4D Project 3: Final Research Paper

Link to documentation is here.

Singapore After Dark: Jurong Fishery Port

Group Members: Azmir, Ziyaad, June

Concept: What’s the idea?

Singapore After Dark: Jurong Fishery Port is a documentary that aims to provide insight into the hard working lives of odd job workers and to enhance the significance of these lesser known occupations. The main video is compiled with montages of the bustling fishery port and insightful interviews of vibrant personalities to characterize the representation of Jurong Fishery Port. This documentary is presented in the context of an installation space, with two supplementary screens which utilise urban and suburban imagery and timelapses, to create a contrast between the hardworking fishmongers and sleeping masses. Employing the use of interviews, the video intends to highlight that, although the fishmongers work exhaustive long hours in a grimy environment and are subjected to the fish market’s unstable economic turnover, their unwavering optimism and responsibility towards their occupation is worthy of the public’s awareness and appreciation.

Relationship between content and form: How does the idea for the image influence the selection of the image’s content and process of execution

The content of the documentary is carefully curated to suit the medium of installation. To emphasize on the clear distinction between the silence of the resting population and the bustling activity in the fishery port, this video juxtaposes scenes of movement in the fishery port in the main video against side screens with minimal motion and figures. However, instead of using the loud ambience of the fishery port throughout the video, the sound design in the main video is kept at a peaceful rhythm using uplifting piano instrumental music, as to not overwhelm the viewers’ conventional perception of the stillness of the night. In order to maximise space in advantage to the documentary, side screens made of black cardstock are used to convey the idea of darkness in midnight hours, as white screens would be too bright and glaring for an installation with a night context.


Drawing reference from British filmmaker Ben Brown’s “Journey to a Costa Rican Food Forest” and Japan Tsukiji Fish Market, the documentary has a subtle balance between montages of the fresh seafood and liveliness of the fishmongers and buyers that represent the fishery port. Although filming in a busy fishery port was a daunting task, the team succeeded in using handheld filming technique to film various types of shots ranging from close ups to wide shots in order to comprehensively capture the essence of non-stop motion in the fishery port. By fully utilising the infrastructure of the fishery port, the team also managed to film bird’s eye view from the level two overhead bridge which spans the entire width of the fishery port, in which contributed to the many shots of the heavy trolleys that rumbled and pushed through the throng of people in the narrow walkways.


Compiling different images of the many facets of the fishery port to form a documentary is done to minute detail. The documentary opens with imagery and timelapses of urban Singapore at daytime, which are mainly shot in populated areas such as Raffles Place and the Central Business District. The emphasis is on the people and traffic bustling through the day. Following the sunset timelapse, is a silhouette of a huge lorry moving away to reveal the huge building of the Jurong Fishery Port. The blinking time reflects that it is 00:23 hours, and the documentary unfolds by giving the audience a general overview to the fishery port. The accompanying piano music acts as a lullaby, which provides the video a calming atmosphere, to bring out the concept of however busy the fishery port seems at first glance, it too has a pattern of its own to ensure the order and operation of the fishery port runs smoothly. As the music picks up the pace, the documentary introduces faces of the fishery port. The interviews encompass simple and direct questions, to more in-depth enquiry of the business of the fishery port. The different demographic of interviewees also provide an insight of what the fishery port has to offer to different people, be it the local fishmongers or the foreign worker customers. The documentation closes with a thought-provoking sentence, with hopes that it leaves the viewers a lingering thought that every job has its own value, be it a white collar occupation or blue collar job. Forgotten occupations such as fishmongers play an important role in fueling the economy of the nation, considering their hard work and dedication despite working in odd hours and grimy environments, should not go unnoticed and under appreciated by the public.

4D Project 3: Final (Singapore After Dark: Jurong Fishery Port)

Singapore After Dark: Jurong Fishery Port

Link to research paper is here.

Group members: Azmir, Ziyaad, June

Main documentary:

Side Screen #1:

Side Screen #2:


Artist Statement

“Singapore After Dark: Jurong Fishery Port” is a documentary in the form of multiple video installations that contrast the scenes of the bustling fishery port and the stillness of suburban Singapore. Compiling dynamic scenes of the fishery port, stories from the fishmongers and buyers from various walks of life, we bring you on a journey from the grimy, wet floors to the lively interaction within this hidden community. The main screen is complemented by two supplementary projections which utilise urban and suburban timelapses and imagery, showing a clear distinction between the working labourers and the sleeping masses. Inspired by British filmmaker Ben Brown’s “Journey to a Costa Rican Food Forest” and Japan’s Tsukiji Fish Market, this work aims to provide insight into the hard working lives of odd job workers and to enhance the significance of these lesser known occupations.


For this installation project, we wanted to try a different approach to filmmaking, to break away from the narrative structure we’ve been more familiar with for the two semesters. Thus as we were conceptualizing our project, we were introduced to a British filmmaker Ben Brown, who made a documentary about the roots of food at the Costa Rican Food Forest. Hence, inspired by his project, we researched on various food farms in Singapore, which eventually led us to the Jurong Fishery Port. Instead of mimicking his works, we chose to do a fishery port because we felt that the fishery port was a topic that is unfamiliar among the masses. Thus, after we settled on our subject, we started conceptualizing the focus of our video. There were two possible paths:

A) To concentrate on the journey of the fish from where they were caught up till the point of them being served at restaurants

B) Focus on the occupation and stories of the fishmongers at the Jurong Fishery Port. 

In the end, we chose option B as we felt there was more character to the place than we initially thought when we step foot on this port. The sights and sounds of this place were very overwhelming as we were greeted with bustling activities as far as the eyes could see. We wanted to bring out this idea of how each job has its own definitive value and to highlight this importance to people.


Ben Brown’s ‘Journey to a Costa Rican Food Forest’

Drawing inspiration from this video, we were thoroughly impressed by the quality and the content it brings to talk about the journey of the source of our foods. We decided that we wanted to evolve this idea and bring about our own ideas of a fishery port that only operates from 12am to 6am.

NHK Tsukiji World’s Largest Fish Market ‘The Incredible Hands’

We also used this documentary to see how they filmed their shots and their main focus of the show.

Alex Prager’s ‘Face in the crowd’

Dan Mace’s ‘Gift’


Screen Shot 2016-04-22 at 11.51.26 AM


We went to the fishery port twice. The first time that we went, we wanted to have the feel of the whole vibe of the place and we didn’t film anything. We thought of all the shots we could do in the place the next time we came.

Shot List

The shots were broken down into a few places ranging from close ups to wide shots.

Fishery Port Scenes:
  1. Short pan
  2. Birdseye
  3. Wide shot from AVA bridge
  4. Chopping block
  5. Pouring fish
  6. Close up
  7. Different ages
  8. Resting (guy sleeping, people sitting)
  9. Calculating money
  10. Buying, customer choosing fish
  11. People stacking boxes
  12. Forklift moving
  13. Teamwork (multiple people carrying boxes)
  14. Sound (ZOOM)
  15. Lorries
  16. Trolley
  17. Weighing of fish
  18. POV shot of fish (GoPro inside icebox)
  19. GOPRO on the floor – filming feet, crossroads
  20. Short interviews of fishmongers

Side Screens Scenes

  1. Quiet neighbourhood (HDB)
  2. Empty walkway
  3. Cats roaming
  4. Empty Roads
  5. Empty shopping malls
  6. Not running escalator

Intro scenes:

  1. Raffles place
  2. Central Business District
  3. City skyline
  4. Sunset timelapse
  5. City hall (Funan crossing)
 Equipments used for installation
  1. Projector x 1
  2. Mounting boards for projectors x 2
  3. TV x 1 + 1 set speakers
  4. Laptops x 3
  5. Fishing nets x 2
  6. Fish baits
  7. Styrofoam Box
Interview questions

We came up with a few short questions for the fishmongers before going to the port.

1) How long have you worked here?

2) Do you enjoy your job?

3) Is it tiring?

4) What do you do in the day?

5) How old are you?

As we interviewed some of them, their answers led on to even more questions for us to ask which allowed more content for our documentary.

Screen Shot 2016-04-22 at 4.32.30 PM

Post Production

Although our documentary did not have a narrative structure to it, we still needed a suitable song to set the mood for our whole video. We set out and explored many genres of songs before deciding on 3 songs that went really well with each other throughout the entire video.

These were some of the songs we considered:


Our editing process

Initially, we had trouble trying to match the songs together but eventually, we managed to find 3 songs that tied in well with the feel we were looking for, for the entire video.

Final 3 songs used:

Florence Fennel by Roses and Branches

Boe Falter by Roses and Branches

Night Trouble by PETIT BISCUIT

There were a lot of layers involved in our main editing process. Fortunately, we had filmed lots of extra b-roll footage which allowed us to contrast the scenes from wide shots to close up shots.

Setting up


Whole set up


Fish baits hooked on fish nets


Projector setup

Final Installation


The installation received lots of positive feedback and we are genuinely happy the message of the video has been brought clearly to our audience 🙂

We also had a small surprise at the end of our presentation where we provided the class with potong ice cream that was hidden inside the styrofoam box as part of our contribution to the potluck. We were happy that the class enjoyed their little dessert.


Happy faces


  • Time

The main challenge for us was time. Having to stay awake throughout the night to film and document this definitely took a toll on us and we knew how it felt to be in the shoes of a working fishmonger.

  • Getting the shot

With the narrow and busy walkways they had in the fishery port, we basically had to find a proper place and time when we are filming our shots. As much as we can, we need to be aware of our surroundings first before we actually start filming as we do not want to hassle the people working there. That being said, sometimes a good shot can be missed due to these reasons.

  • People

The first time we came to experience the feel of the place, we noticed that a lot of the fishmongers were constantly busy and looked pretty fierce. As much as we would want to get an interview from them, we also didn’t want to step on their toes or put a stop to their work. However, the second time round, we actually took the courage to ask a few of them and we were actually quite surprised with the response we were given. They were not actually that fierce as they look and some bothered to even talk more than we had asked for.

  • Location

First off, the location wasn’t really accessible by public transport so we had to use the car to get in and out of the place. The place was really wet and grimy with the smell of fish right up our noses. We did do our own research about the place first before going there but didn’t expect it even more than we bargained for. We left with clothes stinking the entire car and our feet was just soaked with dirty water.

  • Structure

As there wasn’t a narrative structure, the initial process of piecing together the footages into 5 mins was a tough process. We had to rely on our chosen songs to give us an idea of roughly the start, the essence and the end of the video. However, as we slowly ease into the editing process, it eventually got easier and we just had to do minor tweaks to it.




Making a documentary was something I wanted to achieve since the very beginning of foundation 4D. With similar visions set out with this team, I was able to achieve this visual idea and put it out which eventually went further than my expectations. I’m really glad to be a part of the team with these 2 talented individuals who worked countless hours to achieve the final product. As this was the first time we are working together, we set out this project playing to our own individual strengths and learnt a lot from each other. Right from the beginning, we were set on what our subject matter would be and how we wanted the overall outcome of the documentary to be. The Jurong Fishery Port experience was entirely new to me and this place really opened my eyes to this hidden world that most Singaporeans wouldn’t have a clue about. Dodging trolleys that the fishmongers would pull from one end to another end on a narrow lane and trying not to fall from the slippery wet floors is something I would never forget.

I felt that our planning stage was quite successful which led to minor hiccups from filming all the way to post production. We met the timeline that we initially set for ourselves and I’m really proud of my team. It was an interesting experience to be working together on the edit as well. Ziyaad came up with the initial draft of the video and we all worked towards tweaking to match the feel of the video that we wanted right from the beginning.

Overall, I am grateful to have met such amazing teammates, each with their own set of skills, that enabled us to create this visual piece. I’ve definitely had a fun experience from the planning stage all the way to the execution stage and learnt much more about them which enhanced the outcome of the final installation.


I’ve never made a non-fiction video before, so this project was a real eye opener. Since I took visual effects in polytechnic, everything I’ve done has been fictional and sometimes over-the-top. Making a documentary has been a really insightful experience. It was a good idea that we went to recce the venue a week before the shooting day. Having a good idea of what to expect and what scenes we could shoot really streamlined the schedule during shooting day. We didn’t waste much time and managed to get what we came for.

Shooting at the fishery port was quite a fun experience. The paths were narrow and slippery, so we had to be really careful. We also could not use tripods as we didn’t want to block the way. Everyone was busy, but we still needed to get interviews and certain special shots. We tried to be as polite as possible, and while some people didn’t want to get interviewed, thankfully we managed to get a couple interviews shot. We really wanted to set up a GoPro to shoot a scene of the fishmongers emptying a container of fish towards the camera. We had to scour around the fishery port several times before we finally managed to get permission from a stall to get the shot.

I learned a couple of new things from editing the main video. It was really different from editing a narrative piece, because there wasn’t really a set structure for our video initially. I struggled a bit at the start, but after discussions with my group mates, we managed to make a simple structure to follow, which was mainly influenced by the music we used. It starts off slow, and by the end it picks up a bit. We took a ton of shots, which ultimately helped in choosing the various scenes we wanted to show. A lot of the shots were not used in the end, but having more options really helped.

Overall, it was a really fun assignment to work on. Other than the technical aspects, it was great to learn about Jurong Fishery Port itself, which is pretty much the purpose of the final installation; to inform people about this interesting place and its people. I felt that we did a pretty good job. The one key word from the assignment brief that I remembered from the start was “professional”, and I feel that my group really put in great effort to make the installation as professional as possible. We joked about putting too much attention to small details in our editing and the final installation, but I feel that it all paid off in the end.


Looking back on our 4D final project, I am overwhelmed with gratitude to have been a part of this wonderful project. This 4D project incorporated installation elements which was very new to me, and to be frank, even the high standards of filming and editing was unfamiliar to me. However, with patience, guidance and amicable attitudes from my more experienced team members Ziyaad and Azmir, I stepped up to the task and found myself enjoying the journey of creating our documentary, and learning new things along the way.

Although it was our first time working together, the strong synergy among us aided us in contributing each of our expertise into the project. For this project, I mostly took a backseat in filming and editing, as my team members were far more professional in these fields. In pre-production, my role was conceptualizing the central idea and to identify the specific themes we wanted to portray in the video. I didn’t realized the importance of this until my classmate Zhi Xin commented that the video has a touch of sensitivity to it, which has been the overarching theme in all of my artistic projects. In the filming stage, I took on the role as a mediator to approach and interview the fishmongers, as majority of the fishmongers were Chinese. To our surprise, even though the fishmongers didn’t look very friendly, we found out that most of them were willing to let us film them or engage in a short interview with us. As I was the one in charge of conducting interviews, my team members jokingly called me the “Bearer of the Zoom (mic)”, which endearingly suggests my role of recording audio and sound.

In post-production, I was really amazed by the great videography captured on film. Being teammates with such talented videographers truly opened up my eyes to the beauty of filming, hence now I have a deeper appreciation and knowledge for filmed footage. While I edited the side scenes featuring the shopping mall, I also learned to recognize photography techniques such as “depth of field” from Azmir. I also expanded my editing skills on Adobe Premier Pro, as I learnt how to use the Warp Stabilizer to stabilize shaky clips, and manually make a fade-to-black transition. Besides that, I learnt the importance of consciously saving the project every now and then, and the steps in rendering a video. In addition to side screen video editing, I also translated the Chinese interviews into English. This proved to be a more challenging task than I thought, because the subtitles had to be as concise and accurate as possible.

On the day of presentation, along with my team members, I was very glad to see an overall positive response from our peers. However, our instructor Ruyi posed a question to the class that got me thinking: do you think the characters in the interviews connected with the audience? The answer didn’t come to me until I chanced upon a documentary made by the Singapore-based “Familiar Strangers” campaign (https://youtu.be/mwaS5LeMdGc), which features how low waged foreign workers’ respond to positive and negative comments made by Singaporean locals. The three-minute video left a lasting impression on me because of the individualistic characters that was the foundation of the video. Hence, as a concluding advice to improve my documentary projects in the future, I understand that a documentary benefits from having a strong character to anchor the concept and theme of the documentary, because the human individual breathes life into the subject tackled.

4D Project 2, Week 9: Final (Sound and Image)

We were tasked to create 2 stories from 2 different genres using nothing but only sound effects.

For this project, I chose task 1 as I felt that it gave me more freedom in being able to play around with the different sounds to create the stories that I want to portray.

We were given different genres to create our stories and these are the 2 that I find intriguing to explore and create my story from.

1 ) War

Synopsis: This story begins with a guy in his house, making a cup of coffee. As he sits down and reads his newspaper, an overhead plane crash accompanied with machine guns startled him. He hurries over to the door, knocking the things around the house, to check on the situation. He opens the door and a war breaks out right outside his house. He runs out of his house, avoiding the bullets and shrapnels and falls to the ground. He stands up and continues to run to escape from the war into the forest where he passes out.

Influenced by the movie ‘FURY’

I decided to go for this genre because I am always intrigued by war movies and how they use multiple layers of sound to create a specific battle scene. The time and effort put in to create such a battle scene interests me to challenge myself to try it out.

Camera Warfare by Devinsupertramp

A more quirky representation of how war is presented through the use of cameras as rifles and how sound is layered to give off this ‘war’ effect.



Screen Shot 2016-03-14 at 12.12.00 AM

Just for the war scene, it took me multiple layers to achieve the effect. I had to experiment with different types of gunfire, explosions, and the main character running at the same time. After reviewing a couple of times, some of the sounds felt like they did not complement the other sounds and I had to re edit a few parts, removing sounds and adding sounds to the spaces that felt empty. It was a tough process deciphering each different sound as it involves lots of different layers altogether.


2 ) Horror

Synopsis: The story begins with a guy walking in the forest. As he is making his way through the forest, he stops and notices an abandoned cabin in the middle of the woods. He knocks, hoping to get a response from someone. With no responses from his knocks, he opens the cabin door. He walked around the house and rummage through the items in the drawer. As it was dark in the cabin, he managed to find a matchbox and lights up a matchstick. He walks further into the cabin and opens up another door. A zombie chanced upon him but he manages to shoot the zombie down with 3 shots. After the scuffle, a woman crying for help knocked on the door and he hurries to the door to let her in. He opens the door, and is then eaten alive by a horde of zombies.

Influenced by ‘The Walking Dead’

This story is inspired by the walking dead. I personally like the horror genre of the show and how they use sounds to accompany the grotesque imagery in their scenes. The idea of using multiple layers of zombie noises, clothes ruffling, screaming, blood dripping for this scene has allowed me to better develop my story to make it more believable.


Screen Shot 2016-03-14 at 12.09.27 AM

More of the layering of sound effects are done at the last part of the whole composition. I had to try to make it as real as possible to that of zombie films. I also incorporated some distance towards different sounds to give the idea of how close the main character is towards the audience and I had to consider things that were happening in the background. I also made use of panning for some of the walking parts to give the audience the idea of the main character walking from one end to the other end. I added a constant cricket sound which was influenced from the walking dead to portray the still atmosphere in the whole composition.



Overall, I felt that I’ve learnt a lot about the use of sounds and how sound plays an important role in our visual experience. I realise now how a lot of effort is put into sound in movies, even with the simplest scenes. It has been a great learning curve for me and hopefully this knowledge will help me with my final project.

4D Project 1: Alter Ego

We were tasked to create a 1 min video with a dialogue/monologue scene with a few words through a central issue which would characterised the person as to who he is.


I like to have order in my life and do things one step at a time.However, life doesn’t always go according to plan, and I will run into obstacles or unforeseen circumstances at some point in my life. These unforeseen circumstances can hinder or even stop me from reaching my goals. Therefore, it resorted me needing to think on my feet and do things out of my way to overcome these obstacles. I strive to be able to adapt to such changes accordingly. This is a quality trait I’m aspiring to work towards and get better at in the future.

With reference to the video, the Lego instruction booklet acts as a guide for me to build my life. Sometimes, there may be a more convenient way of working things around to overcome these obstacles. Just like in the video, I realised it was hard to find the correct piece that I wanted, so I had to think of how to combat this situation in order to make it easier for me. I sorted out the parts by colour, which succeeded in helping me find the pieces more efficiently in order to finish building the Lego set.

Research Phase

Before this, we were tasked to list the characters that resonate to us, describe their characteristics and arrange by order of importance.

Selection of characters

1)The Flash

  • Passionate about saving lives
  • Likeable character
  • Good relationship with friends and family
  • Runs fast
  • Thinks quick on his feet
  • Able to adapt to situations quickly

2) Carl Allen (Yes Man)

  • Spontaneous
  • Humorous
  • Unexpected adventure

3) Louis Cole

  • Traveller
  • Inspirational
  • Influential
  • Find adventure in everyday situations
  • Strives to go green

4) Casey Neistat

  • Filmmaker
  • Innovative
  • Creative
  • Not afraid to be politically incorrect
  • Works his way up from the bottom

List of other characters


  • Daryl Dixon
  • Super Mario
  • Walter Mitty

Public Figures

  • Jimmy Fallon
  • Charles Trippy
  • Will Smith


  • Matin Fellani
  • Rohanah
  • Riduan
  • Yong Wei
  • Mohd Alif


Overall, I had a good experience learning how to profile characters and adapt it to my own video. Hopefully, this will help me in creating more characters that resonate to me and improve on future videos. Even though there wasn’t a lot of dialogue in the video, I felt it was quite a feat coming up with lines and performing these lines in front of the camera.