Here are the slides Charmaine and I used for our 2D presentation on Dot, line and shape :)
If you’re lazy to download the file, here are some important points from our research:
- Dot, line, and shape are the basic elements of design
- Elements are components or parts which can be isolated and defined in any visual design or work of art. They are the structure of the work, and can carry a wide variety of messages.
- A point is that of which there is no part — No part = no width, length, or breadth
- In pure geometric terms, a point is a pair of x, y coordinates.
Use of points:
- Vanishing point
- The spot on the horizon line to which the receding parallel lines diminish
- Creates depth
- In art: Yayoi Kusama, Benday dots (in comic illustration), Neo-impressionism movement (A Sunday on la grande jatte)
- A line is a length without breadth.
- Graphically, lines exist in many weights; the thickness and texture as well as the path of the mark determine its visual presence.
Use of Line
- In composition or image
- Lines are important to guide your eyes.
- Horizontal lines suggest a feeling of rest
- Vertical lines often communicate a sense of height
- Diagonal lines convey a feeling of movement
- Curve lines can convey energy
- Use of line to create optical illusions
- Use of line in Fine Art: Chua Ek Kay
- Use of line in fine art: Gene Davis
- A surface is that which has length and breadth
- Shapes are planes with edges.
- When a form or shape has regular contours, when internal and external measurements are mathematically similar in multiple directions, we think of the form or shape as geometric.
- Organic shapes and forms are typically irregular or asymmetrical.
Use of Shape:
- We see shapes every day in logos, flags, books, clothes etc.
- TV test screen
- Local Artist Yeo Chee Kiong: “Series #02, ‘A Yoga and Pedicure DIY Session on the Beach’“
- Use of shape in Architecture: Louvre
Point, Line and shape
- All 3 elements combine Patterns, Compositions (Art)
- Pattern: A regular repetition of lines, shapes, colours, or values in a composition.
- Henry Moore’s Wallpaper Design
- Kandinsky Composition viii