This make me think that inventors like Albert Einstein are really amazing. They produce original things that is missing in life but are really beneficial to the world. From then on are just borrowing of ideas. However i do not undermine this point. As Ruyi showed us films using the deconstruction of existing films to convey a strong message. I felt the films were consciously edited and use appropriate footages to express the idea. Using footages that we are familiar has a message by itself, so editing it build on the message and give new perspective. As well as allow for critiquing on the source. The beauty of remix is also stated in Nicolas Bourriaud’s thesis. Using films that we are familiar with. there’s a direct immediacy as the audiences don’t have to be reintroduce to the work again.

Even though Ruyi suggested us to post our works on CreativesCommons, i still find it uncomfortable to do so… Im happy if my work could inspire people, but you never know how people would interpret your works in a different intention from how you hoped.


As a summary,


But, this is my pov of CreativeCommon. Unless CreativeCommon lets artists set rules on their own works so that people who use their works does not distort the artist’s intention,




Artist Inspiration on Expanded Cinema

Today we are taught on the aspects of expanded cinema.  Expanded cinema is a development film beyond seating so its more interactive and let audience be more engaged and active in it.


5 elements to note:

  • sound
  • media of film- how the film is projected and medium involved
  • space, site
  • audience
  • screen



Below are the artists that i found their works very inspiring.


Doug Aitken

He has created a body of work that explores the evolving ways people experience memory and narrative and relate to fast-paced urban environments.


This art piece is projected around the museum and only start playing at night. The song in the film is called “I only have eyes for you”. It’s a very old and popular song. This song evoke a nostalgic sense to people who passby there.


This song is about a guy(Dick Powell) fell in love with the girl(Ruby Keeler) from the movie, “Dames”.

There’s lot of repetition of the woman’s face in the music video. It give a slight comedy and creepy vibe that the girl is only all the guy can see.

By using multiple screen repetition to project the film in a 360 degrees view, so that audiences can see it from any angle, it really suit the song meaning of “I only have eyes for you.” As this piece play at night and bring about familiar emotions to the passerby, i feel that it could also comfort the people walking alone in the night that you are not alone in the big city.


Avant Garde films

An experimental way of making film by going beyond the limitation of resources and cameras from the 1920s.


Stan Brakhage

I really love this. The visual is so beauty and the method is like mark making. He used film strip as a canvas and pasted materials on it. This expanded the traditional method of film.  It really blow my mind and make me question the boundary we set by ourselves with things we familiarize with.

Image result for Stan Brakhage


Peter Campus

Another experimental video that i like a lot. This is just creepily beautiful.


Multiple screens experiment

With the use of multiple screens, audience is immersed and bathed in your work in that space; or even overwhelmed by the information provided given if that is the artists intention. When there’s more information, audience can also curate the source more effectively.


Shirin Neshat

The effective use of two screen with contrasting images convey a strong message of status and emotions of females in the Middle east. The female is singing emotionally without any words and there’s no audience in front of her. Her voice is also overwhelmed by the male singing. The male on the other hand, sings with ease and had an audience when he doesn’t face them. It show that males naturally have an outlet source to express their emotions. While the female look hidden in the background with her back often shown in the dark stage display the idea of how women is not supposed to perform live and have audience to listen to her feelings from where she comes from.



Im really excited for this project when i learned that we have to get our inspiration from animals. We drew lots and i got teamed up with Natasya and Amelia. Each of us had to research on an animal within the classified relationship of symbiosis, mutualism, commensalism, parasitism, etc. Our team decided to work on Sea Anemone and Nemo. Since this is a mutualism relationship, i decided to add some spice by introducing a new relationship. This is what i researched upon.


Eeeeekkkk! When the sea anemone wiggling away to escape, i was so grossed out. That aside, i never knew sea anemone and starfish could move. Hence, the animal i’m researching will be Patrick! The big boss in a predator-prey relationship. I realized parasitism doesn’t quite explain their relationship well because for it to be parasitism the organisms would have
to live in, on, or near each other while one creature benefits and one is harmed.




This video explains everything we have to know about starfish’s anatomy, movement, etc. My job here is done.

Hahaha! Just kidding.

I will explain a bit more on the structure, movement, hunting and senses of starfish.



Sea star or more familiarly known as star fish is an echinoderm, which is an invertebrate that has a proportional radial body. They lack brains and have absolutely no blood. They live by pumping seawater through their bodies to deliver nutrients, oxygen, and other essential fluids. But even without actual red blood, the starfish still has a circulatory system with a heart that constantly beats at a rate of 6 times in one minute. They have tough leathery skin, which protects them from most predators, and many wear striking colors that camouflage them or scare off potential attackers.


Sea stars are like zombies. They can rip off their limbs and in some cases, entire bodies, with the purpose of either escaping from predator or reproducing asexually. They can regenerate their limbs by housing most or all of their vital organs in their arms. Some require the central body to be intact to regenerate, but a few species can grow an entirely new sea star just from a portion of a severed limb.


I wish corn also have regeneration ability so i can eat non-stop. Why only creatures have this ability and not crops? Like that farmers don’t have to work so hard under the harsh sun.


Skeletal Structure


The ring in the center is the Ring Canal. It’s in the central part of the starfish. A Radial Canal runs down the length of each ray, with a row of ampullae and tube feet on each side of it. The ampullae prevents water from flowing back to the radial canal. Also coming off the Ring Canal is the madreporite. The madreporite is like a sieve or strainer, and filters out particles in the water. It allows the water to enter the water vascular system from outside the starfish.




Starfishes are slow-moving creatures, some can actually just cover a distance of less than 10 inches in a single minute. Beneath it, there are numerous rows of small tubes which serves as the feet of the starfish. The vascular system of the starfishes regulates the pressure of the water that exits the legs. As water goes out, the legs are lifted upwards while some of the legs create suction to adhere on their next small steps. At the tip of each tube foot is a suction cup which is only used when walking up sheer surfaces. In a way, their legs actually do the walking motion but they release water and latch on to the surface of the ocean to create traction.





You can see the stark difference in speed between starfish and nemo. And i think the starfish just pooed…


Cool fact: Starfish can make glue

Their feet can form a glue that will bond indefinitely with a rock or prey item, with an adjacent tube releasing a solvent to undo the bond once the star is ready to move on.




  • Sight

Most starfish have eyes on the tips of their arms. It’s a tiny red nub, barely half a millimetre wide. It’s usually exposed, but the starfish can retract it into the arm if danger threatens.



These eyespots are not as complex as other animal’s eyes because they are only contains light-collecting units called ommatidia and lack of any lenses to focus light onto the underlying cells. Each eye has a fairly large visual field that extends over 210 degrees horizontally and 170 degrees vertically. Since the starfish has five of these eyes at the end of its flexible arms, it can probably see in every direction at once. However, its vision is rather poor. It’s colour-blind, and sees the world only in shades of light and dark. Its light-detecting cells work very slowly, so fast-moving objects are invisible to it. Starfish doesn’t need to see colours, details, or speedy objects, because it mostly uses its eyes to detect coral reefs.


  • Touch

On each limb, there may be 10000 over tube feet attached underneath. These tube feet are very sensitive to touch and sensation. These touch receptors can sense pressure, temperature and pain much and also help in determining the temperature of the water so that they can move away from the temperatures that are not suitable for them.


  • Smell

The spines on their backs are also equipped with chemoreceptors, which give them the extremely well-developed sense of smell they use to hunt prey and avoid predators. They can even determine the direction from which it is coming. The starfish then sets off to catch its prey, slowly and deliberately, following the direction of one arm.


Hunting Techniques

Starfishes begin hunting their prey through their keen senses. They can actually detect the presence of a prey’s odor. So when their senses detect prey, the legs begin to act and move to that direction.They are usually slow predators that take advantage of other animals that are slower than them or stationary. If the prey is larger than the size of their mouths such as clams, they use their tiny, suction-cupped tube feet to pry open them. Using pressure exerted by the water vascular system, the cardiac stomach can be pushed outside of the sea star’s body and inserted inside a shellfish. The stomach then envelops the prey to digest it, and finally withdraws back into the body.


In conclusion, sea stars are cute creepily creatures.

And they don’t run like that.

Image result for gif of starfish moving





For more informations, check out these links.’







Research: Sense of Touch

Skin is the largest organ in our body so i’m really interested to find out more about it.


How does the anatomy of skin works? 


Skin is made up of several layers. The top layer of epidermis is made of dead skin cells and serves as a waterproof layer to protect our body. It contains melanin which gives human different shades of skin colour.




An interesting yet so disheartening melanin map. What is the issue with skin colour when we are from the same world…


The Dermis layer is where our sense of touch works. The dermis contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous (oil) glands, blood vessels, nerve endings, and a variety of touch receptors. Our sense of touch is controlled by a huge network of nerve endings and touch receptors in the skin known as the somatosensory system. The touch receptors best sense vibrations occurring  on or within the skin. It then transmit a signal to the nerve system for it to sent the message to the brain and back to the hand for further action. However the receptors are slow at responding to a change in stimulus, so we don’t know when exactly the stimulus start or end.


The bottom layer is the subcutaneous tissue which is composed of fat and connective tissue. The layer of fat helps regulate body temperature and acts as a cushion to protect underlying tissue from damage when you bump into things.


After reading about our touch receptors, i’m curious if i can train my senses to be more acute like ninja!

Apparently we could sharpen our brain and develop mad sensory skills with diligent and conscientious effort!

Superpower obtainable: Echolocation

I can be the whale in Finding Dory detecting where the sound source come from. Haha!



Touch is important for child development.

“If you don’t get touch right after you’re born, all kinds of terrible things happen, and not just cognitive and emotional,” said Linden. “Your immune system doesn’t develop properly, your digestive system tends to have problem — there’s a whole rack of health problems that can develop if you don’t receive touch in early life.”

In the 1950s, parenting manuals advised parents not to touch their children too much — recommending, instead of hugs and kisses, giving kids a “pat on the head.” But Linden warns that touch deprivation denies children a chance to become socially integrated with the people around them.

“A parent’s touch is very crucial for a child’s development,” said Linden. “It’s not optional.”

Touch = love, humans are animal born needing affection. No wonder guys like to pat the head of the girl they like haha!


2D- Forrest Gump *Research*




A visual representation using objects that we are familiar to convey idea and beliefs.



Pictogram are pictorial symbols representing an object or concept by illustration. Pictography is a form of writing whereby ideas are transmitted through drawing. The earliest uses of pictograms in Mesopotamia and been  used by various ancient cultures all over the world since around 9000 BC. Pictograms are still in use as the main medium of written communication in some non-literate cultures in Africa, The Americas, and Oceania, and are often used as simple symbols by most contemporary cultures.


Image result for elegant dingbats

Dingbats are an ornament, character, or spacer used in typesetting, often employed for the creation of box frames. It serve for decorative purposes, to occupy a particular negative space, create visual interest, making the design look pleasing to the eyes.


The term continues to be used in the computer industry to describe fonts that have symbols and shapes in the positions designated for alphabetical or numeric characters.


Image result for icon

Icon is a graphic image that represents a file, program, web page, or command. Icons help to execute commands, open programs or documents quickly. I think that icon and sign are similar and what set them apart is where they are being used. Signs can be used in the public to warn pedestrian, guide traffic flow and many more. While icon appear only in digital context like phone or computer to categorize things and help find things much faster.



Engraving is to craft design into hard surface such as wood, metal and stone, turning it into a decorative piece.

3-howtotallphotoEngravings are also the printing of images using crafted out pieces, applying ink on them and stamping it onto a piece of paper. This process reminded me of monoprinting where i layer elements on a lino mat spread with ink and put it through the pressing machine.

Before the advent of photography, engraving was used to reproduce other forms of art, for example paintings. Engravings continued to be common in newspapers and many books into the early 20th century, as they were cheaper to use in printing than photographic images. Engraving has also always been used as a method of original artistic expression.


Hyberbole is an extreme exaggeration used to make a point. It is from a Greek word meaning “excess.” It add excitement and fun.

Image result for hyperbole examples

Image result for surrealism art

Running with the BIG dogs by Joel Rea

I find hyberbole quite evident in surrealism art where thing is overly exaggerated to the point of irrational to happen in real world.


Metaphor is a figure of speech containing an implied comparison, in which a word or phrase ordinarily and primarily used of one thing is applied to another.


Image result for visual metaphor examples

Global warming




Caricature is a picture, description, or imitation of a person in which certain striking characteristics are exaggerated in order to create a comic or grotesque effect.






Parody is a work created to imitate, make fun of, or comment on an original work—its subject, author, style, or some other target by means of satiric or ironic imitation.


Even though everything have change in the picture compare to original painting, that smile, look and pose is so recognizable that instantly thought back to that painting.



Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, and intentions to a god, animal and object.



Tilllsammans by Lisa Bengtsson

I like how the body is simplify into a black silhouette giving the illusion of a body. This draw our attention to face. Even though its the image of a same dog wearing the same expression, i’m amazed that the accessories add a different personality  and character to it. I would try out visual weight like how she did in my composition.