Done with Frederick Lee
Done with Frederick Lee
Keeping my researches in mind, I’ve came up with a few ideas on the jobs. I want to be as experimental and creative as possible.
Here is my list:
Job Idea 1: Dream Builder or illusionist
Using optical illusion to create 3D within 2D. The idea is that a dream builder builds a dream, so I would use this optical illusion as a foundation to whatever that is going to be built.
This is inspired by the 3D illusion artworks seen in trickeye museums and on youtube videos:
Job Idea 2: Thought Train Conductor
I merged a ‘train conductor’ with ‘thought train’ to create a Thought Train Conductor. This job is basically someone who controls a person’s thoughts by conducting the thought train. The idea is inspired by Pixar’s Inside Out
Job Idea 3: Ant Trainer
I thought it will be funny to have a trainer that control ants to make them do tricks. I got inspired by looking at animal trainers, and I stumbled upon a thing called Flea Circus
It intrigued me, it’s so weird, I feel like it made the cut for an imaginative job. So I decided to be an ant trainer instead of a flea trainer.
Job Idea 4: Mainstream Lifeguard
The idea is that a mainstream is not just what is popular, but also something like a river. To be a lifeguard at a mainstream is to be someone who rescues people from what is popular. It’s a complex idea. I would combine elements of a lifeguard and popular stuffs like social media, pop culture, popular fashion brands, etc.
Job Idea 5: Apocalypse specialist
An apocalypse specialist is a person that is an expert at all kinds of apocalypses (zombies, alien invasion, nuclear war, etc). I’d imagine taking apart the destructiveness of all sorts of apocalypses.
Job Idea 6: Singaporean Spy
I thought about the idea of a “Russian Spy” in USA, and I thought about how a spy that Singapore sends out is oddly called a “Singaporean Spy”. Sounds funny. Anyway, to be a “Singaporean Spy”, one have to be in another country, so I thought it should be Malaysia. The idea is to create an artwork that looks Malaysian, but secretly hides elements from Singapore.
Other jobs that didn’t make the cut:
Tilt Master (because I’m always tilted)
Space Traffic Controller (I love space)
Cloud Traffic Controller (like, iCloud, Dropbox, etc)
Alien Biologist (alien body parts)
Doomfist (The Overwatch character)
Sneeze Blesser (Someone who blesses anyone who sneezes)
Earth Rotator (The person that rotates the Earth)
I decided to stick with just 4 jobs:
I started creating drafts for the jobs.
What my idea were for them:
Idea 1: To make use of the movie Inception’s idea of a dream to let audience know the idea of a dream builder.
This is where I got my inspiration from. I like the idea that a 2D drawing can trick the mind to think that it is 3D. By doing so, it became in line with my concept of turning dreams into reality.
To breakdown thought train conductor, it’s Thought, and Train Conductor. For thought, it can be brain, thought bubble, and for train conductor, it can be train tracks or train body.
My idea is to use elements of lifeguard and put it into a sea of brands. The lifeguard objects will form my name.
I have a very interactive and complex idea for this one. Let’s talk about the simple one first: I wanted to use a spy suitcase containing very Singaporean items to convey the idea of a Singaporean spy. The complex idea is to scrap the entire idea of conveying a straightforward message, and strip the idea of a Spy to its fundamentals.
To be a Singaporean is to have T-shirt / shorts / slippers combo. That goes the same for Malaysians. So using this idea, I intended to create a disguised t-shirt.
A tshirt is folded whenever we first see it in a store. Therefore, my idea is to fold a tshirt as if it is new from a store, and on it, it will reveal my nickname, formed out of chains of Malaysian slang. This represents the first impression of a stranger to the tshirt, a Malaysian. And this also represents my “Singaporean Spy’s” alter ego, the disguised Singaporean acting like a Malaysian, speaking their slang.
Once opened, there will be another name, my real name, this time, it is in Singaporean slangs.
Another idea is simply to use the super secret spy suitcase and use Singaporean items to fill it up.
I received feedbacks that the texts must be created first before the image is added in. I couldn’t really understand what that means, but I supposed I need to create something that is more straightforward and use semiotics to convey the job. The feedbacks for the jobs are:
Generally alright to go the direction I am heading, but I must keep in mind not to do anything that is physically 3D. The idea of using Inception as a clue to the concept is not recommended as it didn’t take the real essence of the job title. An example given by Shirley was to use architectural blueprints, but I thought those are too literal.
To move myself forward, I decided to use the same concept of using 3D illusions. With that, I made an accurate template that I can use to trace out for other ideas:
Thought Train Conductor
The idea is generally accepted, but there are some issues too. Using just clouds and train tracks, it does not really convey the idea of a “conductor”.
The usage of objects to form the letters is not recommended. Instead, I was told to personify the letters (giving it character instead of using objects to form it)
The idea is too interactive and did not use semiotics to convey the message. The assignment’s objective is to use visual cues to suggest the job to people. The idea was rejected, and I had to look for other ideas as this job is too hard to illustrate for me.
I finally understood the brief this time. With feedbacks in mind, I decided to change some ideas around.
I changed Dream Builder into Cloud Maker, as it would be easier to convey than a Dream Builder, using semiotics. There are very little association with “Dream Maker” to me.
I removed Mainstream Lifeguard as it is too hard to depict, too, and thought of a new job out of puns: Deep Sea Driver (not diver). I believe this would be not only easier for me, but would also be successful.
I also changed Singaporean Spy to Singaporean Breakfast Enthusiast, keeping the idea of something Singaporean, but make it easier to do, too. Idea is to use Singaporean breakfast set to form the name.
The next consultation, I had most of my concepts settled. However, there are still some changes. Most of my text are not of the same typeface, which is one of the requirement for this brief. Understanding this, I know how to move forward. With that information, I moved away from sketching drafts and tried doing the actual artwork.
In the meantime, I changed to Breakfast Enthusiast to Kaya Toast Maker, as I intend to use only the kaya toast to build the text.
Consultation Three + Final
Deepsea driver was moved to be done horizontally, and the “underwater vibes” is done such that it will be consistent with each letter.
The look was inspired by the Finding Nemo poster
I received feedback that I was one of the few that put my text at the bottom (so I’m unique, yay?) But there are some things that still needs to be fixed. The background seemed too plain, and the texts have no texture.
I went online to see if there are any tutorials to create such effect and found a really good video that did the under sea texture really well!
Taking some references from the method, I created the final work:
That’s the end of Deepsea Driver process!
The name is made with my name “bryan”. The gradient inside the name signifies the descending depths of the ocean. The cars replace the holes in the letters that have them, which signifies that there is some driving involved in the job. The letters are made with multiplied layers over it to create the wavy effect of being underwater. The background further sets the context for the job.
Semiotics: Depth, water movement, car, bubbles, light stream, seabed
Colour Palette: monochromatic, blue to symbolise the ocean
Textures: the clarity of water and the light that stream through to indicate rough waves that refracts light
Composition: sinking, at the bottom, as though it is like moving at lower depths, floaty. Horizontal to depict the vastness of the sea
Using the template I made, I traced a cloud texture to the text. I then scanned the new sketch and added texture onto illustrator using a random cloud brush I made using a guide I found online:
The clouds form my initials “BLEK”, as I’d imaging an builder or maker to use their initials. The grassland creates a context for the audience to understand that these are clouds, as well as to split the page into two different colours so the 3D effect can be seen if the page is tilted to the side.
Semiotics: Cloud, shadow of cloud, and the grass to indicate that it is outdoors
Colour Palette: Analogous, calming
Textures: Cloud’s puffy texture, grass
Composition: Central and slightly to the right to enable for the 3D effect
Thought Train Conductor
I decided to add brain textures to the text to create a more obvious idea that there is some thinking involve and therefore, thought.
I used the brain image as a reference to the texture of the text.
I did a mockup on Adobe Illustrator to have a brief look at the outcome. They looked too much like intestine to be thought of as a brain, although there are clues from the thought bubble. Feedbacks suggested me to give the font more brain texture.
A close up to the train tracks made by vectors
The Thought Train Conductor is made by using my surname, Leow. The reason is that as a train conductor, I will be addressed by my surname.
The tracks are coming from the left side, as if connected from something, and goes around the brain, weaving in and out the brain loops. With each weave, the thought bubbles comes out. This represents the train tracks being interconnected to the different parts of the brain, and with each passing, generates thoughts. This defines the thought train.
Semiotics: Train tracks, brain, thought bubble
Colour Palette: Analogous, with purple ~ pink gradient in the background as the representation of the deep, calm, inner side of our subconscious
Textures: Brain folds, train tracks, thought clouds
Composition: to create the idea of a continuous path, yet trying to not make it look boring, so I split Le and ow to make the train track route more dynamic
Kaya Toast Maker
I took the texture from a photo of kaya toast and did an image trace, which I then edit some of the colours individually to fit the shape of words. The green plates, the dull green kaya, and the blue table are coloured according to image references.
I used my surname for this composition as I imagine a kopitiam uncle would always be called by that. “AH LEOW AH, LIANG BEI KOPI!” then I’ll be like “OK”
Semiotics: Toast, condiments, kaya
Colour Palette: RGB, but I used blue as the background as with blue tables in kopitiam. The kaya is interesting as, if the colour is off by a bit, it will look like lettuce.
Textures: Kaya toast, kaya, plastic plates.
Composition: I made it look like an instagram shot taken from above so that it will bring the context of it being food.
Take aways and Lessons
I thought I had good Illustrator knowledge until I came across this project. The usage of Illustrator to create graphics design and texture is so different from that of creating 2D renderings of object in product design.
I also learnt to appreciate the flexibility and fluidity of Photoshop, as Illustrator did have its limitations.
Also, I learnt through the hard way to stick to the brief instead of doing what I want. As I did not understand it initially, I had to back track a lot, wasting a lot of precious days (or even weeks).
There is chance to create better works, so it was unfortunate that this happened. Nonetheless, I am excited for the next project Zine, and hope I will do better there.
Version 1 – Created by editing the text file using TextEdit. Tried around with different text formats but the outcome would only result in horizontal lines
Version 2 – Frederick edited it on Photoshop and created this weird colourful ripple
Version 3 – Teri distorted the image even further with Photoshop, adding patchiness and noise
Version 4 done by Joel. The blocky glitches are now flowy
Who is Hannah
Hannah Hoch is a German Dada artist. She was one of the few woman who is involved in dadaism, who also consciously promoted the idea of women working creatively more generally in society, and is a pioneers of photomontage art form. She used photomontages to express her frustrations with the ideas of woman in the modern society in her time.
But first, we must know that Dadaism is a movement that reacted to World War I, which rejects logic and reasoning and instead, embraces nonsense, anti-capitalism, and irrationality. It is formed as a way to criticise issues with the world, a form of ranting or venting of dissatisfaction. Dadaism is a movement evolved from anti-art; other factors that brought Dadaism to life are Italian Futurism and German Expressionism.
Dadaism is a protest towards the war and its roots, which are reason and logic, are the cause of the war. In turn, they express chaos and irrationality as a form of protest. Being anti-art, dadaism ignored aesthetics and instead intended to offend people with their expressions.
One of Dadaism’s creation is the photomontage, which artists use scissors and glue instead of paint brushes to express their views using existing objects or images that are presented by the media.
One of the originator of the photomontage is none other than Hannah Hoch herself. Borrowing images from popular culture to create androgynous figures, which went against the Nazi’s idea of the ‘New Woman’. She rejected this idea and expressed herself through her photomontages.
One of her work, Ohne Titel (Aus einem ethnographischen Museum), 1930, which depicted a deformed androgynous person.
Dadaism, to me, is a movement that redefined the idea of expression. Expression can be political, too, and the use of photomontage to protest is an interesting take on art. The artwork used existing images, and that represented the current world. By creating a vulgar image using such collages, the artist is insulting the subject that he or she is tackling on. In another way, it has its own beauty. Despite the chaotic nature, it is still arranged in a meaningful way that allows for interpretation.
What is Russian Constructivism?
It is a movement that started in 1913 that is essentially the beginning of abstraction of art. The themes surrounding this movement are stripped to its fundamental appearance: minimal, geometric, experimental and rarely emotional. Taken apart, the minimal pieces, together with the use of new media affected the style of art, making them more orderly, representing understanding, unity and peace.
“Part of the Show Machinery” by El Lissitzky, 1923. This piece is an example of a work showing the essences of Russian Constructivism. The things depicted here are abstracted and arranged in an orderly manner.
Because of their admiration for machines and technology, functionalism, and modern mediums, members were also called artist-engineers.
László Moholy-Nagy was a Hungarian Painter and photographer. He is highly influenced by constructivism and very interested in integrating technology and indutry into art. He is very experimental, and very fascinated by light throughout his career.
His ended the Bauhaus’s expressionistic teaching and moved into teaching design and industrial integration. Despite being proficient and innovative in many fields, he is known for his photography. He coined the term Neues Sehen (New Vision), as he believed that photography can create a new way of seeing things outside of what the human eyes could. He have also greatly influenced on modern art education.
This is one of his famous work, Composition A 19 (1927), where he depicted light and transparency in painting by used geometric shapes and layered them over one another. I believe this have reflected his fascination with light.
Unconventional Art Tools
I’ve went to search up for unconventional tools and came across a website where students posted unconventional drawings. They are very interesting.
Using candles to create art — the outcome will definitely be unexpected. The way it melts, the direction it melts in, the speed of which different candles melt that creates a different layering. All these creates variation.
Heres a video of Alberto Breccia using different parts of a razor blade to create marks that indicated different textures, which I thought was pretty cool as I’d think of only using the blade and not the different parts of it.
Other forms of unconventional art found on https://www.hongkiat.com/blog/unconventional-art/
Here are some ideas taken from online that can be useful for this project:
Holographic type — use of materials + layering
The artist used 3D modular parts to form letters
This is subtle, yet impactful. The use of optical illusion to create a subtle contrast is interesting.
This is so nice!!! I love it. The 3D fonts have expressed the playfulness of the TV channel nickelodeon, and the colours are bold and loud.
Something that moves – Research on paper folding that have mechanism.
Something that moves by rotating, or generally moves
The use of mirror and 3D shapes that form letters created this surreal floating fonts that seems to be out of the world. Very interesting concept.
Inspired by artist Josef Albus, this artist layered acrylic to create numbers, and at the same time, celebrated the style of Josef Albus. I like how we can determine the numbers even though it is greatly abstracted.
Mainstream is defined as the ideas, attitudes, or activities that are shared by most people and regarded as normal or conventional. Some ideas of what mainstreams are pop-culture elements, popular brands, and to some extend, social media.
Some things that a mainstream thing have in common is in its influent on media and people. As such, there is a link from what is mainstream to mediums like the internet, TV, radio, or any sort of broadcasting medium.
A lifeguard is an expert swimmer employed to rescue bathers who get into difficulty at a beach or swimming pool. They are always on standby to look for people in trouble. Their standard objects are:
whistle, life buoy or flat, towel, shades, caps, sunblock, swimming attire (usually red), lifeguard chair, umbrella, pool, beach
Dream is defined as a series of thoughts, images, and sensations occurring in a person’s mind during sleep.
As written from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/dream-factory/201411/what-are-the-most-common-dream-themes, the common themes in a dream are:
These are semiotics that can be used in the design. Other than that, dreams are also usually symbolised by surreal images that are also calming. Blurring and vignettes are also clues about a dream. The night sky, stars and moon are other signs. Most iconic of all, is the dream bubble and the “zzz”.
It is hard to describe a Singaporean. Singapore is known for the merlion, durian, kopi, chicken rice, rules and fines, banned cheweing gums, people dressed too casually for the hot weather (typical tshirt, shorts, slippers).
A spy is a person employed by a government or other organization to secretly obtain information on an enemy or competitor. There are 2 kinds of spy:
A thought is an idea or opinion produced by thinking, or occurring suddenly in the mind. Semiotics relating to Thought is:
A train conductor is person that controls the train
A thought train refers to the interconnection in the sequence of ideas expressed during a connected discourse or thought, as well as the sequence itself, especially in discussion how this sequence leads from one idea to another.
Kaya Toast Maker
Kaya toast is… well just kaya toast. As a kaya toast maker, I am the hawker uncle.
Deesea is the deeper parts of the ocean, especially those beyond the edge of the continental shelf.
Cloud is a visible mass of condensed watery vapour floating in the atmosphere, typically high above the general level of the ground.
I find an age old philosophical question relevant to our attempt at trying to understand the third space. “If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound?” Similarly, if a device that can connect people across a distance is active but no one participates, is there a third space?
I would say that the answer to that question is: no. I believe a third space is a non-physical space that forms once people interact with each other between space and time, and its very essence is that its inhabitants are its participants, deliberate actors within the space that keeps it alive.
As what Randall Packer described,
“The laws of the known world have been all but abandoned in the third space: it is a space of invention and possibility, like lucid dreaming, where participants might assume their avatar identities, engage in post-human, cyborgian manifestations, or perhaps reinvent the world in the image of their own making.”
Posted by Bryan Leow on Wednesday, 31 January 2018
In our telematic performance, Samantha and I reached out to each other using our Cup Noodle Telephone. Our telephones are not connected physically, which will be necessary for it to work physically. In this third space, we are not just able to talk to each other in spite of our disconnection from the physical space, but also play our roles to ensure maximum realism in this alternate world, despite being stripped away from realism. In this case, we try to talk into the cup, and listen out from the cup even though we could just talk to each other directly. Our engrossment with this performance detached us from the physical space, and therefore created a sense of intimacy and connection between us. The very act of participating in the third space creates the third space.
We can see our performance as a reflection of Telematic Dreaming by Paul Sermon (1993), where the act of pretending to interact with one another as though the other person is physically there creates an alternate and intimate world that exists only between the two person.
Maria Chatzichristodoulou made a comment about Telematic Dreaming, “The ability to exist outside of the users own space and time is created by an alarmingly real sense of touch that is enhanced by the context of the bed and caused by an acute shift of senses in the telematic space.”
The intimacy-enhancing bed is an example that physical reality will still affect us and the third space. Unlike what happened in Telematic Dreaming where the physical world enhanced the telematic experience, we were interrupted by a passerby towards the end of our performance which broke our third space. Despite the detachment from reality, our physical reality still shapes our third space. Perhaps the reason for such a phenomenon is due to the physical world altering the way we participate, and therefore altering the third space.
Posted by Bryan Leow on Wednesday, 31 January 2018
Samantha and I are grouped to create our own third space in this micro project. Our theme is the uses of cup noodles, so we had an idea on calling each other through the gap between our screens, and so we linked both our screens together to form the third space where we can connect with each other with the cup noodles telephone. This third space exists because even though we are not connected physically, but we still can talk to each other through the ‘telephone’ as we can hear each other on the live stream. We have made the distance between us tangible using this third space. This performance therefore works. The intimacy created in our third space is the conversation between us.
We then continued the performance by cooking our own ‘telephone’. We went on merge our bodies together with the split screen, and cooked the cup noodles together by (almost) coordinating our movement with the ‘third body’.
Due to time constraints, we did not have time to practice, and so we are uncoordinated during the cooking of cup noodles. There was also another sequence which we wanted to try out but didn’t due to time constraint, which is to run from one screen to the other, before we go to cook our cup noodles. There was also an interruption of the performance as someone else wanted to use my water dispenser during the cooking sequence. That is one problem that may happen to a performance like this, the third space may be interrupted by another person of the public.
For our DIWO assignment, my team: Reuben, Joel, and I have decided to create a whole new instagram account (@reubryjo) as a form of collaborative art platform. The account details are then given out to mostly our friends. The rule for using this account is simple: log in and take a photo of something in the colour you like. With this rule, we intend to collect as many photos as possible contributed by our audience through this account, and compile them into a spectrum of colours.
Our audience will be given complete freedom to the account, as they get to take as many photos as they wish. Our audience becomes the artist, and their photos are not just part of the artwork, but are also by itself, the artwork. The outcome of the artwork will be dependent on the audience’s posts, but we will also be curating it. This makes us, the creators, uncertain of what is going to happen.
As mentioned by Marc Garrett in his article on DIWO:
“the process (of DIWO) is as important as the outcome, forming relationally aware peer enactments. It is a living art, exploiting contemporary forms of digital and physical networks as a mode of open praxis.”
Embracing the process of DIWO where our audiences continue to add on to the artwork to add complexity to it, our artwork becomes alive.
We have arranged the photos into a colour spectrum, which is visible from afar; but from up close, we get to see the contents of the photos posted by the audience. The audience’s posts have affected the outcome, and the outcome shows the intentions from both the audience and the creator. The resulting artwork shows the relationship between the creator and audience, its body and its soul. This, I believe, is the very reflection of DIWO.
As much as there are similarities between our artwork and the Humanclock.com by Craig D. Giffen, where everyone can contribute a photo to create an entirely new outcome of an artwork (in this case, a photo of numbers that tells the time to create a database of times), our work is more representative of the audience where the artwork expresses more of what our audiences want to show.
The openness and freedom of our rules allowed our audience to do what they want with their posts, rather than making sure that there is a content to it. That is what sets our work different from the Humanclock.com project.