in Secondary Research: Case Studies, and Literature Review

Experience of Colour

Colour, Environment and Human Responses: An Interdisciplinary Understanding of Color and Its Use as a Beneficial Element in the Design of the Architectural Environment by Frank H. Mahnke, Published by John Wiley & Sons, 1996

(Frank H. Mahnke is an environmental designer and consultant for architectural)

“To perceive colours means to “experience”; to become conscious or aware.” (Page 10) Many factors are involved in this process in both conscious and unconscious level that makes it hard to define the experience in a systematic way. Thus the “Colour Experience” Pyramid is created with an assumption of six basic interrelated factors that influence the experience of perceived colours.

Biological Reaction to a Colour Stimulus

Psychological aspect where it covers the natural effects of nature and its environment (animals and plants) of which this reaction is beyond anyone’s control.

Collective Unconsciousness

Personal experiences.

Conscious Symbolism – Associations

Associations and symbolisms made on a conscious level.

Cultural Influences and Mannerisms

Colours related to certain cultures, groups and regions.

Influence of Trends, Fashions and Styles

Temporal effect where colour changes to adapt to a particular time; industries such as fashion, products, interior design, architecture, etc.

Personal Relationship

Personal likes and dislikes.




  1. This might be good book to look into from
    Lee Wee Nam Library Book QP483.T482
    Title Colour vision : a study in cognitive science and the philosophy of perception / Evan Thompson.
    Author Thompson, Evan.
    Published London ; New York : Routledge, 1995.
    Description xv, 354 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
    Series Philosophical issues in science.
    Subjects Color vision. Cognitive science. Perception (Philosophy)
    Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (p. 319-344) and index.
    ISBN 0415077176 (hbk.) 0415117968 (pbk.)
    Library Material Type Call Number
    Lee Wee Nam Library Book QP483.T482