For today’s lesson, we learnt about framing the moving image!
Q: So why is a moving camera important?
Our class discussed and gave several answers!
- A moving camera allows the viewers to see the actor’s facial expression & movement, it tells us where to look.
- It gives a sense of flow, space and continuity.
- It helps audiences to absorb information: Natural state of movement instead of stiff and flat framed images.
- Gives different perspective to/ of a subject: Gives dimension and it is less boring.
- The camera has character! Slow panning shows cinematic environment, up and down angle gives dramatic effect.
3 Things that move: Object, Camera and Audience POV.
- Camera movement is very important, it makes things more exciting
Why do Cameras pan?
- It gives the geographical location of the character.
- Introduces landscape of that place.
- Expresses meaning non literally/literally.
Slow pan: Gives off a serene feeling
Fast pan: Dynamic shot
Whip pan: Dramatic feeling
- Exists in shots simulating the male gaze (where they scan a hot girl up and down)
- Gives a sense of authority. Like in the movie, Grand Budapest, where the doorman and the manager were conversing from a higher ground and level ground, to show the status of the characters.
- Gives opinion and critique of the situation.
Allows the viewer to see in the perspective of the character from behind, or follows the by moving alongside the character.
So when do you use panning or tracking shot to follow a character?
Panning is more 2D and flat, whereas tracking shots are more dynamic by following the character.
Handheld Shots are often used in Horror and Thriller genre movies.
Handheld camera shot is a video production technique in which a camera is held in the camera operator’s hands . The shots are shaky, as though we are running to escape together with the character in his POV.
Example of movies with handheld shots are The Blair Witch Project ( https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=girSv9UH_V8)and ‘The Celebration’ . ‘The Celebration’ goes against traditional Hollywood movie shooting process and the shots are all handheld shots and are in natural state. It gives a documentary-like feeling and seem less fictional.
Dolly in and out shots: Zooming in and out of the shot.
Crane Shot: Using a Jimmy Jib camera to shoot the process, the shots are airy and floating, like giving a bird’s eye view in the sky.
Here is a video of the type of shots to get a better idea of the shots used in movies! :
A video that I think consist of a variety of shots is a music video, Growl by EXO! (fan girl shrieks)
The Music video is entirely conducted using Tracking shots, so there must be no room for error; otherwise the whole video has to be retaken. I believe the camera for this music video is taken using a handheld camera as the shots taken are very dynamic and moves all about the place. However, the shots are very stable instead of shaky and unstable like hand held cameras, so I believe a stabilizer was attached to the cameraman to allow smooth shots when he was shooting the video.
It also consist of Panning shots ( at 2:48 minute mark), Dolly in and out shots (at 2:37 & 3:23 minute mark)