Ego in Different Settings // Final


Title: Societal Expectations
Style: Pop Art
Theme: Stereotypes of various demographics that I belong to.

1)      Female in her 20s

2)      Art Student

3)      Broken Family

4)      Muslim Female




I believe there are certain stereotypes that people expect of me as a certain demographics. These stereotypes may be true for some, but are not applicable to me. Hence, I chose to display these society stereotypes and also how I don’t conform to these ideas.


In the “Me” panels, I would like to highlight the stereotypical outer imagery of what the society expects me to look like as that specific demographic.

I used Ben-day dots as the skin of the characters, inspired by Roy Lichtenstein’s artworks.

Consistent throughout all 4 “Me” panels, I used complimentary colour scheme.


For the “Setting” panels, objects or symbols, that are stereotypically associated with that demographics, are displayed in a repetitive patterned like a background. I was inspired by Andy Warhol’s use of repetitive imagery of popular objects and media stars respectively in ‘Campbell’s Soup Cans’ and ‘Marilyn Diptych’. Similar to Andy Warhol’s intention, I wanted to repeat this motif to illustrate the omnipresence of these objects in each demographics.

I’ve also added a twist to each panel, signifying that I am not someone who fits into these moulds that the society has created for me.

Instead of using a single colour background, I decided to create a Ben-day dot patterned background which I felt helped the objects stand out.

In the ‘Settings’ panel, I primarily used monochromatic for the repeated patterns, as for the twist, I used a complementary colour. The objects that are commonly associated with the demographics are all in a monochromatic colour scheme to illustrate the single stereotype that society expects. The complementary colour in the twist creates a contrast and thus attracts the attention of viewers.

Me in Setting

In these panels, my intention was to illustrate my “anti-stereotype” in the setting of the stereotypical image. Hence, I represented myself in a way that I’m breaking this mould. I used triadic colours in all 4 four of these panels.

Female in her 20s


An outward imagery stereotype that is common for females in their 20s is that they care a lot about their image and obsession with beauty. There is this expectation that you should look good and dress well, I see this often in my own life with my mother and grandmother who would tell me that I should wear some makeup or wear nicer clothes or even wear some jewellery. Hence, I created this image of someone who uses a lot of makeup and has some highlights in her hair. I also included this beauty mark just below her eyes because this spot symbolises beauty.

Using complementary colours; red and green.


1st Draft: Colours did not reflect any colour scheme, change skin colour to follow colour scheme, add highlights to hair.

2nd Draft: Need to add more makeup to the character.


A common stereotype is that the society believes females in her 20s are vain, and obsessive about their looks. Thus, I displayed lipsticks, mirror and heels as objects that people would associate with this stereotype.

For the twist, I placed a crack on one of the mirrors to symbolise how I don’t conform to this stereotype.

Using monochromatic colour; red; and complementary colour; green.


1st Draft: The blue mirror was a little too distracting, could be changed to a lighter shade of red.

2nd Draft: Crack on mirror not obvious enough. Strokes should be consistent throughout entire panel. Add some background texture.

Me in Setting

To show the rebel against this stereotype, I created the illustration of a broken mirror, a broken heel, and a melted lipstick. This represents how as a person, I don’t follow this expectation of the society and that I am not someone who cares about my outer image.

Using triadic primary colours; red, yellow and blue.


1st Draft: Change to a darker shade of blue

2nd Draft: Strokes should be consistent throughout entire panel.

Art Student


Before I came to ADM, as I spoke to my friends who aren’t Art students, I found that a lot of them had the impression that Art students are those that dress well and in a millennial term “hipsters”. I created this illustration which non-Art students would picture Art students to look like. Thus, I had the character have a paintbrush behind her ear (a typical image often found on media), paint on her face, big bushy hair and wearing “hipster” glasses.

Using complementary colours; red-orange and blue-green.




When I tell someone that I am an art student, they make an assumption that I can draw, colour and paint well. To illustrate this assumption of art students being able to do traditional art, I use objects such as easels, paintbrushes, pencils and palettes.

For the twist, I added a cursor to represent my rebel against traditional art.

Using monochromatic colour; red-orange and complementary colour; blue-green.

Me in Setting

The idea is to display the irony in using both traditional and digital objects. The easel and canvas are used in traditional art for painting and drawing, thus I created this “painting” of a cursor filled with cursors inside it. On the easel which you would normally find traditional art tools like pencils, brushes, palettes, have been replaced with digital tools such as the pen tool, knife tool, clone stamp tool, zoom tool and eyedropper tool.

Using triadic colours; red-orange, blue-purple and yellow-green.


Broken Family


A very common remark I get from my relatives were how they were glad that I turn out well despite my family background. From this remark, it is obvious that they have an expectation that people who come from broken families are wayward and troublemakers. Hence, I created an image of a “troublemaker” with tattoos, piercings and a huge ear hole.

Use of complementary colours; yellow and violet


1st Draft: Use complementary colours instead. Change skin colour to a yellow tinge. Add shadows to her hair.

2nd Draft: Tattoo not obvious. Change polka dot background so that it does disrupt the attention.


I illustrated this idea of wayward by displaying cigarettes, beer, and a disco ball representing smoking, drinking and clubbing which are not viewed positively. The twist I included in this composition is a watermelon in replacement of a disco ball.

Use of monochromatic colour; yellow and complementary colour; violet.


1st Draft: Disco balls are not obvious enough, change colour of watermelon to a complementary colour

2nd Draft: Disco Ball is more recognisable. My concern was changing the colour of the watermelon would result in the inability to identify it as a watermelon.

Me in Setting

To illustrate how society forces these wayward expectations on me but ultimately, I do not conform to their expectations and as illustrated, I remain an innocent watermelon.

Use of triadic tertiary colours; yellow-orange, blue-green and red-violet.


1st Draft: There is no distinct colour scheme.

2nd Draft: Wrong use of triadic colours, should be changed to red-violet, yellow-orange and blue-green instead.

Muslim Female


One of the most common question I get from people I just met is “Why don’t you wear a tudung?” This question alone showcases how people expect to see all Muslim female to wear a hijab. Hence, the character is seen with a hijab on.

Use of complementary colours; blue and orange.


1st Draft: The Ben-day dots on the skin can be slightly bigger. I found that the dots in the background is a little distracting.


Islam in itself means peace. Hence, especially in the Muslim community, there is an expectation that as a Muslim, you should be a peace loving person. The twist I have included is an inverted peace sign to signify that I am “anti-peace”.

Use of monochromatic colour; blue; and complementary colour; orange.


1st Draft: I felt that the composition appeared too flat. A suggestion was to use more symbols of peace similar to my other compositions.

Me in Setting

To show my “anti-peace” notion by having a face covered by inverted peace signs which represent how I am the opposite of peaceful. Also, I have a hostile resting face, which is reflected by the idea of “face full of anti-peace”.

Use of triadic colours; red, blue and yellow.






1st Draft: Wrong use of triadic colour scheme; should change to red, blue and yellow. The ben-day dots in the inverted peace sign not obvious.

Overall colour schemes

Complementary colours used in all 4 compositions
Monochromatic colours used in all 4 compositions
Triadic colours used in all 4 compositions



I enjoyed the freedom that we were allowed in the use of mediums in this project. A lot of the classmates reflected their own style into their compositions and that reminded me that it is time for me to find my own style of illustration.

Link to previous post

Colour Theory & Research:

Ego: Colour Theory and Artist Reference

In this post, I’ll be sharing my research on 2 parts; Colour Theory & Artist Reference

Part I: Colour Theory

We now begin our journey working with colours.

All this while, our works were in black and white. The idea of using colours excites me but at the same time terrifies me. Hopefully, the following research will put me in ease.

Let’s begin.

Colour Wheel

Primary Colours:

Red, Blue and Yellow

Secondary Colours:

Orange, Green and purple.

This colours are created by mixing the primary colours together.

Orange – Red + Yellow

Green – Blue + Yellow

Purple – Red + Blue

Tertiary Colours:

This colours are form by combining a primary and secondary colour next to each other.

Colour Harmony


One colour in varying intensity is used in this scheme.

Artist: Chuck Groenink, Image from:
Artist: Jessica Hoffman,
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Uses colours that are next to each other.


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Colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel.

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Split Complementary

Use of 1 base colour and 2 colours adjacent.

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Use 3 colours that are evenly spaced between each other.

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Part II: Artist Reference

Pop Art Research

For this project, I decided to use the pop art style in my illustrations.

The use of popular, mass culture objects and media stars are a common theme in Pop Art. This movement follows the return to a more objective, universally accepted form of art after Abstract Expressionism. It rejects the idea of ‘high art’ and pretensions of other contemporary Avant grade art.

Andy Warhol

An artist that perfectly exemplifies Pop Art is Andy Warhol. His artworks were heavily influenced by imagery of mass-culture: advertising, comics, newspapers, TV and the movies. His works mainly consisted of literal paintings and silk-screen prints of popular objects and media stars.

‘Marilyn Diptych’ (1962)

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This artwork features 20 silkscreen painting of Marilyn Monroe who died in 1962 from overdosed. The photograph used in this painting was from a publicity photograph from the 1953 film Niagara. He fused 2 themes: death and the popularity of a celebrity. The repetition of the image was to show her omnipresence in the media. The contrast between the vivid colours on the left and the black and white painting on the right, also the fading effect on the right was to highlight Monroe’s mortality.

‘Campbell’s Soup Cans’ (1962)

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This work features 32 different varieties of Campbell’s soup. It appears to resemble the mass produced, printed advertisements, however, it was entirely hand-painted, with the exception of the fleur de lys pattern ringing each can’s bottom edge is hand-stamped. He ensured that each can was replicated accurately without any discrepancies and the only difference is the labels of the cans to distinguish them by variety.

Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein, another prominent figure in the Pop Art movement was influenced by the imagery on comic strips. Hence, in many of his works, Ben-Day dots, black outlines and bold colours were prevalent. He wanted to stress the artificiality of his images by painting them as though it were commercially printed; using single-colour Ben-Day dots that newspaper used.

‘Whaam!’ (1963)

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This acrylic and oil painting is based on an image from All American Men of War published by DC comics in 1962. He displayed this powerfully charged scene from the comic in an impersonal manner, leaving viewers to decipher the meanings for themselves. The use of bold colours; red and white; and black outlines are obvious in this artwork.

‘Drowning Girl’ (1963)

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This artwork is based on “Run for Love!,” the melodramatic lead story in DC Comics’ Secret Love #83, from 1962. In the initial comic strip, the drowning girl’s boyfriend appears in the background, clinging on to a capsized boat. Lichtenstein decided to remove him from his painting and solely display the drowning girl instead. Similar to his other works, he wanted to make it look like it was commercially printed by drawing black outlines and painting them in primary colours and Ben-day dots.

MA’s Obscure City of Voids // Individual Moodbox

Click here for full pdf: MA’s Obscure City of Void – Individual Moodbox

With the other members of Group B, we created 2 soundscapes:

Sound A 

Sound B

I’ve selected Sound A as the basis for my individual moodbox.

Here is a video of us playing Sound A and the instruments involved:



Project 3: Impossibilities of Being

A place I have never been before.

I envision heaven as a sort of a paradise for each individual. Only those who have done good deeds throughout their life are deserving to enter heaven. Hence they are rewarded with every possibility, making the impossible on earth, possible. In my video, I’ve depicted how MY heaven would look like.

Final Video



As recommended by Lei, I embarked on a research on the movie “Avatar”, sound composed by James Horner. I chose this movie because it depicted a different dimension from Earth, and thus the sounds used throughout the movie would be unearthly. In a lot of the environmental sounds, there were the sound of birds chirping and a melody playing in the background. There was also a sound of a female’s melodic singing which added to the ambience of the unearthly world.




Follows the story of a lady’s death and her entrance to heaven.

Low-Fi Storyboard

Hi-Fi Storyboard


Medium of Video

Since I am creating an entirely new world, I decided to create moving graphics to illustrate heaven. I chose moving graphics rather than still graphics because a lot of the sounds come from movement, thus I wanted to display these movements to accompany with the sounds. Also, throughout the entire video, we are seeing it from the perspective of the character. The graphics in the video was created in Illustrator and then imported to After Effects.

Scene Analysis

Scene 1


The story begins with the perspective of the character lying down in a grave.


As she is being buried, there are sounds of a male and a female mourning in the background. This is accompanied by the sounds of digging soil. As she gets buried, the background sound of people mourning and digging is muffled.

Scene 2


She gets completely buried, and the entire scene turns black. Her life flashes before her eyes which we don’t see on screen but we hear.


We first hear the sounds of a baby crying followed by a car crash. The baby crying is supposed to represent the first thing she hears when she was born whereas the car crash represents the last thing she hears before dying.

Initially, I wanted to create a sound sequence about some of her important life moments, e.g. wedding bells, applause after her performance. However, due to limited time, I cut down short to the first and last sounds in her life.

Scene 3


She slowly opens her eyes to see stairs and a door at the top. She climbs the stairs and arrives in front of the door. She proceeds to open the door.


In the background, there are sounds of angels and bells. As she climbs up the stairs, she hears a heartbeat, which is ironic because she is dead. This represents the beginning of a new life. When she reaches the top and opens the door, we hear the sound of a door opening.

Scene 4


She opens the door to find that she is completely surrounded by the ocean. As mentioned in Project 1, one of my favourite places is the beach. Hence, I created a space to illustrate this.

In this space, it is raining, my favourite weather. The sky is a sunset tinge which depicts my favourite time of the day.

We see from a distance what appears to be someone playing the piano.


In the background we hear environmental sounds of waves crashing, rain and birds chirping.

We can also hear a faint piano melody which gets louder as she gets closer.

Scene 5


Naturally, the sea should get deeper and deeper. However, we found that she is able to walk on water. This idea stems from my fear of the deep ocean. Even though I love the beach and sea, I get terrified at the idea of being out in the open, deep waters. Hence, I wanted to eliminate this fear by giving the character the ability to walk on water.


Initially, I wanted the walking to be accompanied by the sound of splashing water. As suggested by Lei, I replaced this with a sparkling sound to create a more surreal soundscape.

In the background, the environmental sounds from Scene 4 remain.

Scene 6


She realises who it is, and moves faster. The “camera” moves closer to the man and the piano.


Background environmental sounds continue.

Scene 7


It cuts to a scene of her embracing the man who she had missed. She has finally been reunited with the love of her life who passed away before her. In this scene, it is no longer a perspective shot and we can finally see our main character.


The piano melody stops, followed by the sound of him getting out from his chair and then, the sound of their clothes brushing against each other.

Sound Analysis

Scene No.

Sound Origins


Male mourning From the net – Link:


Female mourning Own recording by mimicking the sound of a female mourning


Digging soil Own recording by using a small shovel to dig through a bucket of rice and lowering the pitch on Audacity to make it sound more earthy than grainy.


A new-born baby crying


From the net – Link:


Car crash From the net – Link:


Angels From the net – Link:


Bells From the net – Link:


Heartbeat From the net – Link:


Door opening Own recording of a door opening

4 – 7

Waves crashing From the net – Link:

4 – 7

Rain From the net – Link:

4 – 7

Birds chirping. From the net – Link:

4 – 7

Piano melody From the net – Link:


Sparkling sound From the net – Link:


Chair dragging Own recording of chair being dragged


Clothes brushing against each other Own recording of rubbing clothes together

Classroom Exercise Part 1

Rhythm Irregular, progression of a narrative
Movement In most of the scenes, there is only one subject which is the primary focus of that particular scene. There isn’t any other subjects that distract our focus.

Scene 1:

The falling of soil, starts as a single group, and eventually, more and more groups of soil begin to fall until it completely turns pitch black.

Scene 4 – 6:

Gradually moving closer to the man on the piano. This movement gets faster in Scene 6.

Causality For example, we see someone playing the piano, and I believe there is an expectation that that person has a connection with the main character of the story and it is expected to meet this person.
Duration As given, the entire length of the video is about 1 minute. Throughout the duration of 1 minute, it follows a narrative. I think it felt quite short because the story was highly condensed in order to fit into the 1 minute requirement, so the story moved pretty fast.


Project 4 – Research

The start of Project 4 //

To help us with brainstorming ideas for our project, I embarked on a research into some artworks that were related to time.

One of the initial ideas I had was to expand on my interpretation of heaven from Project 3. Thus, I researched on an installation; Citizen “Light is Time”; that I felt could help in brainstorming and developing this idea.

Another initial idea I had was to create a time lapse video in an environmental setting to capture the changes in the environment throughout a day. While searching up on the web, I found a local artist, Keith Loutit, who has done several time lapses project around Singapore.

Citizen “Light is Time” Milano Salone / Milan Design Week 2014

Video Link:

Photograph by Takuji Shimmura

The “Light is Time” installation was developed in collaboration with Tsuyoshi Tane of DGT Architects and watch manufacturer Citizen. The installation features 80,000 suspended main plates, the basic component of a watch, suspended in a vacuum. The art installation explores the relationship between light and time. This award-winning installation was unveiled at Milan Design Week in April 2014.

Subject The arrangement of the suspended plates is an example of a non-representational subject.
Form The installation was created by suspending numerous layered plates from the ceiling which visitors can view.
Context To explore the relationship between light and time through a journey into the world of clocks. Tsuyoshi Tane – “Light is time. Without light the concept of time never would have arisen.” The installation was set up at the Milan Design Week, an international festival of design, in April 2014.
Content Both emotional and intellectual. Generates excitement and awestruck emotions. Also, the installation prompts viewer to ponder on “what is a watch?”

I found this artwork interesting because at first, I thought it looked like raindrops.  As I continued looking at the images, it appeared to look like a small golden plate. It was finally pieced together when I realised that Citizen was a watch manufacturer.

The installation engages the attendees in an immersive experiential journey when you step into the space. It prompts me to try and create something that my viewers can immerse themselves in.

The Lion City II – Majulah, Keith Loutit

Video Link:

This time lapse film was created by artist Keith Loutit. This 4 minute film features the changes in Singapore’s cityscape, capturing buildings being constructed, cars moving, people moving around, trees growing and much more. He hopes to let viewers see places that they are familiar with in a different way. He began his work in January 2013 and the entire project lasted for 3 years, up to June 2016.

Subject The time lapse film is an example of a representational subject as it features real places around Singapore.
Form The time lapse of different buildings taken over a period of 3 years were put together into a film montage. The artist used geographic data to position his camera at the same location every time, ensuring smooth transitions.
Context Showcases people moving throughout the city and the city’s growth which allows viewers to see familiar places in a different light.
Content Emotional content. It is meant to invoke strong emotions in regards to the growth of Singapore. “I wanted to make people feel that it could be them,” – Keith Loutit, in regards to the movement of people in the film.


Being Singaporean, I felt drawn and connected to this piece. Rarely have I ever stood at one spot and observe how different a place looks during the day and night, how different a building looks as the shadow cast moves throughout the day. I especially enjoyed the moment from 2:13 – 2:15 of the trees growing, even though it was just 2 secs, it had a strong impact on me.  Most parts of the film focused on the progression of the infrastructure in Singapore, but the artist decided to also include the progression of nature in our garden city.

A takeaway I can get from this artwork is the relatability of this piece, which allows the audience to have a better understanding of the work. People get excited to see things that they are familiar with. I hope that I can incorporate this into my own project.


Citizen “Light is Time” The Lion City II – Majulah, Keith Loutit
Theme: Time Theme: Time
Explores the relationship between light and time Showcases the changes in Singapore over the years
Installation art Film art
Interactive, viewers go to the physical location where they are to see, hear, and smell the artwork. Viewers can watch and listen it on any digital devices on the go.
Measured Time – in an actual space that people go to visit Edited Time – linear time lapse depicting the growth of Singapore over the years

Forrest Gump

“But better to not know which moment may be your last.  Every morsel of your entire being alive to the infinite mystery of it all.” – Captain Jack Sparrow, Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011)


My interpretation of the quote is how humans will go through their life and eventually, everyone will meet with death.


The different clocks represent the different times in your life. I scaled the clock from small to big with the smallest one behind to give depth to the print. A silhouette of a person can be seen leaping from one clock to the other, this represents us moving to different phases of our lives. The final clock in the series, the wristwatch is the biggest in scale as it is the emphasis of the print. The placement of the clocks and the hands of the clocks are position as to bring our gaze to the wristwatch. The face of the watch is replaced with a deep hole which represents the end of life. Another silhouette can be seen falling into this hole. The contrast in colours between the two human figures shows the distinction between life and death. Also, the background depicts a warping clock which adds depth to the composition.

Initial Idea:

My interpretation of the quote in Ver 1 & 2 was about knowing when you are going to die.

Version 1: I wanted to display this in Ver 1 by having a clock and magnifying glass, the wormhole represents death. During the first consultation, the comment I received was that the composition was too literal.

Version 2: I changed the subject to a wristwatch with a deep hole and a person falling into it. The background was changed to question marks in order to relate it back to the idea of mystery. In the second consultation, general comments from the group were that the background was not necessary/relevant and that the arm was not obvious.

Version 3: I added more clocks to the mix, and this concept was used as a basis for my final print. In the final consultation, the group mentioned about not having enough depth and contrast. Another advice they gave me was to adjust the sizes of the clocks to build greater emphasis.

“Dreams feel real while we’re in them. It’s only when we wake up that we realize something was actually strange.” – Cobb, Inception (2010)


Being pulled away from reality to a strange dream.


For this composition, I was inspired by Salvador Dali’s works such as Persistence of Memory (1931), which exudes this unearthly, other dimension themes.

The boy can be seen being pulled away from earth in order to show the idea of being dragged from reality. For it to be a strange reality, I thought of using floating islands, big butterflies (that are bigger than dolphins) and people riding on flying dolphins. The placement of butterflies and dolphins helps to guide the eyes to the centre of the composition. Also, the couple floating in mid-air is placed in the centre to further give emphasis to them.

Initial Idea:

I initially wanted the emphasis on the idea of floating islands as an alternate universe. Hence, I placed 3 different sized islands. The person was portrayed to be on the moon.

Ver 1: I used this design for my first experimentation silkscreen printing. The threshold outcome of the islands appeared to look completely black and details within the island were lost. During the consultation, Joy advised on adjusting the contrast to help with this.

Ver 2: I further edited the images of the islands so that there was more contrast between the black and white. I changed the big island and moon to something that was much clearer. However, I realised that the composition did not create a strong enough impact and storyline.

“I solemnly swear that I am up to no good.”— Harry Potter, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004)


A marriage between irony (protagonist vs antagonist/ hero vs villain). I broke down this quote to two parts: solemnly swear; no good. You normally associate “no good” with villains rather than heroes. However, this quote was spoken by the hero of the show – Harry Potter. This is ironic because he is supposed to be doing good as a hero, not doing “no good”. “Solemnly swear” means to make a promise and I thought promises are most common in weddings.


I selected the main male antagonist of the show – Lord Voldemort, and the main female protagonist – Hermione Granger. Fortunately for Hermione, I was able to find an image of her in a dress, dancing. However, this was not the case for Voldemort. In order to give the impression of him being at his wedding, I added a bowtie to his outfit. Also, I had to edit his arms slightly to make him appear as if he is dancing. For an extra touch, I gave Hermione a veil. Both of the characters can be seen staring at each other dancing under the wedding arch. I wanted the emphasis to be on both of them, thus I scaled them to be the main subjects of the composition. Their gaze at each other also helps to guide our eyes to the pair.

Initial Idea:

Ver 1: A combination of half of Harry Potter’s face (protagonist) and half of Joker’s face (antagonist) with a background of a map and footsteps to relate to the story behind the quote (Marauders Map). Also adding two hands in a pinky promise gesture to represent “solemnly swear”. After the first consultation with Joy, I realised that it was too literal to actually include Harry Potter’s face.

Ver 2: Through the feedback, I decided to dismiss the idea of using his face, and instead represent him in some of his popular characteristics – lighting scar and glasses. This was where I decided to include the idea of marriage. However, I thought that this composition did not express the idea of marriage well enough.

Ver 3: This was my final concept. During group consultation, many mentioned about some technical adjustments I should make such as making Voldemort’s head more apparent, using a different veil and making them stand out more. I asked the group whether I should use Harry Potter characters or more relatable characters that everyone knows, and in reply, they said that it was more interesting to use Harry Potter characters.

“The flower that blooms in adversity is the most rare and beautiful of all.” — The Emperor, Mulan (1998)


A ballerina who represent rarity and beauty facing adversities in order to bloom. For this composition, I wanted to stretch the idea of adversity in different methods. Firstly, the mountains she is on has sharp spikes. Secondly, the flower was replaced with a Venus flytrap which can close on her and devour her at any time. Lastly, “blooming” in the night when it is commonly associated with the day. The blood splatters represent her struggles she faced while climbing to the top.


For this composition, I mainly had to get a good balance because I was using many different images. The moon at the top helps to balance the mountain and Venus flytrap at the bottom. Also, the ballerina is looking/pointing at the direction of the moon, this helps to balance it out even further. The emphasis for this composition was placed on the ballerina by scaling her bigger.

Initial Idea:

A blooming ballerina in a flower on a mountain.

Ver 1: For this composition, I thought that there was too much emphasis on the moon, whereas the ballerina had the least emphasis.

Ver 2: During group consultation, some mentioned that I could flip the ballerina so that she is facing the moon to have a better balance. Also, the blood stains appeared to be in a mess and had no clear direction.


This was my first time silk screening so I really did not know what to expect. During the process of silk screening, everything was going well until I started jet spraying my screen. I brought the nozzle too close to the screen, which caused it to lose its details and also resulted in peeling. Lesson Learn: Don’t bring the nozzle too close.

When printed (setting aside the jet spray mistake), it lost all the small details and the shape of the island was not clear. After printing, I realised that I need to work on the contrast of my images in order to include the small details.


Learning from my mistakes during the first experimentation, I created more contrast in my final design. To make it stand out on the tote bag, I used threshold for all my images and altered it so that it is completely black and white with no grey.

During the jet spraying, I was extra careful about the distance. PS. I freaked out when I saw other people going too close with the jet.

I first tested the print on paper which came out well.

I was ready to try on a tote bag. But I wanted to be extra careful so I experimented using another tote bag. Oh boy did I made the right decision.

The mistake I made was pausing halfway through the paint coating process causing an uneven coating. Also, I didn’t put enough paint. Lesson Learnt: Don’t pause halfway, finish it with one clean swipe.

Finally, taking all this into consideration, I did my final print and it turned out well.




Surrealism started in the early 1920s. Similar to Automatism, Surrealists artists allows the unconscious mind to express itself as a way to unlock the imagination. Their artworks show no sign of rationalism and realism, they believe in how the rational mind suppresses the power of our imagination. Artists of the surrealism movement created paintings out of their imagination which may appear to not make sense but with photographic precision. Their work features the element of surprise and unexpected juxtapositions.

Salvador Dali

Dali opted for his own style of automatism by making use of the unconscious mind, termed “paranoiac critical”, where he simulates delusion while maintaining one’s rationality. Dali himself referred to this form as an “irrational knowledge”.

Some of the themes that are reflected in Dali’s works are eroticism, death, and decay. His drawings were influenced by autobiographical material and childhood memories. His work contains many ready-interpreted symbolism, ranging from fetishes and animal imagery to religious symbols.

One of his famous works include the Persistence of Memory (1931)

Image from:


Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century.  This art movement was developed in reaction to World War I. Dada artists, similar to Surrealist Artist, rejected the idea of logic, rationalism, realism and aestheticism of the modern society. Hence, their work reflects nonsense and irrationality. Since this art movement was closely tied in with WW1, Dada artist reflects their discontent with violence, war and nationalism in their work.

Hannah Höch

Most of her work focuses on criticising gender issues such as androgyny, political discourse, and shifting gender role. In her works, she gathers photographic elements from popular forms of media, such as newspapers and magazines, and collages them in uncanny ways. The fact that these elements she included in her works were taken from this sources, further validates her message about gender issues. For her works, she dismembers and reconstructs these photographic elements.

One of her popular artworks is the Cut With the Kitchen Knife Through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany (1919-20).

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