feedback from last week:

  • the proposal last week was too much like a shelter; not intentional enough; people passing by will look at it as a ‘shelter’ and not a medium to frame the shadows
  • suggestions: maybe add holes or use repetitive shapes, something that is more intentional and will let people think that it’s not just a shelter
  • how do you utilise holes without them blocking the shadows?
  • another suggestion: research more into interesting materials that possibly interacts with the light



Rabbit and the Tortoise collection by Studio Juju


Manta by Ross Lovegrove


Fata Morgana by Teresita Fernandez


La Pineda by Javier Mariscal


Playground for Machida Kobato Kindergarten by Etre Design


material research

1   fluorescence

Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.

In most cases, the emitted light has a longer wavelength, and therefore lower energy, than the absorbed radiation. The most striking example of fluorescence occurs when the absorbed radiation is in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum, and thus invisible to the human eye, while the emitted light is in the visible region, which gives the fluorescent substance a distinct color that can only be seen when exposed to UV light.

Fluorescent materials cease to glow nearly immediately when the radiation source stops, unlike phosphorescent materials, which continue to emit light for some time after.

type: luminous

characteristic: lightly visible under sunlight, no effect in the dark or at night


2   phosphorescence

Phosphorescence is a process in which energy absorbed by a substance is released relatively slowly in the form of light.

natural phosphorescence


Image result for glow in the dark

This is in some cases the mechanism used for “glow-in-the-dark” materials which are “charged” by exposure to light. Unlike the relatively swift reactions in fluorescence, such as those seen in a common fluorescent tube, phosphorescent materials “store” absorbed energy for a longer time.

type: luminous

characteristic: clear in the day, visible in the dark or at night


both fluorescent and phosphorescent effects can be achieved by luminous paint – easily found in Singapore paint shops, Art Friend, Spotlight, Lazada



3   photochromic

Photochromic materials are colorless in their inactivated state and become colored when exposed to an ultraviolet light source. They will respond to natural sunlight, and darkens as the light level increases.

Common applications of photochromic materials include sunglasses and spectacles.

type: darkening/colour-changing

characteristic: visible under sunlight, clear in the dark or at night

effect of photochromic ink

online products:

Solarmax Series ink (used in the video)
SFXC UV photochromic plastisol


4   coloured glass

Colour Glass collection by Scholten & Baijings for Hay

coloured glass suppliers in Singapore:

LLumar Decorative Window Film

http://www.synergraphic.com.sg/synergraphic/public/productMain.jsp ???


form development


similar concept to last week’s, but the shape is curved upwards to make the form more intentional and deliberate, unlike conventional shades



irregular and organic forms intentionally designed so as to not resemble a conventional shade/canopy


  • draped fabric to show interplay between positive and negative spaces
  • also allows interaction with the wind as the fabric is hanging freely
  • the shadows interact with the curved planes and are distorted to give a different perspective and dimension


reference photo for proposal above:

by James Turrell
Garden Pavillion by Kersten Geers David Van Severen
Sky Tree bus shelter by Atelier “DEN”



editorial illustration: process to final

kind of found this effect (above) by accident while playing around with the layer modes and it was something i was looking for, so that the floating face stands out more. so i tweaked the effects a little to get to the final piece.

also i found the face too much of flat white so i coloured her eyes


edit: okay SO after the critique session, i received feedback from Lisa and a few peers that the contrast between the black and white in the first outline-only composition works far better and conveys the message clearer as well.

so i shall edit the final piece and update this post later!

lesson learned: stop adding too many things :’)


wk9: further form explorations

feedback from previous weeks:

  • the circular screen installation proposed does not fit into the site proposed
  • how do you expect people to use the installation?
  • make a specific proposal of the installation


when developing forms and functions for the installation, we were stuck on the idea of having the passerby notice the shadows (forcing it on them). benefit of doubt that the users see what we intend to do. so we decided to leave it open-ended.


we clarified that there are two directions we could take to use the shadows in the environment:

1   define a space. because the environment chosen is a common area and is too noisy, the aim of the installation is to tone down and create a neutral space. some examples of forms the installation could take are canopy, architectural pieces, tunnel, partition.

2   define a three-dimensional object. by placing an object that is out of context and stands out from the environment, people are more inclined to look at them as individual objects rather than objects that blend in the background to only serve a purpose (e.g. shelter)


another point we clarified was also to use simplified forms, because the aim of the installation is to make use of the shadows surrounding the site, and a form that is too complex will simply overshadow and dominate the shadows. at the same time, it cannot be too simple; it needs to have a character and intentional so that it does not blend in to the background.


curating light through space and architectural structures


(above) 5-metre tall structure with hanging polyester mesh. interacts with the wind and serves as a big canva for the shadows to cast and interact on. the takeaway of this structure is that it is simple yet the size makes it eye-catching, and does not take away from the shadow.



shade structures by MDT-tex


Excentrique by Daniel Buren


Le Refuge by Marc Ange


Virgin Lounge Melbourne by Tonkin Zulaikha Greer Architects





in regards to the character and intention, the curved structure vs the rigid structure of the existing canopy suggest that there is an intentional design process. it does not look like an off the shelf structure, but a one-off, customised, curated and specific.


material: polyester mesh, stainless steel structure to foundation

height: 3-4 metres

can be duplicated/arrayed along the stretch of the walkway

possibility of using colours for material





different from the previous idea in which we are framing the shadows in the environment, the second idea is more curated towards creating shadows with the installation. the installation provides a structure for vines and climbing plants to grow on them, where the structure creates rigid shadows while the plants curate more organic shadows.


editorial illustration: pencil compositions

concept: negative impacts of empathy


idea 1 is revolved around the idea of putting up a sunshine front (hence sunflowers) when empathising; but too much empathy hurts yourself in the process, thus the thorns at the back

2 (two versions)

the theme for idea 2 is “drowning in another’s emotions” when empathising with them

also not shown in the sketch, but i’m thinking of doing a constellation/galaxy texture for the ‘water’ to show vast space and endlessness of empathy


idea 3 is more of a dark humour. hugging a cactus pretty much defines empathy; you willingly put yourself in pain, just to comfort another (even a cactus…)

and to top it off, a haggard but still smiling face 🙂


i’m not so sure which direction to take right now…

i guess i’m leaning more towards the first idea since it fits my initial moodboard and artist reference (written on this oss post) but the other pieces might convey the message of negative impacts of empathy better

any feedback is appreciated!!

i shall also ask around to see which sketch conveys the concept best hahaha

editorial illustration: thumbnail sketches

concept: negative impacts of empathy

(disclaimer: a lot of these sketches are just me vomiting out what i have in my head so some are not as refined or well-thought, and i have no idea what they really mean lol)


1A  midst of thorns and vines

1B  going through thorns and vines

1C  a refined version of 1B???

2A  similar to 1B, more straightforward with the addition of another person i.e. the person one is empathising with

2B  a cracked face to represent the positive front we put when empathising; sunflowers to symbolise happiness, some are slightly wilted to show crumbling resolve

2C  sunflowers in the front, a person in the middle, and thorns at the back

3A  sucking the energy (colours) out of you

3B & 3C  sucking the life out of you (quite literally put)

4A  chained down; multiple chains to show empathy to multiple people at once

4B  a more straightforward version of 4A; drowning

4C  hugging a cactus

5A  combination of previous ideas; chained down; holding a wilting/messy bouquet of flowers

5B  dragged down and drowned by hands

5C  eyes crying out into a pool, where you are drowning in

6A  hands reaching out as support; vines grasping at the arms and thorns cutting the skin

6B  hands reaching out as support; vines and thorns coming out from someone else’s mouth injuring the arms instead

after consultation, i decided to develop further ideas 2C, 4C and 5C into more refined pencil compositions

wk7: material exploration and form development

feedback from last week

  • consider using textures or 3D forms so shadow is distorted and cast at different angles, playing around with the 3D volumes instead of a flat plane
  • think about the fallen leaves and how to get rid of them; the leaves may make the installation blend in more with the environment and less noticeable to passerby
  • reflective material – must be above waist level; cannot be seats


site observation

chosen site: stair linkway between North and South Spine


shadow time-lapse (11.30 – 15.30)



material exploration
in relation to last week’s first form exploration (mirrored seat), thus we tested out reflective materials and how they interact with the shadows


(left) brushed aluminum sheet
(right) polished aluminum sheet



(left) reflective paper sheet
(right) glossy plastic sheet

interesting distortion effect of reflection on glossy plastic sheet, which reminds us of the shadows on the ground



Tom Fruin


Catherine Losing


In Flakes by Mount Fuji Architects Studio


further exploration and development


new light features from newly upgraded school infrastructure in North Spine

the shadow cast is an inspiration for our updated proposal found below, which is also relevant at night

an update from last week’s second form exploration with nighttime consideration of installation



emphasis on shadow

using coloured acrylic to cast colourful highlight, making the effect more noticeable

framing the shadow with the use of the coloured acrylic



next step

  • further idea development
  • constructing life-size mock-up to test effect
  • potential consideration for wind interaction with installation