Thermochromic Inks

thermochromic inks

Thermochromic powder mixed with a base can create a heat-sensitive pattern on a textile. When heat is applied to the powder, it becomes transparent and reveals the colour of the base (if the base is transparent, the ink just ‘disappears’). It can be applied just like a normal print or painted on.

In class we were provided some silk screens and block prints to play with. We used some of the thermochromic pigments in pink, yellow and black, though the black ink did not work as well as the others.

Applications:

Heat Transfer

DRY TRANSFER

We can transfer an image onto a fabric by ironing a crayon-drawn image on a piece of baking paper. Since the baking paper is translucent, we are able to create a tessellated image or pattern by tracing over it.

The iron should be set to a significant hear (recommended the cotton setting), then it melts off the baking paper and transfers onto the cloth. The image can come off a few times if battered thick enough with crayon, the residue from the crayon could last a few rounds. The iron should round the paper slowly to yield the best results.

I scribbled some graphic drawing of people and traced over them with a crayon on the baking paper. I traced over it twice to create a pattern and then transferred it onto a cloth to create somewhat of a graphical pattern!

Applications:

Pick up some Crayola Fabric Crayons to create an adorable DIY Rainbow Art T-Shirt! The possibilities are endless.

Image result for fabric heat transfer

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WET TRANSFER

Wet transfer is similar to dry transfer in a sense that it is a transfer of ink from one surface onto a textile with heat. However, working with a wet medium, we generate more unexpected shapes and textures. They are more organic and allow better blends of ink.

For this method, we used wet inks painted on paper, covered it with a sheet of baking paper, placed it on the cloth (wet side faced down) and ironed it on. I layered the wet paints and also created one that was mixed with a dry transfer. The outcome had a live edge effect and created unique, dynamic patterns.

Applications:

This may be the coolest thing I've ever seen ... definitely the coolest use of gelatin EVER ... printmaking with leaves, printing ink, and a cookie sheet of gelatin. Who would of thought?

 

The Shibori Method

THE SHIBORI METHOD

Shibori is commonly used in tie-dye. However, for this class, we manipulated thermoplastics with the Shibori method. This method creates three dimensional textures on a thermoplastic without the need for sewing. The materiel of the textile should be 100% polyester, and preferably a light one, to yield the most effective results.

We created our outcomes by creating folds in our fabric by tying it around objects or manipulating it in different forms, then wrapping them in aluminium foil (to preserve colour) and boiling it in water for around an hour.

After we remove it and allow it to cool, it retains the shape that we left it to boil it, therefore creating a texture on the fabric. This technique is useful in creating organic tessellations (with marbles or coins) or create complex geometric forms without smocking (origami method).

Applications:

Related image

Related image

Knitting

KNitting

Knitting is a common hobby, mostly as an idle practice. It involves a repetitive motion of creating loops and knots in a series that ultimately forms a single piece. This motion is assisted by 2 rods where the piece is transferred at every change of direction. The pattern of the loops can be deliberate (purl stitch/knit stitch etc.) and alternate.

One can use unconventional materials to create knitted pieces. The pieces can also form unconventional shapes and even 3D forms. Here are some of my experimentation with raffia strings, cotton threads and conventional yarns.

Raffia

 

Cotton

 

Applications:

Image result for unconventional fabrics using thread

Image may contain: person, indoor and wall

Smocking

SMOCKING

Smocking is an extremely tedious method that yields great results. It involves plotting a pattern on a grid drawn onto a piece of cloth, then hand sewing through that pattern. It creates a three-dimensional texture on what was once a two-dimensional cloth. The smaller the grid squares, the more intricate the pattern.

I created a smocked cloth with grid squares that were 2cm wide. It took almost a whole weeks idle time to finish sewing it. Mid-way through I tried it as a means for creating a poofy sleeve.

Applications:

Plastics and Threads

UNCONVENTIONAL FABRICS USING THREAD

Using a water-soluble stabilising agent, we are able to create a textile with a mesh-like quality. We start by arranging items (threads or cloths) within our stabilising agent, then pinning them down and sewing through the agent both horizontally and vertically.

We finish by dissolving the agent in water, and drying what’s left on a mould of the form that we’d like it to take shape in.

Applications:

Image result for thread on water soluble

Image result for thread on water soluble

Creating new fabrics from scraps.

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PLASTIC FUSING

Plastics melt! Therefore, it is easy to combine them by simply ironing layers of thin plastics under a sheet of baking paper (so as to keep your iron and ironing board safe). One could even create patterns or graphics by combining different typer and colour of plastics together in a deliberate manner. Here I’ve created one reminiscent of fire.

Applications:

Image result for plastic fusing

Image result for plastic fusing

Image result for plastic fusing

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Wet Felting, Needle Felting and Appliqué

Appliqué

Appliqué involves stitching multiple fabrics together to form a single piece of fabric. In experimental explorations of this, it could also involve embedding other materials in it.

For my exploration of appliqué, I places some 3D pompoms inside pockets I created through sewing 2 pieces of cloth together in between the felt. I also embedded some threads and yarns in the felt to create a graphic outcome. To finish, I made a lining with pompom trimmings.

Applications:

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WET felting

Wet felting involves creating a felt by layering wool (they could be in different colours) and lathering them with soap and warm water. The arrangement of these wools could be deliberate to create a designed wool piece. Small items like yarn can also be embedded in them.

The more one lathers, the more dense the felt. It is also a choice to create shapes and holes with the felt. To finish off, we dry it in between sheets of paper.

You could also needle felt some eyes on after it’s dried.

Applications:

Image result for wet felting

Image result for wet felting scarves

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NEEDLE felting

Needle felting is a common technique used in puppetry. It is created with a felting needle (practically a normal needle with upward facing hooks) and wool. The needle agitates the wool and combines them into a felt. The more you agitate the wool, the denser the felt created by it.

I created a puppet had by felting some beads onto a sphere (felted previously in class). I also felted some wool yarns into the head to create hair.

Applications: