My favourite (amongst all the given choices) would be Futurism. Despite its questionable political influences, I really appreciate the shift in depicting motion in a 2D canvas. This is probably something that was never really done before at that time, and I was fascinated by how artists are able to suggest the idea of motion with just shapes and strokes that we take for granted today.
My favourite piece is Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash by Giacomo Balla. This adorable painting caught my eye because
fast doggo the artist have successfully depicted motion using blurred strokes of the moving body parts that rotates from their respective turning points that we take for granted nowadays (in animations or cartoons). This is, to me, a forward-thinking way of depicting something 4-dimensional into a 2D canvas. The use of such technique have also allowed us to imagine the speed of the motion. Lastly, the painting also expressed a calm yet energetic feel, which makes the contrast in the painting so great and captivating for me.
Also, fast doggo!