• Length of SD & SO too similar
  • Too twirly


  • Length of D & SD too similar
  • SD covers too much of the length of the D


There’s too much going on in the 2 models. Very difficult to see the focus. Aim for improved models: MINIMALISTIC






The sense of smell is closely linked with memory, probably more so than any of our other senses. Those with full olfactory function may be able to think of smells that evoke particular memories; the scent of an orchard in blossom conjuring up recollections of a childhood picnic, for example.

Smell can also affect people’s behaviour in other positive ways. The smell of roses for example is known to induce a feeling of relaxation, whereas lemon scents lead to feelings of invigoration and the smell of apple pie or coffee brings a feeling of comfort. In addition, our sense of smell acts as a warning mechanism for fire and hazardous substances. This mechanism is however limited. After exposure to a particular scent over a period of time, you are no longer able to sharply smell or detect it.



In Victoria Henshaw’s book ‘Urban Smellscapes’, she outlines four different methods for designing for smell:

Separatation // Spatial or temporal separation of odours through planned activity or displacement

Deodorisation // Planned removal of odours of dirt or waste

Masking // Overlaying of one odour with another: focus is on hiding or changing the original odour(s)

Scenting // The introduction of an odour for its specific odour qualities or characteristics: focus is on the introduced odour(s)



Good Scent: Old library books

Bad Scent: Strong pungent female perfume






All my 4 quotes are from animated movies!

Went onto pinterest to look for some inspiration…









I really like the how the artists play with perspective and warping to make the space feel and look more fantasy. Will try to do that in the project!


1. “A heart’s a heavy burden” – ( Howl’s Moving Castle )




Interpreting the quote

“A heart‘s a heavy burden

  • Heart – What could be used to symbolise having a big heart? Blue whales. They have the biggest hearts in the world.
  • Heavy – Being tied down, confined and constricted by something (e.g.: responsibilities). I used the ropes to represent the responsibility the balloons plays in flying the enormous whale. Enlarging the blue whale in the composition also made the animal seemed heavier in the visual sense.
  • Burden – This whole task of flying the blue whale with balloons appeared to be a very troublesome and impossible task. The whale symbolising the heart just seemed like a pain in the butt.

Principles of design

  • Scale – Scale variation provides the viewer a sense of perspective. Clouds that are further can smaller in size compared with the ones that are nearer. The same concept can be seen with the balloons. The play on sizes gives depth and makes the composition feels more dynamic.
  • Movement – The ropes are all flying in the air in different directions! This makes the composition feels more dynamic in general.
  • Texture – Just having a black background is boring. I photoshoped in a galaxy-liked star background to make the composition feel more fantasy.


2.  “The Earth speaks to all of us, and if we listen, we can understand” – ( Castle in the Sky )





Interpreting the quote

“The Earth speaks to all of us, and if we listen, we can understand.”

  • Earth – First thing I thought off was mother nature. Trees, animals, grass field. A place out of human reach, somewhere peaceful.
  • Speaks/Listen/Understand  – How do nature communicate? Animated movies always tries to convey that through songs. Music is a universal language, no boundaries. Instruments felt like a good representation of what I was going for. Brass instruments like trumpets and saxophones seemed like a great choice.
  • We – Humans. I used a little girl and not a teenager/grown adult in this case. Children symbolises innocence, which I thought was suitable in this fairytale-liked composition.

Principles of design

  • Scale – The variation of scale gives the viewer a sense of perspective. The closest object which is the tree is the biggest and the furthest which is the deer is the smallest. The play on sizes gives depth and makes the composition feels more dynamic.
  • Golden rule/ratio – The tree and girl are placed  1/3 from the right. The tree and girl are warped to the left side, leading the viewer’s attention and leaving them to imagination about what is there.
  • Visual Hierarchy  – Our eyes are first naturally drawn to the biggest elements in the composition: the tree and trumpet. The visual weight makes it so that we first sees the subject.
  • Rhythm – Everything in the composition are on the right side, facing or leading to the white spaces at the left. The white spaces leaves the viewer thinking about whats at the left, outside the composition.


3. “They say that the best blaze burns brightest when circumstances are at their worst” – ( Howl’s Moving Castle )



I wanted to give myself a challenge and try make something with minimal engraving and mostly black and white.

The first composition was too static and boring. Changed for the firecracker to be at the 1/3 mark after consultation!

Interpreting the quote

“They say that the best blaze burns brightest when circumstances are at their worst.”

  • Burns brightest – Something very big and bright. Some objects that came to mind were fireflies, lamps, lanterns and fireworks. I choose firecracker sticks in the end because I wanted to portray a sense of playfulness and innocence just like in my other compositions. (Animation movies woohoo!!)
  • Circumstances/worst – A situation when only the fittest could survive. A firecracker burning brightly despite a heavy shower seemed like a pretty impossible thing to happen.

Principles of design

  • Golden rule/ratio – Placing the firecracker at the 1/3 mark makes the composition feels more dynamic and less static. The ground is also warped to enhance this effect.
  • Visual Hierarchy – The first thing the viewer will be drawn to is the sparkle as its the brightest and biggest element.

4. “Why do fireflies die so soon?”  – ( Grave of the Fireflies )





This composition gave me A HUGE HEADACHE….

I started the project with this quote, made so many changes and finalised this the last.


The main reason I had so much trouble with this was because I didn’t know what to do with the white spaces. I had no idea how to link the gate with the boat.


I love warping. There’s warping in all 4 compositions! I love how it gives the composition look more dynamic.

Interpreting the quote

“Why do fireflies die so soon?”

  • Fireflies – Fireflies lit up the darkness. We keep fireflies in a jar, so I thought : why not in a lantern? Since this was a Japanese movie about war, I used a Japanese lantern since I wanted this to have the ancient Japanese feel.
  • Die – Death normally means separation. But if we think about it deeper, it means reunion too. When life gets so tough especially in the context of the movie, sometimes dying might be the only way out, the only comfort. The gate signifies crossing over to the afterlife where the hand reaches out for the souls coming to be reunited with the dead.
  • Soon – Something fast, something that can signify the transition between life and death. The birds flying from the lantern to the gate signifies exactly that, giving that transition a beautiful and bittersweet visual effect.

Principles of design

  • Scale – The variation of scale gives the viewer a sense of perspective. The closest object which is the boat is the biggest and the furthest which is the gate and hand is the smallest. The play on sizes gives depth and makes the composition feels more dynamic.
  •  Leading Lines – All the elements are composed so that attention will be lead to the gate and hands.



Silkscreening was really fun yet tedious on the mind. Started off badly when the printing uncle printed my transparency too dark, which affected my exposure and in turn resulted in the countless redo-ing cycle… But the tote bag turned out beautiful in the end!!

The most difficult part of this project was to not use too many elements to convey my message. For this project, I think a lot and a little too deeply and tend to not go straight to the point – which was very very difficult because I kept discarding and restarting my designs 🙁

Mind mapping really helped me a ton,I find that I’ll focus only on the keywords and stay on track! ( Will 10/10 mind map everything from now on )




Printed transparency to be used for the silk screen!

My first few attempts exposing the screen ended up in failure because the transparency was printed too dark.

Coating the screen with the P5C blue emulsion after washing the screen.

Coat applied needs to be even and not too thick.

Transparency would be pasted on the screen and sent to be exposed to light.

After washing off the blue emulsion…

Failed silkscreen 🙁
Washed off details

This was the failed attempt, look at the washed off rope 🙁

After a few tries and re-printed the transparency…


Next would be to test print on newsprint.


It was very difficult trying to figure out the suitable amount of paint to use and the right strength to be applied.

Not enough paint
Too much strength

Not losing hope and after many painstaking print-wash-dry cycles…

I DID IT!!!!!!!!!!!
I DID IT!!!!!!!!!!! PT.2
Victory shot :^>


Being someone that watches mostly animated movies… These are the quotes I’ve found for this Forest Gump project!


“A heart’s a heavy burden”

– Sophie Hatter ( Howl’s Moving Castle )


“They say that the best blaze burns brightest when circumstances are at their worst”

– Young Sophie ( Howl’s Moving Castle )


“Why do fireflies die so soon?”

– Setsuko ( Grave of the Fireflies )


“I hate humans!”

– San ( Princess Mononoke)


“Now go, and don’t look back”

 – Haku ( Spirited Away )


“You still haven’t noticed that something precious to you has been replaced”

– Haku ( Spirited Away )


“Once you’ve met someone you never really forget them”

– Zeniba ( Spirited Away)


“The Earth speaks to all of us, and if we listen, we can understand.”

– Uncle Pomme ( Castle in the Sky )