Colour, Environment and Human Responses: An Interdisciplinary Understanding of Color and Its Use as a Beneficial Element in the Design of the Architectural Environment by Frank H. Mahnke, Published by John Wiley & Sons, 1996
(Frank H. Mahnke is an environmental designer and consultant for architectural)
“To perceive colours means to “experience”; to become conscious or aware.” (Page 10) Many factors are involved in this process in both conscious and unconscious level that makes it hard to define the experience in a systematic way. Thus the “Colour Experience” Pyramid is created with an assumption of six basic interrelated factors that influence the experience of perceived colours.
Biological Reaction to a Colour Stimulus
Psychological aspect where it covers the natural effects of nature and its environment (animals and plants) of which this reaction is beyond anyone’s control.
Conscious Symbolism – Associations
Associations and symbolisms made on a conscious level.
Cultural Influences and Mannerisms
Colours related to certain cultures, groups and regions.
Influence of Trends, Fashions and Styles
Temporal effect where colour changes to adapt to a particular time; industries such as fashion, products, interior design, architecture, etc.
Personal likes and dislikes.