Tag Archives: 3D

3D_001_Research: Smell (and Taste) and Memory


We were asked to research on how smell related to the memory. After some research, I found out that both smell and taste (with the addition of tactile and thermal sensations) create flavor, and this is the one factor that is greatly related to one’s memory.

TASTE (gustaocception) is the ability to taste and to discriminate flavors.
How does the human sense of taste work? the taste bud on the tongue (papillae) have very sensitive microvili which sends message to the brain about the taste.

Sense of taste
Sense of taste

(check here for the interactive version)

Interesting facts:

  • Four basic human taste are sweet, salty, sour, bitter.
  • In early 1990s, the 5th taste of umami was recognized.
  • Fat could be the 6th taste.
  • The tongue map is not exactly right as there is no clear cut map of which parts of tongue taste what.

SMELL (olfacception) is the ability to sense and perceive smell.
How does the human sense of smell work? 
Odourant stimulates chemoreceptors which gives electrical impulse to be passed on to the brain. The brain interprets the pattern of electrical activity as specific odors and olfactory sensation.

Sense of Smell
Sense of Smell

(Check here for the interactive version)

Interesting facts:

  •  Smell is intimately linked to behaviour, mood and memory as the olfactory bulb is part of the limbic system (include amygdala and hippocampus)
  • Anosmia is the inability to smell that can be caused by sinus disease, growth in the nassal passage, viral infection and head trauma.
  • In 1991, Richard Axel and Linda Buck published a paper on olfactory receptors and how the brain interprets smell. They won the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
    Three percent of a human genes are olfactory receptor type.

Smell and taste with addition of tactile and thermal sensation create flavour. Flavour is the sensory impression of food. This flavour is the one that evoke human’s memory.

And why does smell is the sense that most easily evoke memory compared to other senses?

  • Smell is firstly being processed in hippocampus which is identified as crucial for creating new memories for events.
  • Smell information is transferred directly to olfactory without passing through the thalamus like other senses.



3D_001_In_Class: The Chocolate Tasting

On our very first 3D lesson, we had some fun and unusual experience. We were asked to blindly try 3 different chocolate. YUM 😀

When I touched it, it has the shape of a normal chocolate bar with smooth surface. It didn’t melt easily, I guess it was not milky. It smelled sweet and I guessed it had 60% cocoa.

At first it tasted bitter, slowly become powderish and suddenly spicy (which I like) but end up giving the sour taste at the end.

A Experience
Chocolate A Experience

Well, I the moment the chocolate became spicy, I remember the time when I ate a cup of chocolate chili gelato in Gelato Gusto, Bali with my friends. To try a spoon was okay, but to finish a whole cup was memorable. It was a weird choice as I remember enjoying the first half of the cup but later forcing myself to finish the other half.

The shape was round with leave pattern on the surface. It smelled sweet and melt quiet easily, guessed it was milky.

However, it tasted very bitter and I savoured it (I like dark chocolate) until I started to taste nut and more nut which I do not really like. After sometimes the bitterness returned and turned powderish at the end.

B Experience
B Experience

The moment I tasted the nut, I remembered eating a macadamia chocolate, not really remembering the details of when and where.

Actually, the chocolate was dark chocolate and there was no nut at all. I did not know why did I tasted nut when I ate it.

The shape is of a chip with an easily-melt chocolate on one side. I thought it was normal and the chip was plain (I didn’t feel the texture of the salt somehow).

It was sweet at the first bite and I could feel the chocolate melted and I tasted salty, chocolate melted and I could taste potato chip, salty, crunchy and potato chips again. I love the taste, it just keep on getting better. (Thanks for letting us eating it)

C Experience
Chocolate C Experience

This chocolate-potato chips is a really new and


3D_004B: Group A’s Final Mood Box and Obscure City of Kirithra

Together with Gloria and Gerald, we managed to finally create our final mood box and final model of our city: Kirithra!


Here is the combined sound file (variation 1 to variation 2) :

Here is the our Mood box and Final Model! (click g7_a_004b for pdf version) 😀

g7_a_004b2-page-002 g7_a_004b2-page-003 g7_a_004b2-page-004 g7_a_004b2-page-005 g7_a_004b2-page-006 g7_a_004b2-page-007 g7_a_004b2-page-008 g7_a_004b2-page-009 g7_a_004b2-page-010 g7_a_004b2-page-011 g7_a_004b2-page-012 g7_a_004b2-page-013 g7_a_004b2-page-014 g7_a_004b2-page-015 g7_a_004b2-page-016 g7_a_004b2-page-017 g7_a_004b2-page-018

VOILA! So that was it! Hope you enjoy and learn something from it. This will be my last post on the bitter sweet journey of 3D Foundation I. Thanks for reading! :’)

3D_004A: Group A Individual Mood Box (PDF)


So for this project I am in the same group with Gloria and Gerald, basically we are to come up with 3 things:

  1. Sound
  2. Mood Box
  3. Obscure City

Here is our 2 sound variations:

Variation 1: Egg Shaker (D), Finger Cymbals (SD), Rhythm Sticks (SO)

Variation 2: Rhythm Sticks (D), Egg Shaker (SD), Finger Cymbals (SO)


So, based on the sounds, each of us created our individual Mood Box (it is how we personally interpret the sound and create it into a 3D).

Here is our personal sound interpretation and Mood Box (click g7_a_004a for PDF version):

g7_a_004a-page-002 g7_a_004a-page-003 g7_a_004a-page-004 g7_a_004a-page-005g7_a_004a-page-006 g7_a_004a-page-007 g7_a_004a-page-008 g7_a_004a-page-009g7_a_004a-page-010 g7_a_004a-page-011 g7_a_004a-page-012

Thanks for reading! Our group Mood Box and Obscure City are coming soon!  laughing

3D_003B: The Final Model and Applications


Following up the previous 3D post about individual model, group B revised and revised and finally came up with our submission for 3D Final Model and PDF.

Here is some photo taken of the final model:

Artcard Model Front VIew
Artcard Model Front VIew
Artcard Model Top View
Artcard Model Top View
Application Model Front View - Bright
Application Model Front View – Bright
Application Model Front - Dark
Application Model Front – Dark
Application Model - Shadow
Application Model – Shadow

Then we decided to make the model neater:

Updated application model – Front
Updated application model - Side
Updated application model – Side
Updated application model - Back
Updated application model – Back
Updated application model - Side 2
Updated application model – Side 2
Updated application model - Shadow
Updated application model – Shadow
Updated application model - Shadow 2
Updated application model – Shadow 2

Here is some photos of us preparing for the Application Model:

Tools and Materials

20161006_213202 20161006_213159 20161006_213139

Here is our PDF:

PDF cover page
PDF cover page
PDF page 1: Original model
PDF page 1: Original model
PDF page 2: Individual model inspired by original model
PDF page 2: Individual model inspired by original model
PDF page 3: Final model and analysis
PDF page 3: Final model and analysis
PDF page 4: Application #1
PDF page 4: Application 1
PDF page 5: Application 2 and 3
PDF page 5: Application 2 and 3

The PDF format can be opened here: g7_b_003 !

Thank you for reading 😀

Thanks guys! We did it !! 😀

3D_003B: The 3 Individual Models and Combined Final Model


So below is group B (Candy, Najiha, Natasya) members’ individual model for the simplified version of our Peacock Model.

Individual Models


Candy's Model
Candy’s Model
Najihah's Model
Najiha’s Model
Natasya's Model
Natasya’s Model

Final Model

For our final model, we decided to combine all three models. The Dominant is taken from Candy’s D, Sub-Dominant of Natasya’s SD and Subordinate of Najiha’s SO.

This is roughly how it will look like followed by the improvements we will do when we make the final model.

Group B Final Model First Sketch
Group B final model sketch

Dominant: A curved plane from Candy’s D.
Comment: It is not so dominating as the cluster of activity from SD and SO occupy almost half of the area and because D is vertically the shortest also.
Improvement: We will make the D a lot bigger (vertically) so that the cluster of activity will only occur at the right one-third area. Also, it will increase the void and make D more interesting. Also, maybe we can adjust the shape of the part that touch the base to the be more pointy so that it act like a tripod instead of being a wall.

Sub-Dominant: A broken plane from Natasya’s SD, some part pierced through D.
Comment: From above, the SD may look like from the same family as SO
Improvement: We will adjust the SD to have more presence than SO from top view. Also, to make SD more interesting, more part can be pierced through D.

Subordinate: A bent plane from Najiha’s SO, pierced through D at the middle and cut to at the top part to keep the signature from the Peacock Model.
Comment: It has an interesting shape that cut the D void. However piercing it at half making it looks common.
Improvement: We will adjust the positioning of SO to make one-third only being pierced instead of half.

Final Model Application #1: The Seats that Float

The Seats that Float

It is a 2 level night outdoor movie screening exhibition.

The Dominant is used as the main building as well as the screen for level 1. The people who watch in level one is watching in a picnic style (seating on a mat on grass field).

While the Sub-Dominant is for staircase to go to level 2 as well as screen for the VIP Screening at level 2.

Lastly, the Subordinate has two part. the bottom part is for the VIP seating which is open for everyone but has limited space. The other part is VIP Seat Availability Indicator. Basically the LED light will turn on when the seat in VIP Area is occupied. It is to indicate to people outside whether there is still space in VIP Area.

Seat Availability Indicator
Seat Availability Indicator

Proposed Materials

For real application, Dominant  is made of straws, inspired by an exhibition at National Museum in 2013.

The Exhibition building that inspires us

For the model, we are using wire as the skeleton, covered by a piece of burlap.


For the Sub-Dominant, the real application is  made of glass treads with a multiple colors LED lighting, preferably dark colour.

Glass treads staircase

While for the model, we are using colorful acetate papers.

Acetate papers

For the Subordinate, the real application is using fully tempered clear glass, like those used for skyscrapers’ skydeck.

The Ledge of Chicago, a skydeck.
The Ledge of Chicago, a skydeck.

And for the model we are using thick a PVC matte sheet.


PVC Matte Sheet
PVC Matte Sheets

Thank you! Really appreciate your comment and feedback 😀

3D_003: In-Class Planar Construction


So we were asked to bring an A2 size artcard for the previous 3D class. Then, keeping in mind the D-SD-SO relationship, we were told construct a model without separating any piece out of it. Basically we could cut, fold, etc etc as long as we keep the paper connected. There was a time limit of 30 minutes!

My Model: The Sweet Mountain

Front view of Model
Side view of Model
Top view of Model

Personally, I really enjoy this exercise as I could explore many interesting and new ways in creating a model. It was fun and free as I could just keep on cutting and folding without having any end-model in mind.

Have a great recess week!

3D_003A: Individual 3D Models and 2D Sketch Analysis


So for project 3 we learnt about planar construction. Basically we are using art card to create a model made of 3 strips of different sizes. Keeping the concept of Dominant (D), Sub-Dominant (SD) and Subordinate (SO) (posted here), we aim to obtain a dynamic flow of planar relationships in space. A plane is an element that has surface direction and slant without mass, tupes of plane:

2D Planes (characterized by their axes):
Straight axis plane: The axis moves in a straight line across the plane.
Bent axis plane: The axis moves across the surface of the plane in one direction and then shifts direction.
Curved axis plane: The edges are curved, causing the axis to curve.
Complex axis planes: The axis changes direction (infinitely) but the outer edges of the plane visually “add up” to the course of the movements of the plane.

3D Planes (characterized by their transitions in space):
Curved plane: A simple curved surface where the surface curves into more than one plane but does not twist through its transition .
Broken plane: A plane that bends in space at a hard edge through its transition.
Twisted plane: A plane that twists though its transition, shifting the axis on its surface.
Grouped planes: 3 or more planes create a group movement of gesture

So here is my three 3D Models for this planar construction (side view, top view, other view) :

The 3 Models (front view, top view, other view)
The 3 Models (front view, top view, other view)


MODEL 1: The Curvy Bridge

Model 1 Sketch
Sketch of Model 1
  • Relationship: D is a curved axis plane, SD is a bent axis plane, and SO is a broken plane
  • Method: SO is wedged to D
  • Comment: The model has a complementary contrast in types of planes. Even though it looks not-so-interesting and heavy (high positive space) if seen from top, the model has a quite remarkable negative space and void shape from front view.
  • Things to improve: From front view, the SD is too thick and vertically too long, making it too dominant from some angle. From top view, the direction of axis of SD and D are not distinct enough, creating some kind of high tension at the top one-third area.
    Also, the area of SO is a bit too much and too dominant.
  • Improvement: From front view, need to make SD thinner to reduce the activity on left side and increase the void to around two-third. Shorten the length of SD to two-third in order to change the axis direction of SD which make SD less dominant and the activity to be at the top one third only (from top view). Shorten the SO until it touches the SD only (front view) and shift it to make a smaller void (top view) with purpose of reducing the presence of SO.
Sketch of improved Model 1
Sketch of improved Model 1

MODEL 2: The Smoky Pipe

Sketch of Model 2
Sketch of Model 2
  • Relationship: D is curved plane, SD is a twisted plane, and SO is a 3D broken plane.
  • Method: SD is pierced through D while SO is pierced and wedged through D.
  • Comment: The D, SD, SO relationship can be clearly seen. The model has good contrast in term of plane shape and proportion.
  • Things to improve: The direction axis between D and SO are very similar. In term of height, the SO occupy two-third, which is too much.
    The same thing happen to SD as well, making it too vertically dominant if seen from front.
  • Improvement: Adjust the shape of SO to change its axis direction which also create an interesting negative space. Shorten bottom part of SO to make it occupy the top one-third only, creating less tension at the bottom part of the model. Cut off the top part of the SD, creating a just nice vertical height for it.
Sketch of improved Model 2
Sketch of improved Model 2

MODEL 3: The Insect

Sketch of Model 3
Sketch of Model 3
  • Relationship: D is a broken plane, SD is a twisted plane, and SO is a twisted plane.
  • Method: SD is pierced through D while SO is pierced and wedged through D.
  • Comment: With contrasting plane shape and proportion, the D, SD, SO relationship is obvious and constant throughout. It also has distinct axis direction, making it looks balanced. The front view really remind me of an insect, which make it the most interesting model for me. From top, I like the negative space the D
  • Things to improve: From front view, the bottom one-third looks quite low, maybe a more vertical negative space can make it more interesting and more alike to an insect feet. Also, the D is not so dominant as it vertically occupy one third only. From top view, the model looks a bit too much positive space and full as it occupy all the area, it lacks of negative space.
  • Improvement: Position the both end of SD closer to make the model higher and vertically has more negative space, this will make the model more interesting. Make the D piece thicker to create a more dominant D. Shift the direction of SO to occupy to leave the left corner area empty, creating a negative space for the model to breathe.
Sketch of improved Model 3
Sketch of improved Model 3

Hope you enjoy the post!

3D_002: 3D Final Model and Applications


So for 3D class I chose the improved version of my Model 1 in my previous 3D post to be my Final Model!

Photo of my Final Model:

My Final Model from different sides
  • Relationship: Cylinder is Dominant (D), cone is Sub-Dominant (SD), and sphere is Subordinate (SO)
  • Method: Wedging between SD and SO
  • Proportion and Rhythm
    Inherent: Sphere has the smallest diameter, around one-third of cone diameter. While the cone has diameter about one-third (~0.333) of cylinder (disk). So, the cylinder has the largest diameter.
    Comparative: Cone is the greatest in mass, followed by cylinder then sphere.
    Overall: Cone has a precarious balance on cylinder while the sphere is dependent on the cone.
  • Comment: There was no much changes made to my Final Model. The main change is the addition of the Dominant diameter hence area of cylinder. However this small change really alter the impression of the model. At first, there was relatively high tension between axes of D and SD, and the change has significantly reduced this tension, creating an even better flow. Also, despite its precarious balance, the model looks natural and firm.

Also, this is the 2D Sketch Analysis of the Final Model:

Final Model 2D Sketch Analysis
  • From both sides it is shown that the Dominant, Sub-Dominant and Subordinate in my Final Model is constant throughout.
  • From side A, as the length of SD is around half D, I think I should pierced through the SD to move it up and occupy more of the top part of the D.
  • From side B, the proportion between D and SD look balance and good.
  • Then, I will also move the SO outward to make it visible from the other side of the D.
2D Sketch of Improved Final Model
Legend for 2D Sketch

And bellow are the applications of my Final Model!

OYIC!! – Application of Final Model #1
360-Cube Joystick! – Application of Final Model #2

And last but not least, a short video of 360-Cube Joystick on Mario Kart:

Hope you enjoy the post! 😀