Pandora Box-Cantilever

Foundation 3D: Pandora Box-Cantilever

The word I got from the Pandora’s Box was Cantilever. I have searched on Wikipedia about this word: A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at only one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it is protruding. Cantilevers are widely used in construction, such as in bridges and buildings. After a preliminary understanding of what is cantilever, I composed 2 sketch models on week 2.

  • D: Dominant
  • SD: Sub-dominant
  • SO: Sub-ordinate

3 views of Model 1:

Front view-the sizes of SD&SO are quite similar.

Side view-the widths of D, SD&SO are similar……

Top view-SD cannot be seen; the size of SO is too big.

3 views of Model 2:

Front view-the sizes of SD&SO are similar; the length of SD is longer than 1/2 length of D; the left side of the model is too flat.

Side view-the sizes of SD&SO are similar; the width of SD is longer than 1/2 width of D; everything is centralized.

Top view-SO cannot be seen; D&SD are shifted.

The feedback I got on week 2:

  • Keep rotating 3D sketch model while assembling it, make sure D, SD & SO can be seen from all angles;
  • Avoid similar sizes of SD&SO, and SD&SO won’t be shifted from different views;
  • No flushing, avoid flat looking of the 3D sketch model

With these points in mind, I tried to improve the two models above and explore some more different composition of Cantilever on week 3.

3D Sketch Model 1:

2D Analysis of Model 1:


3D Sketch Model 2:

2D Analysis of Model 2:


3D Sketch Model 3:

2D Analysis of Model 3: 

3D Sketch Model 4:


2D Analysis of Model 4:

The feedback I got on week 4:

  • Avoid putting everything along the central axis, try to make the model more interesting
  • Think about the materials that I am going to use

I decided to choose Model 4 as my final model.

Final sketch model:

Final adjustment:

  • The thickness of SD&SO are quite similar, SO should be cut in half. And after that, I decided to place the SO along the principal axis of SD.
  • Shift SO&SD to the left 1/3 point of the length of D.


  • Dominant: Chipboard
  • Sub-dominant: PVC sheet
  • Sub-ordinate: Rectangular ring

Considering the future application of this model, I decided to use chipboard(D), glass(SD), and metal wire(SO) as my materials at first. However, during the final model making process, I wanted the SD to be double layers, so I used transparent PVC sheet to replace the glass as it was in lighter weight and easier to cut.

My idea was inspired by Mash Bar. Mash is one of the smallest bars in Amsterdam, the designer used chipboard all around for the interior to create a cozy and warm atmosphere.

The main materials I can see from the bar’s interior are chipboard, metal, glass, and fabric.



1. Note board with a LED glass clock

The control buttons are placed at the edge of the note board. As the glass board is double layered, the user can put a paper in between and then write notes on the glass board.

2. Table

When you are not using the table, you can lift it up for more space. And now, it becomes a glass note board again…

Mark making Experimental Process

Foundation 2D Project 1 process-Mark making experiment 

For the second and third week F2D lessons, we experimented with different techniques and tools to do mark making on paper! It was a process of discovery and exploration.

Tools I used for the second week: Leaves/Rocks/Roller/Paint brush/Monoprint/Soapsuds


The first tool I experimented with was different kinds of leaves, which was the tool that I posted on week 1. At first, I coated a leaf with block printing ink and stamped it on the paper.








Then I tried experimenting automatic technique, I dipped leaves in Chinese calligraphy ink, dabbed and swirled them on the paper without conscious control, just allowed my hand to move randomly across the paper.








Experimented with the same tool but different techniques, I tried monoprint technique with leaves.










The second tool was rock. I tried different mark making ideas by playing around with a rock, such as zigzags, loops, and scribbles.









I also experimented with soapsuds mixed with Chinese ink.













-Paint brush

Moving on, I tried playing around with a paint brush. Compared with leaves, paint brush was definitely a tool that easier to use and control. I tried spinning it on the paper to express the emotion of “glee”.









The last tool I used was a roller. After coated the roller with block printing ink, I tried stamping and rolling it on the paper.








I had a lot of fun during the first experiment exercise and really enjoyed it. I will try to explore and experiment more mark making ideas with different tools and techniques after researching on emotions.

I decided my six emotions on the third week.

– Aggression






The idea was inspired by action movies. I used two palette knives with block printing ink to draw on the paper by using their sharp tips, edges and diamond-shaped bottom surface. Tried to create a scene of an intense fighting.



The idea was from a literary work called ‘Robinson Crusoe’, as the word ‘isolation’ reminded me of a small island in the ocean. The colour of dark grey also assists to emphasize on the feeling of fear and hopeless when someone is isolated and disconnected from the world.

This is the second attempt, I was trying to move the focal point to the left side by following the rule of thirds, instead of placing it right in the middle of the strip.












I think it is a feeling like the skin is being pricked by thousands of needles, and also comes with some feelings of fear and stress.











I was trying to emphasize the sense of pressure by cutting off the parts without black paint at the top and bottom.



The idea was inspired by nature. I used tissue with black acrylic paint to represent the rotten stuff. Then I paste some dried, finely cut leaves of tea on the strip to simulate the scene of swarms of ants gathering around. This kind of scene makes me disgusted when I see it in real life.

















Blowing bubbles was one of the things that I loved to do when I was a child. I think it was full of joy and brought me a lot of happy memories. Also, the circular shape is an element of joy. Therefore, I was trying to convey the emotion of ‘Amusement’ through an amusing way, which was blowing bubbles directly onto the strip with a straw.






















Torment is a kind of feeling with severe mental or physical suffering. Personally, I am a person who is prone to headaches.  When I got a headache, I would become irritable because I cannot do anything even fall asleep. All I did was scratch my head vigorously. Therefore, I decided to use scratches to convey the emotion of torment.








Assignment 1-Research and Process

4D Assignment 1-Research and Process


Rinko Kawauchi, a photographer from Japan. Kawauchi as a photographer has developed the skill to create poetic moments and purity from everyday objects. As I decided to choose an apple as my object. So I was also trying to achieve what she does in her images to create a beautiful picture out of an ordinary object, with a light, pastel tone and shallow depth of field. That is also the reason why I chose the plain white background.

I have also inspired  by another Japanese photographer and director, Mika Ninagawa. She is known for  her vibrant and brightly coloured photographs. In her works, I can see that she is an expert of using high saturated colours. Her unique photography technique creates a fantastic world and the result is extremely wonderful.


Apple was the first one appeared in my mind when I was thinking about an object to represent myself. For me, apple is not just a kind of fruit, it is one of the necessities of my daily life since I was a child. It does accompany me for quite a long time.

I have been obsessed with the choice of colours of the apple. Comparing to the red one, I decided to choose a green apple instead in the end, as colour also help to convey the message. Red is an intense colour, it is not only associated with meanings of love and passion but also some contrary meanings of rage, danger and temptation. Green brings with it a sense of hope, health and growth. In addition, green apples usually taste sourer than red ones. I want to use it to show that I am trying to step out my comfort zone and accept the sour in my life.

For the location of my world, library is a place that is significant to me. During my childhood, I spent most of my time to go there to study with my friends. Therefore, I decided to take photos of the library in NTU.

Here is a part of experimental photos that I did not choose as the final images. I have tried various vantage point. I cannot see clearly what I want to express through these images.