My takeaway from this project would be that it is absolutely essential in identifying the Dominant, Sub-Dominant and Sub-Ordinate pieces of each model. Only then would it be an interesting piece. I have also learnt new terms such as principle axis which is absolutely essential to mark in the 2D sketch analysis. In addition, I also learnt how to overcome the challenges that I have faced such as visualising my word, “discordance” into my 2D sketch models, doing the wedging and piercing on different materials such as hard cardboard and metallic paper and how I need different techniques and application to get what I want.

I look forward to the curvilinear exercises and submissions and can’t wait to produce really awesome and dynamic pieces of models!


After playing around with the three different sketch models, I came to this final one which I think could be really interesting. For my previous refined sketch models, I’ve had two of them with the sub-ordinate being in discordance whereas  only one model had the sub-dominant being in discordance. Out of the three models, I realised that the model with the sub-dominant being in discordance turn out to be the most interesting model out of all the three. As such, I with my final model, I decided to make my sub-dominant the discordant one.

Some things to address:

Why I did not wedge the Sub-Ordinate to the right side – The reason was that I wanted the Sub-Dominant to feel a little more balanced since it is suspended 2/3 and only 1/3 of the piece is wedged onto the Dominant piece. The second would be that there are light in the Dominant piece that can only be seen if the Sub-Ordinate piece is pierced right at the spot I chose to pierce it at. If I had wedged the Sub-Ordinate on the side of the Dominant piece, I would then not be able to achieve the “kaleidoscope” effect.

Why I didn’t pierce the Sub-Ordinate through the back of the Dominant piece The reason would be that I would then again, not been able to showcase the green and purple light as I have wanted as I would only be able to see what’s on the other side of the dominant piece. In addition, the lights were not small enough to fit directly into the Sub-Ordinate piece thus, it has to be mounted on the inside of the Dominant piece.

Materials Used:

  • White Cardboard Box
  • Metallic Red Card
  • Matte Black Card
  • Transparent Tape
  • Purple and Green Glow Stick

In this final model, I have used the wedging piercing techniques. I have cut the Dominant 1cm deep such that I can fit the Sub-Dominant into it. The challenge that I faced with this would be that the cardboard box is really difficult to cut through as it is tougher and harder to cut as compared to foam. The wedging is also strategically placed such that it is 1/3 wedged onto the Dominant while the 2/3 is left hanging. To create a cantilever effect, the Sub-Ordinate has been placed on the 1/3 portion of the Sub-Dominant.

The Sub-Ordinate has been placed by piercing through the Sub-Dominant. As mentioned, the Sub-Ordinate is strategically placed in the middle of the 1/3 potion of the Sub-Dominant. When looking through the Sub-Ordinate, viewers are able to see a purple and green light, to contribute further to the idea of a Pandora Box as well as discordance as these colours are complimentary to each other.


  1. Watering Can

2. Geometric Earring

3. Lighter

4. Observatory Tower


Sketch Model 1

I have further worked to improve and make this sketch model such that the wedging of the Sub-Dominant is that it is more prominent now. The Sub-Dominant is placed right halfway through the Dominant piece and is elevated from the ground by an inch. The Sub-Ordinate is wedged onto the Sub-Dominant exactly parallel to the Dominant piece.

Sketch Model 2

In this model, the Dominant and Sub-Dominant piece are wedged parallel to each other. As for the Sun-Ordinate, it is pierced diagonally through the Sub-Dominant piece exactly from the 1/4 of the and right out the 1/2 mark. I have chosen a toothpick as the Sub-Ordinate as it is rather fine yet visible to the eye.

Sketch Model 3

In this model, the Dominant piece and the Sub-Dominant piece are perpendicularly wedged to each other. The Sub-Dominant piece is wedged 1cm or 1/2 into the Dominant piece and from the front view, it is wedged 2/3 onto the Dominant piece while 1/3 of the piece is hanging out. I have used a Satay stick as the Sub-Ordinate piece and also the piece that is discordant.


The word that I drew was discordance. According to, the word means lack of agreement or harmony the state or an instance of being discordant. In my understanding of the exercise, the Dominant, Sub-Dominant and Sub-Ordinate has to be in line with each other so with my word, I get the idea that I am able to break that rule so as to achieve the discordance between the three elements of the model.

Sketch Model 1 (Pre-refined):

Some feedbacks that I have received was that the Sub-Dominant could be lesser in width (probably 2/3 of its current width) as currently, the width is almost similar in length to the width of the Dominant.

Sketch Model 2 (Pre-refined):

Some feedbacks that I received for this would be that the intended Sub-Dominant, which is the toothpaste box, has become the Dominant instead as the length is longer that the actual Dominant. The Sub-Ordinate’s width is also a similar length to the Sub-Dominant’s width.

Sketch Model 3 (Pre-refined):

Similar to Sketch Model 2, the issue with Sketch Model 3 also lies with the Sub-Dominant passing off to be the Dominant one instead due to it being longer in length. In addition, the width of the Sub-Ordinate and the width of the Sub-Dominant also appears to be the same in length with needs to be changed as the Sub-Ordinate should appear finer that the Sub-Dominant.