Final Project: Visit to NUS Museum

For our team, we initially thought of focusing on Terracotta warriors. Unfortunately, there are none in Singapore. After emailing Sujatha, we headed down to NUS Museum to look at a similar medium – shards & ceramics.

Nice exterior of the architecture. Really empty that day, therefore I get a clean shot!


We found a museum and an orang utan. Oh right, this is lee kong chian museum, wrong one. Don’t be mixed up if you guys are coming, unless you wanna meet furry friend too!


We moved to the next building, and found the ceramics exhibition!

There were two exhibitions going on, one on ceramics and one on vietnam war.

Ceramics & painting

Processed with VSCO with a5 preset


Processed with VSCO with a5 preset

Processed with VSCO with a5 preset


Processed with VSCO with a5 preset

Interesting but mmm let’s see more since we’re already here!

Vietnam War Posters





‘For whom, for what you’re dying’ <- This particular line struck us.

Initially, we thought of using the Terracotta warriors with an Ah Boys to Men reference. This is somewhat linked to the idea of war and army and we are thinking of incorporating this whole idea with NS in Singapore.

Brainstorming in progress!

And that’s all for now, ciao! 🙂


2D Foundation II: FINAL – Point of View, literally

Hey apple. Hey hey, hey apple. apple

Oh hey guys!

Congrats on surviving hell week! T’was great seeing everyone again and your final works!

Here’s a little recap, my execution was based on:

  • Anamorphic art
  • Pop art
  • Split complimentary colours
  • Timeline of how ‘Apple’ has changed throughout the ages

And these are my POVs:

  • Apple in the POV of Adam & Eve is Temptation
  • Apple in the POV of Isaac Newton is Gravity
  • Apple in the POV of Snow White is Deadly
  • Apple in the POV of us in the 21st century is MAC
  • Apple in the POV of MACS is unhealthy
  • Apple in the POV of Val is diverse


For anamorphic art to happen, I had 12 compositions in total

Left POV: Apple in black BG
Right POV: Pop art of POV subject

Screen Shot 2016-03-23 at 10.52.15 PM Screen Shot 2016-03-23 at 10.52.37 PM


Apple in the POV of Adam & Eve is Temptation

appleScreen Shot 2016-03-18 at 12.18.00 AM

Screen Shot 2016-03-07 at 5.38.39 PM

In the beginning, there lived a couple named Adam & Eve. Serpent tempts Eve with apple. Eve eats apple, Eve dies.  Apple has been known as the ‘forbidden fruit’ and the term itself is a sexual metaphor. Just like how an apple actually represents sexual desires in storybooks. Therefore, I used a playful image of a woman biting into an apple to communicate this idea. Adam & eve were digitally painted into pop art form using this tutorial:

Apple in the POV of Isaac Newton is Gravity

Screen Shot 2016-03-18 at 12.14.01 AM isaac_newton
Screen Shot 2016-03-11 at 2.51.11 PM
Talk about Isaac Newton and you will hear ‘apple’ or ‘gravity’ in the upcoming sentences. Therefore, the idea of ‘apple in the POV of Newton is gravity’ is pretty straightforward. Again, I used the same colours for Newton’s face as Adam & Eve – blue pink yellow. For this composition, the challenge was portraying the idea of gravity using the apple. I spent a bulk of time trying different shutter speeds for the falling apple but finally came to using a photo of a static apple being photoshopped into the falling illusion by changing its position and opacity.

Apple in the POV of Snow White is Deadly

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.19.27 PMScreen Shot 2016-03-18 at 12.51.56 AM

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.20.36 PM

Screen Shot 2016-03-07 at 5.21.09 PM The number of layers though

So this Ms White gehkiang went to bite an apple that almost caused her death, therefore it’s deadly to her. Referring back to the fun fact I shared about being poisonous, it is true – just that you’ll need about 200 apple seeds, or about 20 apple cores to receive a fatal dose. Still deadly ya? Please don’t try this at home.

I’ll like to share more about the template here. I increased by canvas to 420 (210 x 2) to nicely fit the two compositions within it. Next, I added in ruler guides for consistent and equal strips. Then, I cut the image and pasted it alternately. Voila.

Apple in the POV of us in the 21st century is MAC

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.37.49 PMScreen Shot 2016-03-17 at 11.56.48 PM

So moving into the 21st century, the word Apple is usually capitalized these days. It used to only cost a few cents but now it’s a billion dollar industry. Yesh, Apple to us these days ish Macintosh. Therefore, you see a fascinating apple with an Apple logo carved into it. If that isn’t recognisable enough, Steve Jobs is in the corresponding composition in the iconic pop art style. Since this is about the 21st century, I wanted this sort of pop art to represent pop culture.

Apple in the POV of MACS is unhealthy 

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.57.56 PMScreen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.57.42 PMScreen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.56.30 PM

Having talked about Mac, we move on to MACS. It was a nice colour juxtaposition of the yellow Macs logo against the red apple. Again, it was a Macdonalds’ colour theme. Here are the other apple pie compositions I played with, still using pop art.

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.57.17 PM

Real crispy apple pies? Mmmmh

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.57.30 PM
Or how about using the packaging instead. Horizontally arranged?

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 6.57.42 PM

Alright maybe this! Not so static!

Apple in the POV of Val is diverse

Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.47.05 PM Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.47.19 PM

Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.50.43 PM

That’s me with an apple in an Apple macbook and this picture was taken with an Apple iPhone. The composition of apple is a college of different types of apples. Indeed, the apple can mean so many things to different people since creation first started. All in all, these POVs were chosen as they are the ‘apple of my eye’ – favourite characters, story, brand etc.

Reference Artist: Felice Vairani

Perspective art has always intrigued me and I was actually excited that this project is named ‘Point of View’, which I decided to go forward and execute using this concept. I was doing my daily browsing of such art and was inspired by these works within architectural spaces. One needs to physically move their point of view to see the full picture. Also, we also see such optical art around ADM too!

Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.37.06 PM Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.37.16 PM Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.37.28 PM Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.37.41 PM


That’s all from me! See you all around soon! Last project already, jiayou everyone!

Art History Team Presentation: Chinese Buddhist Art

This might come in belated, but better late than never! Approaching the end of semester, it’s also good to reflect on the past topics we’ve learnt.

As you guys have found out, my team went to three locations (Asian Civilisation Museum, Kwan Im Tho Hood Cho & Thekchen Choling) on the search of the answers to our project: What is this Chinese Buddhism art thing all about?

These are my partners in crime and our journey started on 23 January 2016IMG_0777Mandatory ACM shot featuring someone from Team 1 from another tutorial group at the back

Asian Civilization Museum

Being well ahead of the schedule (our presentation was three weeks away then), we did not have any idea about Chinese Buddhism or what to even start with. We started taking lots of pictures related to Buddhist Art aimlessly and even joined the museum tour. However, we couldn’t gather enough information to form a central idea for our presentation.

So we started taking even more pictures.IMG_0688


Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 9.23.09 PM
Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 9.23.45 PM

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 10.48.22 PM

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 10.48.44 PM

We gave up and zoomed off to the temple in hopes to be enlightened.

Kwan Im Thong Hood Cho

Unfortunately, we were at Kwan Im Thong Hood Cho during a really peak period – a week before Chinese New Year. It was too crowded which made the environment unsuitable for an interview with devotees even.

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 9.38.40 PMMoshing through the Chinatown crowd to get to the temple

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 9.39.59 PMOh no, way too crowded. Leave.

We decided to meet on another time as we were really exhausted from this adventure.

21 Feb 2016 – My birthday

Thekchen Choling

It was interesting to spend my birthday at a temple right after church. We arrived at Thekchen Choling temple in Lavender and in that moment, we knew this was a place with answers.

You know things are going right when you get free wifi, while humbly standing in courts of a Tibetan Temple. Enlightenment music played in my head the moment we were connected to the wifi and started surfing their website.

Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 9.59.08 PM

We got to know more about the processions and pujas that take place in the temple. Leon and Huizhong even partook in the blessing while I observed at a corner.

For our presentation, we focused mainly on the experience of a Chinese Buddhist devotee when they visit the temple and we did it in the form of a ‘walkthrough’.


Apart from learning why are there so many forms of Buddha and experiencing temple visits myself, I’ve discovered that religions are actually linked to one another. Lord Indrah from Hinduism was found in this Buddhist temple. And it is through art and form that we are able to see religions overlapping each other, resulting in some forms of religious appropriation.

Least but not least, I made great friends! It was tons of fun going all out for this project and going crazy with these teammates! Work hard, play hard.
Screen Shot 2016-03-21 at 10.31.44 PM



+1 Enlightenment points for us.

Research Paper: Final

A strong belief in the afterlife among the ancient Chinese has played a significant role in Chinese tomb art. They believe in the importance of providing spiritual companionship in the afterlife, and this is expressed through various mediums and diverse forms.1 Some examples include chamber paintings, ritual bronzes and guardian statues. Focusing on statues, we see such an expression of spiritual companionship in the terracotta surrogate soldiers buried with the Qin Dynasty’s Emperor (r. 246-210 B.C.).2 Yet though they share several similarities, of which spiritual companionship for the Qin Emperor is one, the various terracotta warriors also bear several differences. Thus, this essay seeks to compare two such types of figures, a cavalryman (Fig 1) and a charioteer (Fig 2), with regards to their appearance and positioning. Ultimately, it suggests that a charioteer is deemed to be of higher status than a cavalryman terracotta figure.



We first identify the similarities. Both the cavalrymen and charioteers are the only figures accompanied by horses. A charioteer, then called a yushou, drives a war chariot pulled by four horses, which serves as a moving platform for soldiers as they launched their attack onboard. This was a supreme military weapon. Similarly, a cavalryman rides on top of a horse. This serves greater mobility, a larger impact, and a higher position. Furthermore, ownership of heavy cavalry horse and chariots was also a mark of wealth and often associated with higher social status. Hence, this classifies both cavalryman and charioteer into a specific group of above-average status that focuses on agility with their advantage of greater height and speed, setting them apart from the .


Despite these similarities, further analysis on appearance such as clothing and headgear of the two terracotta figures disclose a charioteer’s superiority over a cavalryman. With regards to Figure 3 & 4, a charioteer wears a high hat, and special armor, with sleeves that extended over the hands and a high collar to protect the neck, whereas a cavalryman wears a circular cap and simple armor. The high hat worn by the charioteer demonstrates a higher form of hierarchy with its height as compared to a cavalryman’s flat circular cap.3 Moreover, the charioteer is also equipped with armor that has better protective features as compared to a cavalryman, which only puts on light armor. Hence, the higher grade of clothing and headgear suggests that a charioteer is more elite than a cavalryman.
Next, when observing the two figures in their entirety, it can be seen that there are certain additional objects and features on the chariot, that are absent from a cavalryman’s horse which hints a level of superiority of the charioteers. Firstly, a total of four horses are assigned to each chariot, whereas a cavalryman has only one. Furthermore, a parasol sheltering a figure is noticed on a chariot (Fig 5), while a cavalryman horse does not have. According to Parker, “The use of parasol (chhatra) is an age-old sign of royalty and rank in China, Japan and India” (435).4 Hence, this person is indeed of importance as the use of an umbrella is an indication of high rank in China.

We also get to understand from Chen that this figure on the chariot is a general as “a few charioteers had the honour of taking a command chariot containing a general or high-ranking official” (46).5 Therefore, this exclusivity of the charioteers getting assigned to drive a high-ranking figure suggests a form of superiority over cavalrymen.


Moving on, we address the placement of the two terracotta figures. The positioning of the charioteers was strategically assigned to a more superior part of the formation among the pits. A total of 116 cavalry terracotta soldiers were found in pit 1 & 2, consisting of mainly lower ranked foot soldiers. In contrast, the 130 war chariots were found in all three pits, where pit 3, the smallest of the three is believed to represent the army headquarters or a command post for officials, as there was no sign of attack formation.6 Furthermore, among the war charioteers, high-ranking officials were found in the same pit. This implies that the charioteers were of certain status to be assigned in the same pits as the higher ups.


In conclusion, due to the appearance, features and placement of charioteers and cavalrymen in the terracotta army, it seems that the former has a higher status level compared to the latter. As these terracotta soldiers were created as representations of the soldiers of the Qin Dynasty, we can thus infer that this status difference also existed for the ancient Chinese of the dynasty.

(844 words)



1 Martin Powers, A Companion To Chinese Art (Blackwell Publishing, 2016),105.

2 Ladislav Kesner, “Likeness of No One: (Re)presenting the First Emperor’s Army,” College Art, accessed March 8, 2016,

3 Chen Shen, The Warrior Emperor and China’s Terracotta Army (Canada: Royal Ontario Museum Press, 2010), 46-48.

4 Brandon Parker, The Serpent The Eagle The Lion & The Disk (United States:, 2016), 435.

5 Chen Shen, The Warrior Emperor and China’s Terracotta Army (Canada: Royal Ontario Museum Press, 2010), 48.

6 Jane O’Connor, The Emperor’s Silent Army: Terracotta Warriors of Ancient China (New York City: Viking Books, 2012), 575.


Screen Shot 2016-03-20 at 2.51.40 PM

Figure 1. Terracotta Warriors & Horses Exhibition: Cavalryman and Horse. February 16, 2009. Museum of Maaseik, Belgium.


Screen Shot 2016-03-20 at 2.51.52 PMFigure 2. A Charioteer and Chariot Horse. Digital image. TheEpochTimes. Accessed March 10, 2016.


Screen Shot 2016-03-20 at 2.52.01 PMFigure 3. Charioteer (detail), Qin dynasty 221-206 BCE. Terracotta. Royal Ontario Museum, Canada. From: Royal Ontario Museum, (accessed March 10, 2016).


Screen Shot 2016-03-20 at 2.52.10 PM

Figure 4. Cavalryman (detail). Qin dynasty 221–206 BCE, terracotta, H. 180 cm (70 7⁄8 in), Qin Shihuang Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum, Shaanxi. From: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, (accessed March 10, 2016).


Screen Shot 2016-03-20 at 2.52.20 PM

Figure 5. Geert Lamers, Bronze Chariot of Emperor Xian Terracotta Army Museum. 221–206 BCE. Source: Geert Lamers. 2010. Digital Image. Available from: Flickr,[…] (accessed March 10, 2016).



  1. Powers, Martin, and Katherine Tsiang. A Companion To Chinese Art. United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing, 2016.
  2. Ladislav Kesner, “Likeness of No One: (Re)presenting the First Emperor’s Army.” College Art. Accessed March 8, 2016.
  3. Shen, Chen.The Warrior Emperor and China’s Terracotta Army. Canada: Royal Ontario Museum Press, 2010.
  4. Parker, Brandon. The Serpent The Eagle The Lion & The Disk. United States:, 2016.
  5. O’Connor, Jane. The Emperor’s Silent Army: Terracotta Warriors of Ancient China. New York City: Viking Books, 2012.

2D Foundation II: Project 2 Research II

Hey people!

My concept is on anamorphic art, which requires the viewer to use a specific vantage point to reconstitute the image. So in order to see the full message, you have to physically move your point of view.

Some questions regarding the presentation:

  • where would it be placed best? on the floor?
  • or on the wall?
  • all 6 mounted on a cardboard?
  • what will the layout be?

I experimented by putting it on the wall while teaching my niece how to catwalk for her auditions (so apt), hoping it well catch her attention.

It really did! Here’s how it went

Camera was planted on a tripod and video was running. These are screenshots taken off the video. Pardon the Britney spear’s poster at the back. 

Processed with VSCOcam with a6 preset

Processed with VSCOcam with a6 preset

Processed with VSCOcam with a6 preset

Processed with VSCOcam with a6 preset

What did Sarah see on the other side?






Oh hey Apple.Processed with VSCOcam with a6 preset

Bottom line: Compositions must be exhibited at eye level of target audience

Research final will be coming right up! Stay tuned.

Research paper: Introduction (Terracotta army)


The strong belief in afterlife among the Chinese since ancient times has played an important role behind the significance of tomb art, which can be found in various mediums and diverse forms. Chamber paintings, ritual bronzes and guardian statues are examples of funerary art pieces with ming qi that serves as spirit vessels to provide companionship in the afterlife. Taking a closer look at the example of statues, terracotta figures were commissioned by emperor Qin Shi Huangdi and designed as surrogate beings, substitutes in the sense of compensating for the absence of real people buried. This essay will focus on a comparison of two terracotta figures calvaryman (fig 1) and charioteer (fig 2) excavated from Qin Shi Huangdi’s (r. 246-210 B.C.) tomb and will reveal that due to the positioning, features and quantity, a charioteer is deemed more elite than a calvaryman terracotta figure.

Fig.1 Screen Shot 2016-03-16 at 1.43.13 PM


4D Assignment 2

It’s all about the sound~

Disclaimer: Best enjoyed with earpiece. Plug in people!

Story 1

For this one, you’re a murderer. You’re creeping into your spouse’s lover’s house along Sixth Avenue. What happens to find out?









Genre: Thriller

Log line: Man goes apeshit after finding his wife in bed at her lover’s house

SFX used to give story its context

At night

  • Crickets
  • Grandfather’s clock
  • Relatively quiet surroundings

In a house/private space

  • Main door creaking open
  • Bed (rocking)

Thriller genre

  • Suspense sound effect
  • Silence to hold the suspense
  • Heavy breathing synced with footsteps up a staircase – suggest something sinister is about to happen

Plot twist – More than one person in bed

  • Omg orgy
  • Multiple screams

WHY ARE THERE SEX SOUNDS: My motive is to incorporate the element of breathing; murderer & victim(s).

My point: Tone of breathing itself can be a storytelling tool also

Turns out to become a motif too.

Listener Experience

  • Point of View – Puts the audience in the POV of the protagonist

Technical adjustments

  • Panning – Enhances the sound for listener to experience an object moving away
  •  Volume shift – Allows the audience to gauge the proximity of a distant subject

Story 2

1 hour war scenario told in 1 minute using sound

Genre: War


Thats what you probabbly think of when you hear the word war

Theme: Medieval

SFX for theme

  • War cry
  • Swords unsheathed
  • Swords clashing
  • Horses galloping & neighing
  • Chariots
  • Bagpipe – Instrument of war


Software: Garageband’11

Screen Shot 2016-03-11 at 12.09.32 PM

Additional software: Audio Technica 2020

Processed with VSCOcam with a5 preset

Additional additional software: Val

Processed with VSCOcam with a5 preset
In the foreground is a Val producing bedrock SFX


2D Foundation II: Project 2 Research

Chosen Topics : Darkness, Joy , Apple


People have a fear of darkness. Darkness can be despair, darkness can be the unknown, darkness can be the end, or darkness can just be the absence of light.
Darkness from the point of view of a child is terror
Darkness from the point of view of a teenager is party time
Darkness from the point of view of an exhausted adult is relief
Darkness from the point of view of an old person is the final peace
Darkness from the point of view of bat is day
Darkness from the point of view of a moonflower is beauty
Darkness from the point of view of a frogs and fireflies is le sexy time
Darkness from the point of view of the sun is a curtain call
Darkness from the point of view of a stars and moon is the stage
Darkness from the point of view of a shooting star is a canvas
Darkness from the point of view of the blind is eternal

Oh hello! Is this really written by Val? Issit she feeling poetic and getting the literature feels

WELL, just putting down some ideas while I’m in a “deep” mode and recuperating. (Actually doing this while waiting for my turn at A&E yo. I know right, YOLO right?)


Alright so stepping out of darkness, let’s move towards the idea of Joy.

The word itself might seem rather mainstream and cliche but let’s see how we all have different point of views of this word!

Joy from the point of view of an ADM student is not having to rush OSS updates

Joy from the point of view of a G6 student is a tutor and a friend

Joy from the point of view of a Ruyi is active participation 

Joy from the point of view of a child is candy

Joy from the point of view of a Singaporean is freebies

Joy from the point of view of an Instagrammer is hitting 100 likes in 1 minute 

Joy from the point of view of lonely man is a companion

Joy from the point of view of a rich man is a companion

Joy from the point of view of a beggar is finding a place to call home


While I was working on these points, I was chewing on an apple that suddenly dropped me some inspiration. My Apple iphone buzzed at this moment, as if saying “include me, include me too!!”

So, if you hadn’t guessed, this was how my thoughts flowed

Apple from the point of view of a nutritionist is healthy

Apple from the point of view of Snow White is deadly

Apple from the point of view of Isaac Newton is gravity

Apple from the point of view of the 21st century is a gadget

Apple from the point of view of Adam is his apple

Apple from the point of view of Eve is temptation 

Apple from the point of view of a kid starts with ‘a’

Apple from the point of view of the masses starts with ‘i’ (iPhone, iPod, iMac, iDonteven)

And Apple I choose you. 


Double exposure

For this project, there are two parts of an idea to communicate. Therefore it’s a good opportunity to mess around and get wacky with double exposure to bring out two objects to create a subject!

Digital Manipulation

I felt that this method will help to convey the irony between the point of view and the topic itself if applicable

Screen Shot 2016-03-02 at 12.42.24 PM

Pop Art

Reference Artist: Andy Warhol

maça? hahaha...#apple :):

Andy Warhol directed his own Batman fan-film. | 13 Things You Probably Never Knew About Batman:



With that said, time to do some experimenting!
Oh oh and enjoy your recess week everyone! If it even feels like one