Mark Making ~ Process and Final Documentation

Before the exploration of “My line is emo” began, I did some research on artists that have worked with mark making techniques to give myself more of an idea on what mark making really is. It also helped me to gain inspiration on what I could possibly work towards with experimentation on the second week. My first OSS post inclusive of the artist research can be found here!

Mark Making Journey

The journey of experimenting with different materials and tools started in Week 2 when I began my first attempt at mark making. Since this project was to be done exclusively by hand, our outcomes will only be in black and white. Hence, the medium that we will be working with is blocking printing ink. During this first hands-on lesson, we were taught about the method of mono printing and ways to use the lithography machine as well as the roller.

Lithography Machine

Placing paper over ink under the blanket

Roller

Ink and Paper

In preparation for this lesson, we brought in a variety of materials to explore mark making with. Some other materials I brought included cotton wool, a leaf, plastic bag, chopsticks, bubble wrap and styrofoam.

Straws // Aluminium Foil // Cling Wrap

Attempts at Experimentation

Since my mind had not formulated any ideas at the point in time of our second lesson yet, I took the time to explore the different methods first to get the hang of achieving outcomes that I prefer.

Plastic wrappings under paper over ink             Used my hand to put pressure on the paper

Outcome
First Layer

What I learned here is that the method of the first outcome is successful for achieving strongly defined shapes based on how I layered my object over the ink (provided that it did does not absorb the ink).

Second print on the same layer of ink

Since the outcome of the first attempt did not provide much texture, I thought the second outcome looked a lot more interesting as there was a combination of geometric lines and organic lines. The geometric lines are present in the creases that the cling wrap made, contrasting with the organic lines that formed when I dragged the circular tool (shown in the image below) over the paper. 

Leaf Attempt but unfortunately the print was lost 🙁

The tool as seen in the image below helps to create different mark making strokes depending on the direction in which I choose to move it in.

Cotton buds // Plastic Bag                                                                               Aluminium Foil // Bubble wrap

Bunch of Straws

Stamping of straws

Fine prints created by the stamping of straws.

Strokes created through the use of the brush below

Sprinkled Oats

I experimented with instant oats that I had in my hall room by sprinkling them over the ink pad and placing paper over it.

Oats Print

Final “Emo Lines”

Moving on from the experimentation mark making creations that I did not end up choosing for the final series, I will continue on with the final pieces and the process of creating them.

For my series of emotions, I decided to approach it from a more analytical way by looking at the formal qualities of art and design since I did not have a theme/story that ran throughout all the emotions.

  1. Passion 

    Material: Styrofoam Soup base

    Created by stamping a styrofoam container onto the paper, this pattern consists of explosive structure to show excitement and passion that I have for art. While the circles represent the ideas that are churning in my brain, the thinner extended lines surrounding it represent the act of “putting my work out there” and not being afraid to share it. As some of the lines overlap and connect with each other, it shows that my ideas and creations are all connected in some ways due to my identity as a creator.

    To achieve this design, I stamped a soup container cover repeatedly over the paper.

    Pre-trimming of outer rim

    Post-trim

    After the trimming of the outer rim, I proceeded to use the roller for even ink application over the surface.

    Another attempt created from the same material

    I didn’t end up choosing my line from this piece because the smudged patterns reflected an emotion of uncertainty which contradicts with passion.

  2. Relief

    Material: Plastic Cover

    This line was created by rolling a plastic container over the paper which created a track-like print. Since the amount of ink lessened after every round, I felt like it conveyed the emotion of relief similarly to how one’s shoulders feel lighter when weight is being lifted off it. There is also movement present within this line because of the rolling motion. As the amount of ink decreases, the “track” fades into a lighter gradient.

    Bread Cover from Soup Container

    Another Attempt

    My first attempt at using the plastic cover consisted of multiple tracks laid over each other. Although I really liked how the fading of the ink turned out, I felt like the visuals were too clustered and therefore decided to recreate a simplified version where the tracks faded into emptiness.

  3. Surprise

    Material: Cling Wrap

    The printing of ink on creased cling wrap created various tones of darkness and geometric shapes in this line. My aim was to express surprise through different tones of ink to represent the initial shock of surprise followed by the aftermath. To achieve this effect, I tore pieces of cling wrap (not too big so that it was easier to handle) and placed it over the ink slightly crinkled in order for the ink to come into contact with certain areas only.

    Cling Wrap on Ink

    To achieve the different tones of ink, I reapplied the ink onto the cling wrap strategically. The cropping of this line was also tricky because I had to ensure that there was a combination of different gradients.


  4. Frustration

    Material: Bread

    The smudgy strokes created on this line was achieved by applying pressure onto my half eaten bread and dragging it across the paper. The fast and hard motion created an expressive structure to portray frustration. Normally when I feel frustrated about something that I can’t get right after many tries, the feeling of frustration urges me to tear things apart which explains the torn bread as well as the motion of speed and pressure.

    Half Eaten Bread

    For my first experimentation with this piece of bread, I placed ink onto the top surface where there are seeds and grains. Since the toppings are rather small, thinner strokes of lines were created. I felt that it did not express a high pressure of strength, therefore I decided to work with the cross section of the bread instead where the texture was more spongy and absorbed more ink to be imprinted onto the paper.

    Inking top of bread

    Thinner lines created

    Thicker strokes in the final piece express greater frustration which conveys impatience.

  5. Disappointment

    Material: Wooden Chopstick

    Achieved by rolling a wooden chopstick covered in ink over the paper, this line expresses the emotion of disappointment. Often when I get disappointed, the main reason is that I had hope for something to go well in the first place. Hence, I decided to place hope as the cause of disappointment in this line. Following the direction of movement from left to right, the areas of concentrated ink represent the initial hope that I have. As the series of events continues and disappointment arises, this is where the ink fades into a lighter gradient. This cycle repeats throughout the line and disappointment is portrayed where the ink fades. It can also be looked at as a climax and anti-climax.

    Wooden Chopstick

    Rolling of chopstick with hand

    This image shows another attempt of mark making with the same technique but instead of only rolling in one direction, it was rolled in multiple overlapping directions. I did not end up choosing this outcome because the overlapping made the effect less prominent.

  6. Anxiety 

    Material: Styrofoam Tray

This overlapping pattern present evokes a sense of over thinking and nervousness. Normally when I get anxious about something, often related to public speaking and presenting in front of others, nervous thoughts about the presentation consume my mind for hours before it’s over. I wanted to express this thought of over thinking through multiple overlapping prints. Although the pattern is repeated, the prints are distorted to convey distress.

Styrofoam Tray

I trimmed the edge of this styrofoam tray in order to have a flat surface to roll the ink over.

Rolling of Ink

Stamping of this over paper

The methods that I have mainly used to create my lines are by smudging, printing, overlapping and rolling. Since most the materials that I ended up using were not flat, the prints were created by hand rather than with the lithography machine. The creation of prints by hand also gave me more freedom to experiment with different pressure, movement and smudges.

Final Presentation

The lines were arranged in the order of positive emotions on the top and negative emotions at the bottom.  

After the presentation of my work, I felt that I could have done better in delivering the reasons for my emotions more clearly. While I considered the delivery of emotions individually in each line, I lacked on interconnecting them to each other which is something I hope to improve on in the future.

One of the challenges that I faced in this project was finding the right cropping of my line. Since it was hard to picture which areas would look the best in the size requirement, I created a frame out of paper that measured 38cm by 7.2cm. I dragged the frame around my mark making creations and decided on which was the best crop to portray my emotions.

Reflection:

This project was enjoyable as it gave me the opportunity to experiment with mark making for the first time. Although challenging at times, it was fun to work with many materials and evaluate which would fit each emotion best.

Surprisingly, I also learned a lot about my classmates through the sharing of their work and was also very inspired 🙂

 

 

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Artist References – Mark Making

To start of project one “my life is emo” this semester, I have started by sourcing and gaining inspiration from various artists that have experimented with mark making methods in their works. This project requires us to create our own mark making creations by interpreting a total of 6 emotions with the use of traditional tools. The 6 basic emotions include anger, love, joy, fear, sadness, and surprise.

Ed Moses
Drawings from the 1960 and 70ties

Ed Moses is an American contemporary artist who primarily creates graphite drawings. The majority of his drawings from this period represented a wide range of innovation and experimentation.

https://www.artsy.net/artwork/ed-moses-rose-number-5

http://www.lacma.org/art/exhibition/ed-moses-drawings-1960s-and-70s

The irregularity present in Moses drawing strokes intrigued me to strive for imperfect mark-marking methods. Some irregularity includes gaps within each cluster of pencil strokes and the difference in graphite shades in respect to the weight put onto the pencil when drawing. The variety of tonal shades and texture created with a single one medium inspired me to explore my materials more extensively.

Comparing both images above allowed me to take note of how scale affects the details noticed. While finer details viewed from a further distance (the first image) may portray an emotion that is more subdued such as joy or sadness, a crop or creation of larger details may portray an emotion that is more expressive such as fear or anger.

https://www.artsy.net/artwork/ed-moses-color-rose

Apart from Moses distinct style and use of graphite, I admire the simple interpretation he has for the subject of his drawing. Through my interpretation of this work, there are three layers within the drawing. With the first outline comprising of the pale orange area, its loose outline has effectively portrayed a splitting image of a rose. Further supporting the first rose structure, the graphite mark making strokes created behind the orange outline forms an image of another rose (one with a stem). Although Moses’s drawings include subtle images of the main subject, it builds up harmoniously to create a constructed piece of mark making work.

Other works from this series: https://www.artsy.net/show/los-angeles-county-museum-of-art-ed-moses-drawings-from-the-1960s-and-70s

Sol Lewitt
Scribbles

Soloman “Sol” Lewitt was an American Artist involved in art movements including Minimalism and Conceptual art. In 2005, Lewitt began his series of scribble wall drawings. “termed because they required the draftsmen to fill in areas of the wall by scribbling with graphite” that occurred at 6 different densities.

http://www.madrenapoli.it/en/collection/sol-lewitt-scribbles/

A quality about Lewitt’s Scribble that I admire the most is his ability to create an image with different tonal qualities by overlapping the same stroke of pattern multiple times throughout the canvas. The evenness within this piece of work shows great control that the artist has over every stroke made.

 

Julie Mehretu

https://www.klejonka.info/2017jimage-julie-mehretu-studio.awp

Julie Mehretu is an American artist who is best known for her abstract paintings. Her sources of inspiration include urban landscapes and abstract energy; which explains the expressionistic flow of direction that I have observed within her work at first glance. Mehretu’s paintings comprise of layers of acrylic paint overlaid with mark making using thick streams of paint, ink, pens, and pencils. Figuratively, her paintings express a range of architectural structures providing connotations of today’s modern society.

“By combining many types of architectural plans and drawings I tried to create a metaphoric, tectonic view of structural history. I wanted to bring my drawing into time and place.” – Julie Mehretu

http://www.culturetype.com/2017/02/27/detroit-museum-exhibits-major-painting-by-julie-mehretu-first-in-series-of-works-on-loan-by-black-artists/

In this painting, “Looking Back to a Bright New Future”, Mehretu combination of various strokes and layers inspired me to possibly work with layers for my own mark making project. Since our project will be in an achromatic colour scheme, it would be easier to form layers by working with a variety of thickness within the mark making strokes due to the lack of colour. This painting is filled with thin fine strokes in the background complimenting the thicker bold strokes in the foreground to create depth and the concept of space.

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