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I decided to go with saddle stitch to allow the zine to be opened flat. I followed Sea Lemon’s Youtube tutorial on how to saddle stitch. She had very clear instructions!



  1. I first had to secure all the pages together using paperclips




2. I then measured to find the middle of the paper.




3. I marked with a pencil, using a staple as a guide as to where to create the holes.



4. I used a normal pin to pierce holes


*I forgot to take photos for the rest of the steps,hehe*

5. After that, I inserted the staple into the holes. This was the very tricky part, as you really had to adjust and make sure it laid flat on the surface.

Also, note to self, don’t cut your nails before doing this or else you will have a hard time….hahah.

But overall, I’m satisfied with how it turned out!




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I wanted my zine to be a continuation of my POV project on Hitler and beauty, specifically exploring the aspect of artists (who happen to be world leaders) interacting with their art.

I took away the concept of ‘Beauty from the POV of Hitler” and opened it up to introduce another Winston Churchill, who just happens to be:

a) A world leader

b) Hitler’s enemy

c) A painter

I feel like it was a beautiful coincidence and there couldn’t have been anyone more perfect to accompany Hitler in this zine. In the zine, I have created/curated/compiled collages that serve as montages/ commentaries of their political and personal life.


When I was still in the early stages of doing research for my content, I had these pre-conceived notions that Hitler= bad and Churchill= good. However, I came to realised that theres no clear black and white, and there’s only grey matter. Churchill, like any other human, had a dark side- he was an imperialist, racist and made a lot of nasty comments along with his inspirational ones.

I realised Churchill and Hitler weren’t all that different.

Both world leaders are incredibly complex, contradictory and larger-than-life human being and wrestle with these contradictions during their lifetime.

Hence, in my collages, I wanted to prompt my audience to question, is Churchill really a hero? Is Hitler really a villain? Most of the collages are left to be ambiguous at surface level as they allow the audience to create their own conclusions/assumption based on what I have created.

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My target audience is specifically people history lovers/ history students. Because of this, the way my collages are designed are similar to that of a political cartoon- very minimal text, heavily dependent on visuals and of course, an underlying message/commentary. Just like a political cartoon, only those who understand the issue will understand what the message of the cartoon is.

As I decided that my zine was not going to be educational, rather, it would be for viewing purposes and to encourage people to question current beliefs, I didn’t add in additional historical information in the zine. However, I did explain certain historical events to the class.

My whole format is strongly connected to my overall intention behind the zine. I didn’t want the two men to ‘interact’ or ‘meet’ with each other, therefore I wanted to have them on opposite ends of the page. I’m adopting a calendar style format, where you read the pages in landscape form, and only read from the bottom until you reach the end.

( I’m just realising now that when Eugene suggested that I do a calendar format, he was talking about the whole thing- including the binding! I don’t know why I didn’t consider the ring binding. I think it’s because I had this pre-conceived notion that binding either has to be stitching or staples…. How did I miss that…)

As for the paper, I went for a clean white card stock with a matte finish. I felt that this was the optimum choice as any other colour would not provide the clean look I was going for, especially since the collages were extremely colourful.

For the paper weight, I chose 250 gsm as it was a nice balance- not too thin and not too thick. Any thicker, I felt it would be too stiff to turn the pages.

For each collage, I have created accompanying captions that serve a a title to just slightly hint at the context.


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As I have already elaborated quite a lot on these existing compositions (https://oss.adm.ntu.edu.sg/wafa001/2016/03/23/2d-point-of-view-final-post/), I’ll just briefly explain again.

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This collage refers to the irony that exists in these laws- that Hitler’s Nazis have created laws showing so much mercy to animals, yet have contrasting laws that oppress Jews. This collage presents a hypothetical question: What if Hitler treated Jews the same as animals?


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In this composition, Hitler is looking out to his ideal scene of Lebensraum (living space), which of course has his ideal Aryan family just basking in the sun.

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This caption is a tasteless play on words of the ‘Final Solution’ which was created to the ‘Jewish problem’. In the background you can see a pile of dead bodies.

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Here, survivors of concentration camps hold pieces of Hitler’s painting (specifically the one which depicts his Lebensraum) as a symbol of victory- as his death signifies the death of his ideals, visions and of their oppression.



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“Always subject to depression, Churchill told the poet and diplomat Wilfrid Scawen Blunt: ‘There is more blood than paint upon these hands’. Indeed Blunt believed that had it not been for painting, Churchill might have gone mad.”

Churchill referred to his depression as ‘Black dog’, so in this collage you can see that as Churchill paints there is light streaming through the trees, and to his right, there is black blur of motion that suggests a dog’s silhouette, running away from the scene.


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This composition refers to the Bengal Famine of 1943 which had a shocking 3 million people dying. Churchill was the Prime Minister of Britain at that toime.

“This famine was attributed to because by the imperial policies of the British. In reply to the Secretary of State for India’s telegram requesting food stock to relieve the famine, Churchill wittily replied:

“If food is scarce, why isn’t Gandhi dead yet?”

Up to 3 million people starved to death. Asked in 1944 to explain his refusal to send food aid, Churchill jeered:

“Relief would do no good. Indians breed like rabbits and will outstrip any available food supply.””


This collage makes reference to the blatant disregard Churchill displayed for the Indians.


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I created the ‘cut-out’ in the painting in reference to the obvious triangular division named “Churchill’s Sneeze” or “Churchill’s Hiccup”.

“Winston’s Hiccup or Churchill’s Sneeze is the huge zigzag in Jordan’s eastern border with Saudi Arabia, supposedly because Winston Churchill drew the boundary of Transjordan after a generous and lengthy lunch.”





This collage hints at Churchill’s imperialist tendencies and actions, and pokes fun at his trademark ‘V for Victory’ hand sign.

“Churchill himself was never shy about interfering in the troubled politics of the Middle East. He cheerfully carved up the region, awarding new nations like prizes to various Arab dynasties after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, with scant regard for local loyalties and tribal traditions. He also enthusiastically supported the early settlements of Zionists in Palestine.”



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This collage concludes his life montage- where Churchill is give a state funeral- quite the contrast to Hitler’s death of suicide and being burnt. Did Churchill really deserve the state funeral and honour he received? Or was his victories far larger than his failures?














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Feedback from classmates



During the exercise where we viewed our classmates’ zines for a minute each, I felt a sense of impending doom (okay I’m being dramatic) as I noticed that many of them were holding my zine in different directions, and flipping back and forth.

I feel really bad for causing this confusion, and it was a major oversight on my part. After getting feedback from everyone, if I were to reprint this zine again, I’d definitely do it in the same format but just a different binding! A ring binding- like the way a calendar is designed. It’s quite crazy how binding can change so much.

Some of my classmates commented that they would have preferred the accordion binding.

However, I honestly don’t feel that the accordion binding is best suited for what I intended for this project.





I accidentally place the text for the credits the wrong way. It should have been flipped the other way round to serve as a subtle guide on how to read the book. This caused a lot of confusion:(


Feedback from Joy

Joy raised some technical issues which I wasn’t aware of and didn’t realise they actually posed a problem :/

  1. Borders

The border in the front and back page were not aligned/consistent with the rest. The printing shop I went to wouldn’t allow me to have it full, as they had some trouble with their settings. And because of time constraints I had to make do with it 🙁


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Intended printing size


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A comparison of both borders


Actual printed copy- notice the awkward cropping of the borders 🙁


2. Placement of text

Joy suggested that the cover might look better if the title ” A collection of collages about ….” had been placed below.


3.Text typeface

She suggested not using all capital letters, to differentiate body text and the front cover text.

4. Punctuation

She also mentioned the lack of punctuation in some captions. I realise now that though it was deliberate on my part, the audience might see it as poor grammar?


Noted with thanks Joy! I think I might re-do this zine during the holidays (:

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I’m rather disappointed with myself that I wasn’t aware of all these technical issues.

In hindsight, I feel like all these technical issues was due to:

  • Focus: I focused too much on the content, and what made sense. I was so caught up in the concept of my collages that I had failed to remember that even the title of this final project was “Zine”- and that I had to be sensitive especially to the technical side.


  • Approach: I definitely knew I wanted a minimalist layout because of how busy and heavy the photos were and to let the collages shine- minimal text, very clean lines, a lot of white space. However, my attempts at this style didn’t come off as deliberate and I should have been more conscious of my selection because in the end, people who read my zines had to get it. It doesn’t matter whether or not I know why i did this, they have to be able to see how it fits.


  • Preparation: I now understand why Joy emphasised so much on the mock up being shown at group consultation. I underestimated the importance of it. But I now realise, I needed to have that fresh perspective in order to have a successful zine- because my group consultation mates would have been my trial audience.

Im not going to lie, I feel rather disappointed with what I have produced. But I’ll end off my post with a more positive note with what I’m glad about:

  1. Learning indesign 

I was stubbornly stuck in a mindset that indesign was too complicated, and that there’s no way I could understand it, even after the in class tutorial. But I managed to do it, with the help of asking many questions to very patient friends, youtube tutorial and the notes I took down in class. This experience just proves to me that I have to stop thinking so negatively and embrace learning with open arms.


2. The beauty of zine

After looking through my classmates’ zines, I’m truly in awe of the different zines they have produced- from a guide on wave boarding, to a zine about a duck who is a detective! I hope to make more in the future, in my own personal time because it’s really super fun!


What now?

2D has now ended. But I’m always going to want to improve myself:

  1. I hope to grow a more positive mindset, and embrace learning new things
  2. Be prepared!
  3. Stop worrying, and have fun! Your experience with the process of your work will ultimately shine through in your end result.

To Joy: Thank you for being such a wonderful teacher, endlessly encouraging and supporting us to do better, think better and be better versions of ourselves.




I have decided that I still want to explore the topic of Hitler further, but I realised what was really interesting was the aspect of having an artist interact with his painting.

Possible titles for my zine:

World leaders in their paintings (a more catchier name perhaps?)

Beauty from the POV of Churchill (alcohol, Hitler dead, painting??, victory) and Hitler (animals, Aryans, clean country)

Man + Country + Paintbrush= This project



I brought this concept with me to class along with one composition I finished for Churchill’s funeral.

Group consultation notes

I first started off asking the group for their suggestions on how I could design my format, as all my compositions are landscape oriented.

  • Standard book format: I told them I wanted to 4 compositions for each world leader to highlight and juxtapose their qualities.


  • Accordion book format: I also told them about my other idea to have it in an accordion format such that Hitler’s compositions would start from the left and Churchill’s would start from the right, and they would eventually ‘meet’ in the middle.  Joy said she liked the ideas of them 

Conversely, Eugene suggested that I should both world leaders should not be ‘meeting’, and they should be on opposite sides- in a ‘calendar’ type of format, where Hitler would be in the front, and Churchill would be at the back. I thought it was an interesting suggestion, and I’m also considering doing that.


In the middle of all this, Jacob asked me who my target audience was, and I was taken off guard. I stared at him for a while then mumbled something along the lines of ” I want to show it in an art gallery- to be displayed..”, which doesn’t really make sense to me now.

I feel that the the nature of the zine allows you display your creativity out of the formal context, and an art gallery is rather formal- and works should be frames. I don’t know why I forgot to consider my target audience- which is an essential part of creating this zine- it affects the way you print and format your zine, your content- basically, everything.

So, I’ve been thinking a lot about that and I decided that my the content of my zine itself is quite unusual- world leaders interacting with their paintings (I’m not even sure how to classify that topic)

However, I don’t really have a specific  audience, but I think my target audience would generally be people who have an appreciation for art or history. Like for instance, those who love art but don’t really know much about history/ these world leaders  OR people who appreciate history and don’t really interact with art.

Either way, I want my zine to be thought provoking and somewhat amusing in the sense that these world leaders, who many don’t know are also artists- are interacting with their painting. And it will also be an added bonus if my audience finds it informative as well. Like Joy mentioned to me, does my zine have an education purpose or a viewing purpose/ making the audience question what is happening?










On the aspect of typography, i haven’t really thought it out yet, but with my collages being rather busy, I might want to keep it simple.


One of my friends also shared a website on font pairing, and it’s pretty cool and useful!

Canva’s Ultimate Guide to Font Pairing



We are now at the final project for the foundation year!

For Project 3, this was the aim of the project:

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“To formalise your semester’s works in free and uninhibited ways. To introduce inspiration and serendipity into creative development.”

Here is an overview of all the projects I have done this semester so far:

Semester 1

  • Project 1: Lines (A narrative-Two Dots Went For A Walk)

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  • Project 2: Nursery Rhymes (There was an Old Woman Who Lived In a Shoe- The 4 Different Types of Mothers)


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  • Project 3: Ego (Breaking out of my bubble)




Semester 2

  • Project 1: Typographic Portraits (Flaws)

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  • Project 2: Point Of View (Beauty and Hitler)

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  • Project 3: Zine (????)


So far, here are some of the possible projects I’m interested in expanding on?

  1. Semester 1, Project 2: Nursery Rhymes (4 Different Types of Mothers)
  2. Semester 2, Project 2: Point Of View (Beauty and Hitler)


Possible mediums/ styles?

  1. Collage/ dingbats
  2. Paper cuts


“To explore experimental formats and understand alternative layouts and grid formats”

As I was making the different types of bindings, these were the questions that I asked myself:

  1. If I staple, how many staples would I need on the spine? Too few staples- big gap? Too many, excessive?
  2. If I do the saddle stitch, how do I make sure that my staples line up all on a straight row? Again, how many do I use to make sure it’s secure?


Types of stitches I am interested in, mainly for its aesthetics.:

  • Saddle stitch with thread
  • Coptic binding
  • Japanese Bookbinding


I watched this simple video, where Youtuber George Moore, goes through a stack of photo- zines sent to him by a photographer. It was interesting to watch as he made some commentary on little details such as:

  • Type of card stock, thickness of the paper
  • Borders of the photos and negative space (some have a regular border on each page, some photos take the whole page, there was also an important photo which was the only one with one blank page dedicated to the title)

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  • The print of the photos- glossiness or matte?
  • Some had ‘detachable’ elements

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It was also interesting that each zine could be on anything at all- one zine was solely dedicated to the funeral of Margaret Thatcher?


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You can watch the video here below.


Some ideas:

  • Photocopied style? (Xerox) Making use of the xerox machine
  • Collage? Layering on a page, putting pockets?
  • Using a sewing machine


I also watched this video- it’s really interesting!


Consultation with Joy

I showed Joy the different binding techniques I experimented with using staplers and the sewing machine.

I also showed her my ‘brainstorm’ as an idea of where I want to head towards- which is mainly the concept of family or relationships.

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I told her I wanted to try to stay away from cliches. So she suggested something!



  1. The Darke family during the Nazi time. The idea of inserting yourself into a hypothetical situation. I thought this was pretty interesting.
  2. Then she suggested.. Hitler as a member of the Darke family? This had me laughing nervously. What happens when something foreign enters your family? She suggested maybe he could be the scapegoat of the family, and brought up the idea of the scapegoat effect. Apparently in every functional/dysfunctional family, someone has to take the blame! Interesting! But the thought of Hitler even hypothetically being part of my family made me uncomfortable hahaha. But who knows?
  3. Questioning icons- everyone is a by-product of their family.What if they were brought up somewhere else?

After I told Joy I was astounded/amazed/ bewildered at some of her suggestions, she did make a good point that if I wanted to move away from the cliches, sometimes marrying my concepts could bring in a new fresh concept.

Also, when I showed her my experimentation with the different binding and expressed to her my interest in the Japanese/Chinese binding, she advised me to be mindful of what each binding can do for me. It could dictate how people read etc.

We also discussed about the time constraint of this project- and how to make it work.

It was a very insightful consultation which really got me thinking.


Moving Forward

  1. Nail down the concept
  2. Have at least 3 pages ready to show the new concept.
  3. Print and make a mock up for group consultation.




This is the second post I didn’t manage to post/finish that was dated: 14 March, Monday.

I had screenshot my progress along the way, but I didn’t have time to post it up.



I have already decided on my 6 POVs!


POV 1- Beauty from the POV of a mother is a child’s innocence.

POV 2-Beauty from the POV of Hitler is animals

POV 3-Beauty from the POV of Dadaists is ‘Degenerate Art’

POV 4-Beauty from the POV of Hitler is a clean country

POV5-Beauty from the POV of Hitler is Aryans

POV 6- Beauty from the POV of survivors is freedom



Here are some of my in-work-progress shots I took, and I explain some of my thoughts behind it.


POV 1- Beauty from the POV of a mother is a child’s innocence.

I initially wanted to place baby Hitler riding his dog to convey a child’s imagination, so I used the clone stamp tool to extend the rest of the dog’s head to create a body. Screen Shot 2016-03-16 at 10.43.04 PM


While it looked pretty believable, I decided to scrap it because I found another picture of a dog that he drew and I felt that drawing would be a better match for the painting and convey the more colourful vibe.


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Testing out with both dogs.

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After deciding on this dog, I used the pattern stamp tool to have the same type of grass as in the drawing. I wanted to have that artificial look to reflect the ideal this point of view has and it helped to make the composition more brighter and colourful, compared to the more natural looking grass which was relatively dull.

I also wanted to incorporate this barbed wire into the compositions a subtle way to foreshadow the concentration camps Hitler would later command to build. However, I decided against it because I wanted the composition to be void of any hidden symbolism and have it straightforward-much like a child’s innocence. Also, I was reminded that this is his mother’s POV, therefore, she would have only a purely loving perspective of her child.


I was also thinking of putting in his mom and have her interact with baby Hitler in the collage. However, I felt that it was there was no real purpose to put her inside other than the fact that he was her mother. She didn’t need to be present in other to depict her POV.



POV 2-Beauty from the POV of Hitler is animals

One of my initial ideas was to use this photo of the non-Aryan people being forced to clean the streets in this manner 🙁 , to have them look like ‘deers feeding on the grass’.


However, after some consideration, I realised that there would be no eye contact between Hitler and the people kneeling on the floor, so I went for another photo.

All these photos really break my heart. But doing this project, I had to somewhat switch off this part of myself and just focus on relaying the message. It’s kind of twisted that I have to turn a blind eye doing this project on Hitler and beauty.




Option 1-with squirrel


Option 2- with dog




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Decided to add in one more person

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I did the same as POV 1- Used the pattern stamp tool to cover the soil from the original image of the people.


I went for Option 2 because his facial expression is more distinct- shows that he’s smiling, and the previous image of Hitler had no correct line of gaze (?) with the people lying/sitting on the floor.

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I also wanted to add in the officials standing by Hitler’s side, smiling- but I thought it would detract the focus between the interaction of him and the people lying on the ground.




POV 3-Beauty from the POV of Dadaists is ‘Degenerate Art’

The process of doing this wasn’t so serious and was more fun to do. I stepped into the shoes of a Dada artists and tried to imagine what art I would have wanted to create to ‘rebel’ against Hitler’s control of art. So, I thought it would be funny to use Hitler’s painting and and photos against him to create a piece of art he would hate.


Hitler in a ridiculous pose (he hated this photo)

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POV 4-Beauty from the POV of Hitler is a clean country

One initial idea I had was to make use of these two photos:

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So, Hitler and his dog would be looking down from the mountain, but at the bottom of the mountain, would be all these people digging. However, I felt that the message wouldn’t be that clear and using a shocking image of a pile of corpses hidden as it is resized to a smaller image would be better. Screen Shot 2016-03-17 at 11.43.55 AM

I spent a long time trying to extend the railing and make it look as seamless as possible, again using the clone stamp tool and the pattern stamp tool.


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Another thing I struggled with was finding high resolution images of Hitler- so that’s one big thing I wish I could have done better- but it’s quite impossible to have really high res images of historical figures. But on the other hand, the graininess lends a gritty quality to the compositions.


POV5-Beauty from the POV of Hitler is Aryans



This was one of the very first compositions I tried which was a huge fail.

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So I layered two paintings over each other.

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I tried to depict the Aryan family in a river of blond hair. I actually kind of liked it. Actually, I’m not sure why I scrapped it. Maybe it was because I wanted higher contrast and the green grass to show.

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I tried to give them a ‘glow’ but also largely failed.

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I tried it with only one painting- notice there are no high mountains. It was too plain. I also had to extend his legs using my favourite tool haha.



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POV 6- Beauty from the POV of survivors is freedom




I loved this happy photo of the concentration camp survivors and wanted to take advantage of their hands raised in victory.

I thought it would be a good idea to have a colourful blue sky to show the start of a new life.


White Clouds on Sky Backdrop

It wasn’t really a good idea..

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It looked too artificial- as if they were posing in front of a green screen.

So I thought it would be more meaningful and symbolic if I had the open gates of the concentration camp behind them, as if saying they had escaped Hitler’s oppressive rule on them.









I forgot to post this post on my process- it was saved in my drafts unfinished, so I’m posting it now!

Dated: 10 March 2016

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Group consultation notes:

-I wasn’t able to show my Photoshop composition to my classmates because my Photoshop broke down…

-However, I did run by them my concepts- they didn’t have much to say, well because I didn’t show them anything. I tried to describe the room in the womb composition to them, but I think nobody understood what I was talking about so they didn’t answer me when i asked them what they thought about it.

-Joy did give me some food for thought- she suggested I do the whole project about Hitler and beauty??!!  (She says its so that I have its better for my art direction- so i would know what style to use and all that )It sounds like an interesting idea.. but I’m not sure.


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As of right now, I’m deciding between two concepts:

  1. Ironic/twisted situations
  • POV of rabbit VS POV of child
  • POV of son VS POV of mother (murderer)
  • POV of Hitler VS POV of mother

2. Hitler??

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  1. Beauty from the POV of Hitler is blue eyes, fair skin, blond hair:
    • I started on the composition for the POV from Hitler again, although I’m still not really sure what I’m doing- I’m just playing around in Photoshop.
    • My idea behind this is that I want to make use of the adjectives (blue eyes, blond hair and fair skin), and incorporate it into the view Hitler looks out of. So, to him it’s like the ideal landscape, playing on the term ‘Lebensraum’ (living space for Hitler and his Aryans).
    • I wanted to make it seem that he was looking out into the open and even then all he sees is the beautiful- which is fair skin, blond hair and blue eyes.
    • I tried using a nose (to depict fair skin) and blond hair to ‘blend’ into his painting, but there is not much contrast because everything is already relatively beige/brown and it doesn’t look interesting visually.
    • Conversely, I was thinking of putting a blue eye as the sun, but I felt that it would look too jarring and out of place since the long hair and fair skin almost camouflages into the painting.

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2. Beauty from the POV of a mother is the baby in her:2. I was also thinking, for the accompanying POV from Hitler’s mother, it might be interesting to have this painting he did of a house, tinted red in Photoshop for 2 reasons:

a) To mimic the inside of a uterus (I had this idea from the article about Canary Island spa shown below.

b) To foreshadow the bloodshed he will cause when he grows up to become a murderer.

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My topic for Project 2’s ‘Point-of-Views’ is on ‘Beauty’. But what is even weirder is that my concept revolves around ‘Beauty’ and Hitler– what does Hitler find beautiful? Or what do the people around him find beautiful as well?

The topic of Hitler came about when I was exploring POVs for ‘Happiness’ and I came up with a POV: “Happiness from the POV of Hitler is: blue eyes, blond hair and fair skin”. Everything kind of led towards Hitler after that, mainly because for IGCSEs I studied about Germany and Hitler for a year or half a year? (Not 2 years, sorry everyone, my mistake!) I can’t really remember  how long but it felt like it was a really long time. What really pushed me to head to this concept was during a group consultation when Joy suggested that I just focus all my POVs on Hitler. I was a bit taken aback, but I did it and here’s how it went:



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It was rather challenging to come up with solutions to Hitler’s POV of beauty, not because there was a lack of knowledge of what he liked/ preferred, but rather, doing everything from Hitler’s POV would have been rather dull and superficial.

So, although my overarching concept was based on Hitler and beauty, I decided to widen my scope and introduce POVs of others, but at the same time still being very relevant to Hitler. I found that doing this added more depth to my project and execution as the juxtaposing POVs on beauty helped me emphasise certain elements more.

*Sorry for the quality of the images, OSS doesn’t allow me to upload high res images 🙁


The format that I chose to present:


The right column (2,4,5) : Hitler’s POVs

The left column represents (1,3,6) : Other’s POVs

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In this composition, I wanted it to really reflect a child’s innocence, so I chose not to use any symbolism or hidden imagery in it.

I was actually thinking of putting in barbed wires in the background to foreshadow concentration camps, but I decided against it and just leave it simple. Because to think of it, if I was really to trying depict a mother’s POV, she would find this simple, everyday situation beautiful and she would find not fault in this picture.

Therefore, what you see here is what you get,: a baby Hitler is sitting with his dog on the grass in peace. One thing I wanted to point out is that I decided to use the grass from the painting of the dog and cover it over the original grass was because the drawing Hitler drew of the dog had a bright, colourful palette and I wanted to use that bright colour, to have an element that is reminiscent of children’s drawing.

Hitler’s art used:


Handout photo of a painting entitled 'Outskirts of a town with bridge and figures', dated 1909, by Adolf Hitler, which is to be auctioned today - along with 12 other works - at Mullock's Auctioneers at Ludlow Racecourse in Shropshire. It is expected to fetch £600 to £800. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Thursday April 23, 2009. The collection will form part of a historical documents, autographs and ephemera sale by specialist auctioneer Mullock's at Ludlow Racecourse in Shropshire. See PA story SALE Hitler. Photo credit should read: Mullock's Auctioneers/PA Wire


Pictures used:

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As I was doing more research on Nazi policies and what Hitler liked/disliked, I learned something extremely interesting. The Nazis had strict policies on animal rights, and those who mistreated their pets could be jailed for 2 years. I also found out that Hitler was a vegetarian. All this seemed very ironic and twisted to me. But it seems that the Nazis also discriminated a portion of animals- pets belonging to Jews and other non-Aryan races had to be euthanised. I wanted tot translate this irony, this twisted perception of mercy in this POV.

Therefore, in this composition I wanted to depict a hypothetical situation: What if Hitler treated the Jews the same way as he treated animals? You could easily find photos of Hitler smiling and lovingly (can I use this word for this man?) at dogs or deers as he fed them.

Hitler especially loved dogs and had several drawing of them. I thought it would be interesting to have him with his dog in each composition he is in, and to further highlight my hypothetical situation, this was the only composition where Hitler is without his dog- to emphasise that the Jewish people lying on the ground are meant to replace the animal- not in a disrespectful way- but to show the irony that Hitler would only look at them, smiling, (I photoshopped the squirrel he was feeding out of the photo) if they were simply animals and not human beings who happened to be Jews.

As for the choice of background, I used this desolate drawing he made, just to mimic where the scenery of where he would usually be when feeding animals/ walking with his dog.



Hitler’s art used:



Pictures used:










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This piece was slightly more fun and carefree to do, as I embraced the spirit of Dadaism.

When the Nazis came to power, they controlled everything- from radio and television broadcasts, music, book and art. I read about how Hitler hated modernism and all forms of it- he preferred the traditional methods of painting- art portraying the supreme race, power, landscape etc. Surrealism, Dadaism and all other forms of Modern Art was banned. The Nazis even had an exhibition titled “Degenerate Art or something” where they ridiculed these artists, put graffitti and hung their art askew, and encouraged the public to see how ‘crazy’ these artists were. The fact that they went to the extent to hold an exhibition for ‘Degenerate Art’ showed how extreme they were.

Hence, this composition is meant to show the POV of a Dadaist and I tried to imagine how a Dada artist might react to the Nazi’s extreme actions. Using Hitler’s photos and his own drawings/paintings in this piece would magnify the act of ‘rebellion’ and add humour to it- almost like Hitler spitting in their face, but they deflect his spit back his on face. There’s no concrete reason why I arranged the composition the way I did, but I suppose I somewhat consciously wanted to have the arms pet the dog aka Hitler. My main aim was to ridicule Hitler as much as possible- so the photo I took was actually one his photographer was commanded to discard but he didn’t. Hitler hated that photo, well because he looked ridiculous.

*It’s also a bit ironic- how he him being depicted as a dog ‘degrades him’ from Hitler’s POV, whereas the non-Aryan people being depicted as dogs is supposed to ‘increase their status’ from Hitler’s POV.



Hitler’s art used:














Pictures used:

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Going back to the point in POV 2 where I mentioned that there were many photos of Hitler walking with his dog in the mountains, looking at the picture in its original context, I imagined Hitler to be enjoying the view with his dog from above. So I wanted to change that scenario and depict him imagining a different view. Visual pleasure is derived from beauty, so getting into his twisted murderous mind, I would think that to him, a beautiful view is a ‘clean’ country- one with no impure races.

I kept this composition relatively simple like POV 2 to relay his POV. I wanted it to make it seem like he is showing his dog ‘a beautiful sight’- the mountains- but with a pile of dead bodies at the bottom. Therefore, he is enjoying the view of his dream of a ‘clean country’.


Hitler’s art used:


Pictures used:






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Hitler had always wanted Lebensraum, living space for him and his Aryans to live.

I wanted to show Hitler looking out to his larger-than-life ideal Aryan family just casually sitting amongst the mountains majestically as if they own the land. I played with the scale and made the family larger because I wanted to make it seem like Hitler is visualising his dreams, and it’s literally larger than life. Hence, the background and the family are all in colour, while Hitler and his dog are in reality looking out to his ideals.

For the background, I merged two of his paintings together to get the colours and the mountains. I increased the saturation of the painting to match the colours of the Aryan family and make it seamless.



Hitler’s art used:

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Nazi propaganda poster used:

(I just realised this was the only art I used that wasn’t Hitler’s! Oops.)




Pictures used:





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This last composition was a bit tricky to do, and I struggled in knowing how to depict ‘freedom’ without being cliched. The freedom of the survivors= Hitler’s death. I  was considering something along the lines of having the prisoners stand on Hitler’s dead body, or a collage of Hitler’s ‘dismembered’ body parts? It was all too vulgar and direct. I think last minute pressure really pushed me to think and I decided to depict the survivor’s freedom through the shattering of Hitler’s dream/ideals. Like how hunters pose with the kill after they shoot, I wanted to mimic that same celebratory mood with the prisoners holding pieces of Hitler’s paintings in their hands.

Another thing that was important was the background. Many of the photos had the ‘non-Aryans’ behind the gates, so having the people in front of the gates was a more subtle way to depict them having escaped from the nightmare, and the absence of Hitler is the main giveaway that he has died.



Hitler’s art used:



Pictures used:







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I didn’t really talk about my reference artists in my presentation, so I wanted to use this opportunity to show how I have managed to bring in my research into my actual works.


Eugenia Loli

If you look at my compositions, you can see I was certainly inspired by the surrealism of her collages.Although my main focus wasn’t surrealism as I intended it to be, the creativity and imagination she showed in her collages pushed me to think more creatively and experiment with pictures. It’s not that easy to create collages, and you would need an eye for it and a lot of practise to reach the level Loli has. It was definitely enjoyable doing it although it took a lot of trial and error.




I was inspired by Blick to juxtapose black and white with colour to bring emphasis and meaning. In addition to giving a striking contrast, it allowed my compositions to have another layer of meaning. In each composition, Hitler is depicted in black and white, or rather, each I used black and white to represent reality- something that has passed. Conversely, the colours represents an ideal/ vision and sets a background to a hypothetical or perhaps impossible situation.


Molly Jey

Although I planned on incorporating some of my own illustrations/ paper cut but didn’t manage to do it, I was inspired by Molly Jey’s work in that she creates depth by layering. It might be just a small thing, but I wanted to create this small pop-out effect with hitler’s photos to create some distance between him and his ideals/visions, therefore I used the drop shadow effect in Photoshop. Having the shadows make it seem like Hitler is an actor against a backdrop.






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From the class:

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From Joy:

(Again, I can’t remember what exactly Joy said, but this was the impression I received)

  • She liked that I went through the presentation from the beginning to the end in logical order I guess, haha. My presentations are usually all over the place, so perhaps I relayed my thoughts/process/concept in a more organised manner.
  • She also liked how, in the last composition, in reference to Hitler’s death, there was no need for Hitler to be physically there. Rather, the survivors were holding onto fragments of his painting was used as a symbol.
  • She liked that my concept was a refreshing take on Beauty.


Thanks everyone! (:


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  • Concept: I’m glad that I finally really took Joy’s advice for once (I always try to follow her advice, but I somehow stray away from it and do my own thing), because or else I would have gone a different route with the ‘Ironic/Twisted situations’, and in hindsight, the emphasis would have been placed on the twist in narrative rather than exploring/depicting POVs creatively.


  • Reference artists: I’m also extremely happy that I managed to actually use inspiration from all my reference artists, and that you can actually see how I was inspired by each of them. I’m not saying it’s necessarily good/bad to have your work be reminiscent of another artist’s, but channelling their style and methods can sometimes push you even further creatively than just relying on your own sense of style/design/method.


  • Presentation: I was less nervous for this presentation, mainly because I was prepared. I felt that I somewhat relayed my points clearly and logically, and that it wasn’t so scattered. However, my presentation skills still have a long way to go and my next aim is to have a printed script and up my presentation game.


Overall, I feel very positive about this project, however, I could definitely improve my execution, trying to find high res images for the collages, having better process sketches and work and of course, my presentation skills (!). This was definitely a step out of my comfort zone in terms of concept and execution, as I’m still not very comfortable with using Photoshop. I’m really glad I did this project!

Also, thank you Joy for always pushing me to go out of my comfort zone!

















I did some proper brainstorming this time, and explored 4 topics :

  • A tree
  • Courage
  • Ugly
  • Beauty

Thinking of point of views is not as easy as you think. It requires creativity to really think outside the box rather than just state obvious point of views. Some topics really stumped me- for instance the subject of a tree. Somehow it was really difficult to think of interesting perspectives. I really liked Jie Lin’s take on the topic of ghosts- specifically one line ” A book from the point of view of a tree is a ghost”. I have to applaud her for that one, it’s witty and creative.


Please click on the images for a better view.

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It was by the time I got to beauty that I realised the POV came more naturally to me than the others. I came up with a few ideas which I showed to Joy.




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  • Joy felt that was most potential in the topic of ‘Beauty’ (maybe because I had more POVS for that?). I asked her about choosing ‘Beauty’ VS ‘Ugly’, and she recommended that I did ‘ Beauty’ instead, with the reasoning that it’s harder to agree that something is ugly. I couldn’t really digest what she was saying haha, but that was what I took away from it. She suggested that I could instead imply ugly in beauty.


  • I told her that I was a bit stuck in choosing the 6 POVS to move forward and she gave me an different perspective. She pointed out that my POVs varied from ‘Process’ to ‘Completion’. For instance, “Beauty from the POV of a mother is a baby growing inside of her” VS “Beauty from the POV of Hitler is blue eyes, blond hair and fair skin.” She also suggested that I explore the various scales and the extent of beauty- how some is less beautiful than the other- and how to represent that.


  • Last of all, she asked me how I wanted to execute my solutions. I told her that I was thinking of doing some illustrations because I wanted to move away from merely doing paper cutting. I still want to do collage, since I haven’t done that before, but I’d like to try incorporating collage with some of my illustrations. I’m not very confident at drawing things, but I’ll just attempt it anyways.


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  1. Choose 6 POVs
  2. Solidify concept
  3. Research on reference artists for illustrations. Re-consider style
  4. Prepare sketches for group consultation next week so classmates can actually see and provide feedback


2D ‘Typographic Portrait’ Final


I’d like to make sure this post has everything I needed to say about this project, so I apologise if I am repeating myself in some parts.

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Due to my time constraint, I had to slightly change my concept. I realise that I was creating problems for myself by fixating on unnecessary issues. I turned what was supposed to be a simple concept on my flawed attributes to something entirely complicated, almost missing out the main star itself- typography.

My initial concept was to show how I reconcile having the same attribute at two different stages of life- between adult and child, and how it can have different connotations at different ages. I feel that it had merit and potential but I had made it too complicated so I scratched that and went back to the basics.


Therefore, my first project focuses on my flaws. Last semester we did a project on ‘Self’, where we mainly focused on our positive attributes. So, this time I thought it would be interesting to explore my flaws because they too, are part of my identity.

When I listed these 4 attributes (conformist, curious, demanding and open), I noticed some of them had a relationship with one another. On analysing them closely, I realised some of them contradicted one another and this was because they have a cause and effect relationship.

This was how I arranged the compositions:

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The first set: ‘Conformist’ and ‘Demanding’ have a somewhat contradicting relationship, at least to me.

Here is my take on these attributes:

  • Conformist= following rules, being conventional.
  • Demanding= exerting your authority on others and making sure other people follow your rules.

I figured out that I was demanding because I’m such a conformist that I expect others to follow the rules that I follow as well.

The second set, ‘Open’ and ‘Curious’ doesn’t really have a contradiction, but rather, a clearer relationship.

I figured out that I was ‘curious’ because I’m so open with my thoughts and feelings that I somehow think that others are as open as I am- and it turns out that they aren’t, so in reality, I’m actually nosy.

Each attribute has either an element of ‘taking in’ and ‘giving out’, as seen clearly annotated above. I thought it was important to highlight these two ‘categories’ because I feel like I’m sort of a machine- when I take input, I inevitably have output.


Going along with the same 2 categories, for ‘Taking in’ I used computer fonts sourced from the internet to reflect different sources. For ‘Giving out’, the typography are all entirely handmade and using my handwriting to reflect the information I ‘give out’.


Choice of colour

  • ‘Taking in’ and ‘Giving out’

I wanted to allude to the two categories I talked about above with the use of colour.

‘Taking in’ means receiving information from different sources = more than 2 colours used

‘Giving out’ has only one source, which is me= only 2 colours used (I initially wanted to use one colour, but I needed to have contrast, so I decided on two instead)

  • Color palette- why bright colors?

To be honest, when I was editing these I was having a bad headache from looking at all the bright saturated colours ( I had to increase the saturation on the computer or else it would be too muted).

Initially I chose all these bold, bright colours to mimic the childish attribute but when I changed my concept I decide to keep it as I felt that it would perfectly reflect my distaste for my flaws. The colours I paired together for each composition are no way pleasing to look at- they are jarring and have high contrast. Overall, I didn’t want to make this project aesthetically pleasing because I wanted to show how uncomfortable I was with my flaws through the colour scheme. If I were to use the same colours, but with pastel hues or muted tones, the project would be entirely different and wouldn’t have the same impact.





Hello my name is Widad and I am a

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I was inspired by this work I found on Pinterest. I can’t seem to find out who the artist it though 🙁 The element of the letters being camouflaged intrigued me.


When you first see this piece from afar, all you see is CE. I chose to use CE because the CE marking is a mandatory conformity marking for products sold in the European Union. I thought this would be a perfect symbol for showing conformity. All the products that comply to the certain set of rules and regulations can display the symbol on their products.

I feel that conformists are the same to a certain extent. We’d like to think we are all individuals and unique, but we unconsciously or consciously follow society’s rules and in that sense lose our identities. I’m a conformist because I stick to the status quo and don’t question rules- I don’t like to stand out for the wrong reasons, I don’t rebel. That is why I hid/camouflaged my name because being a conformist, I lose a part of my identity.



Upon close inspection, you can actually see my name popping out. As I was doing this, I was thinking to myself that this would be so much easier if I were to do it digitally. But I feel that it feels so much more special when it is handmade.


Conformists usually go for the mainstream choice, so I googled what a font that was overused and popular with designers. I found out that Helvetica was a popular choice and decided to go with that font. As for the positioning of the letters, I went with equally spaced kernings, equal cap height to give an overall harmonious looking word to show how complying with the rules gives order and balance.



I chose to use red, yellow and blue to show that even if the mainstream were to do the most ridiculous things (as ridiculous as this colour scheme) and it was normalised, you’d probably find me doing the same thing.

Jacob made an observation that if my intention was to hide my name, the use of red works because it detracts attention from the middle- and I thought that was very interesting and true even though I chose red as an intuitive thing.



Hello my name is Widad and I am

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I was struggling with how to represent this attribute using typography. In the end, I wanted to show someone pressuring others, and the affects of being demanding on other people. I cut each word free-hand with scissors and a blade, and then crumpled each of them to show create a wear and tear look (the implications of being demanded to do things).



I wanted to create the impression of someone exerting force, so I used the letter ‘W’ repeatedly at the sides to create something that resembles a ‘speech bubble’ to suggest shrillness and something loud.


To stick the letters, I used double sided foam tape and if you look closely you can see that in ‘Widad’ each letter pops up more as you go from left to right, and D’ almost flies off the page- as if the intonation changes and the intensity of a demanding shrill voice increases.

Then in ‘Darke’, the letters eventually becomes flatter until the ‘K’ becomes indistinguishable as it is crunched into a ball and the ‘E’ explodes all over the paper. Here, I wanted to show how high force pressure will eventually tear something down.






Someone suggested that I cramped in more letters to create the impression of being overbearing. I thought this was a very good suggestion because now that I look at it, the negative spaces in the speech bubble look a bit too empty.


To show contrast in the first set,

‘Conformist’: ‘Widad’ is camouflaged, very 2D and inconspicuous.

‘Demanding’: ‘Widad Darke’ is in big, bold 3D words and high contrast.



Hello my name is Widad and I am

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I was inspired by this photo I found on Pinterest. Again, I have no idea who the artist is because the tiny words are in a different language.



For this attribute, I consider it as a flaw because I reveal more than I should. This was presented like this first to the class:


I wanted to show how when people see me all they see is this contained person. Then, when I start talking, everything ‘springs’ and spills out so easily. Hence, the ‘pop out’ effect.

I wanted to use ‘Loud Typography’ to infer to the ‘volume’ that I have- that I’m very expressive, letting people know my inner thoughts even if they don’t ask for it.

It’s done in an ‘accordion style’ so that it somehow ‘unravels’ to allude to how when I start talking I can’t filter out the information.



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When it is fully stretched out, it reveals this:


For this paper cutting, it was a pretty tedious process. First, I wrote out my full name on a stencil using highlighter to achieve a thicker line than using a pen. Then I cut out the words, place it on the red colour paper, traced it, then cut it out again.

I used my full name to represent how when I talk, I let people know too much about me. Using my full name is like ‘exposing’ my whole self through speech. I also chose to cram the words together  and have some of them be disjointed (WAFA/WIDDARK/E) until it somewhat becomes unreadable to mimic how I speak- mumbling, rambling and sometimes confusing to others.

I wanted to apply ‘Loud Typography to this composition’ as it is often used to sensationalised articles in newspapers magazines, to show how my life was basically an open magazine, but I don’t think I achieved that effect.



Hello my name is Widad and I am

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This is how it’s presented. I wanted to spark people’s curiosity.


For this composition, I created a hole being torn out in the middle of the paper to suggest how being nosy and prying into other people’s private matters can be intrusive and by doing so it’s a bit savage.

I really wanted to highlight the seriousness and the effect of  being intrusive- it can have detrimental effects, hence I tore the paper rather than cut a clean hole in the middle.


Once exposed, it reveals a collection of the different fonts and sizes of the letters in my name- to show the secrets of different people that I keep. For the most part, my name is barely obvious all you see is letters. It shows how these letters which are part of my name can also be fragments of other people’s names, like how I know only bits of their lives.



Again when you compare the second set,

‘Open’- big letters covering the whole composition as I blab too much

‘Curious’- a small section because the secrets I ‘gain’ are only a few.




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For this projects, all of my compositions were strongly conceptually driven, which I feel were largely inspired by Stefan Sagmeister and Logan Mc Lain.

Visually, colour wise, I was inspired by Adam France and his bold use of colours.

I’ve done a post on Logan Mc Lain and Adam France, but I wanted to show the works of Stefan Sagmeister that inspired me to create conceptually driven work. I’m really drawn to works of art that are not to blatantly direct yet not too overt but makes you think.

He makes his intern cut into his body to show that design is painful.

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This has to be my favourite.


Although my medium does not carry the message, I hope that my form does.


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There are many many areas I feel I can improve on. Here are a few of my thoughts:

-Open: Joy suggested that I put Widad at the bottom of the piece so that when I compress the pop up there is a sense if balance: “Hello my name is Widad and I’m open”, then everything spills out.

-Demanding: Adding more words into the speech bubble to make it more overbearing

-Presentation: Someone mentioned that it was a pity that my presentation didn’t seem finished and I agree that it could have been done a lot better..

Overall, I really feel like I did push my comfort zone to create compositions which are definitely definitely not my style or aesthetic. I have never done such conceptually driven works before, and though it was stressful, I thoroughly enjoyed it,