Creative Industry Report: June Digan

The artist that I am sharing is June Digan, she is a designer and illustrator based in Manila, Philippines. Her artwork focuses on strong emotions and storytelling using delicate characters, whimsical landscapes, and lettering.

She works in both the traditional and digital medium.  She usually go with a more traditional approach such as watercolours, gouache, and acrylics.

Image from @junedigann

I chance upon June’s artworks on her instagram account. Her Instagram account began about 6 years ago, she started a project called 365. Doing paintings and letterings every day for a year.  She was so optimistic and wanted to create positive lettering pieces for a year. It then became a daily habit after work to create one.

Image from @junedigann

I really like how she combine paintings of quotes with gorgeous lettering. And also how she mixes typographic styles with wonderful taste, using subtle colour schemes that can only be made with watercolour.

She uses just pencil and watercolour to finish a her art pieces without the help of another medium. She don’t use masking fluid to cover the letters. I enjoy painting and I would say that the struggle of painting around the words is seriously real. A lot of paper, materials and time will be wasted during the process. It would be a lot easier to cover the letters with masking fluid before painting. But she did not, which is something I really admire.

Another reason why I like June is because she is very patient and she work really hard and practice everyday to get to where she is today. As quote by her  “Being good at something doesn’t happen overnight. You have to work hard for it, and you need to have a purpose. It shouldn’t be for the likes and praises. Having a deeper purpose for something you create will give you satisfaction in the long run as an artist.” I like how she is not afraid to make mistakes and how those mistakes make her tougher.

Dyslexic, Not Stupid

Title: Dyslexic, Not Stupid

Research topic: Life as a Dyslexic Designer/ Allow kids to understand Dyslexia

What is dyslexia?:

Dyslexia is a type of learning disability. A person with a learning disability has trouble processing words or numbers. Dyslexia is a learning disorder that affects your ability to read, spell, write, and speak. Kids who have it are often smart and hardworking, but they have trouble connecting the letters they see to the sounds those letters make.

Kids with dyslexia often have normal vision and are just as smart as their peers. But they struggle more in school because it takes them longer to read. Trouble processing words can also make it hard to spell, write, and speak clearly.About 10% of Singaporeans have some symptoms of dyslexia, such as slow reading, trouble spelling, or mixing up words. Adults can have this learning disorder, as well. Some people are diagnosed early in life. Others don’t realize they have dyslexia until they get older.
How society perceives people with dyslexia:

There are often misconceptions about Dyslexia from those who do not suffer from it. These people believe that people with dyslexia simply need to try harder and its merely about letters being jumbled, this is a lack of understanding on their part. Due to these beliefs people with dyslexia are unfairly judged by those who don’t know anything about their disability.

Evidence suggested that dyslexics experience discrimination due to their disability, whether they perceive it as a disability or not. They felt there was a lack of public domain information on dyslexia and its eects, as many of their peers perceived it being negative.

Signs & Symptoms: 

Error in reading and spelling:

  • Confuses letters that look alike e.g. b/d, p/q
  • May reverse letter sequences e.g. “on” for “no”
  • Mixes up words that start with the same letters e.g. “there”, “that”, “the”, etc.
  • Omits or adds letters in words e.g. “lip” for “limp”
  • Unable to identify the appropriate letter when given a sound and vice versa

Difficulties associated with reading:

  • Reads below age/grade level
  • Reads hesitantly and effortfully
  • Difficulty recognising familiar / high-frequency words
  • Misreads common words, such as “a” for “and”, “the” for “a”, “from” for “for”,
  • Ignores punctuation, e.g. not pausing for commas etc.
  • Difficulty remembering and/or understanding text passages
  • Difficulty extracting important points from a passage
  • Skips or re-reads a line of words in a passage
  • Leaves out words or adds extra words

Difficulties associated with spelling and writing:

  • Spells below age/grade level
  • Numerous spelling errors in a piece of work and may spell the same word in several different ways.
  • Poor standard of written work compared to oral ability
  • Has trouble copying from the board in class
  • Letters, syllables and words omitted, inserted or placed in the wrong order
  • Lack of punctuation, or totally inappropriate use of punctuation
  • Cannot write in a straight line

Short-term and/or verbal working memory:

  • May learn and understand how to do something, but requires frequent reminders before they remember to do it.
  • Difficulty remembering multiple-step instructions
  • May have excellent long-term memory for movies, experiences, locations and faces, but poor memory for sequences as well as unfamiliar facts and information

Sequencing difficulties with:

  • Sorting or ordering information
  • Writing/reciting the alphabet / numbers
  • Remembering/executing a list of instructions
  • The months of the year and days of the week in order
  • Giving a good verbal account of an event/events in their correct order


  • Difficulty expressing thoughts and may communicate more with gestures rather than words
  • Difficulty finding the words he/she wants to use
  • People who do not know the child well have difficulty understanding what he/she says
  • Mispronounces long words, or transposes phrases and words when speaking
  • Difficulty attaching names to things and people


  • Disorganised
  • Easily frustrated or emotional about school, reading, writing, or mathematics
  • Appears bright and articulate but performs unexpectedly poorer than expected in the academic areas
  • Performs much better when tested orally, but not in written form
  • Has difficulty sustaining attention
  • Has a poor sense of direction and/or confusion between left and right
  • Common signs of dyslexia by school level

How Dyslexic learn/ Strengths of Dyslexia? 

  • Finding the odd one out – sensitive to things out of place
  • Pattern recognition – ability to see how things connect to form complex systems, and to identify similarities among multiple things
  • Picture Thinker – tend to think in pictures rather than words
  • Sharper peripheral vision – have better peripheral vision than most, meaning they can quickly take in a whole scene
  • Highly creative – Many of the super creative designers have dyslexia
  • Think out of the box – having sudden leaps of insight that solve problems with an unorthodox approach

Target Audience: Children with dyslexia (5-8years old) and Parents


Dyslexia, Dyslexic, Insensitive to orthographic patterns, Late talker, Language disorder, Language difficulties, Language-based reading disability, Neurological disorder,  Picture Thinker, Phonological dyslexia, Surface dyslexia, Rapid naming deficit, Double deficit dyslexia

Aim and Objectives:

1. Understand dyslexia, encourage children to embrace dyslexia (Storytelling)

2. Learning tools to help Dyslexic work towards there strengths (Expressive Typography)

3. Society be kind to Dyslexic – every child likes to have positive reinforcement

Lack at the moment:

Theres a lot of materials on teaching methods to help kids with dyslexia, but no materials that explains Dyslexia to a child. Is important to let know what is dyslexia. Letting them know that dyslexia has nothing to do with their intelligence. (Often children who fail to read and spell don’t think of themselves as bright.)

Past works:

Sydlexia — Unbreaking broken type

Interactive learning tools in the form of origami posters. Once folded correctly they help forge the connection of the word to the object it represents in the dyslexic mind.​​​​​​​

Dyslexia — The Hidden Talent

A book that explains what is Dyslexia. Educate parents and teachers about the common mistake that made by a dyslexic.

The Dancing Letters

Book that is produced in India.  Helps dyslexia kids read better. Also to educate parents and teachers about the common mistake that made by a dyslexic.


Dyslexia Association of Singapore. Retrieved 1 September 2020, from

McMurray S. Learning to spell for children 58 years of age: The importance of an integrated approach to ensure the development of phonic, orthographic and morphemic knowledge at compatible levels. Dyslexia. 2020;117.

The Dyslexia Experience: Difference, Disclosure, Labelling, Discrimination and Stigma. (2015). Retrieved 1 September 2020, from

Dyslexia – Symptoms and causes. (2017). Retrieved 1 September 2020, from
Nike designer says dyslexia is a gift. (2017). Retrieved 1 September 2020, from
Soon, K. (2014). Life with dyslexia. Retrieved 1 September 2020, from
Huang, Y. (2012). Visual learning : an approach to help chinese dyslexic children to overcome learning disabilities. Retrieved 1 September 2020, from

Journey to the west


Our concept is greatly influenced by the kind of terrain that was on the Silk Road. The main terrains includes desert, mountainous region and ocean.

Choice of Colour 

We chose to work with black, gold and silver to match with our Silk Road theme and the architecture of Elphi. The tones that we are working on as more muted, which are generally calming to look at and demonstrate a subtle dance between scenes.

Art Direction

We wanted to match with the architectural design that is found in Elphi and using those elements to compose an abstract version of the terrains.


Story Board

First scene (Done by Yan Ran)

The fluidity of the silk portrays the smooth journey of Silk Road. The silk comes in from both sides, left and right, eventually meeting one another, shows the connection and cultural exchange between the East and West.

Second scene (Done by Yan Ran)

Desert scene portray details of the surface by using sand particles.

(Done by Jia Jun)

Third scene (Done by Jia Ying)

Third scene of ocean shows the wave by using the elements where we got inspiration from Elphi’s roof design.


*research and concept done as a group

* scenes will be composed using after effect (by Jia Ying and Jia Jun)


1B – Exploratory Research


Responses on 15 September 2019 : 36

The topic I am working on is about dying dialects in Singapore. I have identified my target audience as young adults between the age of 16- 29. This survey that I have conducted aims to find out what younger generation think of the issue of dying dialects in Singapore. Through the survey, I hope to understand my targetted audience and their opinions on this issue.


This survey is divided into 3 sections.

First Section – The first section of this survey includes introduction questions. It is to have some basic background information and to also act as warm up questions.

Second Section – The second part of this survey aims to understand the audience at a deeper level and how often they use dialect to communicate.

Third section- This section aims to find out the audience’s perspective of the issue on dying dialects in Singapore and how willing they are to preserve our heritage.


In the questionnaire, the age range was divided into 4 groups : below 16, 16-29, 29-35 and 35+. Although I am aiming to target at people between 16-29, I thought is good to open up the survey to all ages as I would get different views and would help to broaden my understanding.

16-29years old = 31,  29-35years old = 4, Below 16 = 1

Out of 36 responses, about 80% of the younger generation seldom/ do not speak in dialect (8 people never speak in dialect and 21 seldom speak).  One of the main/ most common reason why they do not speak in dialect is because they do not know how to/ they are not good at it.

More than half of the respondents communicate with their grandparents in dialect. This could be because many elderly in Singapore speak primarily in dialect. One point that caught my attention is 30% speak dialect to their friends because I rarely/ never hear any of my friends speaking in dialect. 

Almost all respondents (70%) understand their dialect (3 and above) and 45% (3 and above) are able to speak well in their dialect.

45% are able to speak well in dialect but only less than 20% of respondents (as seen in the chart above) often speak in dialects.

Majority of the respondents feels that the purpose of learning dialect is to communicate with their grandparents and to preserve our heritage.

About 80% of respondents are aware/ partly aware of these issues on dying dialects in Singapore.  All respondents agree that they might be more willing to use dialect if they have sufficient knowledge about it.

Majority of respondents feel that dialect is important for the younger generation because of communication with grandparents and to preserve our heritage. One respondents mention about dialect being our mother tongue. I found this very interesting, even though all my respondents are able to identify the dialect group they belong to, but I guess if I were to guess what their mother tongue language is, all respondents will reply Mandarin. This common misconception about what that are commonly referred to as dialects today are also a subgroup of Mandarin.

In conclusion, I feel that majority the respondents feel that dialect is important  so that we could communicate better with the elderly in Singapore as well as to preserve our heritage. However, many do not have sufficient knowledge about their dialects and it might be one of the reason why it stops them from speaking in dialects.

I personally feel that dialect plays an important part in our heritage. We should preserve our it not just for it to be left as part of history.



Dialogue in the Dark

It was my second time at Dialogue in the Dark. Even though I knew what is going to happen, I still felt insecure. Because we are already so used to our sense of sight, the sudden moment of darkness scares me. My eyes kept trying to see things, but there is absolute darkness inside. Vision is of no use, we had to maximise all other senses, the sense of touch, hear and smell. I also rely strongly on the person in front of me. I have to trust her and our guide. Uncle Gary, the master of this environment, he guides us along and ensure that we are fine, hence it provide us with a sense of security.

I felt that Dialogue in the Dark pushes me out of my comfort zone orienting me to a world/ place without pictures and colours. After this experience, I learnt that not everyone is as fortunate as us, we should treasure the things that we have now and not take things for granted. I am also truly impressed by how positive Uncle Gary is,  like how he feel visually challenged people can accomplish wonders just by using other senses.

Task 1A: Exploratory Research

1. Current Issues Confronting Our World Today:

Plastic Waste


The over consumption of resources and creation of plastics are creating a global crisis of waste disposal. The more developed countries are known for producing an excessive amount of waste or garbage and dumping their waste in the oceans and, less developed countries. Plastic, fast food, packaging and cheap electronic wastes threaten the well being of humans. Waste disposal is one of urgent current environmental problem.

Dying Dialects


The declining use of dialects among the younger generation has significantly reduced over the years. This issue is not just happening in Singapore, but also countries like Malaysia, China. etc. Articles have shown that Chinese parents from different dialect backgrounds do not want to burden their with learning dialects as it has no economic values. Parents are more concerned with the two main languages English and Mandarin. Even for my family, my parents tends to speak to us in Chinese or English. And they communicate with each other in Hokkien. Dialects are more commonly used among the older generation and this slow death with be an irreversible trend. We would hardly hear any youngsters speaking in dialects. 



Despite Singapore trying to support multiracialism and cultivate racial harmony, with many saying they respect people from all races. However many said they have experienced racism or indicate that they hold racist attitudes. One of the most recent campaign featured Mediacorp actor Dennis Chew dressed in brownface while impersonating an Indian man and also cross-dressed to look like a Malay woman. This advertisement have sparked a controversy in Singapore as it is not the first time it has happened which have angered a lot of minorities. 



To the public eye, tattoos are a taboo. The idea of leaving a permanent visual on one’s skin doesn’t favour with most people. Many people would imagined tattooed individuals to be unapproachable and fierce, going anywhere near them was a violation. Personally I feel times have changed now, younger generation now see tattoos as a form of art. However, the older generations still associated tattoos are ” bad” person. Some companies/ occupations like hiring manager etc.. do not accept employees to have tattoos.

2. Why is this issue important to you? Who does it affect and how?
Chosen Topic : Dying Dialects

Singapore has become more globalised over the years. Most young Singaporean are not able to speak their own dialect; Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochew and more. There are much more fluent in English and Chinese. Similarly for myself,  I am unable to speak fluent Cantonese to my grandparents, my grandparents speak primarily in dialect. I am also ashamed to say, my grandparents tried speaking to us in Mandarin instead as they are trying to build better relationships with their us, grandchildren. 

  • Keep Culture and Languages Alive

I feel that although most Singaporean speak English as our first language, it is also important to maintain a link in our roots, or a part of our culture would be eased in the next generation.

  • To Build Bond with Elderly

Next is many elderly in Singapore speaks in their dialects. Being able to connect in the same language makes interaction a more human experience. You break down the walls of the individuals who require help, allowing them to open up to you. Communicating and connecting with the older generation in dialect will help in rekindling the relationship between all generations.

  • Dialect helps to Save Lives

Dialect is also very important in our healthcare industry. Doctors, nurses, social workers and even volunteer have to know dialects as they need to interact frequently with dialect- speaking patients. Imagine a situation where you meet a senior, the conversation could not go further than a few phases.

3. Who do you need to communicate to, and why?

Target Audience: Younger Generations (After the 1990s)

Target to youths in Singapore between 16-28. Younger generations who understand the importance of communicating with elderly, giving them a chance to speak for themselves, they deserve to be heard. Or for grandchildren to learn simple phases to form greater bond with their grandparents. Or anyone who are interested in learning a new language to keep our culture and language alive and to pass down these culture to younger generation.

4. How has visual communication contributed to address the cause?

Example 1:

Designer/ Organization: Simple Learn Hokkien by Simon Bacher , Medium: Mobile application, Year: 2017

Mobile application was created to teach those people who are interested in learning Hokkien. The icons were simple and direct, which makes it easy for users to understand. It teaches more advanced Hokkien like forming sentences. However I felt that this application lack of images and colour.

Example 2:

Example 3:

Designer/ Organization: Koh Kuan Eng , Medium: Flashcards and Books


The 46- year-old ex-creative director, Koh Kuan Eng created a series of flashcard, books and many other items for his seven year old nephew who could not communicate with his grandparents in their native Hokkien dialect. Each flashcards come with the illustration of an object, objects we faced everyday and its dialect pronunciation.

The used of bright colours and playful fonts make it very suitable for young children. Children tend to have shorter attention span, hence the simple and straightforward words and illustration helps to convey the message quickly.

“Dialects is like an old friend. A friend who grew up with us. And we have lost touch with this friend for quite a number of years now. It’s time to get in touch again with this friend; a friend who not only reminds us of who we are but also where we come from.” – Kuan Eng

Project 1- Hamadryas Baboon

Stage 1 : Mindmap/ ResearchHamadryas Baboon

The hamadryas baboon is a species of baboon from the Old World monkey family. They can only found in a very specific area of the world: Africa and Arabia. Hamadryas baboons are very social animals. They spend hours grooming each other and communicate in many different ways, such as calls, scents, and gestures.

Physical Description

The males baboons are often twice as large as females. The fur of males is silver-white in color and they have a pronounced cape which they develop around the age of ten, while the females are capeless and brown. Their faces range in color from red to tan to a dark brown.

Baboons usually come across looking very aggressive and scary. But in reality,  they will not seek to actually attack and kill their deadly enemies that they come across. Instead, baboon will try greatly over exaggerate  their dangerous image and bluff their way into intimidating and scaring off other animals that they are genuine scared off.

Both male and female baboons have reddish-pink padded bottoms that make it more comfortable for them to sit on rocks to sleep, or the hard ground when they are foraging around for food.


Unlike other monkeys, baboons stay on the ground most of the time. They are primarily terrestrial, but will sleep in trees or on cliffs at night. An opportunistic feeder, it will take a wide variety of foods, including grass, fruit, roots and tubers, seeds, leaves, buds and insects.  Baboons may also hunt small mammals, including hares and young gazelle.

I drew out the main features and characteristics of a baboon. They have a strong torso, a dog like muzzle. Hamadryas baboon have wide and sharp nose.  Long sharp canine teeth and a powerful jaw. They also have long and flexible arms that allow them to pick up and place objects very delicately.


Stage 2: Logos

Stage 3: Thumbnail sketches

Stage 4: Final Sketches

Stage 5: Colour Studies