in Journal

Art History Essay: Introduction

Link to my proposal here.

Buddhism originally originated in India and spread to China as early as the second century B.C during the Han Dynasty, where Confucianism and Taoism beliefs were already a well-established school of thought for the citizens. Going against the already their values of relating oneself to family and the community, Buddhism instead focused on creating awareness of one’s self and attaining enlightenment. It was thus seen as selfish, and was not immediately accepted in China. It started gaining traction during the fourth century in the north part of china, where non-Han Chinese ruled. China descended into a period of instability and disunity, and people were looking for ways of salvation. Buddhism drew influences from various elements in Taoism and Confucianism and eventually flourished. This is especially evident in the later Buddhist sculptures such as those found at the Longmen Caves, where more than a thousand Buddhist sculptures can be found. It can said that through the sinicization of Buddhist art, it became more accessible to the masses and thus more popular.

  1. Good start Jo! But we need some footnotes and some editing.

    *We all know that Buddhism began in India, but it is not general knowledge that Buddhism reached China in the 2nd century BCE. So, the first sentence needs a footnote.

    *Do we also need all this information? (2nd and 3rd sentence). Look at the textbook written by Richard Vinograd and Robert L. Thorpe in the ADM library for some great information about early Buddhism in China.

    *Who are these non-Han Chinese? Make your story more concrete. We also need dates.

    *So, are you going that the Longmont sculptures show Taoist and Confucian influences?

    *What is your plan for this paper?