This video piece depicts in an interesting way how Jon Cates uses glitch to broadcast realtime across international timezones.

Rendering Time in fragments, errors and overlaps, jonCates plays with recursivities. These feedback loops merge personal data and swim in associations from Chicago to Taipei to Boulder and back again. Realtime: Reflections and Render-times by jonCates (2012) was performed live via Skype for MediaLive 2012 at Boulder Museum of Contemporary Art, July 14 2012. BOLD3RRR… Realtime: Reflections and Render-times by jonCates (2012) is a processed document, screen recorded in realtime and camera viewed forward in reverse by jonCates (2012).

The recording showed him fiddling around with the various softwares he use in his daily life. For example, playing with Ableton not before long where he would switch to something else. On top of that, text that are big and bold, probably comments overlays above what he was doing on the desktop.

Screen capture of the big and bold text overlaying the softwares he switches around every so often

I think in this work, the element of recursivities were quite prominent where there were three main scenes –  a frontal view of Jon Cates in full screen but slightly fuzzy and blurry, text overlaying programs on screen and generally a very glitchy scape plus the strong buzzing of white noise.

white noises with graphic that glitches

Though the content seems to be all cluttered and all over the place, there was still some sort of flow. There seems to be a narrative but it is very much non-linear. It was kind of hard for me to understand what was going on most of time to be honest and I struggled a lot to watch this piece, what with the rather “flickery visuals and audio”. However, i thought about how it not very different from how we do things on the desktop now. For example, in current days, with so much information and content disseminated so freely, one is so easily distracted, we switch between the various tabs so often in a way if we visualise it, it might look something similar to Jon Cates’ video piece. Hence, in our lives now, it is also in a way sort of glitchy, both in reality and virtually.

Our desktop is more than screen space, it is a virtual extension of our physical reality, a space for the formation and design of new identities, and an alternate world for artistic invention.

Jon Cates’ use of glitch and “dirty new media” entered into his performance of Bold3RRR. In this work, I think it perfectly captures that since it captures Jon Cates’ identity really well and the glitch effects added a layer of intriguing attractiveness to the daily and mundane. It was kinda broken up, at times seemingly unreal yet it is real, and as a whole it still is able to hold together as one whole.

“Masks” on Adobe Connect

Initially, I was really curious how the lesson will be carried because I’ve never attended such a type of class before and it was kinda exciting and also a bit nervous since its new. I think the difference between having the class virtually than in real life is that it is definitely more convenient. In real life, its considered okay to be late for a short period of time but when it was online, it was actually more pressuring in the sense that you have to be present at the set time if not you’d miss out and perhaps the class cant start. It was also actually more participatory with the selected groups chosen to be discussing about the given questions in Adobe Connect. Since it was virtual, only the selected people could be heard and seen but in a more focused way. For example, when someone talks in class, one would not stare consistently at the person talking or focus on them but perhaps just listen without looking much at them. Perhaps this was also due to avoid social pressure since it was rude and kinda pressurising to have someone constantly looking at you, much less a crowd. Hence, in a way, it felt more comfortable to be talking virtually, even though its still to a crowd. But one problem was with the technical aspect where my mic was working fine from the start but suddenly it “spoiled” when I didn’t do anything. That left me rather clueless and at lost of what to do and I was frustrated but sorry for those who couldn’t understand me.

Since I attended this at home, it was more comfortable in the sense that I do not have to rush my dinner before rushing down to school for class and also I was in a space where I fell home at. However, one problem is that since I don’t really have a “room” and my desk is actually kinda out in the open, my family members actually have to be more considerate with the sounds they make and all.

I think having the class about the third space in a third space was helpful in the sense that we get to learn through experience and it was also memorable. It was really fun towards the end where we had to “interact” with the others near where our screen is located, especially the “mask” activity  as show in the image above. I think that was the most engaging and fun moment and even though we were not together, but we are, in a sense. Hence, I really learnt a lot from this experience. I think it would be fun to have lessons on this platform again.

“Hole in Space” (1980) by Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz resembles what we call the video chat now when implemented at that time. It went for 3 days at the walkways of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts (New York City), and the broadway department store located in the open air Shopping Center in Century City (Los Angeles). It was a totally fresh and surprising event since their was nothing mentioned about it or explaining it and only people who had actually passed by those places would chance up this. They could now see, hear and speak with each other across a life-sized television images of the people from the two places. They could not see themselves but they could see what was happening in the other part of the city. It unconsciously served to close the distance between the both cities and people could interact as if the other city was right there literally in front of them. This allowed for discovery of new people, rendezvous to be set up and even allowed long lost separated loved ones to see each other again.

Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz have worked on various pioneering communication projects. This particular installation was funded by The Broadway Department Store, grant from National Endowment for the Arts and numerous companies. In 1989 Galloway and Rabinowitz founded Communication Access For Everyone (C.A.F.E).

What was interesting was how the audience reacted this sudden opportunity. Like always, people were clearly confused and wondering about what is this that is put in front of them since it came out from nowhere and they had never experienced anything similar.  Even now, its the same for the people in our century now. We still get confused and uncertain when suddenly plunked into a new situation with no instructions or whatsoever. Conversations then started as the viewers realizes that they were talking with people, who were placed in this same confusing plight just from a different part of the city. Considering the technology at that time, this was indeed a wonder and unexpected for everyone. Word spread quickly about this amazing communication platform and more people came to experience it.

A man and a women having a casually and flirty interaction about the bottle across the screen

As seen in the screen capture above, the two individuals even progressed to maybe starting a romance just over the screen. It is at this moment that you realise that the distance between these two groups of people had actually been dissolved, gone. Poof into the air, like as if it never existed. It also served to show that actually we’re all actually not that different from each other. Of course we have our differences, but we also share so many hidden similarities just waiting to be uncovered. We can connect with one another easily when putting aside the discriminations and prejudices and just presented as how we are at that time. There is nowhere to hide “yourself” or “enough information to pin a judgement” on the other party since it was something that just throws out into the open, exposed but also free of all strings.

“The absence of the threat of physical harm makes people braver”

So true this statement is. Perhaps its because you aren’t really there so people tend to do things they won’t do on a daily basis with people that are right beside them in flesh. For example, at one instants during the video, there was also a excited woman gleefully talking with the projected people from the other city, whom she had not seen for some time. She was blowing kisses, getting so emotional she even bowed down and burst into tears. It was interesting to see how people whom are strangers to each other, play, talk and interact in the various ways as if they had knew each other for ages. Also it is also interesting to note that all those people she got so emotional over where the pedestrians that she were to pass by often in reality, I doubt they would even have the chance to develop a relationship much less a so “deeply bonded” one as seen in the video.

“Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz showed that rich human communication was possible over a high speed link”

It is fascinating to see, that in this day and age, such methods of instant communication to the rest of the world was regarded as impossible in the past. Compared now, such technology and opportunities are so easily available to us to the extent some are even starting to take it for granted. Now, instant communication has proved to be a double edged sword where it can strengthen/build relationships or even break them.

Collective Narratives

“We wanted to explore the aesthetics and sense of presence in a shared performance/multimedia environment, where people don’t leave their indigenous environments. That way people from varied creative and cultural backgrounds could help create a new environment in which they would collaborate on an international scale.”

Hole in Space itself is an example of a collective narrative. In this project, people from a whole diversity of cultures, backgrounds and lifestyles came together through the screens provided and they interacted with each other in a way that was totally pure, raw and unscripted. It was a in the moment kind of thing. Hence, this allowed for a rich diversity of personalities, characteristics, stories to be mixed together beautifully into as one.


Q: Discuss how you think they revolutionized television, and how they started a media movement that you are now enjoying today with your smart phone videos and social media. And how have they influenced our study of social broadcasting? 

Traditionally, television used to be static and rigid. It’s extremely carefully planned out and moulded in a way to transmit “untrue” information for certain ulterior motives. Videofreex brought upon a very dramatic change wheres they started a movement that was scripted, planned and for no ulterior motives. They just shot whatever and wherever, capturing the raw environment and relationships. Everything was about freedom and the plain honest truth, nothing more, nothing less. They captured the beauty of life – everything from the highs to lows.

“video productions with subjects that ranged from rock music, avant-garde performance art, the erotic, circus arts, street demonstrations, traditional crafts, and alternative culture, to behind-the-scenes at national mainstream events and travel through foreign countries.” – Videofreex

There’s more personal content, where real opinions and real emotions arises, totally raw. What is captured are exactly as it is, what you do, what you want to say is relayed exactly as it was captured. You get to create the content. You are the character and do whatever you want. This was a captivating element for people and they want to know about other’s stories.

Carol Vontobel recording the everyday life of a young boy.


Videofreex has broken the various boundaries of what broadcasting is and what it could be. In current times, how they had carried out their work was almost similar to how people nowadays take video through their social broadcasting platforms. It’s more intimate and has a life force of its own, portable, anytime and anywhere.






Doing this for school assignment agnnnn

Posted by Siewhua Tan on Wednesday, 23 August 2017

I imagine myself to be someone who constantly takes in and collects stories as well as create them. In the video, I’m reading where I’m get more inspiration (aside from what happens in my everyday life which is also a big source of inspiration). From these, I used it to build my own craft. Stories can evoke memories and also emotions. Stories can even sometimes have the ability to transport you to seemingly another world or dimension, somewhat fantasy-like. Hence, I hope to achieve all of that.

PS. I have no idea why the video quality is so bad(same prob when posting the first live video) because it was totally clear when recording ._.


At the first thought of doing this micro project, what hit me first was nervousness and I was very sceptical since I rarely use Facebook nowadays and the fact that I’ve never broadcasted at all, much less a live one. It was my very first live broadcast and my mind just went blank, I no idea what to do. I was also worried about my friends would think of me while I was broadcasting (like i mean yeah it was kinda random and out of a sudden). But well… had to do it anyways!


It started from the classroom as we all filed out of the classroom to find “something visually interesting” in some part of the school. Since I really had no idea what exactly to film for it to be interesting for broadcast I just walked around the nearby surroundings from the classroom while flipping around the different filters. However I found that I could only load a few filters (probably due to weak connection) so I just stuck around with using the one with flowers. At first I decided to follow the direction of where some classmates were walking since it felt a little awkward to be doing this but tried to film other things instead of same things.

As time passed I slowly found myself to be comfortable in doing this and I found myself wandering off  from others in search for something interesting to film. Since I had no idea what was deemed interesting, I focused on filming the different objects or space that I pass by with the overlaying filters (I only switched around with the flowers one and this trippy filter as seen in the picture below). I liked how the filters can easily add a layer of intriguing interest to what was supposed just a boring dull space.

Throughout the whole broadcast, I did not speak much partly because I really had no idea what to talk about with my viewers about what I was filming and another part was because I had never much of a talker (awkward turtle is me still on or off screen XD) However, I was comfortable enough to talk with the others I bumped into while recording and just talked as per normal. Unlike others, I did not really show myself since it was uncomfortable to do so. While recording, 1 or 2 viewers would pop up and I would feel slightly more pressured to show something that was interesting or entertaining enough. I was actually more relieved and at peace when there was no viewers XD


Was so glad it is finally over 😀

The final output was to stitch everyone’s recording to be viewed as one big broadcast in a single screen. The initial experience was a chaotic one as I didn’t know which video to focus on or which sound to listen to. All the visuals and sounds just mixed together in a messy blur and I found my attention to drift from one, it stays for a brief moment before drifting to another unconsciously. However, after awhile I got more used to the overwhelming mess and realised as a whole, it was indeed rather intriguing and somewhat addictive.

Technical Problems

One big problem that kept bugging me throughout the whole recording was the internet connection. It was hard to maintain a strong connection and my broadcast “hanged” a few times. It was also after the video got posted that i realised how extremely bad the quality was since it looked totally clear while i was filming it ): Lastly, I also had no idea why but my Facebook app just crashed hence the video isn’t 15mins SORRY D:

School assignment (sry its rly random) ?

Posted by Siewhua Tan on Thursday, 17 August 2017