NFI – Lecture 2

Animation – simulation of continuous movement of images to tell a story

Film – Concept of animation applied in film

Qualities of good work: 

  1. Innovative 
  2. Open-minded
  3. Critical
  4. Revelatory
  5. Projects 


  • Douglas Gordon – 1993 – 24 Hour Psycho –
  • Deanimate  – The Invisible Ghost – Comparison 3 ( technically very difficult to remove actors from the camera )
  • Ryland Wharton – 2009 0 Reduction
  • Interactive Film

Assignment 1: TRANSFORM Interactive 2

Conceptual Designer: Hiroshi Ishii and Tangible Media Group in MIT 

Aim: Inspire viewers with unexpected transformations , as well as the aesthetics of the complex machine in motion

Time frame :

0:00 to 01:15 ( Presentation)

7:41 ( Video display + Kinect )

This piece of work was created by Prof Hiroshii who is conceptual designer from Japan. The purpose behind making this is to add movement or motion into a still object like furniture which is normally still. By adding motion, it can help to bring out the dynamic parts of putting technology into something that could possibly be used to play around or good to use.

The work is comprised of three dynamic shape displays that move more than one thousand pins up and down in realtime to transform the tabletop into a dynamic tangible display. The kinetic energy of the viewers, captured by a sensor, drives the wave motion represented by the dynamic pins.  

The motion design is inspired by the dynamic interactions among wind, water and sand in nature, Escher’s representations of perpetual motion, and the attributes of sand castles built at the seashore. TRANSFORM tells the story of the conflict between nature and machine, and its reconciliation, through the ever-changing tabletop landscape.

– Tangible Media Group, MIT Media Lab

What I liked about this is the wave motion that is created simply by moving an object or a hand around it. There is a use of video display (Wacom) to capture your hand motion, and the use of  Kinect which helps to capture the aerial view of object/hand. This would help to trigger the pins to move according to what is being captured.

From what Hiroshii says, he was trying to put “data + energy” together , with the analogy of building sandcastles by hand. By using electrical materials such as pins, motion sensors and motors and using computer, this makes his work all the more impressive.

7:32  ( Photo description)

Teleoperation – capturing and rendering the shapes of our hands, so that they can be detected and manipulated.

Explore physical telepresence through three different shape display systems:

Assymetric teleoperation through shape capturing and rendering

  • with two similar display side by side, one one there is hand motion, where kinect can capture from above, and this rendering in another display.

Bi directional interaction through shape capturing and rendering

  • Using kinect to capture hand gestures and video screen to

Bi directional interaction  through deformation

  • Using hands to recreate the shapes manually


In summary, this piece of work is complex because there is a lot of computerization involved in here, that must have made the outcome appear really smooth and well constructed. It also appears to be a very functional piece that can make our lives more easier depending on the context of our environment that we live in. I thought the most interesting part was how Hiroshii’s concept of building TRANSFORM was inspired by natural elements such as sand, wind and waves.

Also, he also mentioned the conflicting values between being human and our rampant usage of man-made technology. For some thing so technologically advanced, the thought of deferring his concepts to natural elements like sand, water and wind despite living in a digital age is something that was thought provoking to me. As we put it into context, everything around us, like living in a city state, makes it easy to over natural elements because we are not surrounded by it. So, Hiroshii’s ideas that came into TRANSFORM was quite interesting indeed..

Assignment 1: Narratives for interaction

Interactive narratives include both video games and interactive installations. The use of storytelling is shown in this interactive installation here. In this example, it shows how the observer is able to see and and listen to what each person or commuter in this train is thinking of.  As a train commuter myself, it is important to note that the only perception that I am able to fully understand is my own – not others around me or of other commuters when I am in a train. At the same time, by observing others’ on the outside doesn’t give a very accurate representation of how they are going through inside.

I think this installation allows us to be more perceptive, and to pay more attention to the details of what he/she is saying. And there’s also that element of control that participant/observer has over what he/she sees and here and with the use of the that “controller”. It resembles to that of a controller

I thought it was interesting how to creator makes use of the 3 senses – our sight (a moving train with outlines of people) , sense of hearing (headphones) and touch (train controller) in order to make the experience more immersive for the participants.