Team Members: Calista Lee, Claudia Tan, Lydia Lui, Sammi Neo, Vanessa Ang

Title: Toilets – Our Shared Space

Location: ADM Level 2, Female Toilet beside 4D classroom


Artists’ Statement
Toilets are a shared space amongst people from all walks of life; and within these space are more often than not, unspoken rules for people to follow. Flush the toilet after using, use only what you must. ‘Toilets: Our Shared Space’ explores the nature of getting people together, and with a set of simple but open instructions, to create a piece of music together; and enjoy the symphony of the space as itself.


Here’s our final outcome as well as the explanation of what we did!

Check out Lydia’s post for more photos and videos of the actual outcome!



I was pleasantly surprised to find that our classmates were very enthusiastic in participating in our project. Initially, we were afraid that they might not be too interested or enthusiastic about creating sounds, hence we created a score that they could refer to. But they were very creative in creating the sounds and surprised me by going entirely freestyle!


To crf to Calista’s post for secondary research:

To test out our project, we did a dry run and fine-tuned some details.

In order to solve some of the possible issues we came up with (as mentioned in Calista’s post), we decided to create a sample score for the class so that they have an idea of how to create sounds using the things found in the toilet. Also, this solves the possible problem of the participant not being able to come up with a sound of their own, yet if they would like to freestyle, they had the freedom to do so too.

Regarding the scale of the project, we were afraid that if all 13 people in class were to participate, it could get chaotic and very hard to coordinate. Hence, we decided to split the class into two groups. Depending on the situation during presentation day, we would either get 7 people to volunteer, or rotate between the two groups such that everyone will get a chance to participate.

We also decided to keep the beats rather simple as we found that it was hard to focus on your own part (if it was too complicated) when all the sounds were combined.

Here’s a video of us doing a sample score.


We also created instruction sheets and included the beats of the sample score for ease of understanding or in case the participant forgot his/her assigned beat.







Next up, the presentation day!

This project required us to find out more about a part or aspect of Singapore and present it in a visual narrative.

Here are some of the approaches we could take:

  1. Have a conversation with someone to find out about their way of life in Singapore.
  2. Visit a place or an area in Singapore that you are less familiar with, have not been for quite a while or have never been before. Go on a wander, what did you see, smell or hear?
  3. Visit a place at a different time of the day (e.g. a market at night)
  4. Have a conversation with your family member, are there life stories, tradition or experiences about Singapore that you might find?

I didn’t end up following any of the approaches directly. But I wanted to focus on the MRT as it was a place where people of all walks of life came together and was contained in a small cabin. I wanted to investigate the relationship between these people and the transportation as well as the interaction between the people in this space. I started observing the people and realised that no one was interacting with each other, only with their phones.

That got me thinking of how I could get them to interact. It also reminded me of a project my friend did, where she had a set of questions and placed it in HDB lifts, to get a conversation started between the people in the elevator.

So my initial idea was to create a set of questions and pass it around to people on the MRT, to get a conversation started. But realising that Singaporeans are relatively shy people, a set of questions was not going to get them to start talking. It would require a lot more work to solve that issue and due to time constraints, it would have been quite impossible to do so.

Hence, I scraped that idea and chose to focus on another perspective, the problems and inconveniences on the MRT, that is known for its ease of use and convenience, such as MRT breakdowns. But ultimately, I chose to focus on the elderly and the problems they face when taking the MRT.

This old man was squatting down in a corner of the train travelling down East-West line. Many people surrounded him but did not approach him and asked if someone could offer their seat to him. Instead, they ignored him. I also took many videos but am unable to post them as they are too big 🙁

To see my final work, click here.



For the first project, we had to create a visual narrative of our Singapore Diary. I chose to focus on the MRT and presented it in a video format.

Here it is!



From the feedback I got, there’s a lot of room for improvement. If I were to do this again, I would definitely get my friends to give their feedback as I might not be able to notice some problems since I am the one doing it. Some challenges I faced were interviewing people. It was daunting to go up to people and ask for an interview. And when I managed to gather my courage, many of the elderly I approached were not willing to be interviewed and recorded. Some gave their responses but did not seem to comprehend my questions as their answers were not relevant. In the end, I didn’t manage to get any interviews and it affected the final outcome of my video. Overall, it was an interesting project that got me to look at the MRT in a different light, and notice little things that I didn’t before.

Team Members: Vanessa and Sammi

The last project of 4DII is finally done! With this, the semester is over and so is my first year in ADM! This project was definitely interesting and my favourite project for 4DII this semester. Here’s a link to our previous post, if you want to find out more about our thinking process.

Now on to the photos we took during presentation day! (The photos might be a little dark due to the gloomy weather that day)


We placed our installation along the aisle of books right in front of the study tables. We chose this aisle of books for three reasons:

  1. We chose an aisle because we wanted the participant to physically pick up the books from the shelves, where the books were originally placed, since our narration is about how the book lays forgotten on the shelf and we didn’t want to move the books away from the aisle
  2. It had books with a lot of pictures and we found books with pictures that matched what we wanted to portray
  3. It was directly in front of the study tables so that the participant would be able to look at the students studying there when they are asked to look around them at the final stage of the installation

Our write up was placed on the shelf beside the aisle, which Michael said might have been too inconspicuous and people might not notice it.


This is what you’ll see when entering the aisle


Here are our classmates trying out our installation!


In case you didn’t get to experience the installation for yourself, here are the close ups of the books and the accompanying audio files!


1. The Beginning

“I used to stand strong and tall,

until they chopped me down,

and my branches started to fall.”

This talks about the first step. The character was a tall tree, but was cut down in order to make paper, for the pages of a book.


2. Transition

“I thought I was trapped.

A journey leading to death.

Little did I know,

there was potential untapped.”

The character then goes through a transition, losing hope at first, expecting death. Yet, he slowly discovers a new direction and purpose.


3. A New Life

“I became part of a book;

a new hope, new life.

Eager for someone to take a look.”

This is where he understands his new purpose and is enthusiastic in embarking on this new journey. He is filled with hope and is reborn, as a book.


4. Neglected

“Crowds came in, crowds walked by,

and slowly, I was cast aside.

Time passed as I turned old,

craving for someone to hold.”

As time passed, nobody comes to hold him. They simply walk by to the study tables, to do their work on their laptops, leaving him feeling neglected.


5. Obsolete

As the book lays on the shelf, untouched, he starts to feel obsolete and forgotten, leaving behind an empty void in his heart.

We also placed our concluding statement beside the last book to get the participant to start reflecting.

Here’s what it says:



This was my favourite project to do in 4DII. I definitely learnt how to manage my time and pace myself, from coming up with an idea, to doing our proposal then submitting it, to finalising our idea and creating it. It was challenging and there were a lot of changes made. For example, we initially wanted to put an electronic device together with the books so that the participant could listen to the audio track. Realising that it was not practical, we ended up using a QR code and a link so that the participant could easily access the audio tracks. This also allowed more people to participate at once. We also had to think through all the tiny details that seem unimportant at first, but could make a big difference to the effectiveness of the installation. It is also important to get a friend to experience the installation as they would be able to spot problems that we might not have noticed before.

From this project, I not only learnt how to accommodate our installation to be site-specific, I also learnt the practical side of creating an installation. All in all, a very exciting project and I wouldn’t mind doing it again!


After further discussion and research, we realised that we lacked interaction with the books itself. Hence, we improved on our idea and decided to take out our own images, instead replacing it with the images already found in the books.


Title: Judge a Book by its Cover

Team Members: Vanessa Ang, Sammi Neo

Project Focus: To bring attention to the forgotten books through user experience.

Project Write- up:

Do you still read in libraries?

Nowadays, most people come into the library to study, use their laptops, or sleep. Many have forgotten the original purpose of a library: to read books. The books now lay obsolete on their shelves, untouched. Through this project, we hope to bring you through a visual-audio experience from the perspective of a book.

Continue reading

Group Members: Vanessa, Sammi

Idea #1: String sculpture

Aim: To show interconnectedness between different genres

Gather books from different categories like Art History, Graphic Design etc. Each of them would be represented by different colours. E.g. Red for art history. Then we will create this string structure of the colours of rainbow and they will converge at a point. At the converged point, it would be a book that best represent all of them. Since the world that we live in is interconnected and the library is a place of knowledge we hope to represent how the different categories of books are connected to one another.


Idea #2: Tree of knowledge

Aim: To show a contradiction between the idea of books being an object of knowledge or object of waste and it’s all dependant on us (library visitors) giving them their function.

Books can be a form of knowledge. However, nowadays, fewer people are turning to books in the libraries to gain knowledge. This was a phenomenon we noticed in the ADM library, where no one was looking through the shelves of books anymore. Thus, the books become waste. Even though the object itself does not change, because of the way we use it, the function of it changes.


Product: To create a tree using book pages. Contradicts between the tree of knowledge and the idea of trees being cut down for paper.

Possible locations:

We propose using the stand as the tree base








Idea #3: Cozy Corner

Aim: To make the beanbag area a more comfortable and relaxed place

Description: We realised that many students go to the ADM library to take a nap or relax on the beanbags provided. We wish to make this experience more comfortable by providing eye masks and creating a relaxing soundtrack for them to listen to as they nap. (eg: ASMR)